Daniel Martín Serrano. Mafunso ndi wolemba Insomnia

Daniel Martin Serrano adayambitsidwa kulembedwa m'bukuli ndi mutu wakuda, Insomnio. Koma Madrilenian awa ali ndi mbiri yakale ngati wolemba zolemba zingapo TV pakati pawo pali Chipatala ChapakatiVelvetAkhungu ku maimidweEl Príncipe, Kusakhulupirika y Nyanja zazikulu. Kuphatikiza apo, ndi pulofesa wa Television script ku Madrid Film School. Mu ichi kuyankhulana Amatiuza za buku lake ndi zina zambiri. Ndikuyamikira kwambiri kukoma mtima komanso nthawi kuti wandipereka kwa ine.

Daniel Martín Serrano - Mafunso

  • KULEMBA LERO: Kodi kuzizira, maimbidwe ndi maluso aukadaulo kapena mayimbidwe achilendo? Kapena bwanji osankha?

DANIEL MARTÍN SERRANO: Pamapeto pake zonsezi ndikungonena nkhani. Njirazi ndizosiyana, inde, koma chomwe chimapangitsa kusiyana kwakukulu script yolemba ndiyo njira yogwirira ntchito. Kulemba zolemba ndi gulu logwirira ntchito momwe anthu angapo amatenga nawo mbali ndipo mumakhala ndi malingaliro opanga, ma network ndi nsanja, zosankha zambiri zimapangidwa limodzi. Pamaso pa buku, ndine ndekha amene ndimapanga zisankhozi, ndine amene ndimasankha zomwe zimachitika komanso momwe zimachitikira. Ndipo mosiyana ndi momwe timagwirira ntchito zolemba, nthawi zina ufulu womwe bukulo limandipatsa umayamikiridwa.

Koma sindimakonda zolemba kapena buku, kapena ndizovuta kuti ndisankhe chimodzi kapena chimzake. Nthawi zambiri ndi nkhani yomwe mukufuna kunena yomwe imasankha m'mene ikufunidwira, ngati mwanjira yolemba, buku, nkhani komanso sewero. 

  • AL: Chifukwa chokhala wolemba zaka zambiri, mukuyamba kupanga zolemba zoyera komanso zosavuta kumva ndi buku lakuda kwambiri, Insomnio. Chifukwa chiyani ndipo tili pati?

DMS: Monga pafupifupi pafupifupi ntchito iliyonse yomwe akufuna zovuta zatsopano ndipo kulemba bukuli kunali kwa ine. Pambuyo pazaka zambiri ndikulemba zolemba ndikuyamba mabuku ena ndidaganiza kuti ndimalize, ndiwonetseni kuti anali wokhoza kutero. Ichi chinali choyambitsa changa choyamba. Kukhala wokhoza kufalitsa kale kupitirira zomwe ndimayembekezera. 

En Insomnio wowerenga apeza fayilo ya buku lakuda, lakuda kwambiri, ndi ziwembu ziwiri, mmodzi adawerenga m'mbuyomu ndipo wina pakadali pano. Poyamba, protagonist, Thomas Abad, ndi woyang'anira wa wapolisi woyang'anira kupeza fayilo ya wakupha akazi osiyanasiyana. Nkhaniyi ikamapita mupeza kuti m'bale wake ndi mwanjira ina nawo. Kuyesera kukutetezani pamapeto pake mudzachotsedwa ntchito. 

Mugawoli, Tomás amagwira ntchito usiku ngati mlonda kuchokera kumanda ndi komweko, akuzunzidwa ndi winawake wobisala mumthunzi, amazindikira kuti mlanduwo sunathebe. 

Insomnio ndi buku lokhala ndi chiwembu chomwe chikukwera kwambiri ndipo sizimapereka mpata kwa owerenga. Ali ndi malo abwino, wotsogola kwa iwo omwe alowa mu moyo wanu ndipo, ndizolakwika kuti ndinene, koma ndizo olembedwa bwino kwambiri. Tsopano adzakhala owerenga omwe ayenera kuweruza. 

  • AL: Kubwereranso nthawi, kodi mukukumbukira buku loyambirira lomwe mwawerenga? Ndipo nkhani yoyamba yomwe mudalemba? 

DMS: Kuwerenga kwanga koyamba, monga kwa ambiri am'badwo wanga, anali mabuku omwe adatoleredwa ndi B.Uta wotentha, Asanu, Jules Verne, Agatha Christie...

Ponena za chinthu choyamba chomwe ndalemba sindikumbukira bwino, ndikudziwa izo kusukulu mukayenera kulemba zina ankakonda kuonekera. Pang'ono ndi pang'ono, inde ndinayamba kulemba nkhani motero ndimapanga mtundu wina wosowa zomwe zinandipangitsa kulemba zambiri. Pessoa adati kumulembera ndi njira yokhayokha ndipo ndikugwirizana nazo. 

  • AL: Buku lomwe lidakhudza moyo wanu linali ...

DMS: Ambiri. Sindingathe kusankha chimodzi. Mabuku omwe ndimadziwa za ntchito ya wolemba kumbuyo kwawo andilemba. Nditha kukutchulani Mng'oma, ochokera ku Cela, Usiku ndi wofewandi Fitzgerald, Mzindawu ndi Agalu, ndi Vargas Llosa, Kulira kwa kadzidzi, wolemba Highsmtih, Nefando wolemba Mónica Ojeda, ambiri mwa mabuku a Marías ...

  • AL: Ndipo wolemba wokondedwayo kapena wofotokozera? Mutha kusankha zingapo kuposa nthawi zonse.

DMS: Mwina ndi Javier Marias wolemba yemwe anganene zambiri zomwe zimandikhudza. Ndidayamba kumuwerengera zaka zija pomwe zidayamba kuwonekera kuti ndikufuna kudzipereka kuti ndilembe. Mawonekedwe ake, momwe amalankhulira ndichinthu chomwe ndimaganizira kwambiri. Koma pali ena ambiri: Vargas Llosa, García Márquez, Lobo Antunes, Richard Ford, Patricia Mkulu wa zamisiri, Joyce Carol Oates, Mpulumutsi, Dostoevsky, Pessoa...

  • AL: Ndi munthu uti wamabuku omwe mungakonde kukumana naye ndikupanga?

DMS: Buku lomwe ndimakonda kuwerenga kwambiri ndi Gatsby Wamkulu ndipo ndi m'modzi mwa anthu omwe ndimakonda kwambiri m'mabuku. Ntchito yonse ya Fitzgerald ili yodzaza ndi zilembo zokhala ndi zigawo zambiri zomwe mumapeza mukawerenga zatsopano. Ndipo Gatsby ndi m'modzi mwa anthu omwe ndimawakonda kwambiri. 

  • AL: Pali zizolowezi kapena zizolowezi zina zapadera pakulemba kapena kuwerenga?

DMS: Ndilibe mania odziwika pankhani yakulemba. Zomwe ndinganene ndizakuti Ndine wosamala, ndimalemba ndikulembanso zambiri mpaka nditakhutira ndi zotsatira zake. Sindine wolemba mwachangu, ndimaganiza ndikusinkhasinkha kwambiri za njira zomwe ndingatenge muzolemba komanso zolemba chifukwa ndikukhulupirira kuti ntchito yabwino imapereka zotsatira zabwino.

Ndipo ntchito yolemba idakalibe ntchito ndipo, motero, Ndimayesetsa kulemba tsiku lililonseNdili ndi ndandanda yanga, sindine m'modzi mwa iwo omwe amatengeka ndi kudzoza, kumakhala kochepa kwambiri. Ndiponso Ndimakonda kukhala ndi ntchito zingapo nthawi imodziChifukwa chake ndikaphatikizidwa ndi imodzi, ndimatha kutenga ina ndikupitabe patsogolo. Ndi njira yabwino kuthana ndi zotchinga, kuti nkhani zizipuma kwakanthawi.

Y panthawi yowerenga mwina chinthu chokhacho chomwe ndingakhale nacho ndichakuti Ndikufuna kukhala chete, palibe chosokoneza. 

  • AL: Ndi malo omwe mumakonda komanso nthawi yochitira?

DMS: Nthawi zambiri ndimalemba kunyumba, koma nthawi ndi nthawi ndimakonda kusintha kupita ku a Malo odyera, imodzi laibulale. Kusintha kwa mawonekedwe, titero, Zimandithandiza kutuluka komanso osakhala ndi chizolowezi chongogwira ntchito nthawi zonse pamalo omwewo. Ndizowona kuti mliriwu wasintha chizolowezi changa kwa ine, koma ndikuyembekeza nthawi ina kuti ndidzayambiranso. 

  • AL: Mitundu yambiri yolemba yomwe imakusangalatsani? 

DMS: Mfundo yoti buku langa loyamba ndi laumbanda kapena mtundu waumbanda sizitanthauza kuti ndiye mtundu womwe ndimakonda, sindine wowerenga zopeka. Kwenikweni zomwe ndimakonda, ngakhale zikuwoneka kuti ndizowona, ndiwo mabuku abwino. Ndipo ndi buku liti labwino kwa ine? Yemwe ukamaliza kuwerenga udziwa kuti zidzatsagana nawe moyo wako wonse, yomwe ndimazindikira kuti kumbuyo kwake kuli wolemba wabwino ndipo ndimawona ntchito yomwe bukuli liri nayo, zomwe zimandipangitsa kuganiza, zomwe zimandipangitsa kumva. Ndipo buku labwino ndilonso lomwe limabweretsa kaduka kena mwa ine, kaduka kabwino, posadziwa ngati tsiku lina ndidzatha kulemba zina zotero. 

  • AL: Kuwerenga kwanu kwamakono? Ndipo mungatiuze zomwe mukulemba?

DMS: Mawerengedwewa amasonkhana, Ndimagula zochulukirapo kuposa momwe ndimakhala ndi nthawi yowerenga. Ndimakonda kuchedwa chifukwa cha nkhaniyo pompano ndikuwerenga Berta Isla, ndi Javier Marías, ndipo ndili ndi ena ambiri patebulo kudikirira nthawi yawo. 

Ndipo pazomwe ndikulemba, pakadali pano ndili kugwira ntchito pamndandanda womwe sindingathe kufotokoza zambiri za iwo koma izi ziwona kuwala chaka chamawa ndipo anayesera kupanga zomwe ndikufuna kukhala buku langa lachiwiri. Kusintha kwa kaundula, buku lapamtima kwambiri lomwe limalankhula za chikondi, osati buku lachikondi, koma buku za chikondi ndi momwe timaonera kapena kukhalira mzaka zonse, kuyambira unyamata mpaka zaka zomwe timatcha zaka zapakati. 

  • AL: Mukuganiza kuti malo osindikizira ndi a olemba ambiri bwanji omwe akufuna kapena akufuna kufalitsa?

DMS: Zovuta. Ndikuganiza kuti pali mtundu wa Changu chofuna kufalitsa chomwe nthawi zina chimapambana chinthu china chofunikira kuposa momwe chilili ndikufuna kulemba. Bukhu lirilonse, kaya ndi buku, nkhani, kapena mtundu wina uliwonse zimafunikira nthawi yakugwira ntchito, kulemba zambiri ndikulembanso ndipo zimandipatsa lingaliro kuti ndizosindikizidwa ndipo koposa zonse, mabuku omwe sanagwiritsidwe ntchito mokwanira chofalitsa chokha.

Cholinga cha iwo omwe amalemba ndikulemba, inde, koma wolemba ayenera kukhala wodzifunira yekha, osati chilichonse chofunikira kuti chifalitsidwe ngakhale munthu atachifuna chotani, muyenera kuchepetsa kudzidalira kwambiri mukamalemba. Mfundo ina yolakwika monga momwe idasindikizidwira pakadali pano ndikuwona m'mene mabuku abwino kwambiri samadziwika ndipo ena omwe siabwino kwambiri amapambana. Nthawi zina kukwezedwa pamawebusayiti kumagwiranso ntchito kuposa buku lokhalo. Tikukhulupirira izi zasintha. 

  • AL: Kodi mungaganize zolemba pa nthawi yofunika yomwe tikukhalamo? Kodi mungasunge china chabwino kapena chothandiza munkhani zamtsogolo?

DMS: Pakhala pali nkhani zamtundu wa apocalyptic zomwe, ndi iyi ya covid, ndiye oyandikira kwambiri omwe takhala nawo. Ndizowona kuti kukhala mwa munthu woyamba ndikosiyana, koma ngati ndiyenera kukhala ndi china chabwino, ndichomwecho chipiriro chamalingaliro chomwe tonse taphunzira kukulitsa. Ndizowona kuti nthawi zina zimawoneka kuti munthu wafika pamlingo wodzipatula, wosungulumwa komanso osawona kutha kwa malotowa. Koma ndikuganiza kuti, ambiri, ndi ndani winanso amene sadziwa momwe angachitire ndi njira yabwino kwambiri. 


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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