Buku lachi Gothic

buku la gothic

Buku la Gothic limafanana kwambiri ndi mantha. Lero, ndi imodzi mwazodziwika bwino, zomwe sizimangopezeka m'mabuku, komanso mu kanema. Tili ndi zolemba zambiri zamabuku amtunduwu, woyamba kukhala The Castle of Otranto.

Koma, Kodi buku la gothic ndi chiyani? Kodi uli ndi makhalidwe otani? Kodi zasintha motani? Tikambirana nanu za zonsezi komanso zina zambiri pansipa.

Kodi buku la gothic ndi liti?

Kodi buku la gothic ndi liti?

Buku la Gothic, lotchedwanso Gothic, ndi mtundu wolemba. Akatswiri ena amawona ngati gawo laling'ono, chifukwa limafanana kwambiri ndi mantha ndipo amakhulupirira kuti onsewo ndi ovuta kuwalekanitsa, ngakhale kusokonezeka. M'malo mwake, chimodzi mwazinthu zodziwika kwambiri ndikuti buku lowopsa lomwe tikudziwa lero silikadakhala lopanda mantha a gothic.

La Mbiri ya buku la Gothic imatitengera ku England, makamaka kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX kumene nkhani, nkhani ndi zolemba zinayamba kutuluka zomwe zinali ndi mawonekedwe achilendo: kuphatikizidwa pamikhalidwe yomweyo yamatsenga, zowopsa ndi mizukwa, komwe zidapangitsa owerenga kuti azitha kusiyanitsa zomwe zinali zenizeni ndi zomwe sizinali.

Pokumbukira kuti zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu zinali zodziwika kuti munthu adatha kufotokoza zonse zomwe samamvetsetsa pogwiritsa ntchito chifukwa, zolembazo zidapatsa anthu zovuta, poyesa kufotokoza ndi zomwe zidachitika (ndipo nthawi zambiri zinali zosatheka).

Ndendende, buku la gothic idakhazikitsidwa kuyambira 1765 mpaka 1820, zaka zomwe olemba ambiri adayamba kuyang'ana mtundu wamtunduwu ndikuyamba kuchita nawo (zambiri zamzimu zomwe zasungidwa kuyambira nthawi imeneyo).

Ndani anali wolemba woyamba wachi Gothic

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa yemwe adalemba buku loyamba la Gothic? Chabwino zinali Horace Walpole, wolemba The Castle of Otranto, lofalitsidwa mu 1764. Wolemba ameneyu adaganiza zoyesa kuphatikiza zomwe zili munthawi zamakedzana ndi buku lamakono popeza adawona kuti, padera, onse anali ovuta komanso othandiza, motsatana.

Chifukwa chake, adalemba buku potengera zachikatolika zachikale zodzaza ndi zinsinsi, zoopseza, matemberero, magawo obisika ndi ma heroine omwe samatha kupirira izi (ndichifukwa chake nthawi zonse amakomoka, china china cha bukuli).

Inde, anali woyamba, koma osati yekhayo. Mayina monga Clara Reeve, Ann Radcliffe, Matthew Lewis ... nawonso ndi ofanana ndi buku la Gothic.

Ku Spain tili ndi mafotokozedwe amtunduwu ku José de Urcullu, Agustín Pérez Zaragoza, Antonio Ros de Olano, Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Emilia Pardo Bazán kapena José Zorrilla.

Makhalidwe a buku la Gothic

Makhalidwe a buku la Gothic

Tsopano popeza mukudziwa zambiri za buku la Gothic, mukufunadi kudziwa zomwe zimadziwika. Ndipo ndizakuti, chiganizo "gothic" chidakhazikitsidwa chifukwa munkhani zowopsa zomwe zidawonekera, zoikidwazo zidabwerera m'zaka zamakedzana, okhala ndi protagonists, kaya mnyumba yayikulu, mnyumba yachifumu, ndi zina zambiri. Komanso, makonde, mipata, zipinda zopanda kanthu, ndi zina zambiri. adapanga olemba kupanga makonda abwino. Ndipamene mawu amtunduwu amachokera.

Koma kodi nchiyani chomwe chimadziwika ndi buku la Gothic?

Malo okhala achisoni

Monga takuwuziranipo kale, tikukamba za nthawi zakale kapena malo monga nyumba zachifumu, nyumba zikuluzikulu, nyumba zokhalamo zakale zomwe zidatulutsa mpweya wosiyidwa, wowonongeka, wachisoni, wosangalatsa ...

Koma siawo okhawo. Nkhalango, ndende, misewu yamdima, ma crypts ... Mwachidule, malo aliwonse omwe wolemba adatha kupanga mawonekedwe omwe angapereke mantha enieni.

Chauzimu

Chimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri pamabuku achi Gothic, mosakayikira, ndizinthu zamatsenga, monga mizukwa, zopanda pake, zombi, zilombo ... Zitha kukhala zilembo zabwino, inde, koma nthawi zonse kumbali yazowopsa, zomwe Mukakumana nawo amakupatsani mantha kwambiri. Pankhaniyi, MIZUKWA akhoza nawonso woyenera mu mtundu wanyimbo lapansi.

Anthu omwe ali ndi zilakolako

Kuti akhazikitse bwino nkhanizi, olemba ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito otchulidwa omwe anali anzeru, okongola, olemekezeka ... Koma, pansi, ndi chinsinsi chomwe chimadya iwo, kutengeka ndi zokonda zawo, zomwe sakufuna kuzitulutsa ndikuti, m'mbiri yonse, zomwe zikuchitika zimapangitsa nkhope yawo yowonekera. Kuphatikiza apo, otchulidwawa, kuti awapatse mawonekedwe "achilendo komanso okongola", anali ndi mayina akunja komanso otulutsa maluwa.

Poterepa, pafupifupi nthawi zonse m'mabuku timapeza makona atatu: wolemekezeka woyipa, yemwe angakhale wowopsa, wowopsa, wamantha; mtsikana wosalakwa; ndipo pamapeto pake ngwazi, yemwe amayesera kuti amupulumutse ku mantha amenewo. Ndipo inde, palinso sitepe yachikondi, mwina kuyambira yofewa kwambiri, kupita kukulira kukulira.

Zochitika

Kuyenda kwakanthawi, nkhani momwe anthu akale amafotokozedwera, dziko lamaloto (loto ndi maloto owopsa), ndi zina zambiri. ndi zina mwazomwe zimagwiritsidwanso ntchito m'buku la Gothic, kupanga, nthawi zina, owerenga amatha kuti achoke pa mphatso yake ndikuthamangitsa chinsalu chovuta komanso chikaiko, nthawi zina zimapangitsa kuti munthuyo aganizire ngati zidachitikadi.

Kodi kusintha kwanu kwakhala bwanji

Kodi kusintha kwanu kwakhala bwanji

Ngati tsopano tikuganizira za buku lachi Gothic la nthawiyo, sitidzawona kufanana kwakukulu ndi zomwe takuwuzani. Ndipo ndichinthu chachilendo popeza, popita nthawi, mtundu uwu wasintha.

Ndipotu, idayamba kutero kuyambira 1810 kapena apo, pomwe a Gothic adayamba kukhala amantha amakono, omwe amadziwika ndi mantha amisala. Ndiye kuti, idayamba kupanga, osati mawonekedwe a mizukwa kapena mizukwa, koma kuti ilowe m'malingaliro a owerenga kuti apange mantha mwachindunji mwa iye, ndikupangitsa "kuwopseza" kuti kungakhale kosadalirika, koma kutembenuka, zochitika, etc. Zidzapangitsa kukhala ndi nkhawa, kupsinjika ... kufikira kumverera kotsekedwa mu aura yachinsinsi ndi mantha.

Pachifukwa ichi, buku la Gothic palokha ndi lomwe lidalembedwa kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX komanso kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX. Masiku ano, nkhani zomwe zimawerengedwa, ngakhale zili za mtunduwo, zasintha ndipo zilibenso zikhalidwe zakale zomwe zidafotokoza izi.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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