Theresa Old. Kuyankhulana ndi wolemba Msungwana yemwe ankafuna kudziwa zonse

Tinalankhula ndi wolemba komanso wolankhula Teresa Viejo za ntchito yake yaposachedwa.

Kujambula: Teresa Viejo. Mwachilolezo cha Communication Ingenuity.

A Theresa Old Amadziwika bwino chifukwa cha ntchito yake yaukadaulo mtolankhani, koma kulinso wolemba zantchito. Amagwiritsa ntchito nthawi yake pakati pa wailesi, televizioni, ubale ndi owerenga ake ndi zokambirana zambiri ndi zokambirana. Kuphatikiza apo, ndi kazembe wa Goodwill UNICEF ndi Foundation for Victims of Traffic. Walemba zolemba ndi mabuku okhala ndi mitu monga Ngakhale kukugwa mvula o Kukumbukira kwa madzi, pakati pa ena, ndipo tsopano wapereka Mtsikana amene ankafuna kudziwa zonse. Mu izi kuyankhulana Amatiuza za iye ndi nkhani zina. Ndikukuthokozani kwambiri chifukwa cha chidwi chanu komanso nthawi yanu.

Teresa Viejo - Mafunso

  • NEWS LITERATURE: Buku lanu laposachedwa limatchedwa Mtsikana amene ankafuna kudziwa zonse. Mukutiuza chiyani za izi ndipo lingalirolo lidachokera kuti?

TERESA WAKULU: Mtsikana amene ankafuna kudziwa zonse si buku, koma a ntchito zosapeka mozungulira chidwi, linga lomwe ndakhala ndikuchita kafukufuku wazaka zaposachedwa, ndikuyang'aniranso kulengeza zabwino zake ndikulimbikitsa kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake pamisonkhano ndi maphunziro. Bukhuli ndi gawo la njira yomwe ikundipatsa chisangalalo chachikulu, yomaliza ikuyamba chiphunzitso changa cha udokotala kuthandizira phunziroli. 

  • AL: Kodi mungabwerere ku buku loyambirira lomwe mwawerenga? Ndipo nkhani yoyamba yomwe mudalemba?

TV: Ndikuganiza kuti ingakhale kopi ya saga ya Asanu, ndi Enid Blyton. Ndimakumbukiranso makamaka Pollyanna, lolembedwa ndi Eleanor H. Porter, chifukwa nzeru zake zachimwemwe mosasamala kanthu za zovuta zimene khalidwelo linali kukumana nalo, zinandizindikiritsa kwambiri. Pambuyo pake, m'kupita kwa nthawi, ndinapezamo mbewu zamaganizo abwino zomwe ndikuchita tsopano. nthawi imeneyo Ndinayamba kulemba nkhani zachinsinsi, zomwe sizinkawoneka ngati zachilendo kwa mtsikana wazaka khumi ndi ziwiri, khumi ndi zitatu, koma, monga Juan Rulfo adanena, "nthawi zonse timalemba buku lomwe tikufuna kuliwerenga." 

  • AL: Wolemba mutu? Mutha kusankha zingapo kuposa nthawi zonse. 

TV: Pedro Paramo, lolembedwa ndi J. Rulfo ndilo buku limene ndimaŵerenga mobwerezabwereza. Wolembayo akuwoneka kwa ine kukhala chinthu chodabwitsa muzovuta zake. Ndimakonda Garcia Marquez, Ernesto Sabato, and Elena Garro; Olemba mabuku a Boom adandithandiza kukula ngati wowerenga. ndakatulo za Peter Salinas amandiperekeza nthawi zonse; m'nthawi yake, ngakhale kuti anali osiyana jenda, anali Daphne du maurier, omwe ziwembu zake zimandinyengerera kuyambira pachiyambi, chitsanzo chabwino chomwe mungathe kutchuka ndikulemba bwino kwambiri. ndipo ndikupangira Olga Tokarczuk kwa china chofanana, wopambana Mphotho ya Nobel yemwe mabuku ake amakopa nthawi yomweyo. Polemba Edgar Allan pakati pa akale ndi Joyce Carol Oates, wamakono. 

  • AL: Ndi khalidwe liti m'buku lomwe mungakonde kukumana nalo ndikupanga? 

TV: Kuposa khalidwe, ndikadakonda pitani pazosintha zilizonse kuchokera m'mabuku a Daphne du Maurier: Nyumba ya Rebecca, Jamaica Inn, famu yomwe msuweni wake Rachel amakhala...

  • AL: Pali zizolowezi kapena zizolowezi zina zapadera pakulemba kapena kuwerenga? 

TV: uwu, ambiri! Buku lililonse lili ndi fungo lake lamitundumitundu, kotero Ndiyenera kulemba ndi makandulo onunkhira kapena zowonjezera mpweya kuzungulira ine. muofesi yanga Ndimapanga chikhalidwe cha anthu anga ndi zithunzi zakale: nsalu ndi madiresi omwe adzagwiritse ntchito, nyumba zomwe chiwembucho chidzachitike, mipando ndi zinthu zaumwini za aliyense wa iwo, malo a malo ... ngati zochitika zina zikuchitika mumzinda, muzochitika zenizeni. , Ndifunika kupeza mapu amene Fotokozani mmene zinalili panthawi imene nkhaniyo ikufutukuka. Zithunzi za nyumba zake, zosintha zomwe zachitika pambuyo pake, ndi zina. 

Mwachitsanzo, polemba buku langa lachiwiri, Mulole nthawi itipeze, kutengera mawu achimexican kuti ndiwapatse otchulidwa ndipo ndinazolowera chakudya cha ku Mexico, ndikudzilowetsa mu chikhalidwe chake. Nthawi zambiri ndimanena kuti kulemba buku ndi ulendo: mkati, m'kupita kwa nthawi, kukumbukira kwathu komanso kukumbukira pamodzi. Mphatso imene aliyense wa ife ayenera kupatsa wina ndi mnzake, kamodzi pa moyo wathu. 

  • AL: Ndi malo omwe mumakonda komanso nthawi yochitira? 

TV: Mu ofesi yanga, ndi zambiri kuwala kwachilengedwe, ndipo ndimakonda kulemba masana. Ndibwino m'mawa kusiyana ndi madzulo. 

  • AL: Kodi pali mitundu ina yomwe mumakonda? 

TV: Nthawi zambiri, ndimakonda masewera a sopo okhala ndi katundu wabwino chinsinsi, koma imadutsanso mipata. Mwachitsanzo, m'zaka zaposachedwapa ndinawerenga zambiri zomwe si zopeka: sayansi ya ubongo, maganizo, kukhulupirira nyenyezi, utsogoleri ndi kukula kwaumwini… ndipo, pakati pa kuwerenga kwanga, malemba okhudza zauzimu nthawi zonse amalowa mozemba. 

  • AL: Mukuwerenga chiyani tsopano? Ndi kulemba?

TV: Nthawi zambiri ndimaphatikiza mabuku angapo nthawi imodzi; m'sutikesi yanga yatchuthi ndaphatikizamo mabuku Hamnet, ndi Maggie O'Farrell, ndi Thambo ndi labuluu, dziko lapansi ndi loyera, lolembedwa ndi Hiromi Kawakami (buku losangalatsa, mwa njira), ndi nkhani zake ganizaninsondi Adam Grant kukhala wachibale, ndi Kenneth Gergen ndi mphamvu ya chisangalalo, lolembedwa ndi Frédérich Lenoir (zolingalira zake zimamveka pang'ono). Ndipo lero ndalandira Blonde, ndi Carol Oates, koma pafupifupi masamba ake 1.000 Ndikufuna nthawi. 

Ponena za kulemba, ndine kumaliza nkhani kuti ndapatsidwa ntchito kwa kuphatikiza. Ndipo novel imazungulira mutu wanga. 

  • AL: Mukuganiza kuti malo osindikizira ali bwanji ndipo ndi chiyani chomwe mudaganiza kuti muyesere kufalitsa?

TV: Kwenikweni, sindikudziwa choti ndikuyankheni chifukwa kulemba ndi kusindikiza kwa ine zikugwirizana. Ndinasindikiza buku langa loyamba m'chaka cha 2000 ndipo zinali zotsatira za zokambirana zomwe ndinali nazo ndi wosindikiza wanga; Nthawi zonse ndakhala ndikulumikizana ndi akonzi anga, ndimayamikira ntchito yawo ndi zopereka zawo, kotero kuti chotsatira chomaliza chimakhala chiwerengero cha malingaliro angapo panthawi yolenga. 

  • AL: Kodi mphindi yamavuto yomwe tikukumana nayo ikukuvutani kapena mutha kusunga chinthu chabwino chankhani zamtsogolo?

TV: Nyengo iliyonse ili ndi zovuta zake, nkhondo yake ndi mizukwa yake, ndipo anthu ayenera kuphunzira kuziwongolera. Ndizosatheka kukana zovuta za zochitika zomwe tilimo; koma polemba za zochitika zina zamakedzana zimakuthandizani kugwirizanitsa komanso kumvetsetsa. Sindingathe kulingalira kuzunzika kwa agogo athu kuyesera kuti apeze zachilendo pa nkhondo yapachiweniweni, ndipo moyo unkayendabe: ana amapita kusukulu, anthu amapita kunja, anapita ku malo ogulitsa khofi, adakondana ndikukwatira. Tsopano achinyamata amasamuka chifukwa cha zachuma ndipo mu 1939 anathawa pazifukwa zandale. Mfundo zina zimayandikira mowopsa, choncho kuti timvetsetse zomwe tikukumana nazo tiyenera kuwerenga mbiri yaposachedwa.  


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