Amayi a Frankenstein

Mawu a wolemba Almudena Grandes.

Mawu a wolemba Almudena Grandes.

Amayi a Frankenstein ndi mbiri yakale yofotokozedwa ndi Almudena Grandes ndipo ndi gawo lachisanu la mndandandawu Magawo a Nkhondo Yosatha. Mutuwu umafotokoza zomwe zidachitika ku Spain nkhondo itatha. Momwemonso, mutu wa bukuli ukuwonetsa zina mwazomwe zimachitika chifukwa cha Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni ndi ulamuliro wa Franco.

Pachifukwa ichi, wolemba amapereka mazana aanthu - ena onama, ena enieni - pakati pazomwe zidachitika nthawi imeneyo. Kumeneku, chiwembu chimapangidwa mozungulira zaka zomaliza za moyo wa Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira, yemwe akuwoneka kuti watsekeredwa. Kuphatikiza apo, Bukuli likuwonetsa zomwe zidachitikira mzimayi waku Spain uyu yemwe adadziwika mu 30s chifukwa chopha mwana wake wamkazi.

Sobre el autor

Almudena Grandes Hernández adabadwira ku Madrid pa Meyi 7, 1960. Anamaliza maphunziro ake ku Complutense University of Madrid, komwe adaphunzira ku Geography ndi History. Ntchito yake yoyamba inali m'nyumba yosindikiza; Kumeneko ntchito yake yaikulu inali kulemba mawu amtsinde a zithunzizo m'mabuku. Ntchitoyi idamuthandiza kudziwa kulemba.

Mpikisano wamabuku

Bukhu lake loyamba, Mibadwo ya Lulu (1989), idachita bwino kwambiri: yomasuliridwa m'zilankhulo zoposa 20, Wopambana pa XI La Sonrisa Vertical Award ndipo adazolowera kanema. Kuyambira pamenepo, wolemba adalemba mabuku angapo omwe apeza manambala abwino komanso kutamandidwa kwakukulu. M'malo mwake, omwe atchulidwa pansipa apititsanso ku kanema:

  • Malena ndi dzina lachiango (1994)
  • Atlas of Human Geography (1998)
  • ndi ma air ovuta (2002)

Magawo de imodzi nkhondo wosatha

Ndipo 2010, Zazikulu losindikizidwa Agnes ndi chimwemwe, gawo loyamba la mndandanda Magawo a nkhondo yopanda malire. Ndi bukuli, wolemba adalandira Elena Poniatowska Ibero-American Novel Prize (2011), pakati pa mphotho zina. Pakadali pano pali ntchito zisanu zomwe zimapanga saga; chachinayi: Odwala a Dr. García, analandira Mphoto ya 2018 National Narrative Award.

Amayi a Frankenstein

Momwe ntchito ikugwirira ntchito

A Grandes adakumana ndi nkhani ya Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira atawerenga Zolembedwa pamanja zopezeka mu Ciempozuelos (1989), wolemba Guillermo Rendueles. Chidwi ndi munthuyu, Wolemba ku Madrid anapitiliza kufufuza kuti alembe mwatsatanetsatane za mlanduwu. Pachifukwa ichi, panthawiyi pachitika zochitika zenizeni zingapo, zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri nkhaniyi.

Kukula kumeneku kumayika owerenga mu Ciempozuelos Asylum (pafupi ndi Madrid), m'ma 1950. Lembali lili ndimasamba 560 odzaza ndi mbiri yakale omwe amafotokoza zakusokonekera kochokera kunkhondo zambiri zankhondo. Mwanjira iyi, chiwembu chimapezeka mozungulira anthu atatu: Aurora, María ndi Germany, omwe amasintha munthu woyamba m'nkhaniyi.

Zosinthasintha

Njira yoyamba

Ndipo 1954, sing'anga wachijeremani Velásquez abwerera ku Spain kukagwira ntchito pothawira azimayi ku Ciempozuelos, atakhala zaka 15 ku Switzerland. Chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa ndi chlorpromazine - neuroleptic yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pochepetsa zovuta za schizophrenia - imatsutsidwa kwambiri mkati mwa malo amisala. Komabe, zotsatira zake zidzadabwitsa aliyense.

German posakhalitsa apeza kuti m'modzi mwa odwala ake ndi Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira, mayi yemwe wapanga chidwi kuyambira ali mwana. Ali mwana, amakumbukira atamva kuulula komwe adauza abambo ake - Dr. Velásquez - za iye. kupha mwana wake wamkazi. Chifukwa chake, sing'anga amalowa m'mlanduwo kuti apeze chithandizo choyenera ndikuyesera kuti masiku ake omaliza akhale abwinoko.

Wodwala

Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira ndi mayi wosungulumwa kwambiri, amangochezeredwa ndi María Castejón, namwino yemwe amakhala nthawi zonse kumeneko (ndiye mdzukulu wam'munda). María amayamikira kwambiri Aurora, chifukwa ndinamuphunzitsa kuwerenga ndi kulemba. Kuphatikiza apo, tsiku lililonse amasangalala kuthera mchipinda chake, momwe amaphunzirira kumuwerengera, popeza Rodríguez akuchita khungu.

Matenda

Aurora Ali ndi mbiri ya mkazi wanzeru kwambiri, woteteza ma eugenics ndi ufulu wa amayi. Iye amadwala matenda omwe amayambitsa kuyerekezera zinthu m'maganizo, manias ozunza komanso chinyengo cha ukulu. Nkhaniyi imatiuza zaka ziwiri zapitazi za moyo wake, atakhala m'ndende zaka zopitilira makumi awiri chifukwa cha mlandu womwe wachitira mwana wake wamkazi, womwe sanadandaule nawo.

Pofunitsitsa kupanga "mkazi wangwiro mtsogolo", Aurora adayamba kukhala ndi mwana wamkazi ndikumulera ndi zolinga zake zazikulu. Mayiyo adamuyitana mtsikanayo: Hildegart Rodríguez Carballeira - kwa iye inali ntchito yasayansi. Pansi pa izi, adalera mwana waluso, wopambana kwambiri. Koma, Kufunitsitsa ufulu ndi kufuna kuchoka kwa amayi ake kunadzetsa un mathero omvetsa chisoni.

Mtsikana wodabwitsa

Hildegart Anali wanzeru kwambiri, ali ndi zaka 3 zokha amadziwa kale kuwerenga ndi kulemba. Zinali loya womaliza kwambiri ku Spain, pomwe ndimaphunzira ntchito ziwiri zowonjezera: Medicine and Philosophy and Letters. Kuphatikiza apo, anali womenyera ufulu wachinyamata ali wachichepere, chifukwa chake, anali ndi tsogolo labwino kwambiri adaphedwa ndi amayi ake, ali ndi zaka 18 zokha.

Ciempozuelos Asylum

En Amayi a Frankenstein, mlembiyo akufuna kuwonetsa zowona za amayi a nthawi imeneyo. Pachifukwa ichi, a Grandes amagwiritsa ntchito malo opatsirana amisala a Ciempozuelos azimayi ngati malo. Popeza kuthawira uku sikunali kokha kwa azimayi omwe ali ndi mavuto amisala, kulinso azimayi omwe amangidwa chifukwa chofuna kudziyimira pawokha kapena kukhala pachibwenzi mwaulere.

Nkhani yosatheka ya chikondi

Titafika ku Ciempozuelos, Wachijeremani anakopeka ndi María, mtsikana woponderezedwa komanso wokhumudwa. Kumbali yake, amamukana, zomwe zimasokoneza Chijeremani, yemwe ayenera kudziwa chifukwa chake ali wosungulumwa komanso wosamvetsetseka. Chikondi choletsedwa chifukwa cha zochitika mdziko lomwe miyezo iwiri ilamulira, yodzaza ndi malamulo osamveka bwino komanso kupanda chilungamo kulikonse.

Makhalidwe enieni

Nkhaniyi imaphatikizaponso anthu angapo anthawiyo, monga Antonio Vallejo Nájera ndi Juan José López Ibor. Antonio anali mkulu wa Ciempozuelos, munthu amene amakhulupirira ma eugenics ndipo ndani amakhulupirira kuti a Marxist onse ayenera kuchotsedwa. Chifukwa chake, adalimbikitsa achikulire omwe amawombera ndi malingaliro amenewo ndikupereka ana awo kumabanja a National Movement.

Koma, López Ibor - ngakhale kuti analibe ubale ndi Vallejo - adavomereza kuti amachitira nkhanza anthu otchedwa "reds" komanso ogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha. Uyu anali katswiri wazamisala munthawi ya Franco, yemwe ankachita magawo a electroshock ndi ma lobotomies. Njirazi zimangogwiritsidwa ntchito kwa amuna okha, popeza azimayi samatha kudziyimira pawokha pakugonana.

Anthu ena munkhaniyi

Pa chiwembucho pakhala anthu ena achiwiri (zopeka) omwe amathandizira kukwaniritsa nkhaniyi. Mwa iwo, bambo Armenteros ndi masisitere Belén ndi Anselma, omwe akuyimira gulu lachipembedzo lomwe lili mgululi. Kuphatikiza apo, Eduardo Méndez - katswiri wazamisala - yemwe adazunzidwa ali mwana pa zomwe López Ibor adachita ndikukhala mnzake wapamtima waku Germany ndi María.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1.   Sergio Ribeiro Pontet anati

    Melena ndi dzina lachiango (1994), ndizolakwika. Mutu weniweni umati "Malena" osati Melena. Kuphatikiza apo, mutu wa tango womwe ukutchulidwawo ndendende », Malena; osati Melena.