Otu ogidi ọkụ

Ken Follett.

Ken Follett.

Kọlụm Ọkụ aha mbụ na Bekee) bụ akwụkwọ Ken Follet, onye Britain na-ede akwụkwọ ọgụgụ kacha aga nke ọma n'oge a. Mbinye aka nke onye edemede a na mmeri, ma ọkwa ọkwa na edemede edemede na nnabata ndị na-agụ akwụkwọ. Ọ bụghị ihe mgbagwoju anya, ihe odide ya - ọtụtụ n'ime ha n'ime akụkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme - emewo ya ka ọ bụrụ onye edemede kachasị ere ahịa.

N'etiti ihe ndị o tozuru oke n'ụwa niile bụ trilogy "Century" na usoro Ogidi nke ụwa. Kpọmkwem, Otu ogidi ọkụ (2017) bụ nkeji nke atọ nke saga ọhụrụ a. Kedu, nke malitere na aha nnabata na 1989 wee mechie ya na prequel, Ọchịchịrị na chi ọbụbọ, na 2020.

Onye edemede

A mụrụ Kenneth Martin Follet na June 5, 1949 na Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. Ndị mụrụ ya - Martin na Veenie Follet - bụ Ndị Kraịst na-achọghị mgbanwe. N'ihi ya, Naanị ihe ọ gụrụ bụ ụdị ntụrụndụ kacha amasị ya, ebe ọ bụ na a machibidoro ya ikiri telivishọn ma gaa fim. Mgbe emechara na 1950s, ezinụlọ Follet biri na London.

N'ebe ahụ, nwa okorobịa Kenneth mụrụ Nkà ihe ọmụma na Mahadum Mahadum nke London n'etiti 1967 na 1970. Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ, ọ nọrọ ọnwa atọ na ọrụ nta akụkọ tupu ịmalite ọrụ na akwụkwọ akụkọ South Walles ikwughachi nke Cardiff. Mgbe afọ atọ na Wales, ọ laghachiri London iji sonyere ndị otu Mgbede na mgbede.

Akwụkwọ ndị mbụ

Follet malitere ọrụ edemede ya na 1974 site na usoro Apụl apụl - N'okpuru aha Simon Myles— nke mpịakọta mbụ ya bụ Nnukwu agịga. Mgbe ahụ, ọ bịanyere aka na ezigbo aha ya Shakeout (1975) na Ibu Beard (1976), site na usoro Spy Roper ya. Ka oge na-aga, n’agbata afọ 1976 - 1978 onye Welsh dere wepụtara akwụkwọ isii debara aha ha bụ Bernard L. Ross, Martin Martinsen na Zachary Stone.

Nkwuputa nke Ken Follett kwuru.

Nkwuputa nke Ken Follett kwuru.

N'ihe banyere 1978 Follet ejighi aha ozo, ebe ọ bụ na afọ ahụ ka ọ malitere Agwaetiti oke mmiri… Ndụ ya gbanwere ruo mgbe ebighị ebi. Aha ahụ bụ nzọụkwụ mbụ buru ibu wee bụrụ onye ama ama n'ime ọrụ na-aga nke ọma yana ihe karịrị akwụkwọ akụkọ 40 iji nye ya otuto. Taa, a maara onye edemede Cardiff n'ụwa niile dịka onye onye kacha ere ahịa nke akwụkwọ akụkọ ihe mere eme na akụkọ dị ukwuu nke akụkọ ifo.

Akwụkwọ akụkọ Ken Follet a kacha mara amara

  • Isi ihe dị na Rebecca. (Igodo Rebecca, 1980).
  • Nwoke ahụ si St. Petersburg. (Nwoke si St. Petersburg, 1982).
  • Ugo nke ugo. (Na nku nkugo, 1983).
  • Ndagwurugwu ọdụm. (Dina na ọdụm, 1986).
  • Ebe a na-akpọ nnwere onwe. (Ebe A Kpọrọ Nnwere Onwe, 1995).
  • Nke ejima. (Nke atọ Ejima, 1997).
  • Nnukwu ihe ize ndụ. (nke Jackdaw, 2001).
  • Na White. (Ọpụpụ, 2004).

Trilogy nke Narị Afọ - Narị Afọ

  • Ọdịda nke ndị Refeyim. (Ọdịda nke ndị Refeyim, 2010).
  • Oge oyi nke ụwa. (Oge oyi nke ụwa)).
  • Uzo nke mgbe ebighi ebi. (Mgbe ebighị ebi, 2014).

usoro Ogidi nke ụwa

Nke a saga nyefere Ken follet ọnọdụ kasịnụ nke onye edemede kacha mma. Na mgbakwunye, nke ọ bụla mpịakọta n’usoro a nwere opekata mpe peeji 900 (na mkpokọta, e nwere ihe karịrị puku peeji anọ). N'ihi ya, onye na-agụ ya na-ejide ya ruo ọgwụgwụ n'agbanyeghị ogologo ederede. Nke na egosi egosiputa akuko na omimi nke ihe odide nke onye edemede Cardifi kere.

na ogidi de la Ụwa (Ogidi nke ụwa, 1989)

Akwụkwọ akụkọ ntolite a na-akọ akụkọ banyere ihe ndị mere n'ọgba aghara nke Bekee (narị afọ nke iri na abụọ). Kpọmkwem oge dị n'etiti ihe gbasara White Ship na ọgụ a na Archbishọp Thomas Becket. Ọ gụnyekwara njem maka ndị njem ala nsọ Santiago de Compostela n'ụzọ ha si France rute ugwu Spain.

Worldwa na-enweghị njedebe (Withoutwa na-enweghị ọgwụgwụ, 2007)

Dị ka akwụkwọ bu ụzọ, ihe a na-eme na Kingsbridge (obodo akụkọ ifo), mana na narị afọ nke XNUMX. Na mgbakwunye, ihe otiti ojii na nsonaazụ ya maka kọntinent Europe —Ọ bịara were otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ nke ndị bi na mba dịka liketali ma ọ bụ England— nwere ihe dị ukwuu n'ime atụmatụ ahụ. Ọzọkwa, akụkọ ahụ kọwara nkọwa mwakpo obi tara mmiri nke Edward III wakporo France na mmepe obodo nke oge ahụ.

Otu ogidi ọkụ (Kọlụm Ọkụ, 2017)

N’afọ 1558, Kingsbridge bụ obodo nke ndị na-anụbigara okpukpe ọkụ n’obi ókè kewara. Ka ọ dịgodị, Ned Willard (onye protagonist) nọ na mmegide mmegide nke nke ọ hụrụ n'anya, Margery Fitzgerald. Ọnọdụ ahụ ka njọ mgbe e chiri Elizabeth nke Mbụ okpueze dị ka Eze Nwanyị England. Mgbe ahụ, alaeze ndị ọzọ nke Europe na-amalite ịkpa nkata ịkwatu ya.

Ọchịchịrị na chi ọbụbọ (Anyasị na Mortụtụ, 2020)

Ihe bu ụzọ tupu usoro a amalite na 997, na Kingsbridge, n'etiti etiti a na-akpọ Ọchịchịrị gbara ọchịchịrị. N'ihi ya, ọ bụ oge mgbe ndị obodo ga-alụ ọgụ megide mwakpo mgbe niile na ọbara nke Vikings na Welsh.

Otu ogidi ọkụ, akụkọ banyere ndidi

Otu ogidi ọkụ.

Otu ogidi ọkụ.

Nwere ike ịzụta akwụkwọ ebe a: Otu ogidi ọkụ

N'ajụjụ ọnụ ndị akwụkwọ akụkọ Spanish El País (2017), Follet kọwara nke ahụ Otu ogidi ọkụ "Ọ bụ akwụkwọ gbasara ndidi." Maka na, n’agbanyeghi na o bu akwukwo nwere arumaru n’usoro okpukperechi, obughi ederede banyere okpukpe. N'otu aka ahụ, onye Welsh dere gosiri nzube ya ikpughe mmekọrịta dị n'etiti ike, ego na okpukperechi.

N'otu ajụjụ ọnụ ahụ, Follet ji okpukpe okpukpe kpọrọ ihe na narị afọ nke XNUMX na-atụ ụjọ na-ebuwanye ibu n'ụwa nile taa. Okpukpe a na-emebiga ihe ókè n'okpukpe, n'ihi na ọ "na-emerụ" ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, mmekọrịta mmekọrịta na ọbụna nsogbu sayensị. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, onye edemede Britain na-arụtụ aka na Bretxit na iyi ọha egwu nke Alakụba na Europe.

Nkọwapụta

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Ned Willard, onye bu akuko n’akuko a, bu nwa okorobia si na Kingsbridge laghachi n’ala nna ya n’oge ekeresimesi 1558 Ndị Katọlik na ndị Protestant gbara ọtụtụ afọ nke ịkpọasị na ekweghị okpukpe dịrị. N'ihi ya, nkwafu ọbara bụ ihe juru ebe niile. Nke kacha njọ: Ned chọrọ ịlụ nwa agbọghọ si n'akụkụ ọzọ, Margery Fitzgerald.

Esisịt ini ke Elizabeth I ama ọkọdori ke ebekpo England. Nwanyị eze ahụ, n'ịmara oke ibu iro nke esitere na mpaghara ndị ọzọ nke kọntinent ahụ, nye iwu ka ọrụ nzuzo ya nọrọ na nche dị elu. Nnukwu iyi egwu bụ nwa nwanne nna ya - onye nwere oke ọchịchọ na aghụghọ - Mary Stuart, Queen nke Scots. Onye nwere ndi agha ya nke ndi kwesiri ntukwasi obi n'ime na n'èzí British Isles.

Impossiblehụnanya na-agaghị ekwe omume

Ken Follett kwuru.

Ken Follett kwuru.

Ka ọ dị ugbu a, Ned nọ na-achọ onye na-enweghị ike Jean Langlais (agwa a zoro n'azụ aha nzuzo; n'ikpeazụ, ọ bụ enyi nwata). Ke ukem, atụmatụ ahụ lekwasịrị anya ná mgbalị ndị nledo mere iji chebe ọchịchị Elizze nke Mbụ n'ọchịchị site na Edinburgh ruo Geneva, na mgbakwunye na ọtụtụ atụmatụ ụlọ.

N'oge a, ekpughere ọdịdị nke esemokwu ahụ, (maka Ned na Margery, na geopolitical). Esemokwu a adịghị n'etiti ndị Katọlik na ndị Protestant. Agha ahụ dị n'etiti ndị kacha anabata - dị njikere ịkparịta ụka - na ndị mmegide obi ọjọọ ha kpebisiri ike ịmanye ọhụụ ha banyere ụwa n'agbanyeghị ụgwọ ọ bụla.


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

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