Akwụkwọ egwu kachasị mma (akụkụ abụọ)

Quote nke Ray Bradbury kwuru.

Quote nke Ray Bradbury kwuru.

Na ederede gara aga ọ nwere oke oke (ma ọ bụ nke na-adịghị mma) iji mee ndepụta nke nwere "akwụkwọ egwu kachasị mma" n'otu peeji. Ihe kpatara ya di mfe: nkpuru nkpuru okwu ndi di otua adighi ezu iji kọwaa ndi ode akwukwo putara ihe. Ọ bụ ụdị akụkọ akụkọ nke British Mary Shelley kwalitere Frankenstein ma ọ bụ Prometheus nke oge a (1818).

Mgbe jụụ Edgar Allan Poe webatara ụzọ ọhụrụ iji menye ndị na-agụ akwụkwọ na ndị edemede egwu dị ka Bram Stoker ma ọ bụ HP Lovecraft gosipụtara "ihe nketa." Ugbua na ọkara nke abụọ nke narị afọ nke XNUMX, ndị isi akwụkwọ Anne Rice na Stephen King pụtara. Ọzọkwa, n'otu narị afọ ahụ, ọ bara uru ịkpọtụ aha Shirley Jackson, Ray Bradbury, John Fowles, na William P. Blatty, na ndị ọzọ. Nke a bụ ndepụta nke ọrụ ndị a tụrụ aro nke ukwuu na ụdị egwu.

Oku nke Cthulhu (1928), nke HP Lovecraft

Izu na nchịkọta

Utu aha a na-anọchi anya ọdịdị mbụ nke isi akụkọ ifo nke a na-akpọ "okirikiri edemede nke Mythos Cthulhu". Ọ bụ akụkọ a kwadebere na usoro nke akwụkwọ akụkọ ma ahaziri ya na akụkọ akuku abuo by Onyeka Onwenu Akụkụ nke mbụ na-amalite site na ọnwụ nke prọfesọ a ma ama na Mahadum Brown na Providence na nke metụtara mwakpo nke ịrọ òtù kwesịrị ntụkwasị obi nye Cthulhu.

Onu ogugu a bu ihe anakpo ndi ozo nke na-ehi ura ura tupu oge nke Homo sapiens n'ime R'lyeh (obodo mikpuru). Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, na ngalaba nke abụọ, e kpughere ihe ndekọ nke otu onyeisi ụgbọ mmiri nke chọtara obodo nna ochie ahụ n'okpuru Oke Osimiri Pasifik. O doro anya na oge maka edemede nke Cthulhu na ụmụ ya eruola.

Ọbụbụ ọnụ nke Hill House (1959), nke Shirley Jackson dere

Mmetụta

A makwaara dị ka Halọ na-anyụ, aha a setịpụrụ ụkpụrụ a na-apụghị ịgbagha agbagha na akụkọ banyere mmụọ. Ya mere, Ihe ịga nke ọma nke onye edemede America bụ S. Jackson na akwụkwọ a gafere ezigbo ahịa ya. Naanị na ọkwa nke audiovisual, Egwu nke Ugwu Ugwu (na Bekee) sitere n'ike mmụọ nsọ Hollywood abụọ na usoro nke otu aha na obere enyo.

N'otu aka ahụ, Stephen King na-arụtụ aka na akwụkwọ akụkọ a dịka otu n'ime akụkụ egwu kachasị mma na narị afọ nke XNUMX. (Nakwa ịbụ mmụọ nsọ maka Salem's Lot Mystery). Ọzọkwa, Sophie Missing dere ederede a na kọlụm ya The Guardian (2010) dika "akuko doro anya banyere ulo anwu."

Nkọwa okwu na isi okwu

N’ebe a na-amabeghị ya na United States, a hụrụ ụlọ ahụ Ugwu Ugwu, nke onye chiburu Hugh Crain wuru. Ọ bụ ihe na-asọ oyi ka Luke Sanderson ketara, otu n'ime ihe anọ protagonists. Mụ na ya, ihe odide ndị a kpọtụrụ aha n'okpuru na-agbakọta n'ụlọ ahụ (onye ọ bụla n'ime ha nwere omimi omimi dị omimi):

- Dr. John Montague, ọkachamara n’ịchọpụta ihe paranormal phenomena.

- Eleanor Vance, nwa agbọghọ ihere na-ewe iwe n'ihi mmetụta nke ịdị adị na-enweghị nnwere onwe, kekọtara ya na nne nwere nkwarụ ma sie ike.

- Theodora, onye omenkà nwere àgwà eccentric na enweghị nhịahụ.

Ezi ọchịchịrị (1962), nke Ray Bradbury dere

Izu na nchịkọta

Ebuuru ya n’asụsụ Bekee Ihe Ọjọọ Thiszọ A Abịa (Ihe ọjọọ na-achọ ime), ọ bụ mpempe echiche na ụjọ jọgburu onwe ya. Ndị na-akwado ya bụ Jim na William, ha abụọ dị afọ iri na atọ, ndị na-ebi ndụ na-asọ oyi na ihe ngosi dị omimi na Midwest. Ebe ahụ na-agba ọsọ site n'aka Maazị Enigmatic, onye akpụkpọ ahụ ya gosipụtara egbugbu site n'aka ndị ọrụ ya ọ bụla.

Ndị ọrụ nke ihe ngosi ahụ bụ ndị Maazi Dark duhiere eduhie n'ihi onyinye nke echiche efu amachibidoro. Otu n’ime onyinye ndị a na-apụghị ịgbagha agbagha bụ nrọ nke ndụ ebighị ebi. N'ịbụ onye nwere ọnyà nrọ dị otú ahụ, nanị ohere nke nzọpụta maka ndị na-akwado ya yiri ka ọ bụ ọchị na ịhụnanya. Ọchịchịrị na ahụkebe ọrụ nka rụzuru site Bradbury.

Onye nchịkọta (1963), nke John Fowles dere

Okwu na mmetụta na pop pop

Akwụkwọ a nke onye edemede England bụ John Fowles nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu na ọdịbendị pop-ala Anglo-Saxon. Na 1965, ewetara akụkọ ya na nnukwu ihuenyo n'okpuru nduzi nke W. Wyler. N'otu aka ahụ, Site na 70s rue ugbu a, otutu ndi otu egwu egwu na Europe na United States arutu aka na ya. N'ime ha, The Jam, Slipknot, The Smiths, Duran Duran, Steve Wilson na The Raves.

Ọbụna "nna ukwu ụjọ", Stephen King, kpọrọ The Collector na ọ dịkarịa ala abụọ n'ime akwụkwọ akụkọ ya (Mysery na The Dark Tower). Ugbua na puku afọ iri ọhụrụ, akwụkwọ a kpaliri ụfọdụ ngosipụta na odide nke Criminal Uche na Na Simpsons, usoro telivishọn abụọ ama ama na mba ụwa.

Arụmụka

Frederick Clegg, onye ọrụ steeti na onye na-achịkọta nru ububa, nwere uche nke Miranda Gray, nwa akwụkwọ nkà mara amara onye ọ masịrị na nzuzo. Otu ụbọchị, ọ meriri ịgba bọọlụ buru ibu, kwụsị ọrụ ya, wee zụta ụlọ mba. Ma, ọ na-eche naanị ya n'ụlọ ma kpebie ịtọrọ Miranda iji tinye ya na nchịkọta nke ụmụ ahụhụ na-adịghị ndụ.

Onye Ọchụchụ (1971), nke William Peter Blatty dere

Akuko

Isi edemede nke akwụkwọ a sitere n'ike mmụọ nke William P. Blatty nụrụ mgbe ọ na-agụ akwụkwọ na Mahadum Georgetown.. Ihe omume a ga-eme na ọnọdụ abụọ nke America, Mount Rainer (Maryland) na Bel-Nor (Missouri) n'etiti ọnwa Machị na Eprel 1949. Mmiri mmiri mpaghara ahụ kọọrọ ọtụtụ ihe ịtụnanya ahụ.

Nkọwapụta

Amụma

Onye ụkọchukwu Lankester Merrin hụrụ otu onye Sumerian imp Pazuzu juxtaposed na Saint Christopher medal n'etiti ebe a na-egwupụta ihe ochie na Iraq. Na consecuense, ọ na-atụgharị uche na esemokwu dị n'etiti ezi na ihe ọjọọ na-abịa, ihe gbasara ahụmịhe ya na mpụga ya niile n'Africa.

Mmepe

A kwadoro omen ma mgbe nwatakịrị nwanyị dị afọ iri na ụma aha ya bụ Regan McNeil - ada nke onye omeewu amaara ama - gosipụtara mgbaàmà mberede nke ọrịa ọzọ. N'ezie, ihe kachasị enye nne ya nsogbu bụ mgbanwe mgbanwe anụ ahụ dị egwu na omume karịrị nke nwa agbọghọ ahụ tara. Yabụ, nwanyị na-enweghị olileanya kpebiri ịrịọ enyemaka nke Nna Damien Karras.

Na mbụ, obi akachaghị Karras itinye aka na ya n'ihi na nne ya nwụrụ n'oge na-adịbeghị anya, ọ na-enwekwa nsogbu okpukpe. Emesịa, ọ kwenyere ịza okwu ahụ, n'agbanyeghị na enwere nnukwu obi abụọ. Otú ọ dị, Ihe akaebe nke mmụọ mmụọ ọjọọ karịrị Karras ma chọọ enyemaka nke Fada Merrin.. Otú a ka exkwapụ n'ike ga-esi malite nke ga-anwale okwukwe na uche nke ndị niile nọ ya.


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

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