Chineke nke ijiji

William Golding kwuru.

William Golding kwuru.

Chineke nke ijiji bụ akwụkwọ edemede mbido nke onye Britain na-ede akwụkwọ bụ William Golding. E bipụtara na 1954, a Chineke nke ijiji (aha mbụ na Bekee) ka a na-ahụta ka oge gboo nke akwụkwọ Anglo-Saxon nke oge agha. Otú ọ dị, n'ime afọ ole na ole mbụ mgbe ọ malitere ya, ọ nwere nọmba azụmahịa dị mma.

Kemgbe afọ 1960, ọ ghọọla akwụkwọ dị mkpa na kọleji na ụlọ akwụkwọ US na kọleji. Aha ahụ na-ezo aka n'omume ọjọọ mmadụ nke Beelzebub, bụ́ akara ngosi ndị Filistia (nke e mechara tinye na Iso Christianityzọ Kraịst) onye aha ya bụ "onye nwe ijiji."

Sobre el autor

Ọmụmụ, nwata na ntorobịa

Na September 19, 1911, William Gerald Golding hụrụ ìhè nke mbụ ya. Dị ka ọnụ ụzọ Akụkọ ndụ na ndụ, Saint Columb Minor bụ ebe amụrụ ya. Ọ bụ obere obodo dị na mgbago mgbago ugwu nke Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. Site na nwata ọ gụrụ ezigbo akwụkwọ, nke gbadoro ụkwụ na mmadụ na akwụkwọ.

Ọzọkwa, Ndị mụrụ ya, Alec (onye bụ onye nkuzi sayensị) na Mildred (onye na-akwado nkwado ụmụ nwanyị) nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu n'echiche na ezi uche. nke nwatakiri William. N'aka nke ọzọ, ọ kara akara karịsịa site n'ọrụ nke William Shakespeare na Alfred Tennyson. Ọ bụghị ihe mgbagwoju anya, akwụkwọ mbụ ya, (Ebu, 1934) bụ mkpokọta abụ.

Tupu na mgbe Agha Worldwa nke Abụọ gasịrị

Ọ mụrụ sayensị nke anụ ọhịa (emesịa gbanwee gaa na akwụkwọ Bekee) na Brasenose College, Oxford. Ka oge na-aga, ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onye nkuzi n'etiti afọ ndị 30 na Michael Hall Institute na London. Na 1937 ọ laghachiri Oxford iji mezuo doctorate ya na afọ abụọ ka nke ahụ lụrụ Ann Brookfield, onye ya na ya nwere umuaka abuo, David na Judith Diana.

Na 1940 o debara aha na British Royal Navy. Otu n'ime mkpọsa ndị ama ama nke o kere òkè bụ mkpagbu na mbibi nke Bismarck Germanic, yana ọdịda Normandy. Mgbe agha ahụ biri, William Golding nwere ike itinye oge ya kpamkpam na akwụkwọ.

El sir de las ijiji

Chineke nke ijiji.

Chineke nke ijiji.

Nwere ike ịzụta akwụkwọ ebe a: Chineke nke ijiji

Na mbu, akwukwo a ka ekwuputara n’okpuru aha nke Ndị ọbịa si n'ime (Ndị si mba ọzọ dị n'ime). Mana, mgbe ndị nkwusa dịgasị iche tụfuru ya, ọ mechara pụta na 1954 ka Chineke nke ijiji. Taa, a na-ahụta ya dịka otu akụkọ kachasị oke ọnụ na akwụkwọ dị ugbu a.

Akwụkwọ ahụ na-akọwa mgbanwe nke ụmụ akwụkwọ na-eto eto site na ọnọdụ izizi na enweghị ntụpọ na ngosipụta nke ihe ọjọọ Machiavellian. Ebe umuaka na-etolite obodo n’okpuru iwu nke aka ha nke na-eduga n’obodo di omimi, nke iwu nke kachasi ike na-achi.

Ọchịchịrị ebumpụta ụwa nke mmadụ

Mgbe e mesịrị Golding Posts -Ndị nketa (1955), Katidral (1964) na Ihe omume (1980), n’etiti ndị ọzọ - soro usoro ahịrị Chineke nke ijiji. N'ime ha a na-egosipụta nyocha nke mmetụta dị ala na nke kachasị njọ nke mmadụ.

Ihe nketa

N'ihi ya transcendental isiokwu - mara mma nke ndị nọ n'afọ ndụ niile - ọ natara ọtụtụ enọ na ndụ. N’agbanyeghi n’enyeghi aka abughi ndi abuo el Akwụkwọ Nobel (1983) na aha nke Sir (1988) nke Queen Elizabeth II nke England nyere. William Golding nwụrụ na June 19, 1993, na Perranarworthal, UK

Emechara ndepụta nke ọrụ ya:

  • Martin nke castaway (Pincher Martin, 1956). Akụkọ.
  • Brass Butterfly (1958). Ihe nkiri.
  • Freefall (Free ọdịda, 1959). Akwụkwọ akụkọ.
  • Ọnụ ụzọ na-ekpo ọkụ (Ọnụ ụzọ ámá dị ọkụ, 1965). Nchịkọta edemede.
  • Piramid ahụ (Pyramid ahụ, 1967). Akwụkwọ akụkọ.
  • Chi akpị (Egwuregwu Chineke, 1971). Akwụkwọ akụkọ.
  • Ọchịchịrị a na-ahụ anya (Ọchịchịrị Na-ahụ Anya, 1979). Akwụkwọ akụkọ.
  • Ebumnuche Na-agagharị (1982). Nchịkọta edemede.
  • Menmụ nwoke ndị na-ede akwụkwọ (Ndị nwoke Akwụkwọ, 1984). Akwụkwọ akụkọ.
  • Akwụkwọ edemede ndị Ijipt (Akwụkwọ akụkọ Egypt, 1985). Akwụkwọ akụkọ.
  • Ruo Ọgwụgwụ Earthwa (akwụkwọ akụkọ atọ):
    • Ihe omume (Rites nke ngafe, 1980).
    • Ahụ n'ahụ (Mechie ebe obibi, 1987).
    • Ọkụ na eriri afọ (Ọkụ n'okpuru, 1989).
  • Ire nke zoro ezo (Ire Abụọ, iri na itoolu na iri itoolu na isii). Posthumous akwụkwọ.

Nyocha nke Chineke nke ijiji

Nkata na gburugburu

Chineke nke ijiji bu akwukwo edeputara n’egwu banyere agha di iche-iche na mmepe-anya nke mmadu nile. N'otu ụzọ ahụ, onye ode akwukwo n’esi n’uche na obodo di iche-iche bilitere n’ihi ihe ojo ojo na ochicho ochichi ya

N'okpuru ogige ndị a, Golding na-eburu otu umuaka umu akwukwo ndi gbaturu na mberede n’otu agwaetiti n’afọ 1945. Mgbe ụmụ ọhụrụ chọpụtara na enweghị ndị toro eto, ha na-ahazi ka ha kwekọrịta n'ụkpụrụ nke ibikọ ọnụ. Ya mere, ha mejuputara uzo abuo: umuaka ma obu “otutu mmadu” (enweghi obi uto, mkpesa ma nwekwaa nsogbu) na ndi okenye (ndi isi).

Rationalism na okpukpe

Na ibé nke Chineke nke ijiji n'ụzọ zuru oke na-ekpuchi ihe mgbagwoju anya nke echiche na ọgụgụ isi mmadụ. N'echiche a, otu n'ime aha njirimara ya bụ Piggy. Onye, n’agbanwe obi uto ya na ido onwe ya n’okpuru, na-agbali ime ka enyi ya kwenye ihe o gha emezu ha ma ha gere nti nke aka ha.

Nkwupụta nke William Golding.

Nkwupụta nke William Golding.

N'otu aka ahụ, omume mmadụ site na echiche nke iwu okpukpe bụ ajụjụ a na-ajụkarị na ọrụ Golding. Iji mee nke a, ọ na-eji mkpụrụedemede ndị dịka Simón (otu n’ime ndị protagonists nke akwụkwọ akụkọ ahụ), onye gosipụtara ịdị mma na ịdị nsọ.. N’ụzọ dị iche, onye ode akwụkwọ Britain kọwara ụdị agwa ndị ọzọ na mkpali na omume ọjọọ.

Nkọwapụta

Ebumnuche nke ihe omume dabara na otu ụmụaka toro eto. N'ime ha, Ralf na-eme dị ka "onye isi", maka nke a, ọ na-ada ụda shei iji kpọọ ụmụaka ndị ọzọ. N'otu aka ahụ, a hụrụ Saimon dị ka obere wimp, yana eleda Piggy n'ihi ịbụ onye na-eme mkpọtụ na omume ya na-aga n'ihu.

N'aka nke ọzọ, Jack bụ onye kacha eme ihe ike, ọ na-achịkọta "ndị mgbagha" ndị anaghị ekwenye n'echiche Ralf. Ndị nke ikpeazụ kwenyere na ịme atụmatụ dị iche iche iji nweta nzọpụta maka onye ọ bụla (dịka ọkụ ọkụ n'elu ugwu, dịka ọmụmaatụ). Kama, Jack na-akwado ka e mepụta "ebo", ọkachamara n'ịchịkọta, ịchụ nta na ịlanahụ usoro.

Egwuregwu ahụ

Agha dị n'etiti otu abụọ nwere ọmịiko - Ralf na Jack - agaghị ekwe omume. N’etiti ọgụ ndị ahụ, e gburu ndị ama ama dịka Simon na Piggy, ebe ndị ọzọ na-eme ihe ike (Robert, dịka ọmụmaatụ) na-egosi nrụrụ ha niile. N'ikpeazụ, A na-amanye Ralf ka ọ gbaa ọsọ (egwu ọnwụ) ruo mgbe a napụtara ụmụaka niile.


Nkwupụta, hapụ nke gị

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  1.   Gustavo Woltmann kwuru dijo

    Anụla m ọtụtụ ihe magburu onwe ha banyere akwụkwọ a, ọ dịbeghị mgbe m nwara ịgụ ya n'agbanyeghị na amaara m na ọ bụ nke ọtụtụ ọrụ ofufe nke akwụkwọ Anglo-Saxon. Synopsis mara mma nke ukwuu, echere m na m ga-ekpebi ịgụ ya.
    - Gustavo Woltmann.