Utopias, dystopias a me uchronias. He koho inoa

Utopias dystopias a me uchronias

ka utopias, dystopias a me uchroniasʻoi aku ka hope ʻelua he mea maʻamau ma ka hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me ka palapala a me ka moʻomeheu ma ke ʻano nui, akā ua lōʻihi lākou i laila a hoʻomau ʻia e mahi ʻia a hoʻoulu i nā mea hahai a me nā mea hoʻohui. E nānā mākou i nā mea e pili ana iā lākou a e hana mākou i kahi koho kekahi o nā poʻo inoa ʻoi loa.

Utopias, dystopias a me uchronias

ʻO Utopia

Ua wehewehe nui ʻia e ka philosophy, aia nō kēia manaʻo ma ka palapala. pili i a noʻonoʻo, idyllic a me ka hui kaulikeMa kahi huaʻōlelo, hemolele. No ka hana a Sir ʻO Thomas More i kapa ʻia penei, ʻO Utopia, mai ka makahiki 1516, i kākau ʻia ma ka ʻōlelo Latina a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi hihiʻo o kahi kaiāulu kūpono. Hiki nō paha ke kōkua ʻia kahi hui ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi i ke kaiāulu e hoʻomau i ka holomua.

Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he laʻana o hoʻomāʻewaʻewa a hoʻohewa paha pilikanaka, no ka mea, e mau ana na kuee a me na mawae iloko o ka ahahui, ma ka hoakaka ana, aole like loa.

  • Ka Repubalika - Plato

Ua noʻonoʻo ʻia ke poʻo inoa mua o ke ʻano, ʻoiai ma Ancient Greece ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka huaʻōlelo. Akā ʻo ia ka laʻana mua o kēlā wehewehe ʻana i kahi hui kūpono ʻo ia he aupuni demokalaka i loko o nā hui kaiaulu ʻekolu: nā alakaʻi, ka poʻe e hoʻomalu pono ana, nā koa, ka mea maopopo e pale aku i kēlā hui, a me nā limahana lima a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hana waiwai no nā mea a pau.

  • ka atlantis hou —Francis Bacon

Hōʻike kēia moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo o a wahi moʻolelo noho ʻia e kahi hui ʻoluʻolu a kaulike, i hoʻomohala mahalo i ka ʻike ʻepekema a ʻenehana. ʻO ia ka mea i hiki ai ke hoʻomaikaʻi i ke ola ma ka laulā a ma nā wahi āpau.

A ʻo nā poʻo inoa ʻē aʻe kekahi o he utopia hou, na HG Wells a i ʻole ka pau ana o ka wa kamalii, na Arthur C. Clarke.

dystopia

ʻO ka manaʻo kū'ē i ka utopia a ʻoi aku ka pinepine a hāʻawi i ka pāʻani hou aku i ka moʻolelo moʻokalaleo, kahi e ʻAʻole pololei a huikau ka lāhui noʻonoʻo a ʻaʻohe mea e makemake e komo i loko. ʻO ka manawa pinepine i ka hapa nui o nā moʻolelo dystopian aia nā mea maoli a i hui pū ʻia paha.

He poʻo inoa ʻike a kokoke i ke ʻano maʻamau maʻamau loa i kaʻana like ma kahi pā me 1984, ka ʻO George Orwell. I loko o nā mea ʻelua, ʻo ke kaiāulu kahi e neʻe ai nā kiʻi e hoʻomalu ʻia e a aupuni mana a hoʻomāinoino nāna e kiaʻi i nā makaʻāinana a pau a hoʻopaʻa i ka hana noʻeau, hoʻomana a me nā ʻano ʻano moʻomeheu ʻē aʻe ʻaʻole ka mea i kau ʻia.

  • Essay on makapō — ʻO José Saramago

ʻO kekahi hana maʻamau e haʻi i ka moʻolelo o ka laha ʻana o ka maʻi makapō pandemic a hoʻonāukiuki i kahi hui dystopian kahi o ka kaʻiʻini ʻana'O ʻoliʻoli a me ka manaʻolana, a me ka hoʻomalu ʻia e ke aupuni hoʻokaumaha.

ʻO ka moʻolelo dystopian kaulana loa o kēia manawa, mea o ka mana hou no ke kīwī i pau i ka hō'ike 'ana i ka holomua.

Uchrony

Ua wehewehe maoli ʻia ʻo "i ka manawa ʻole", manaʻo ia e haʻi a ʻokoʻa i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo maoli a i ʻole ka mōʻaukala ka mea i hanaia ʻO ia hoʻi, noʻonoʻo hou ʻo ia me he mea lā i hana ʻole ʻia a i ʻole kēlā hanana i hoʻopau ʻia a i ʻole i ulu ʻia ma kahi ʻano ʻē aʻe.

  • uchronia. Utopia ma ka moolelo —Charles Renouvier 

ʻo kēia he kanaka akeakamai Farani ʻO ka mea mua i hoʻohana i kēia huaʻōlelo, ka mea i makemake mua e hōʻike i kahi moʻolelo ʻē aʻe ma ke ʻano utopia, ʻo ia hoʻi, e hōʻike ana i ka maikaʻi i hana ʻia a ʻaʻole ka hewa i hana maoli ʻia. ʻO kēia puke e pili ana i ke kūlana o ka mōʻī ʻO Marcus Aurelius ka wā, ma kahi o ʻoluʻolu, ʻO ka mea nāna e lawe i ka mana Avid Cassius, ka mea e pale ana i ka lanakila ana o ka hoomana Kristiano ma ke Aupuni Komohana, lanakila i ka poe kamaaina o ka Akau a lele ma luna o ka Middle Ages e lilo i ʻEulopa ʻEulopa maikaʻi aʻe.

  • ke kanaka ma ka hale kākela —Philip K. Dick

ʻAʻohe mea kānalua ka uchrony of uchronies, a i ʻole kekahi o nā mea kaulana loa, ʻo ia kēia hana a ka haku o ka moʻolelo ʻepekema e pili ana i ke kumuhana hackneyed loa o ke ʻano: ka lanakila o nā pūʻali Axis e kūʻē i nā Allies i ke Kaua Honua II. A ʻo ka mea i puka mai he ʻano kikoʻī kikoʻī loa kahi i hewa loa ai ka Nazis a lanakila i ka hapalua o ka honua. ʻO kekahi hana e pili ana me ia Patriana Robert Harris.

  • He aha ka manawa i lawe ai —Ward Moore

E pili ana i kekahi kumuhana ʻē aʻe e hāʻawi iā ia iho i ka uchronic fabulation a i ʻole noʻonoʻo, ʻo ia ke kaua kīwila ʻAmelika. hapa o ka mea i oleloia Victoria del koa hema i ke kaua o Gettysburg, e hiki ai i ka hopena o ka hoʻokūkū. No laila, i kekahi mau makahiki ma hope mai, ʻo ke aupuni hoʻokalakupua a me ka imperialist Confederate e hoʻomalu nei i ka ʻĀkau a me ʻAmelika Hema a mālama i ka ʻāina i hope a me ka pōʻino e kū pono i ka mana hou a ikaika o ka honua, ʻaʻole ia he mea ʻē aʻe. aupuni Kelemania.

A no laila hoʻopau mākou i kēia loiloi pōkole o nā utopias kaulana, nā dystopias a me nā uchronies.


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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.