ʻO Saturnino Calleja, kāna mau moʻolelo a me nā mea hou aku

Kiʻi uhi: nā moʻolelo mai Calleja no koʻu makuakāne a me koʻu mau ʻanakē.

Saturnino calleja ʻO ia kekahi o kēlā mau kiʻi i ʻike nui ʻia e like me ka blurred e ka hele ʻana o ka manawa. ʻO ka mea kākau, ka mea hoʻoponopono a me ka mea hoʻonaʻauao, ʻo kāna hōʻiliʻili nui o nā puke a nā keiki i hoʻāla ai i ka ʻōlelo kaulana "He ʻoi aku ka moʻolelo ma mua o Calleja", e nalo ana paha no ka naaupo. ʻO kēia kahi loiloi i kona ola a me kana hana.

Saturnino calleja

Saturnino calleja Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Fernández ma Burgos i ka makahiki 1853 a ʻo ia ʻo Mea kuhikuhi mea nui i ka palapala a na kamalii a me na opio, ke ao ana a me ka paipai ʻana i ka heluhelu ʻana i kona manawa.

En 1876 Ua wehe ʻo Fernando Calleja Santos, kona makuakāne, i ka hale kūʻai puke a me ka ʻoihana hoʻopaʻa puke e lilo koke ʻo Editorial Calleja, nāna i hoʻololi i ka pae hoʻopuka. I kona oi aku Nā makahiki 80 o ka mōʻaukala, paʻi ʻia he mau kaukani poʻo inoa e nā mea kākau Sepania a me nā haole no nā keiki a me nā mākua.

Saturnino calleja hana a alakaʻi pū i ka makasina Ke Kii o Sepania a me ka Hui Lahui o na Kumu Paniolo a hoonohonoho i ka Ahaolelo Lahui o na Kumu.

Nā moʻolelo

ʻAʻole ia a hiki i 1884 i kona hoomaka ana e hoopuka i ka nā'ōlelo ʻo ia ka mea e kaulana ai ʻo ia. Ma mua o kona nānā 'ana Nā puke kula e like me heluhelu i nāʻano, geometries, ʻāina ʻāina a i ʻole nā ​​moʻolelo mai Sepania mai, nā kākika, encyclopedia, manuals of civility, iconographic alphabet book, i hana me ka manao o ke a'o kokoke e pā'ani a i 'ole, ma ka li'ili'i, e le'ale'a.

ʻO nā moʻolelo ka hoʻonui ʻia o ia manaʻo. Ua hoʻopuka ʻo ia i nā mea he nui ma nā ʻohi like ʻole e like me Nā hōʻiliʻili moʻolelo hou (fairy, fantastic ...), Hale waihona leʻaleʻa, Hale waihona kula leʻaleʻa, hale waihona kiʻi no nā keiki, Hale Waihona Puke ʻo Perla. Ua ʻike ʻia nā moʻolelo o nā ʻano a pau i loko o lākou, me nā mea kākau e like me Salgari, Poe, Collodi a i ʻole nā ​​moʻolelo Baibala.

He hoihoi ka hi ana o kēlā me kēia moʻolelo, he mea hou nō hoʻi ia, ʻoiai liʻiliʻi a hiki ke hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili, ma kahi o ka mālama ʻana a lawe ʻana i nā wahi āpau. ʻO kēlā me kēia ma kahi o 5 ʻīniha ka laula me 7 ʻīniha ke kiʻekiʻe.

ʻO ia hoʻi ka hoʻohui nā mea pena kiʻi waiwai e like me ka liʻiliʻi a ʻaʻole ʻo ia i kānalua i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā mea pena kiʻi kaulana loa o ia manawa, a me ka mālama pono ʻana i kā lākou hana. Ma hope o kona make ʻana, ua loaʻa ka mea hoʻopuka nā inoa e like me Penagos a me Tono.

Eia hoʻi, nā moʻolelo i hoʻololi ʻia e nā mea kākau e like me Hans Keristiano Andersen a i ʻole nā ​​kaikunāne Grimm a kau i ka hana kuʻuna a me nā mea ka pono hope ʻano maʻamau i hoʻohewa ʻia a pane ʻia ʻo ia. ʻO nā huaʻōlelo maʻamau e like me «and Ua hauʻoli lākouʻAʻole lākou i hāʻawi hou mai iaʻu no ka mea ʻaʻole lākou makemake ».

Kekahis o ka helu helu ʻole Ka mea, e: ʻO ka makuahine hānai, Ka huakaʻi a Thumbelina, Venturita, Ke kālepa o Venise, Paco I ka napia, ʻO nā enuhe silika, ʻO ke auneke gula, ʻO ke kaikamahine a ka mea wili, Mai ka urchin a i ke senator, Pilikua, liona a ʻalopeke paha ʻO ka mokupuni ʻo Jauja .

Nā mea i loaʻa

ʻO Calleja ka mea mua i hoʻomaka nā paʻi hoʻolaha nui, e loaʻa ana i kahi kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa a me nā kumukūʻai no nā pūlāwai kālā āpau.

I ka makahiki 1899, ua paʻi ʻo ia ma mua o 3 miliona mau puke ʻaneʻane 900 mau poʻo o nā kumuhana like ʻole, ʻaʻole nā ​​moʻolelo wale nō, ʻaʻole i emi iho ma mua o ka hapalua. Ua hoʻopuka pū ʻo ia nā hana hoʻomana, nā puke wehewehe ʻōlelo a me nā puke makua, ma ke ʻano he hōʻiliʻili kaulana loa o nā puke lapaʻau i kēlā manawa. A i ka manawa i ʻike ʻole ai ʻo 60% o ka heluna kanaka, ʻo kona makemake i ka palapala a me ka hoʻonaʻauao i alakaʻi iā ia e makemake e hoʻolaha i ka moʻomeheu e hoʻomaka me ke kula. Pela i hooponoponoia nā puke haʻawina a me ka hoʻonaʻauao no na kumu i hiki hāʻawi aku i na kula o na kauhale me liʻiliʻi nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

Ua hana pū ʻo ia i ka puka mua o ʻO Platero me aʻu (Ua hana ʻo Juan Ramón Jiménez ma ka hale paʻi puke) a hoʻopuka i kekahi o ʻO ka Quixote, i waena o lākou, ʻike kekahi e like me ka pepa ʻulaʻula a i ʻole kekahi microscopic.

A e hoʻopau, He paionia ʻo ia i ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kāna mau puke. He ʻumikūmāwalu ʻelele ma waena o ʻAmelika a me Pilipine, a ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻelele mua loa hoʻokomo i nā manaʻo ma nā papa inoa e pili ana i kāna mau puke, he mea maʻamau i kēia mau lā.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.