ʻO Samuel Beckett

ʻĀina ʻIkope.

ʻĀina ʻIkope.

ʻO Samuel Barclay Beckett (1906-1989) kahi mea kākau Irelani kaulana. Ua poʻokela ʻo ia i nā ʻano moʻokalaleo like ʻole, e like me ka mele, nā puke moʻolelo a me nā hana keaka. I kāna hana i kēia lālā hope loa, kāna hana Ke kali nei no Godot He kūleʻa kūleʻa kāna, a i kēia lā he pae ma waena o ka hale keaka o ka absurd. ʻO ka hana kupaianaha i kāna ʻoihana lōʻihi - ʻike ʻia e ka originality a me ka hohonu o kāna mau ʻatikala - loaʻa iā ia ka Nobel Prize for Literature ma 1969.

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ʻo Becket e ke kiʻi ʻana i kahi ala ʻole, ʻeleʻele a pōkole hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ke kanaka, e hoʻokākala nei i ke kumu o ko lākou ola ʻana. No laila, nui nā loiloi i kūkulu ʻia i loko o nihilism. ʻOiai pōkole kāna mau ʻōlelo, ua hiki i ka mea kākau ke hāʻawi i ka hohonu ma o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai palapala like ʻole, kahi i kū ai nā kiʻi ma luna o nā mea āpau. Maliʻa paha ʻo kāna hāʻawi nui ʻana i ka moʻokalaleo ua haki me nā kānāwai he nui i hoʻokumu ʻia a hiki i kona hiki ʻana mai.

Nā kikoʻī biograpia o ka mea kākau, Samuel Beckett

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Samuel Barclay Beckett ma ka Pōʻalima ʻApelila 13, 1906 ma ka moku ʻo Dublin o Foxrock, Aialani. ʻO ia ke keiki ʻelua o ka male male ma waena o William Beckett lāua ʻo May Roe - he ana noiʻi a me kahi kahu hānai. No kona makuahine, hoʻomanaʻo mau ka mea kākau i ka hoʻolaʻa ʻana i kāna ʻoihana a me kāna haipule haipule.

ʻO ke kamaliʻi a me nā haʻawina

Mai kona wā kamaliʻi, ua mālama ʻo Beckett i kekahi mau ʻike leʻaleʻa. A ʻo ia nō, kūʻē i kona kaikaina ʻo Frank, lahilahi ka mea kākau a maʻa mau i ka maʻi. E pili ana i kēlā manawa, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: "He mau talena kaʻu no ka hauʻoli."

ʻOiai ke hele mua ʻana i ke kula mua, ua hele pōkole ʻo ia me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa mele. ʻO kāna aʻo kumu mua ma Earlsford House School a hiki i kona 13 mau makahiki; ma hope iho ua kākau inoa ʻia i loko o ke Kula Aliʻi ʻo Portora. Ma kēia pūnaewele ua launa ʻo ia me Frank, kona kaikuaʻana. A hiki i kēia lā, hauʻoli kēia kula hope loa i ka hanohano, mai ua ʻike pū ka mea kaulana ʻo Oscar Wilde i nā papa i loko o kāna lumi papa.

ʻO Beckett, ka polymath

ʻO ka wā aʻe i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Beckett ma ke Kulanui Trinity, Dublin. Ma laila, ua kū mai kāna mau hiʻohiʻona he nui, kona makemake i nā ʻōlelo kekahi o lākou. E pili ana i kēia leʻaleʻa, pono e hoʻokalakala i ka mea kākau ua aʻo ʻia ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania, Palani a me ʻItalia. Ua hana kikoʻī ʻo ia ma waena o 1923 a me 1927, a ma hope ua puka ʻo ia i ke kula ʻoi loa.

ʻO ʻelua o kāna mau kumu aʻo ʻōlelo ʻo AA Luce lāua ʻo Thomas B. Rudmose-Brown; ʻO ka hope ka mea nāna i wehe i nā puka o nā puke Farani iā ​​ia a hoʻolauna pū kekahi iā ia i ka hana a Dante Alighieri. Ua hōʻike pū nā kumu ʻelua i ko lākou pīhoihoi i ko Beckett poʻokela i ka papa, ʻelua manaʻo a me ka hana.

Ma kēia pā kula o ke aʻo ʻana ua ʻike nui ʻia kāna mau makana haʻuki, mai ka wā mai Ua ʻoi aku ʻo Beckett i ke kinipōpō hīnaʻi, ke kinipōpō hīnaʻi, a me ka - nui loa loa - i ka pīkī.. ʻO kāna hana i ka haʻuki o ka ʻōpeʻapeʻa a me ke kinipōpō i hōʻike ʻia kona inoa ma ka ʻO Wisden Cricketer 'Almanack.

Ma waho aʻe o ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia aʻe, ʻaʻole malihini ka mea kākau i nā hana noʻeau a me ka moʻomeheu maʻamau. E pili ana i kēia, i nā hana a James Knowlson - kekahi o nā mea kākau moʻolelo kaulana o ka mea kākau - hōʻike nui ʻia ka polymathy a Samuʻela. A ʻo ia ka kaulana multidisciplinarity a Beckett i kaulana, keu hoʻi no ke ala kupaianaha loa i lawelawe ai ʻo ia iā ia iho i kēlā me kēia kālepa āna i hoʻohana ai.

ʻO Beckett, ka hale keaka a me kona pili pili me James Joyce

Ma ke Kulanui ʻo Trinity, Dublin, ua kū kekahi mea i hoʻoholo nui ʻia i ko Beckett ola ʻana: kona hui ʻana me nā hana keaka o ʻO Luigi Pirandello. Kēia mea kākau ʻO ia kahi ʻāpana nui i ka ulu ʻana o Samuʻela ma ke ʻano he keaka keaka.

Ma hope, Ua hana mua ʻo Beckett iā James Joyce. Ua hana ʻia ia ma kahi o nā hui bohemian he nui i ke kūlanakauhale, mahalo i ka uwao o Thomas MacGreevy —Samuel's friend - nāna i hoʻolauna iā lākou. ʻO ke kemika ma waena o lākou ka manawa koke, a he mea maʻamau ia, ʻoiai he mau mea aloha lāua i ka hana a Dante a me nā philologists makemake nui.

ʻO ka hui ʻana me Joyce ke kī o kā Beckett hana a me kona ola. Ua lilo ka mea kākau i mea kōkua i ka mea kākau lanakila, a ʻo kahi kanaka kokoke i kona ʻohana. Ma ke ʻano he hopena o ka nexus, he ʻano pilina kā Samuʻela me Lucia Joyce - ke kaikamahine a Jame.ʻAe - akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi ka hopena - ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua pau kāna ʻeha ʻana i ka schizophrenia.

I ka manawa koke, ma muli o kēlā "nele i ke aloha", aia kahi kaʻawale ma waena o nā mea kākau ʻelua; akā naʻe, ma hope o hoʻokahi makahiki ua hana lākou i nā pass. No kēia aloha, kaulana ka mahalo a mahalo ʻia a Joyce e hana ai. e pili ana i kā Beckett hana noʻonoʻo.

Becket a me ke kākau ʻana

Dante… Bruno. ʻO Vico… Joyce ʻo Beckett ka ʻōlelo i paʻi paʻi ʻia ma mua. Ua ʻike ʻia i ka makahiki 1929 a he moʻolelo koʻikoʻi ia e ka mea kākau e lilo i ʻāpana o nā laina o ka puke ʻO kā mākou Exagmination Round kāna kuhi no ka incamination o ka hana i ka holomua -ʻO kahi huaʻōlelo e pili ana i ke aʻo ʻana i ka hana a James Joyce. Ua kākau pū kekahi mau mea kākau kaulana ʻē aʻe i kēlā poʻo inoa, e like me ʻO Thomas MacGreevy lāua ʻo William Carlos Williams.

I ka waena o ia makahiki hoʻokahi, ua mālamalama ʻO kā Beckett moʻolelo pōkole mua: Ka manaʻo. ^ E Ha yM. Ka nūpepa hoʻololi ʻo ia ke anuu i hoʻokipa i ka ʻōlelo. Ua hoʻoholo koʻikoʻi kēia wahi palapala avant-garde i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka hana a ka Irishman.

I ka makahiki 1930 ua paʻi ʻo ia i ka mele Whoroscope, ua loaʻa iā ia kēia huaʻōlelo liʻiliʻi i kahi hoʻomaikaʻi kūloko. I ka makahiki aʻe ua hoʻi ʻo ia i ke Kulanui ʻo Trinity, akā i kēia manawa he polopeka. Ua pōkole ke ʻano o ke aʻo ʻana, ʻoiai ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka makahiki a hoʻolaʻa iā ia iho e huakaʻi iā ʻEulopa. Ma muli o kēlā haki, ua kākau ʻo ia i ka mele Ka Nani, i paʻi mana ʻia ʻekolu mau makahiki ma hope mai i ka Ka Nūpepa ʻo Dublin. I ka makahiki aʻe ua paʻi ʻia ka puke mua, Makemake wau i nā wahine ʻaʻole fu a fa (1932).

Ka make ʻana o kona makuakāne

Ma 1933 kahi hanana i hoʻoluliluli i ko Beckett ola ʻana: ka make ʻana o kona makuakāne. ʻAʻole maopopo ka mea kākau i ka hana maikaʻi ʻana i ka hanana a pono e ʻike i kahi psychologist - ʻo Kauka Wilfred Bion.. Ua ʻike ʻia kekahi mau moʻolelo i kākau ʻia e ka mea kākau mai kēlā wā. I waena o kēia mau mea, aia kekahi e kū i waho: Noho mālie Humanistic (1934), i kāna mau laina āna i hana ai i kahi loiloi koʻikoʻi o kahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā mele a Thomas MacGreevy.

ʻO ka hoʻokolokolo ʻo "Sinclair vs. Gogarty" a me ko Beckett hoʻokuʻi ʻana iā ia iho

ʻO kēia hanana i hoʻololi nui i ke ola o ka mea kākau, ʻoiai ua alakaʻi ia iā ia i kahi ʻano o ka lawe pio ʻana iā ia iho. He hihia ia ma waena o Henry Sinclair - ka ʻanakala o Samuʻela - a me Oliver St. John Gogarty. Ua hōʻino ka mea mua i ka hope, e hoʻopiʻi iā ia he usurer, a ʻo Beckett ka mea i hōʻike ma ka hoʻokolokolo ... kahi hewa nui.

Ua hoʻohana ka loio a Gogarty i kahi hoʻolālā ikaika loa e kūʻē i ka mea kākau e hōʻino iā ia a hoʻopau i kāna ʻōlelo hoʻopiʻi. Ma waena o nā mea kūpilikiʻi i hōʻike ʻia, kū ʻo waho o Beckett's atheism a me kāna moekolohe moekolohe. He hopena nui kēia hana i ka nohona a me ka ola pilikino o ka mea kākau, no laila ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e hele i Palisa., aneane definitively.

Palisa: nā aloha hihiu, ka launa pū ʻana me ka make a me ka hālāwai me ke aloha

Hale Hōʻikeʻo Eiffel

Hale Hōʻikeʻo Eiffel

ʻO kahi mea i hōʻike ʻia iā Beckett i kona wā i hele aku ai i loko o kāna mau makahiki he kanakolukumamākolu, me ka hoʻohui pū i kāna huahana palapala nui, ʻo ia kāna moekolohe. Nona, ʻo Paris kahi wahi kūpono loa e wehe ai i kāna mea hoʻonani me nā wahine. ʻO kekahi o nā anecdotes kaulana loa i kēia mea i ala aʻe ma waena o ka hopena o 1937 a me ka hoʻomaka o 1938, i nā pāʻina piha ma mua a ma hope o ka hopena o ka makahiki.

Mai kēlā manawa ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Beckett kahi aloha aloha like me nā wahine ʻekolu. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau mea e kū nei i waho, ʻoiai, me he mea aloha lā, ʻo ia ka mea kōkua o ka mea kākau: Peggy Guggenheim.

ʻO kekahi hanana quasi-tragic i kū aʻe i koʻu wā hou ma Palisa ʻo ia kahi mea hōʻeha (1938). Ua hohonu ka ʻeha a ua pā iki i ka puʻuwai o Beckett, i hoʻopakele kupaianaha ʻia. ʻO ka mea hoʻouka he kanaka i kapa ʻia ʻo Prudent, kahi pimp kūloko a ma ka ʻaha i mua o ka aloaliʻi - a kū i mua o ka mea kākau - ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole ia i ʻike i ka mea i loaʻa iā ia i kēlā manawa, a ua kala nui loa ʻo ia.

Ua hoʻopakele ʻia ʻo Beckett i ka hana wikiwiki a James Joyce. Ua neʻe ka mea kākau lanakila i kāna mau mea i hoʻoikaika a hoʻopaʻa koke i kahi lumi no kāna hoaaloha i ka haukapila pilikino. Ma laila, ua ola mālie ʻo Samuʻela.

Suzanne Dechevaux-Dumesnil -ʻO ka mea hoʻokani pila a me nā mea haʻuki i ʻike ʻia— ʻike i ka mea i hana ʻiaNo laila, i loko o kahi manawa pōkole, ua ʻike ʻia kēia hanana ma aneane a pau o Palisa. ʻO ia ua hoʻokokoke aku iā Beckett he definitive ia, a laila ʻaʻole lākou i hoʻokaʻawale hou.

ʻElua mau makahiki ma hope, i 1940, hui ʻo Beckett no ka manawa hope loa -ʻike ʻole- Me ke kāne nāna i hoʻopakele i kona ola, kāna hoa aloha a me kāna kumu ʻO James hauʻoli. Ua hala ka mea kākau ʻōlelo ʻIlani lanakila ma hope iki, ma ke kakahiaka 1941.

ʻO Beckett a me ke Kaua Honua II

ʻAʻole malihini ʻo Beckett i kēia hakakā kaua. I ka manawa i noho pio ai ka poʻe Kelemania i Farani ma 1940, ua komo ka mea kākau i ka Resistence. He kumu kāna hana: e hāpai i ka ʻelele; Eia nō naʻe, ʻoiai he hana maʻalahi ia, weliweli nō ia. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoiai e hana ana i kēia ʻoihana, ua ʻae ʻo Samuʻela i ka lilo ʻana o ka Gestapo i nā manawa he nui.

Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka anakuhi āna i pili ai, ua pakele koke ka mea kākau me Suzanne. Ua hele lākou i ka hema, ʻoi aku ke kikoʻī i ka villa de Roussillon. ʻO ke kauwela ia o 1942.

No nā makahiki ʻelua e hiki mai ana, ua like lāua - ʻo Beckett lāua ʻo Dechevaux - he kamaʻāina o ke kaiāulu. Aka hoi, i kahi ala stealthy loa i hoʻolaʻa ai lākou iā lākou iho i ka hūnā ʻana i nā mea kaua i mea e hoʻomau ai i kā lākou hana pū ʻana me ka Resistance; Eia kekahi, ua kōkua ʻo Samuʻela i ka poʻe guerilla i nā hana ʻē aʻe.

ʻAʻole i hala wale aku kāna hana koa i ka maka o ke aupuni Palani, no laila ʻo Beckett Ua loaʻa iā ia ka Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 a me ka Médaille de la Résistance. ʻOiai ʻo kāna mau hoa 80 he 30 wale nō i koe e ola nei, a ua pilikia i ka make i nā manawa he nui, ʻAʻole ʻo Beckett i manaʻo iā ia iho he kūpono no ia mau hoʻomaikaʻi.. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia iā ia iho i kāna mau hana ma ke ʻano he "mea o keiki mākaʻi".

ʻO Samuel Beckett ʻōlelo

ʻO Samuel Beckett ʻōlelo

I kēia manawa - ma waena o 1941-1945 - i kākau ai ʻo Beckett Watt, puke i paʻi ʻia 8 mau makahiki ma hope (1953). Ma hope hoʻi iki ʻo ia i Dublin, kahi ma waena o kāna hana me ke Keʻa Red a hui hou me ka ʻohana- ua kākau kekahi o kāna mau hana kaulana, ka hana keaka Ka Hopena Hope loa a Krapp. ʻLelo ka poʻe loea he kikokikona autobiograpia ia.

ʻO ka 40s a me ka 50 a me kā Beckett moʻokalaleo moʻokalaleo

Inā kū kekahi mea i ka hana kākau a ka Irishman i nā makahiki XNUMX a me XNUMX, ʻo ia kā lākou huahana. Ua paʻi ʻo ia i kekahi nui o nā huaʻōlelo i nā ʻano ʻokoʻa - nā moʻolelo, nā moʻolelo, nā moʻolelo moʻolelo, nā hana keaka. Mai kēia manawa, e inoa i kekahi mau ʻāpana, kū i waho kāna moʻolelo ʻo "Suite", ka puke ʻO Mercier et Camier, a me ka pāʻani Ke kali nei no Godot.

Ka hoʻolaha ʻana o Ke kali nei no Godot

Ua hele mai kēia ʻāpana i ʻelua mau makahiki ma hope o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o kāna "Awakening literati" i ka makasina hoʻololi. Ke kali nei no Godot (1952) -ʻO kekahi o nā kuhikuhi kumumanaʻo o ka hale keaka absurd a i hōʻailona ʻia ma mua a ma hope hoʻi o kāna ʻoihana—, i kākau ʻia ma lalo o ke ʻano koʻikoʻi o nā lauwili o ke kaua, ka lilo nui o kona makuakāne a me nā kūlike ʻole ʻē aʻe i ke ola ponoʻī.

ʻO Beckett: ke kanaka fallible

ʻIke ʻia, māka ʻia nā loea āpau e nā mea ʻoi aʻe a me nā lawena e hele i waho o nā kūlana i hoʻokumu ʻia. ʻAʻole i pakele ʻo Beckett i kēia. Ua ʻike ʻia kāna ʻona ona a me kāna moekolohe ʻana. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ukekahi o kāna mau pilina aloha i kaulana loa u la que mālama ʻia me Barbara Bray. I kēlā manawa e hana ana ʻo ia no ka BBC ma Ladana. He wahine maikaʻi ʻo ia o nā leka i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka hoʻoponopono a me ka unuhi.

Ua hiki ke ʻōlelo ʻia, ma muli o kā lākou ʻano, i ka hopena a me ka hiki ʻole ke kāohi ʻia. E pili ana i kēia pilina, Ua kākau ʻo James Knowlson: "Me he mea lā ua hoihoi koke ʻia ʻo Beckett iā ia, ka mea like me ia nona. He mea nui kā lāua hui ʻana no lāua ʻelua, ʻoiai ʻo ia ka hoʻomaka o kahi pilina i kūlike me Suzanne's, kahi e lōʻihi ai ke ola holoʻokoʻa.

A ʻoiai, ʻoiai ke ola o Suzanne, Beckett lāua ʻo Bray e mālama mau i kahi paʻa. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole koʻikoʻi ka mea nui o Suzanne i ke ola o Beckett - ua hoʻolaha ka mea kākau hoʻokahi ma mua o hoʻokahi manawa -; ʻOiai ma hope koke iho, i ka 1961, ua male ka wahine. ʻAneʻane ko lākou hui ʻana i ke kani hope ʻekolu mau makahiki ma hope.

"ʻAe au iā Suzanne," hiki ke loaʻa iā ia i kāna puke moʻomanaʻo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia kēia huaʻōlelo ikaika i ka wā kokoke i kona make.

ʻO Samuel Beckett lāua ʻo Suzanne Dechevaux

ʻO Samuel Beckett lāua ʻo Suzanne Dechevaux

ʻO ka Nobel, huakaʻi, ʻike a haʻalele

ʻO ka manawa i koe o ko Beckett ola ma hope o kāna male ʻana ma waena o ka huakaʻi a me ka ʻike ʻana. Ma waena o kāna mau hana ākea āpau, e like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia,Ke nānā nei iā Godot ʻo ia hoʻokahi ʻo ia ka mea nui o kāna mau hoʻomaikaʻi āpau, me ka Nobel Prize for Literature ma 1969. ʻO kahi mea kupanaha ʻole i loko o ke ʻano o ka mea kākau ke ʻano o kāna hana ma hope o kona aʻo ʻana ua lanakila ʻo ia i kahi makana nui: ua kaʻawale ʻo ia iā ia iho mai ka honua a ʻaʻole i hōʻike iā lākou e pili ana iā ia. E ʻōlelo kākou ʻo Beckett i hele ʻole i waho me kēlā ʻano ʻaha kūkā.

Ma hope o 28 mau makahiki o ka male, ua hoʻokō ʻia ka manaʻo mua a lāua i ʻae ai e hui pū me ka wahine: "A kaʻawale ʻoe i ka make." Suzanne ʻo ia ka mua i make. Ua make ka ua make ma ka Pōʻakahi, Iulai 17, 1989. Beckett, ʻoiai, ua haʻalele ʻo ia ma ka hopena o dka makahiki like, Poalima, Dekemaba 22. ʻO 83 ka makahiki o ka mea kākau.

Hoʻomaha nā koena o ka wahine ma ka hale kupapaʻu ʻo Montparnasse ma Palisa.

Nā manaʻo e pili ana i kā Becket hana

  • “Ua luku ʻo Beckett i ka nui o nā kuʻikahi e hoʻokumu ʻia ai nā moʻolelo hana keaka a me nā hana keaka o kēia wā. hoʻolaʻa ʻia, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e hōʻino i ka huaʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he ʻano hana noʻeau a haku ʻia i mau mele no nā kiʻi, nā kiʻi ʻelua a me ka moʻolelo hoʻi ”Antonia Rodríguez-Gago.
  • "ʻO kā Beckett mau hana āpau e hōʻike nei i ka tragicomedy o ke kūlana kanaka i loko o ka honua me ke Akua ʻole, me ke kānāwai ʻole a me ke kumu ʻole. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kāu ʻike, ʻo ka mālamalama sober o kā lākou ʻōlelo (i ka ʻōlelo Palani a me ka ʻōlelo Pelekania) ka mea i hoʻohuli i nā mea kākau ʻōpio a puni ka honua" ʻO Encyclopedia o ka puke honua ma ka 20 Kenekulia.
  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo Beckett i ke kumumanaʻo Joycean ʻo ka ʻike ʻoi aku ka hana o ka ʻike hana a me ka kaohi o ka honua. Mai laila mai Ua holomua kāna hana ma ke ala o ka elemental, o ka holo pono ʻole, kipaku a pio; o ke kanaka naʻaupō a kaʻawale ”, James Knowlson.
  • No ka Ke kali nei no Godot: "Ua hoʻokō ʻo ia i kahi hiki ʻole i ke kiʻi: kahi hana keaka kahi i ʻole ai kahi mea, akā e hoʻomau i ka mea nānā i ka noho. He aha hou aʻe, ʻoiai ʻo ka hana ʻelua he mea ʻole ia ma mua o ka hoʻohālike o ka mea mua, Ua kākau ʻo Beckett i kahi keaka keaka, i ʻelua mau manawa, ʻaʻohe mea i loaʻa ”, ʻO Vivian Mercier.

Nā hana na Samuel Beckett

Hale Keaka

  • Eleutheria (kākau 1947; paʻi ʻia 1995)
  • Ke kali nei no Godot (1952)
  • Hana me ka ʻōlelo ʻole (1956)
  • Pau o ka pāʻani (1957)
  • ʻO ka lipine hope loa (1958)
  • ʻAno no ka Hale Keaka ʻo I (hala 50s)
  • ʻAno no ka Hale Keaka II (hala 50s)
  • Nā lā hauʻoli (1960)
  • Play (1963)
  • Hele mai a hele aku (1965)
  • hanu (hoʻokuʻu ʻia i 1969)
  • ʻAʻole wau (1972)
  • Kēlā manawa (1975)
  • Nā wāwae wāwae (1975)
  • ʻO kahi ʻāpana o Monologue (1980)
  • Pōhaku Pōhaku (1981)
  • ʻO Ohio Impromptu (1981)
  • ka hewa (1982)
  • He aha ma hea (1983)

Novelas

  • Moemoeā o Fair i nā Wahine Middling (1932; paʻi ʻia 1992)
  • Murphy (1938)
  • Watt (1945)
  • Mercier lāua ʻo Camier (1946)
  • Molloy (1951)
  • Make ʻo Malone (1951)
  • Ka inoa ʻole (1953)
  • Pehea (1961)

Nūpō pōkole

  • Ka kipaku ʻia (1946)
  • ʻO ke Kalma (1946)
  • Ka hopena (1946)
  • ʻO ka Lost Ones (1971)
  • Kamupene (1979)
  • ʻIke ʻia ʻo Ill i ʻōlelo ʻia (1981)
  • ʻOi loa Ho (1984)

Nā moʻolelo

  • ʻOi aku nā mea ʻoi aku ma mua o ke keʻehi (1934)
  • Nā moʻolelo a me nā moʻolelo no ʻaʻohe mea (1954)
  • Aloha mua (1973)
  • ʻO Fizzles (1976)
  • Hoʻonāukiuki naʻe (1988)

Nā poʻomanaʻo

  • Whoroscope (1930)
  • Nā Iwi o Echo a me nā Precipitates ʻē aʻe (1935)
  • ʻĀina ʻohiʻohi ʻia i ka ʻōlelo Pelekania (1961)
  • ʻO nā mele i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i ka ʻōlelo Pelekania a me ka Palani (1977)
  • He aha ka huaʻōlelo (1989)

Essays, colloquia

  • Hōʻoiaʻiʻo (1931)
  • ʻEkolu mau kamaʻilio (1958)
  • Hoʻowahāwahā (1983)

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.