Nā moʻolelo na Gaston Leroux

ʻŌlelo ʻo Gaston Leroux

ʻŌlelo ʻo Gaston Leroux

He mea kākau ʻo Gastón Leroux, ka mea kākau moʻolelo a me ka loio i haʻalele i kāna hōʻailona ma ka palapala o kona manawa mahalo i kāna mau moʻolelo pohihihi. Ma waena o lākou, kaulana loa nā ʻāpana mua ʻelua o kāna moʻolelo ma ka detective Joseph Rouletabille. ʻO ia hoʻi, Ka mea pohihihi o ka lumi melemele (1907) a ʻO ka mea ʻala o ka lede i ka ʻeleʻele (1908).

Oia, he mea hoowahawaha ke haalele ʻO ka Phantom o ka Opera (1910), ka hana kaulana loa a Leroux. ʻAʻole ia he mea kupanaha, ua hoʻololi ʻia kēia poʻo inoa i nā pāʻani ʻoi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli, nā kīwī a me nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni, ʻo ʻEulopa a me Hollywood. Ma ka huina, ua paʻi ka mea kākau Parisian i 37 mau moʻolelo, 10 mau moʻolelo pōkole a me ʻelua pāʻani i kona wā e ola ana.

Ka mea pohihihi o ka lumi melemele (1907)

ʻO ka protagonist

ʻO Joseph Rouletabille ka mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa amateur ʻo ia ka protagonist o ʻewalu mau moʻolelo a Leroux. En Le mystere de la chambre jaune —ka inoa Palani mua—ua hoikeia mai he inoa kapakapa maoli kona inoa. Ma ke ala, hiki ke unuhi ʻia kona inoa ma ke ʻano he "globetrotter", kahi huaʻōlelo hoihoi no kahi keikikāne i hānai ʻia ma kahi hale hānai hoʻomana ma Eu, kahi kaiāulu kokoke i Normandy.

I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka saga, he 18 mau makahiki ka mea noiʻi a ʻo kāna "ʻoihana maoli" ʻo ia ka nūpepa. ʻOiai ʻo kona ʻōpio ʻōpio a me kona ʻike ʻole, hōʻike ʻo ia i kahi mana deductive "ʻoi aku ka noʻonoʻo ma mua o nā mākaʻi". ʻO ka mea hou aʻe, ma kāna hihia mua e pono ai ʻo ia e hana me Ballmeyer, he lawehala kaulana i ka honua me nā ʻike he nui.

Ka nānā 'ana a me ka ho'okokoke

Ka mea pohihihi o ka lumi melemele Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka moʻolelo "mea huna lumi laka" mua. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia no kāna ʻāpana, kahi hiki i ka mea hewa ke ʻike ʻole ʻia ke ʻike a nalowale mai kahi lumi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia. No kēia kumu, ʻo ka paʻi mua ʻana o ke poʻo inoa—ma waena o Kepakemapa a me Nowemapa 1907—ua loaʻa koke i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka nūpepa. L'Illustration.

ʻO Sinclair ka mea haʻi moʻolelo, he hoa loio o Rouletabille. Hana ʻia ka hana ma ka hale kākela ʻo Château du Glandier. Ma ʻō, Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Mathilde Stangerson, ke kaikamahine a ka mea nona ka mea nona ka ʻeha nui i loko o kahi keʻena hana ma lalo o ka honua (paʻa mai loko). Mai ia manawa mai, ua hōʻike mālie ʻia kahi kipi paʻakikī e pili ana i ka wā kahiko o ka protagonist.

Nā mea nui ʻē aʻe

  • ʻO Frédéric Larsan, ke alakaʻi o nā mākaʻi mākaʻi Farani (ua manaʻo ʻo Rouletablile ʻo ia ʻo Ballmeyer);
  • ʻO Stangerson, ka mea ʻepekema nona ka hale kākela a me ka makua kāne o Mathilde;
  • ʻO Robert Dalzac, ke kāne male a Mathilde Stangerson a me ka mea i manaʻo nui ʻia e nā mākaʻi;
  • ʻO Jaques, ke kahu kīʻaha o ka ʻohana Stangerson.

ʻO ka mea ʻala o ka lede i ka ʻeleʻele (1908)

En Le parfum de la dame en noir ʻo ka hana e hoʻopuni ana i nā mea he nui mai ka ʻāpana mua. Hōʻike ka hoʻomaka ʻana o kēia puke i nā male hou ʻo Robert Darzac lāua ʻo Mathilde Stangerson ʻoluʻolu loa i kā lākou honeymoon no ka mea ua make maoli ka ʻenemi ʻohana. ʻAʻole koke, kāhea ʻia ʻo Rouletabille i ka wā i ʻike hou ʻia ai kāna nemesis huhū.

Ke ulu nei ka mea pohihihi i ka hohonu, nā nalo hou a me nā hewa hou. I ka hopena, aʻO ka ʻōpio ʻo Joseph ke hoʻokō nei i ka lalo o nā mea āpau e hoʻomaikaʻi i kona ʻano naʻauao… Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ka mea kākau moʻolelo ke keiki a Mathilde lāua ʻo Ballmeyer. Ua hoʻopunipuni ka hope i ke kaikamahine a Prof. Stangerson i kona wā ʻōpiopio.

ʻO nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe me Joseph Rouletabille

  • ʻO Rouletabille ma ka Hale Aliʻi o Tsar (Rouletabille chez le tsar, 1912);
  • ka hale kākela ʻeleʻele (ʻO ka chateau noir, 1914);
  • ʻO nā male ʻē aʻe o Rouletabile (Les Étranges Noces de Rouletabile, 1914);
  • ʻO Rouletabille ma nā hale hana Krupp (Rouletabille chez Krupp, 1917);
  • ʻO ka hewa o Rouletabile (Ka Karaima o Rouletabile, 1921);
  • ʻO Rouletabille a me nā gypsies (Rouletabille chez les Bohémiens, 1922).

ʻO ka Phantom o ka Opera (1910)

Hōʻuluʻulu

Aia kekahi mau hanana ʻano ʻē loa ma ka Paris Opera i ka makahiki 1880.. ʻO kēlā mau mea pohihihi e hōʻoiaʻiʻo i ka poʻe he haunted ka hana. Hōʻike pū kekahi poʻe i ka ʻike ʻana i kahi kiʻi malu, me ka maka iwi poʻo me ka ʻili melemele a me nā maka wela. Mai kinohi mai ua hōʻoia ka mea haʻi moʻolelo he mea maoli ka ʻuhane, ʻoiai he kanaka.

Hoʻomaka ka Chaos i ka wā e ʻōlelo ai ka poʻe hula ua ʻike lākou i ka ʻuhane i ka hana hou loa i alakaʻi ʻia e Debienne lāua ʻo Poligny. mau manawa ma hope aku, Ua ʻike ʻia ua make ʻo Joseph Buquet, ka mīkini o ka hale keaka (kau ʻia ma lalo o ke kahua). ʻOiai ʻo nā mea a pau e hōʻike ana i kahi pepehi kanaka, ʻaʻole kūpono kēlā manaʻo ke ʻike ʻole ʻia ke kaula o ke oʻa.

Annex: papa inoa me ke koena o na moolelo a Leroux

  • ʻO ka mea kūʻai chip liʻiliʻi (1897);
  • he kanaka i ka po (1897);
  • ʻO nā manaʻo ʻekolu (1902);
  • he poo uuku (1902);
  • ʻO ka ʻimi waiwai kakahiaka (1903);
  • ʻO ke ola pālua o Théophraste Longuet (1904);
  • ke alii pohihihi (1908);
  • Ke kanaka i ike i ka diabolo (1908);
  • ka lilia (1909);
  • ka noho hoino (1909);
  • ke alii wahine o ka Sabati (1910);
  • ʻO ka ʻaina ahiahi o nā puʻu (1911);
  • ka wahine a ka la (1912);
  • ʻO nā huakaʻi mua a Chéri-Bibi (1913);
  • Cheri-Bibi (1913);
  • Balaoo (1913);
  • ʻO Chéri-Bibi lāua ʻo Cecily (1913);
  • Nā Hana Hou o Chéri-Bibi (1919);
  • ʻO ka hoʻokahuli aupuni ʻo Chéri-Bibi (1925);
  • ke kolamu o Gehena (1916);
  • ke koi gula (1916);
  • confit (1916);
  • ʻO ke kanaka hoʻi mai kahi mamao mai (1916);
  • Kāpena hyx (1917);
  • ke kaua ike ole ia (1917);
  • ka naau aihue (1920);
  • ka ehiku o na hui (1921);
  • ka pepeke koko (1923);
  • ka mīkini pepehi kanaka (1923);
  • Ka Mele Kalikimaka a Vicent-Vicent (1924);
  • ʻAʻole ʻOlympe (1924);
  • ʻO ka Tenebrous: Ka hopena o kahi honua a me ke koko ma ka Neva (1924);
  • Hoʻopaʻi ʻia ka coquette a i ʻole ka huakaʻi hihiu (1924);
  • Ka Wahine me ka Lei Velvet (1924);
  • ʻO Mardi-Gras a i ʻole ke keiki a nā makua kāne ʻekolu (1925);
  • ke kaupaku gula (1925);
  • Na Mohicans o Babela (1926);
  • ka poe imi hula (1927);
  • Mr Flow (1927);
  • Pouloulou (1990).

Ka moolelo o Gaston Leroux

ʻO Gaston Leroux

ʻO Gaston Leroux

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux ma Paris, Farani, i ka lā 6 o Mei, 1868, i loko o kahi ʻohana kālepa waiwai. I kona wā ʻōpiopio, hele ʻo ia i ke kula hānai ma Normandy ma mua o ke aʻo ʻana i ke kānāwai ma ke kapikala Farani. (Ua loaʻa iā ia kona kēkelē i ka makahiki 1889). Eia kekahi, ua loaʻa i ka mea kākau i ka wā e hiki mai ana ka waiwai o ka ʻoi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona francs, kahi helu astronomical i kēlā manawa.

Nā hana mua

Ua hoʻopau ʻo Leroux i ka hoʻoilina ma waena o nā bets, nā pāʻina a me nā mea inu, no laila, ua koi ʻia ka miliona miliona ʻōpio mua e hana e kākoʻo iā ia iho. ʻO kāna hana koʻikoʻi mua ma ke ʻano he mea hōʻikeʻike kahua a me ka mea hoʻohewa hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni L'Echo de Paris. A laila hele ʻo ia i ka nūpepa Aloha, kahi i hoʻomaka ai e uhi i ka First Russian Revolution (Ianuali 1905).

ʻO kekahi hanana i komo piha ai ʻo ia ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ka ʻOpera kahiko o Paris. Ma ka hale o lalo o ka pā - i hōʻike ʻia i kēlā manawa i ka ballet Parisian - aia kahi keʻena me nā pio o ka Commune Paris. Ma hope iho, i ka makahiki 1907 ua haʻalele ʻo ia i ka nūpepa i ka pōʻino o ke kākau ʻana, he kuko ana i mahi ai mai kona mau la haumana i kona manawa kaawale.

ʻOihana moʻokalaleo

Ka nui o Hōʻike nā moʻolelo a Gastón Leroux i kahi mana kaulana mai Sir Arthur Conan Doyle a mai Edgar Allan Poe. ʻAʻole hiki ke hōʻole ʻia ka mana o ka mea kākau ʻAmelika maikaʻi i nā hoʻonohonoho, nā archetypes, ka psychology o nā ʻano a me ke ʻano moʻolelo o ka Parisian. ʻIke ʻia kēia mau hiʻohiʻona a pau i ka moʻolelo mua a Leroux, Ka mea pohihihi o ka lumi melemele.

I ka makahiki 1909, ua hoʻopuka ʻo Leroux i ka paʻi ʻana ma nā haʻawina ma ka makasina Ka Gaulois de ʻO ka Phantom o ka Opera. ʻO kona kūleʻa maikaʻi i alakaʻi ʻia i ke poʻo inoa i lilo i puke kaulana loa i kēlā manawa ma ka ʻāina a me ka honua. I kēlā makahiki hoʻokahi, ua kapa ʻia ka mea kākau Gallic ʻO Chevalier o ka Legion d'honneur, ka mea hoʻonani kiʻekiʻe loa (civil or military) i hāʻawi ʻia ma Farani.

Legacy

I ka makahiki 1919, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Gaston Leroux lāua ʻo Arthur Bernede - he hoaaloha pili loa Ka Ahahui o na Kineroma. ʻO ka pahuhopu nui o ia hui kiʻiʻoniʻoni ʻo ia ka hoʻopuka ʻana i nā moʻolelo i hiki ke hana lilo i kiʻiʻoniʻoni. Ma ka makahiki 1920, ua ʻike ʻia ka mea kākau Farani ma ke ʻano he paionia ma ke ʻano ʻano detective Farani., he helu e mālama ʻia ana a hiki i kēia lā.

Wale o ʻO ka Phantom o ka Opera ʻOi aku ma mua o 70 mau hoʻololi i hana ʻia ma waena o ke kiʻiʻoniʻoni, lekiō a me ke kīwī. Eia hou, ua hoʻoulu ʻia kēia hana ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli mau poʻo inoa me nā moʻolelo a nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe, nā moʻolelo a nā keiki, nā comics, nā kikokikona non-fiction, nā mele a me nā ʻōlelo like ʻole. Ua make ʻo Gastón Leroux i ka lā 15 ʻApelila, 1927 ma muli o ka maʻi ʻaʻai; He 58 au makahiki.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.