Nā mele na Gil de Biedma

Nā mele na Gil de Biedma.

Nā mele na Gil de Biedma.

ʻImi pinepine ʻia nā mele a Gil de Biedma ma ka ʻupena. ʻO ka pili pilikino, pilikino a me ka pilina o kāna mau mele - kahi hui ikaika a hoʻomohala maikaʻi ʻia - i hiki ai i kahi pilina hohonu ma waena o ka mea haku mele a me kahi lehulehu o nā mea aloha mele ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa i nā makahiki i hala. ʻO kēia mau mea āpau, ʻae, ʻoiai ka nui o ka poʻe i ʻike ʻole e pili ana iā ia i kona wā e ola ana.

Akā, ʻo wai ʻo Jaime Gil de Biedma? No ke aha kēia hopena i ka mele Paniolo i ke kenekulia iwakālua a i ke kenekulia iwakāluakūmākahi. ʻO mākou ka huahana o nā kūlana, a ʻo nā mea i hoʻopuni i ke ola o kēia mea haku mele ua ʻae i ka ʻāina hānau kūpono no kāna hana i hala aʻe. a e hōʻailona ia ʻaʻole wale i kahi hanauna, akā he ʻāina holoʻokoʻa. No kēlā a me nā mea hou aʻe Hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ʻo ia i kēlā me kēia Poetry Day i kēlā me kēia ʻīniha o ka honua.

ʻO kekahi ʻike hou ma Jaime Gil de Biedma

E heluhelu i ka mele a heluhelu paha i ka mea haku mele ...

ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i kahi mele a mau mele paha a ke manaʻoʻiʻo nei ʻoe ua maopopo iā ʻoe ke ola o ka mea haku mele, e ʻōlelo ākea ana - a me ka mea liʻiliʻi loa - kahi hana wiwo ʻole. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka heluhelu ʻana i ke ola o ka haku mele, mai ka manawa i loaʻa ai iā ia ka noʻonoʻo a hiki i ka hala ʻana o kāna hanu hope loa, hāʻawi, i kekahi ʻano, i kekahi mana e hōʻike i kahi manaʻo e pili ana i ka manaʻo o kāna mau paukū.

«He aha ka mea i hana ʻia i kahi mele ʻaʻole i hiki iā ʻoe»

Ua hōʻoia ʻo Biedma ponoʻī "ʻo ka mea i hana ʻia i kahi mele ʻaʻole i loaʻa i hoʻokahi." A ʻaʻole kēia he manaʻo, ma ka huaʻōlelo, ʻaʻohe wahi hoʻokolohua o kēlā me kēia leka, i kēlā me kēia paukū, i kēlā me kēia stanza ... ʻaʻole; ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, aia nō, a nui wale. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka ʻike ākea o nā kumulāʻau e kā lākou mau lau i hala iho nei, akā na ko lākou mau aʻa hohonu, e ka nahele e holo ana i loko o ka pahu kahiko e kūʻē ana i nā kau o ke ola a me nā mea nui ʻino e hoʻopuni ana i ka nui o ka mālamalama i hāʻawi ʻia. ma luna o kēlā me kēia.

He aha ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia e pili ana iā Gil de Biedma

ʻIke maopopo ʻia ʻo Jaime Gil de Biedma i hānau ʻia ma Barcelona ma 1929. Ua hōʻea ʻo ia i Nowemapa 13, e like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia e kāna palapala hānau. Pane nā puka āpau i hele mai ia mai kahi ʻohana waiwai a me ka moʻokūʻauhau a he hopena hopena kēia i kona ola. ʻO kāna mau aʻo mua ʻana a me kāna kula kiʻekiʻe i mālama ʻia ma ke kikowaena aʻo ʻo Navas de la Asunción, ʻo ka mea mua, a laila ma ke keʻena ʻo General Studies ʻo Luis Vives.

Ke keikikāne 7 makahiki i leʻaleʻa i ka heluhelu ʻana i ka Quixote

ʻO Martha Gil, kona kaikuahine, i ʻōlelo me ka hauʻoli i kahi nīnauele a Biedma, he 7 wale nō ona makahiki, "ʻakaʻaka me ka leo nui e heluhelu ana i ka Quixote". Ua hiki i kēia ke wānana iki e loaʻa ana i loko ona kahi kuhi i nā leka. Mai ʻōlelo kākou e ʻike ʻia ia he poeta ia, akā ua nui ka makemake i ka palapala, a ua nui ia.

Nā pilikia ma muli o nā kūlike ʻole, ke kula nui, nā hoa aloha

A ʻoiai i kona hoʻomohala ʻana ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i kahi pilikia kūpilikiʻi ma muli o ka hōʻole mau ʻana o kona opulence wahi hānau a me kahi mea e ʻaneʻane ʻole kaohi ʻia no ka mea i hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hui.. Ua kaumaha kēia kūlana ma 1946, ma hope o ke komo ʻana i ke Kulanui o Barcelona, ​​ua hoʻololi hou ʻia i ke Kulanui o Salamanca (kahi i puka ai ʻo ia i ke kānāwai) a ma hope o ka heluhelu ʻana iā Marxism a hoʻomaka e hui pū me nā manaʻo komunista. Aia ia i ke kaona kula ʻo Salamancan kahi e hui ai ʻo Biedma e like me:

  • ʻO José Ángel Valente.
  • ʻO Juan Marsé.
  • ʻO Gabriel Ferrater.
  • ʻO Jaime Salinas.
  • ʻO Carlos Barral.
  • ʻO Joan Ferraté.
  • ʻO José Agustín Goytisolo.
  • ʻO Angel González.
  • ʻO Claudio Rodríguez.

Hana mua

ʻO kēia mau mea, ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe a ʻoi aku paha ma mua o nā mea kākau i hāʻawi i ke ola i ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "Generation of 50". Ma kahi ʻāpana nui, mahalo ʻia i ke kamaʻilio mau ʻana me kēia mau loio a me ka poʻe naʻau i ka manaʻo a me ka waihoʻoluʻu o nā manaʻo moʻokalaleo a Biedma. Mai loko mai o lākou āpau, ʻo ia me Carlos Barral kahi āna i hana ai i kahi pilina kūikawā a nāna ia e hoʻolaʻa ai i kāna hana mua Nā Verses iā Carlos Barral (1952). Hoʻopuka ma hope Wahi a ka ʻōlelo manawa (1953).

ʻO ka poʻomanaʻo Pelekane, ka mea e nalo nei

Ma waho aʻe o nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna, aia kekahi kumu ʻē aʻe e hoʻopala i nā mele a Biedma ma mua o kona hiki ʻana i kāna ʻano hope loa. Hoʻoholo kēia mea i kona kaila - haki ma mua o ka paʻi ʻana i kāna hana ʻekolu - a ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe ʻo ke keʻa ʻaneʻane koi o ka Barcelonaona me nā mele Pelekane. Kahi hanana aia ma hope o kahi huakaʻi i Oxford (1953) a ma ka lima o Paco Mayans, nāna i hōʻike iā ia e heluhelu iā TS Eliot. ʻO kēia hālāwai me Anglo-Sakona poetics i hāʻawi i ka nuance i koe a pono i ka hana a Biedma.

ʻO ka puka i ka Hui Paka Pilipino, nā hana a me ke ola pālua

Ma hope o kēia - ua puka i ke kula a me kahi peni hakahaka i loko o ʻelua mau hana ma mua, akā i ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻohana ʻia i kahi hana poetic transcendental ʻoi aku, - Ua hui ʻo Jaime i ka Hui Pūpaka Pilipino (ʻoihana ʻohana) ma 1955. I kēia manawa ʻike mākou iā mākou iho i mua o kahi kāne 27 makahiki me ka naʻau nui, kahi haku mele me nā puke ʻelua, me kahi moekolohe i ho'ākāka ʻia i hōʻole ʻia e ke kaiāulu, a ʻo wai, no ka papa Sepania opulent, minoʻaka a ʻapo. manaʻo. Marxists.

Ma lalo o kēia panorama o nā manaʻo kūʻē a me nā hōʻole (a me kahi huahana taleni hōʻole ʻole o ke ola a me ka mālama ʻana) e ala aʻe ana kekahi o nā hana poetic a me ka poʻokela o Sepania. i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Nā poʻomanaʻo o Gil de Biedma

ʻO kāna mau paukū e pili ana i ka manawa mau ʻole, ka nohona o kēlā me kēia lā, a pehea - maoli - ʻaʻole holo pono ka politika i ka makaʻāinana. Loaʻa iā lākou a loaʻa kahi kani nani a me ke mele, no laila e hīmeni ai nā mea mele he nui iā lākou.

ʻO kāna nostalgia no ka ʻōpio i haʻalele i ka hoʻi ʻole ʻana. ʻAʻole e hōʻike i ke aloha, pono e hōʻike iā ʻoe iho me ka ʻole o nā makakiʻi, me ke ʻano maoli e makaʻu ai kēlā me kēia, akā loaʻa i kēlā me kēia a aloha malū.

ʻO Jaime Gil de Biedma.

ʻO Jaime Gil de Biedma.

Hāneʻe

Ua hoʻomau ka kahe o kona ola ma waena o ka hana ʻohana, kāna mau hakakā kūloko ma luna o nā mea kue a me ka pono nui e ola i kāna moekolohe a kāna mele i kahi ala manuahi.

Eia nō naʻe, i ka 1974, a ma hope o kahi hana hua nui o 8 mau hana moʻokalaleo, hāʻule ʻo Biedma. Ua ʻike ʻia nā hakakā a kona manaʻo i loko o kona kino. ʻO ka hopena ua kū ka mea kākau i ka kākau ʻana. ʻAʻole kūʻē ka hōʻole i ke kaiāulu āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he "bourgeois", akā kūʻē i ka neʻe hema a me kona ikaika liʻiliʻi e kaua no nā pono o ka mea i noho ʻia ʻOiai e hānai ʻia ana ia, ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia i loko iā ia iho a hōʻole iā ia iho no kāna kumu waiwai a no ka noho ʻole maoli ʻana i ka mea āna e hoʻāʻo nei e hakakā.

ʻO ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ke kukui mae

Me he mea lā ʻaʻole lawa kēlā, maʻi ʻo Jaime i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻO nā pilikia a puni kēia maʻi ka mea e hoʻopau ai i kona ola. ʻO kāna helehelena hope i mua o ke anaina e heluhelu i kāna hana i kahi Residencia de Estudiantes, ma Madrid, ma 1988.

Ma muli o nā pilikia o ka maʻi AIDS, ua hala ka haku mele i ka lā 8 o Ianuali, 1990. Ma Barcelona ia, a he 60 kona mau makahiki.

Kūkulu

  • Nā Verses iā Carlos Barral (ka puke pai a ka mea kākau, Orense, 1952)
  • Wahi a ka ʻōlelo manawa (1953).
  • Nā hoa hele (Barcelona: Joaquin Horta, 1959).
  • Ma ka ʻoluʻolu iā Venus (1965).
  • Moralities (1966).
  • Nā mele mele Posthumous (1968).
  • ʻOhi kikoʻī (Seix Barral, 1969).
  • ʻO ka diary a ka mea pena kiʻi maʻi loa (1974), hoʻomanaʻo.
  • Ka poʻe o ka huaʻōlelo (Seix Barral, 1975; Puka ʻelua: 2).
  • Verbatim: Haʻiʻōlelo 1955-1979 (Critikism, Barcelona, ​​1980).
  • Anthology poetic (Alliance, 1981).
  • ʻO Jaime Gil de Biedma. Na kamailio (Ka Aleph, 2002).
  • ʻO ke kahua o ka pāʻani. Nā leka (Lumen, 2010).
  • Nā puke pai 1956-1985 (Lumen, 2015).
  • ʻO Jaime Gil de Biedma. Na kamailio (Ka Hema, 2015).

Nā mele na Gil de Biedma

Po ʻino ʻOkakopa

ʻOiaʻiʻo

me he mea lā ua hōʻoia ʻia i kēia hoʻoilo

hiki mai kēlā, e paʻakikī ia.

Ua holomua lākou

ka ua, a me ke aupuni,

hālāwai ma ka ʻaha kūkā o nā kuhina,

ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia inā hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ʻo ia i kēia manawa

pōmaikaʻi hana ʻole

a i ʻole ke kuleana e kipaku ʻia,

aiʻole inā maʻalahi, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i kahi kai,

kakali wale ʻo ia i ka hala o ka ʻino

a hiki mai ka lā, ka lā i ka hope loa,

kū nā mea hele ʻole maikaʻi ʻole.

I ka pō ʻOkakopa

i koʻu heluhelu ʻana i ka nūpepa ma waena o nā laina,

Ua kū wau e hoʻolohe i ke kuʻi puʻuwai

ka hāmau i loko o koʻu lumi, nā kamaʻilio

o nā hoalauna e moe ana i lalo,

kēlā mau lono a pau

loaʻa hou ke ola

a me ke ʻano o kāna iho, pohihihi.

A ua noʻonoʻo wau i nā kaukani kanaka,

nā kāne a me nā wahine i kēia manawa,

me ka chill mua,

ua noʻonoʻo hou lākou e pili ana i kā lākou hopohopo,

no kona luhi i manaʻo ʻia,

no kou hopohopo no kēia hoʻoilo,

ʻoiai ma waho ka ua.

Ma nā kahakai a pau o Catalonia ua

me ka loko ʻino maoli, me ka uahi a me nā ao haʻahaʻa,

nā paia ʻeleʻele,

nā hale hoʻoheheʻe, kahe ʻana

i loko o nā hale hōʻikeʻike maikaʻi ʻole.

A huki ka wai i nā hua i loko o ke kai

incipient, huikau i ka ʻalae,

nā kumu lāʻau, kāmaʻa paʻa, nā pono hana

haaleleia a huikau wale

me nā huapalapala mua i kūʻē ʻia.

Lōlō

ʻO ka pō, ka mea kānalua mau,

hoʻonāukiuki iā ʻoe — kala

o ka gin ino, ʻo lākou

kou mau maka i kekahi mau bichas.

ʻIke wau e haki ʻoe

i nā ʻōlelo hōʻino a me nā waimaka

hysterical. I loko o kahi moe,

a laila e hoʻomaha wau iā ʻoe

me nā honi e kaumaha ai au

hāʻawi iā lākou iā ʻoe. A ke hiamoe ana

e kūʻē anei ʻoe iaʻu

E like me ka ʻalalā maʻi

ʻAʻole wau e ʻōpio hou

ʻO ka ʻāpana o kahi mele na Gil de Biedma.

ʻO ka ʻāpana o kahi mele na Gil de Biedma.

Ua koʻikoʻi kēlā ola

hoʻomaka kekahi e hoʻomaopopo ma hope

—E like me ka poʻe ʻōpio a pau, ua hele mai au

e lawe i ke ola ma mua oʻu.

E waiho i kahi māka aʻu e makemake ai

a waiho i ka paʻipaʻi

—Ua elemakule, make, he kūpono lākou

nā ana o ka hale keaka.

Akā ua hala ka manawa

a ke waiho nei ka ʻoiaʻiʻo maikaʻi ʻole:

ʻelemakule, make,

ʻo ia wale nō ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa o ka hana.

Hoʻopau iā Tom

Nā maka mehameha, keiki kāne pūʻiwa

kahaha wau i ka nānā ʻana mai iā mākou

i kēlā pinarcillo liʻiliʻi, ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka Faculty of Letters,

ma mua o umikūmākahi mau makahiki aku nei,

ke hele au e kaʻawale,

groggy naʻe me ka lawai a me ke one,

ma hope o kā mākou ʻolokaʻa ʻana i ka hapalua o kā mākou lole,

hauʻoli e like me nā holoholona.

Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe, he mea hoʻomākeʻaka ia

me ke ʻano o ka hōʻailona koʻikoʻi,

ua pili i kēlā moʻolelo,

koʻu ʻike mua o ke aloha pānaʻi.

I kekahi manawa noʻonoʻo wau he aha ka mea i hana ʻia iā ʻoe.

A inā i kēia manawa i kou mau pō e pili ana i kahi kino

hoʻi ka hanana kahiko

a ke kiu nei nō ʻoe i kā mākou honi ʻana.

No laila hoʻi mai iaʻu mai ka wā i hala.

e like me ka uē hōʻino,

ke kiʻi o kou mau maka. Hōʻike

o koʻu makemake iho.

Hoʻoholo

Hoʻoholo e hauʻoli

ma luna o nā mea āpau, kūʻē i nā mea āpau

a kūʻē hoʻi iaʻu

—Ma luna o nā mea āpau, hauʻoli

Lawe hou wau i kēlā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo.

Akā ʻoi aku ma mua o ke kumu o ka hoʻoponopono

mau ka ʻehaʻeha o ka naʻau.

Nā pō o ka mahina ʻo Iune

Hoʻomanaʻo paha wau

i kekahi mau pō i Iune o kēlā makahiki,

ʻaneʻane pōpō, o koʻu wā ʻōpio

(i ka makahiki ʻumikūmāiwa haneli me he mea lā iaʻu

kanahākūmāiwa)

no ka mea i kēlā mahina

ʻIke mau wau i kahi hoʻomaha ʻole, kahi ʻehaʻeha liʻiliʻi

like me ka wela i hoʻomaka,

ʻAʻohe mea hou aʻe

ʻo ia ke kani kūikawā o ka lewa

a me kahi ʻano pōpilikia ʻole.

ʻO lākou nā pō i hiki ʻole ke hoʻōla ʻia

a me ke kuni.

ʻO nā hola kula kiʻekiʻe wale nō

a me ka puke untimely

aʻe i ka pāpale ākea ākea (ke alanui

wai hou i nalowale

ma lalo, ma waena o nā lau mālamalama)

me ka ʻuhane ʻole e hoʻokomo i loko o kona waha.

Ehia mau manawa aʻu e hoʻomanaʻo ai

mai iā ʻoe, kahi mamao loa

nā pō o ka mahina o Iune, ehia mau manawa

heleleʻi ka waimaka

no ka mea ʻoi aku ma mua o ke kāne, pehea kaʻu makemake

e make

a i ʻole moemoeā paha e kūʻai aku iaʻu iho i ka diabolō,

ʻaʻole ʻoe i hoʻolohe iaʻu.

Akā pū kekahi

Mālama ke ola iā mākou no ka mea pololei

ʻAʻole ia pehea mākou i manaʻo ai.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.