Nā laʻana o ka eclogue

eclogue kākau ʻia me ka peni

I loko o nā makahiki, nui nā mea kākau i waiho iā mākou i nā hiʻohiʻona o nā eclogues i aʻo ʻia, nānā ʻia a wehewehe ʻia. Eia naʻe, ʻoiai i kēia lā me he mea lā ua hoʻohana ʻole ʻia kēia huaʻōlelo a he ʻāpana ia o ka palapala i loaʻa ʻole ka wā e hiki mai ana. ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole paha pēlā.

Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike i ke ʻano o ka eclogue a, ma luna o nā mea āpau, he laʻana o ia mea, ma lalo nei ua ʻike mākou i kekahi mea hoihoi paha ke ʻike (inā ʻaʻole ʻoe i heluhelu iā lākou).

He aha ka eclogue

eclogue i kākau ʻia ma ka pepa

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka eclogue ma ke ʻano he haku mele kahi e hoʻouna ʻia ai nā manaʻo, nā naʻau, nā noʻonoʻo… I kekahi manawa, hoʻohana nā mea kākau i kahi kamaʻilio e komo ai ʻelua a ʻoi aku paha mau huaʻōlelo; akā hiki ke hana ʻia ma ke ʻano he monologue.

ʻO kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona nui o ka eclogue ke kumuhana kikowaena e pili mau i nā manaʻoaloha mau.

Uaʻikeʻia ʻO ka eclogue mua e noho nei ua kākau ʻia e Theocritus, ʻo ia hoʻi i ke kenekulia ʻehā ma mua o Kristo. ʻO kona poʻo inoa ʻo "Idylls" ʻo ia hoʻi ma ka ʻōlelo Helene kahiko "nā mele liʻiliʻi". ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua hahai nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe, e like me Bion of Ermyrna, Virgilio, Giovanni Boccaccio...

I ka wā Roma, kaulana loa ia a ʻo ia ka mea i hana ʻia i ka Renaissance. No laila, ʻaʻole ia he mea kupanaha ke hoʻi hou ʻia i ke ʻano.

Nā hiʻohiʻona o kahi eclogue

ʻOiai ua haʻi mua mākou i kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona o kahi eclogue, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he nui aku. Eia mākou e hōʻuluʻulu iā lākou:

kona mele

Hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo he eclogue ua like ia me ka poem a he mau mele. No laila ma ke ʻano o ka eclogue ka mea like.

ʻO ke kumu no ka mea ʻO nā pauku a pau i haku ʻia he puʻupuʻu koʻikoʻi ma ke ʻano like o nā leo. a hana i kahi mele a me ke mele.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ke hōʻike lākou He mea maʻamau ke hoʻokani ʻia me ke mele.

Kumuhana aloha

ʻO kēia ʻo ia kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona nui a pono e noho mau. Ma muli paha o ka pili ʻana o kahi mea aloha, no ka mea, hele ʻo ia i waho o kāna ala no kāna aloha, a no ka mea he aloha ʻole ia.

Akā mau, ʻO ke aloha ke kumuhana nui.

ʻO nā mea kākau

Ma keia hihia, eclogues he mau kahuhipa a poe mahiai paha, ʻoiai ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ia, i kona ulu ʻana, ua loli kēia.

ʻO kona hale

he eclogue Pono e loaʻa i 30 mau stanzas, kēlā me kēia me nā laina he 14 i hiki ke hoʻopaʻa inoa hendecasyllables (ʻumikūmākahi syllables) a i ʻole heptasyllables (ʻehiku huaʻōlelo).

Eia hoʻi, pono ke kuonoono ka leo o lakou a pau, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻo nā huaʻōlelo hope o nā pauku, ʻaʻole ia he mea nui inā ʻelua a ʻoi aku ka leo like.

Ma ke ʻano maʻamau, eclogues e hoʻomaka me ka hoʻolauna ʻana i nā huaʻōlelo, na ka mea haʻi moʻolelo a na lākou iho paha. He mea maʻamau ka ʻike ʻana e kau ka mea kākau i ka inoa o ia kiʻi ma mua i mea e ʻōlelo ai nā mea a pau ma hope o ia mea, me he mea lā e ʻōlelo ana ʻo ia.

Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana e hōʻike ʻia kēlā mau manaʻo ma ke ʻano a i ʻole nā ​​hiʻohiʻona, ma ke ʻano he mele.

A ʻo ka hopena, ʻo ka hopena o kahi eclogue e pili ana i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ka mea kākau i nā kiʻi a laila hana ʻo ia i ka hopena o ke kumuhana āna i haku ai.

Nā mea kākau kaulana a me nā eclogues

Moe ka mea kākau i ke kākau ʻana

ʻAʻohe mea kānalua ua lōʻihi ka lōʻihi o nā eclogues a no kēia kumu aia kekahi mau mea kākau i manaʻo ʻia he mau laʻana o nā eclogues kuʻuna, kahiko a koʻikoʻi.

Pono e kapa ʻia ʻo Theocritus ma ka inoa mua, ʻoiai ʻo ia ka makua kāne o kēia mau mea. Eia naʻe, ma hope ona ua ʻike ʻia nā inoa like ʻole.

Eia kekahi laʻana, ʻO ka hihia o Mosco, Bion o Semurana a i ʻole Virgilio, ʻo ia ka manawa i kaulana maoli ai lākou a ua kaulana loa lakou.

ʻO nā mea kākau kaulana ʻē aʻe, ʻo Nemesiano, Ausonio a me Calpurnio Siculo, a me Giovanni Boccaccio, Jacopo Sannazaro.

ʻO ka poʻe Sepania, Pono mākou e hoʻohanohano iā Lope de Vega, nāna i hoʻololi i nā ʻano o ka hale keaka a ʻo ia mau hana e like me "The True lover" a i ʻole "La Arcadia" i koe; ʻO Juan Boscán, me nā eclogues ma kahi kumuhana pastoral; ʻO Garcilaso de la Vega, me "Ka kanikau ʻoluʻolu o nā kahu hipa ʻelua" a i ʻole "I ka waena o ka hoʻoilo ka mea mehana"; Juan del Encina; Pedro Soto de Rojas a me kekahi mau mea hou aku.

Nā laʻana o ka eclogue

peni pepa palapala

ʻO ka hope, makemake mākou e waiho iā ʻoe i kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona o nā eclogues i loaʻa iā mākou ma ka Pūnaewele i ʻike ʻoe i ka hopena o ka hoʻopili ʻana i nā mea āpau a mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua.

"Ka Kanikau ʻoluʻolu o nā kahu hipa ʻelua" na Garcilaso de la Vega

Salice:

ʻOi aku ka paʻakikī ma mua o ke kinikini i kaʻu mau ʻōhumu,

a me ke ahi aa a'u e puhi ai

ʻoi aku ka anuanu ma mua o ka hau, Galatea!

[...]

Nemorous:

ʻO ka pau ʻana, makehewa a wikiwiki!

Hoʻomanaʻo wau, e hiamoe ana ma ʻaneʻi no hoʻokahi hola.

i kēlā ala ʻana, ʻike wau iā Elisa ma koʻu ʻaoʻao.

“Idyll IV. Na kahuhipa” a Teocritus

ʻōpeʻapeʻa.

E Corydon, e haʻi mai iaʻu, na wai nā bipi?

No Filondas lākou?

Corydon.

ʻAʻole, mai ʻEgon, i kēia manawa

Ua hāʻawi mai ʻo ia iaʻu no ka ʻai ʻana.

ʻōpeʻapeʻa.

Ma hea ʻoe e peʻe ai i ka waiū iā lākou?

Pau i ke awakea?

Corydon.

keiki bipi

Hoʻonoho ka ʻelemakule iā lākou, a mālama maikaʻi ʻo ia iaʻu.

ʻōpeʻapeʻa.

A ua hele aku ke kahu hipa i hala?

Corydon.

ʻAʻole ʻoe i lohe? lawe pu me ia

Milton ia Alepaio. (…)

"Eclogue o Plácida a me Vitoriano" na Juan del Encina

(...) Palekana.

ʻeha puʻuwai,

ʻO ka chamomile kaʻu mai ʻoe mai.

E ka ino nui, ke kaomi lokoino!

ʻAʻohe oʻu aloha

Victorian oʻu

Inā hele.

Minamina, he aha kaʻu?

Auē, no koʻu ʻino ua ʻike au iā ia!

ʻAʻole i loaʻa iaʻu no ka hewa,

ʻAʻole iaʻu, inā makemake ʻoe

ʻaʻole paʻakikī loa a pēlā aku.

ʻO koʻu ʻeha make kēia

E ho'ōla au inā ʻike au iā ia.

ʻIke a pehea paha?

ʻAe, ʻaʻohe ona manaʻoʻiʻo iaʻu,

ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi inā haʻalele ʻo ia.

He aha ka hele? pupule au,

He aha kaʻu e ʻōlelo ai i ka hoʻopunipuni!

ʻAʻole naʻe e hoʻopā nui ʻia,

pehea i puka mai ai mai loko mai o koʻu waha?

Auē, he manaʻo pupule!

I waho, i waho!

ʻAʻole makemake ke Akua i kēlā mea,

i loko o kou ola iaʻu.

ʻO koʻu ola, koʻu kino a me koʻu ʻuhane

ma ko lakou mana ua laweia lakou,

Aia ia'u a pau ma kona lima;

i ko'u ino aole malie

a ua pōkole ka ikaika;

a hooloihi lakou

nā kaumaha e lōʻihi ana iaʻu

ua hui pu ia me ka make. (…)

"Eclogue III" na Vicecent Andrés Estellés

Nemorous. (…)

Makaʻu wau i kēia ahiahi - ma ke keʻena

o kela mau ahiahi o kakou, o ia mau la.

ʻO Belisa, ke poʻo nei ka honua i ka pōʻino.

E hoʻomaka wau e kelepona mai ke kelepona

kekahi helu: "E Belisa!"

Ke uē nei au, e Belisa, ma waena o nā aie a me nā hōʻaiʻē.

Ke uē nei au ma ka hale luna āu i ʻike ai.

ʻO Belisa, ke poʻo nei ka honua i ka pōʻino!

Eclogue Antonia de Lope de Vega

Antonia:

Kāohi iaʻu Manaʻo wau ma ʻaneʻi kokoke i ke kanikau

a ʻaʻole au i manaʻo he kānalua lapuwale ia

no ka mea, hele mālie ia ma nā sapphi uliuli.

nā violets o ke kakahiaka candida,

ko'u hoaloha ke kahuhipa Feliciana.

Feliciana:

ʻAʻole makehewa ka meadow ʻōmaʻomaʻo i enamled me nā pua.

E ko'u Antonia, ma hea?

"The eclogue to Claudio" na Garcilaso de la Vega

No laila, ma hope o nā lohi he nui

me ke akahai maluhia i hoehaia,

hooikaika a hooikaika

no ka nui o na mea lapuwale,

puka lākou ma waena o nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa

ʻoiaʻiʻo mai ka mine o ka ʻuhane.

[...]

Aia au ma ke ala o ka make maopopo loa

a ke haalele nei au i ka manaolana;

e hele a nana wale au

kahi e kū ai nā mea a pau;

no ka mea, ʻaʻole au i ʻike i kēlā ma hope o koʻu ola ʻana

ka mea nana ole e make.

Maopopo paha ʻoe i nā laʻana hou aku o ka eclogue?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.