Kawaihae o Rubén Darío

ʻO Biography o ka mea kākau Nikaragua ʻo Rubén Darío

Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i kahi moʻolelo pilikino ʻo Rubén Darío? ʻO Nicaraguan Ruben Dario ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea haku mele Paniolo-ʻAmelika ʻoi loa Ua hoʻololi ʻo ia i ka mele o ka ʻōlelo Castilian me kāna mele. Ua hiki nō ke ʻōlelo ʻia me ia ka au o kēia manawa, ʻo ia nō ka mea hoʻolaha nui o ia.

ʻAʻole pololei ʻo Rubén Darío i kēlā inoa. ʻO kona inoa maoli Hauʻoli ʻo Rubén García Sarmiento, akā ua lawe ʻo ia i ka inoa o Darío no ka mea me ka inoa kapakapa i ʻike ʻia kona makuakāne. Hoʻomaka ʻo Rubén e kākau ma waho o ka maʻamau, me he mea lā ʻo ke kākau ʻana i nā mele nā ​​mea maʻamau i kēlā manawa a me kona kaiapuni (nā mea nani i ka mea i make, nā ʻino i nā lanakila, a pēlā aku.)

ʻAʻole maʻalahi kona ola. Ua ulu ʻo ia a puni kahi o ka ʻae ʻole o ka ʻohana nāna i alakaʻi iā ia e pakele i ke kākau ʻana, a no laila e hoʻokumu ana i kahi aloha a me ka moemoeā maikaʻi i kāna mau mele mua.

Ua hala nā makahiki he ʻumi a ua kāhea ʻia ʻo Rubén Darío e hoʻololi i ka mana o Castilian i rhythmically a hoʻopiha i ka honua o nā puke Spanish-ʻAmelika me nā moemoeā hou.

"ʻIke ʻia nā pua ʻano ʻē
i nā pua nani o nā moʻolelo polū,
a i waena o nā lālā hoʻokalakupua, ka
nā papemores, nona ke mele e pīhoihoi i ke aloha
i nā ʻōpuʻu.

(Papemor: manu liʻiliʻi; bulbeles: nightingales.) "

ʻO ke ola pōkole, ʻoihana moʻokalaleo ikaika (1867-1916)

Hoʻomaikaʻi iā Darío

Ruben Dario ua hānau ʻia ma Metapa (Nicaragua), akā hoʻokahi wale nō mahina ma hope o kona hānau ʻana, neʻe ʻo ia i León, kahi a kona makuakāne ʻo Manu García a me kona makuahine ʻo Rosa Sarmiento i manaʻo ai he male kūpono akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa ka piha o ka hauʻoli ʻole. Ua hōʻoluʻolu ʻo ia iā ia iho i nā hale ʻaina a ua mahuka ʻo ia i kēlā me kēia manawa me kona ʻohana. Aia ʻo Chaos i loko o kēlā ʻohana a hele koke ʻo Rubén e noho me nā ʻanakala o kona makuahine, Bernarda Sarmiento a ʻo kāna kāne, ka ʻO Kenela Féliz Ramírez, nāna i hoʻokipa maikaʻi loa iā ia a makemake i nā mākua maoli. ʻAʻohe o Rubén aloha i kona makuahine a ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ko kona makuakāne, kahi āna i manaʻo ai he kaʻawale maoli.

Ua aʻo ʻia i loko o ka Kālā Jesuit, ʻaʻole pono ʻo ia e aloha nui i nā mele hoʻohenehene a me nā hoʻomāʻewaʻewa āna i kākau ai e pili ana i kēlā manawa. I kona wā ʻōpio, ua ʻike koke ʻo ia i ka mana aloha o ʻO Gustavo Adolfo Becquer y ʻO Víctor Hugo, ua manaʻo ʻia lāua he ethenes i ke aloha, hāʻawi mau ʻia i ke aloha a me nā aloha hauʻoli ʻole.

Me 15 mau makahiki He papa inoa kaʻu me nā inoa o nā kaikamahine ʻekolu. Rosario Emelina Murillo (e like me ka wehewehe, kahi kaikamahine palaualelo me nā maka ʻōmaʻomaʻo), kahi hoahānau, helehelena a nani hoʻi a lākou i manaʻoʻiʻo ai ʻo Isabel Swan, a ʻo ka mea hope loa, ʻo ka mea pena kiʻi ʻo Hortensia Buislay. Akā ʻaʻohe mea i pā i kona puʻuwai e like me ka mea i hana mua ʻia, ʻo Rosario Emelina Murillo, kahi āna i hoʻolaʻa aku ai i kahi puke moʻolelo manaʻo mediocre. "Emelina." Ua makemake ʻo ia e male iā ia, akā ʻo kona mau hoaaloha a me kona mau hoahānau i kipi ai e haʻalele ʻo ia i ke kūlanakauhale a hana ʻole i nā hoʻoholo wikiwiki ʻole.

I ka makahiki 1882 ua hui ʻo ia me ʻO Pelekikena Zaldívar, ma El Salvador, kahi āna i kākau ai i kēia mau mea: "... ua ʻoluʻolu loa ʻo ia a kamaʻilio mai iaʻu e pili ana i kaʻu mau paukū a hāʻawi mai iaʻu i ka pale; Akā i ka nīnau ʻana iaʻu iho he aha kaʻu e makemake ai, pane wau me kēia mau huaʻōlelo kikoʻī a poina ʻole i hoʻohauʻoli ai ke kanaka mana. 'Makemake wau e loaʻa kahi kūlana kaiaulu maikaʻi'. "

I kēlā manaʻo ua ʻike maopopo ʻia kāna hopohopo nui a ʻo ia kēlā ʻO Rubén Darío mau ka makemake i ka bourgeois, i hoʻohoka ʻino mau ʻia.

Ke neʻe nei i kāna kūlana Chile, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo ia i ka wā i hui ai ʻo ia me ka pelekikena suicidal ʻo Balmaceda a me kāna keiki, ʻo Pedro Balmaceda Toro, me ia i mālama ai i kahi aloha. ʻO kāna makemake e noʻonoʻo iā ia iho he bourgeois i hiki i kahi kiko nāna i hānai malū i ka herring a me ka pia wale nō, i hiki ke ʻaʻahu maikaʻi a kūpono i kona kūlana hoʻopunipuni.

Ke hala nei i kahi mea hou aʻe no kāna ʻoihana moʻokalaleo, ua paʻi ʻo ia ma Chile mai 1886, "Kalepona", kekahi mau mele e hōʻike ana i kona kūlana kaumaha o ka haku mele ʻilihuna a kuhi hewa ʻole. I loko o kahi hoʻokūkū moʻokalaleo i kāhea ʻia e ka miliona miliona ʻO Federico Varela i kākau "Autumnal", me ia i loaʻa ai kahi wahi haʻahaʻa 8th loa i waena o nā 47 i ʻike ʻia. Ua komo pū ʻo ia me "Mele Epic i nā hanohano o Chile", ma kahi e hāʻule ai ka makana mua e hōʻike ana i kāna 300 peso mua i loaʻa me nā puke.

ʻO Azul, ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana o nā mele a ka haku mele Nikaragua ʻo Rubén Darío

ʻAʻole ia a hiki i ka 1888 ke ʻike lākou i ka waiwai maoli o Rubén Darío. ʻO ka puke e hāʻawi iā ia i kēia hanohano "Polū", puke i mahalo ʻia mai Sepania e ka mea kākau moʻolelo kaulana ʻo Juan Valera. Ua lilo kāna mau leka i prologue no ka reissue hoʻonui hou e paʻi ʻia ana i ka makahiki 1890. ʻOiai ʻo ia, ʻaʻole hauʻoli ʻo Darío a ʻo kona makemake e loaʻa ka ʻike a ma mua o ka holomua o ka hoʻokele waiwai ua lilo i mea hilahila ʻole. ʻO ia ke "pakele" iā ʻEulopa, kikoʻī iā Palisa.

ʻO Rubén Darío ma ʻEulopa

Ua male ʻo ia iā Rafaela Contreras, kahi wahine me nā ʻono like a me nā leʻaleʻa kākau. ʻO ia i ka manawa o ka hā o ke kenekulia o ka Discovery o ʻAmelika ke ʻike ʻo ia i kona makemake e ʻike i ka World kahiko i hoʻokō ʻia e ka i hoʻouna ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻelele i Sepania.

Ua pae ʻo ia i La Coruña i 1892, a ma laila ʻo ia i hoʻokumu ai i nā pilina pili koke me nā mea nui o ka politika a me ka moʻokalaleo Sepania. Akā i ka minoʻaka ʻana o nā mea āpau iā ia ua ʻike hou ʻo ia i kona pōkole hauʻoli i pōkole ke Ua make koke kāna wahine i ka mua o 1893. ʻO kēia hanana pōʻino i alakaʻi iā ia e hoʻāla hou i kona aloha i ka ʻona.

ʻO ia i kēlā mokuʻāina ʻona Ua koi ʻia ʻo ia e male iā Rosario Emelina Murillo. Hoʻomanaʻo anei ʻoe iā ia? ʻO kēlā kaikamahine ʻōnohi, maka ʻōmaʻomaʻo āna i hoʻomana ai i kona wā ʻōpio. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hana maikaʻi me Rubén, ʻoiai ua ʻae ʻo ia i kahi hoʻolālā me kona kaikunāne no Rubén Darío e male iā ia ma ka pū kī, ʻoiai ua hāpai ʻo ia me kekahi kāne ʻē aʻe. Ua male lāua ma Malaki 8, 1893.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Rubén Darío i ka wā mua, akā ʻaʻole i ʻae e noho i kēlā ʻano hoʻopunipuni a ua holo ʻo ia ke hiki iā ia mai kēlā male wahaheʻe ʻole. I ka hōʻea ʻana i Madrid kahi i hālāwai ai me kahi wahine maikaʻi, haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, Francisca Sanchez, kauā wahine a ka haku mele ʻo Villaespesa, kahi i loaʻa iā ia ka ʻoluʻolu a me ka mahalo. I kekahi o kāna mau mele, hoʻolaʻa ʻo ia i nā huaʻōlelo e like me ia iā ia:

"E akahele i ka ʻeha āu i ʻike ai

a hoʻokiʻekiʻe iā ʻoe i ke aloha me ka maopopo ʻole ”.

Me ia ua huakaʻi ʻo ia i Palisa, ma hope o ka noho ʻana no kekahi mau makahiki ma Buenos Aires. ʻO Paris wale nō ka hoʻomaka o kahi huakaʻi hoihoi o ka huakaʻi (Barcelona, ​​Mallorca, ʻItalia, Kaua, ʻEnelani,…). I kēia manawa kākau ʻo ia i kāna mau puke waiwai nui: "Mele Kalikimaka" (1905), "Ke mele auwana" (1907), "Ke mele mele" (1910) a "Ke gula o Mallorca" (1913).

Hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o ke kākau ʻana o kēia mau puke hope loa, kahi e loaʻa ai nā mea hoʻomākeʻaka, hoʻomākeʻaka, hoʻomākeʻaka a me kahi ʻuhane hauʻoli, ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me kāna mau kākau mua i piha i ka ʻeha a me ka hoka. Eia kahi laʻana mai kāna puke "Ke gula o Mallorca":

"ʻAʻahu nā wahine ʻo Majorcan a
palule haʻahaʻa,
Pā poʻo a me ka ulana
i ka hope.
ʻO kēia, nā mea aʻu i ʻike ai, i ka hala ʻana.
oia.
A huhū ka poʻe ʻaʻahu ʻole.
No kēia ".

Ka manawa o ka hoʻi hope

ʻO Mallorca kahi huakaʻi āna i hana nui ai no kāna kūlana olakino olakino ma mua o nā kumu ʻē aʻe. ʻOiai ka mālama maikaʻi a kāna wahine iā Francisca i hāʻawi aku ai iā ia, ʻaʻole hiki i ka haku mele ke hele i waho o ka wai.
ʻAʻole ʻo ia i kō i ka mea āna i makemake ai mai kinohi mai, i makemake i ke kūlana nohona maikaʻi āna i ʻimi ai me ka hoʻoikaika nui mai ka hoʻomaka, a no laila ke alakaʻi nei nohona akahai. Hōʻike ʻia kēia e kahi ʻāpana weliweli i loaʻa iā ia Alexander Sawa, ʻo ia nā makahiki i hala aku ma mua i lawelawe iā ia ma Palisa ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi e ʻike ai i kekahi mau kaiāulu o ke kūlanakauhale. He poʻomanaʻo makapō makapō ʻo Sawa nāna i hoʻolaʻa i kona ola a pau i ka palapala. Ua noi ʻo ia iā Rubén no ka huina hapa 400 pesetas e ʻike hope ai i kēia lā kāna hana waiwai nui i paʻi ʻia., "Nā mālamalama i ke aka". Akā ʻaʻole ʻo Rubén i puni i ka hana o ka hāʻawi ʻana iā ia i ke kālā i ʻōlelo ʻia a hoʻokani ʻo ia i ka nānā ʻole. Ua hele ʻo Sawa mai ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka huhū, ʻoiai ke koi ʻana i ka uku no nā lawelawe i manaʻo ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia. Wahi a Sawa ponoʻī, ʻo ia ka mea kākau "ʻeleʻele" o kekahi mau ʻatikala i hoʻouna ʻia i 1905 i La Nación i kau inoa ʻia e Rubén Darío. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo Rubén ka ʻōlelo prologue no ka puke na Alejandro Sawa, i make aku nei i ka wā i paʻi ʻia ai.

ʻAʻole ia e loaʻa kālā he nui akā inā lanakila ʻo ia i mahalo nui e ka hapa nui nā mea kākau ʻōlelo Sepania o kēia manawa.

Ua pau ka moʻolelo pilikino o Rubén Darío ma 1916, ma hope koke iho o kona hoʻi ʻana i kona ʻāina hānau ʻo Nicaragua, Ua hala ʻo Rubén Darío. Ua hoʻopiha kēia nūhou i ke kaiāulu ʻikepili ʻōlelo Sepania me ka minamina nui. ʻO Manu Machado, kahi mea kākau mele Paniolo i hoʻohuli ʻia e Rubén, hoʻolaʻa i kēia epitaph:

"E like me ʻoe i huakaʻi ai, e ka hoahānau,
Hele ʻoe,
a hoʻopiha iā ʻoe i ka mehameha e kali nei
kou hoʻi ... e hele mai ʻoe? ʻOiai,
waipuna
e uhi ana i nā mahinaʻai, e wehe
ke kumu
I ke ao, i ka pō ... I kēia lā, i nehinei ...
I ka mālamalama
lohi, i ka wanaʻao momi,
kani hou kāu mau mele.
A aia ʻoe i loko o kā mākou noʻonoʻo, a i
ko mākou naʻau,
lono ʻaʻohe e pio, ahi
ʻaʻole pio kēlā.
A, ma Madrid, ma Palisa, ma Roma,
ma Argentina
Ke kali nei lākou iā ʻoe ... Ma hea kou makemake i kahi āu e makemake ai
akua
ua haʻalulu, ua ola kāna keikikāne, mālie, ʻono,
ikaika…
Ma Managua wale nō a
kihi malumalu
kahi āna i kākau ai ka lima i pepehi
i ka make:
'E komo i loko, e ka huakaʻi, ʻaʻole ʻo Rubén Darío i ʻaneʻi'. "

ʻO kekahi o kāna mau mele ...

ʻAno

Me kēia waeʻia o nā mele na Rubén Darío a mākou i hana ai i ʻike ʻoe i kahi mea hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna mele, kāna mau paukū:

campoamor

ʻO kēia me ka lauoho hina,
e like me ka hulu o ka ermine,
ua hōʻiliʻili ʻo ia i kāna iho lei keiki
me kona ʻike ma ke ʻano he ʻelemakule;
ke paʻa ʻoe i kou lima
kahi puke a kēlā kanaka,
ʻo ka pi ka manaʻo
e lele ana mai ka pepa mai,
e waiho i ka meli ma kou lehelehe
a pilu ka naʻau.

Kaumaha, kaumaha loa

I kekahi lā ua kaumaha au, kaumaha nui loa
ke nānā aku nei i ka hāʻule ʻana o ka wai mai kahi punawai.

ʻO ia ka pō momona a me ʻAtekania. Uwē
ka pō. Ua kani ka pō. Pākuʻi ʻia
ka pō. A i ke ahiahi i kona amethyst palupalu,
hoʻoheheʻe i ka waimaka o kahi mea pena ʻano pohihihi.

A ʻo kēlā mea pena kiʻi iaʻu, pohihihi a me ke kaniʻuhū,
i hui pū me koʻu ʻuhane me ka jet o ka punawai.

Hāmau o ka pō, hāmau hā
nocturnal ... No ke aha e haʻalulu ai ka ʻuhane i kēlā ala?
Lohe wau i ka hum o kuʻu koko
i loko o kuʻu iwi poʻo kahi ʻino mālie i hala.
ʻO Insomnia! ʻAʻole hiki ke hiamoe, a i kēia manawa
Kani. E lilo i ka ʻāpana auto
o ka wehewehe ʻuhane, ka Hamlet iho!
Hoʻopili i koʻu kaumaha
i ka waina waina
i ke aniani kupaianaha o ka pouli ...
A ʻōlelo wau iaʻu iho: ʻo ka hola hea e hiki mai ai ke alaula?
Ua pani ʻia kahi puka ...
Ua hala kahi mea hele ...
Ua kuʻi ka uaki he ʻumikūmākolu mau hola ... ʻAe nāna!

Naʻu

Naʻu: ʻo kou inoa kēlā.
He aha ke kuʻikahi hou aʻe?
Naʻu: ao;
naʻu: roses, lapalapa.

He ʻala āu e ninini ai
i koʻu ʻuhane
inā maopopo iaʻu aloha ʻoe iaʻu!
Auwē! Auwē!

Ua hoʻoheheʻe ʻia kāu moekolohe
me kaʻu wahine ikaika,
hoʻoheheʻe i nā keleawe ʻelua.

Minamina au, ʻehaʻeha ʻoe ...
ʻAʻole pono ʻoe ma ia manawa
naʻu e make?

Ka papa kuhikuhi o ka moʻolelo pilikino o Rubén Darío

A maʻaneʻi, kahi hōʻuluʻulu manawa pōkole o nā mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana i ka pilikanaka o Rubén Darío:

  • 1867: Ianuali 18: Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Rubén Darío ma Metapa, Nicaragua.
  • 1887: Paʻi "Emelina ". ^ E Ha yM. Nā mea kākau "Kalepona", "Otoñales", "Epic Song i nā hanohano o Chile".
  • 1888: Pūnaewele "Polū" a make kona makuakāne.
  • 1891: ʻO ka male hoʻomana hoʻomana me Rafaela Contreras. Hānau kā lāua keiki ʻo Rubén.
  • 1892: Hele i Sepania i hoʻouna ʻia e ke aupuni Nicaraguan, i ka manawa o ka 4th Centennial o ka Discovery o ʻAmelika.
  • 1893: Make ʻo Rafaela Contreras. Ua male ʻo ia iā Rosario Emelina Murillo.
  • 1896: Pūnaewele "Ka mea pohihihi" y "Prosa profan".
  • 1898: Ua huakaʻi ʻo ia i Madrid ma ke ʻano he mea kākau moʻolelo no La Nación.
  • 1900: Hoʻouna ka Nation iā ia i Palisa. Hele pū me kāna mea aloha ʻo Francisca Sánchez me ia.
  • 1905: Pūnaewele "Nā mele o ke ola a me ka manaʻolana".
  • 1913: Mai Palika huakaʻi i Valldemosa, ma Mallorca: "Ke gula o Mallorca" (hana i paʻi ʻia).
  • 1916: Ua make ʻo ia ma León, Nicaragua.
Nā mele o ke ola a me nā ʻaoʻao Hope
ʻAtikala pili:
"Nā mele o ke ola a me ka manaʻolana", ke kolu o nā hana nui na Rubén Darío

10 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   ʻO Jose Antonio Arce Rios ia

    ʻO kahi dissertation maikaʻi loa e hoʻolauleʻa ai i ka kenekulia o ka make ʻana o ka Prince of Castilian mau leka, ka mea hoʻomaka a me ka lunamakaʻāinana kiʻekiʻe loa o Latin American Modernism. Ua kāhea ʻia ʻo Rubén Darío e hoʻololi i ka ʻōlelo Castilian ma rhythmically, akā e noho pū kekahi i ka honua palapala me nā moemoeā hou, nā swan illusory, nā ao hiki ʻole ke ʻike ʻia, nā kangaroos a me nā Tigers Bengal e noho pū nei ma kahi ʻano like ʻole. Ua lawe ʻia i loko o kahi ʻōlelo i palaho ka hoʻoulu hou ʻana o ka mana ʻAmelika a me nā hiʻohiʻona Parnassian a me Symbolist Palani, e wehe ana i kahi lexicon waiwai a ʻano ʻē, kahi maʻalahi a me nā mele i ka paukū a me ka prose, a hoʻolauna i nā kumumanaʻo a me nā kumu, nā exotic a me nā ʻōiwi. , ka mea i pīhoihoi i ka manaʻo a me ke kumu o ka hoʻohālikelike.

    1.    ʻO Carmen Guillen ia

      Mahalo iā ʻoe e José Antonio no kāu ʻōlelo!

      Me ke kanalua ʻole, noʻonoʻo mākou i ka pono o Rubén Darío i kahi ākea ma kā mākou ʻaoʻao a ua hana mākou pēlā. I nā mea maikaʻi 'oi loa!

      1.    Manuel ia

        ʻO Fénlix ka inoa o Rubén, ʻaʻole ʻo Féliz.

  2.   ʻO Abner laguna ia

    Aloha, kakahiaka maikaʻi, maikaʻi loa ka moʻolelo pilikino, mahalo no ka mea ʻo Ruben Dario kaʻu puʻukani punahele, mahalo no nā mea āpau

  3.   Lepanona ia

    Maikaʻi e mahalo wau iā ia no kāna hana a me kāna kōkua.

  4.   Axel ia

    Ua kōkua nui ka pilikanaka iaʻu i ka hōʻike

  5.   ELIEZER MANUEL SEQUEIRA ia

    He mea nui e paʻi lākou i ka makahiki i paʻi ʻia ai kēia ʻike e like me ka lā a me ka mahina

    1.    Manuel ia

      ʻO Fénlix ka inoa o Rubén, ʻaʻole ʻo Féliz.

  6.   ʻO Ronaldo roque ia

    Aloha, moʻolelo maikaʻi loa. He nīnau i ka makahiki hea ʻoe i hana ai i kēia moʻolelo pōkole? Pono wau e hana puke puke me kēia noiʻi. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hāʻawi iaʻu i ka lā hoʻokumu o kēia paʻi ʻana e ʻoluʻolu

  7.   GEORGINA DIAZ ia

    Ma hea wau e ʻike ai i ka lā i paʻi ʻia ai kēia puke wehewehe ʻōlelo.