ʻO Shakespeare's Macbeth. ʻO ka evolution i ka launa aloha o Banquo a me Macbeth

Kiʻi uhi: (c) Rafael Mir. Mahalo, Kumu Mir.

I kekahi mau lā i hala aku nei ke nānā nei wau i ka mana nani o ʻo Macbeth na Jo Nesbø. Ua ʻōlelo wau no a moʻolelo kākau moʻolelo ka mea aʻu i hana ai i koʻu mau kula nui o haumana na F. Inglesa ka mea i maopopo leʻa ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka hana o Shakespeare. Kahiāuli ʻo Macbeth e like me aʻu poʻo inoa makemake ʻia a hoʻomālamalama i nā mea o kona lā e ʻumeʻume iaʻu i kēia kilokilo. ka hoalohaloha ma waena o ka protagonist a me kāna kāpena Banquo a pehea e ulu ai. A ʻo ia nō, ʻoi aku paha ma mua o Macbeth a i ʻole Lady Macbeth, makemake au iā Banquo ma luna o nā mea āpau a me ke ʻano o McDuff.

Ua hiki iaʻu ke hoʻopakele i kēlā moʻolelo i kahi hana ʻimi ʻino ma waena o hoʻokahi tausani pepa i mālama ʻia. ʻO ke kumu, maopopo nō hoʻi, aia ma Sakona aʻu i unuhi ai. No laila me kēlā mau laina haumāna haʻahaʻa i kākau ʻia ma luna o 20 mau makahiki i hala aku nei, lana koʻu manaʻo e hoʻokokoke mai i kēia hana make ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu.

Hō'ike

ʻO ka evolution i ka launa aloha o kēia mau mea ʻelua ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea nui i ka hoʻomaka o ka pōʻino ʻo Macbeth, me ka nānā ʻole i ka makemake o ka protagonist ponoʻī. ʻO nā mea āpau kahi hopena i loaʻa mai ka ʻEkolu mau wānana kilokilo a me ka palupalu o Macbeth kūʻē iā lākou ʻaʻole ia ma muli o ka hoʻomālua maʻalahi, akā na kēlā ʻiʻini e hoʻoneʻe iā ia i nā hana hewa he nui ma hope.

Ua kuhi ʻo Macbeth i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka wānana o nā wānana ʻelua no ka mea alakaʻi ia iā ia e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i kona mana e loaʻa ka mea āna e makemake ai e hoʻohana i kāna ʻano ponoʻī. No laila ka aloha, ka manaʻo nui i ko Macbeth ola, i ka mōʻī Duncan a me kona mau hoaaloha, i kēia hihia, i ʻO Banquo, nalowale loa. Hoʻopilikia ʻia ʻo Macbeth a haki i kāna hoʻohiki ʻana a pau, kū i ka hilinaʻi ʻole i nā mea āpau, pinepine iā ia iho.

Eia naʻe, he aha kēia e pili ana i ka evolution i kēlā ka launa aloha ʻana o Macbeth lāua ʻo Banquo mai ka manaʻo o ka lua, ʻoiai ʻo Macbeth ka mea nāna e uhaʻi, ma o kāna makemake a makaʻu hoʻi, ma ka pepehi ʻana i kāna hoaaloha.

ʻIkepili

He maʻalahi loa ke ʻano o ka pōʻino ʻo Macbeth. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka mea nui o ka protagonist: hoʻowalewale ʻia, hāʻule i loko o kēlā hoʻowalewale a hoʻopau ʻia e ia. ʻO ka mea like i hiki ke hana ʻia iā Banquo. ʻO kona kūpaʻa iā Macbeth a me kāna aloha aloha hiki iā ia ke alakaʻi iā ia i ke ala like, a ke hele nei hoʻi i luna o kāna hoaaloha. inā hoʻolohe a hāhai paha ʻo ia i nā wānana o ka poʻe kilokilo ma kāna mau keiki, ka poʻe e lilo i mōʻī, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia.

Hiki ke hoʻomaopopo i kēia hiki ke komo i ka noho aliʻi e noʻonoʻo ai iā ʻoe, akā ʻAʻole hana ʻo Banquo no ka mea ʻike ʻo ia hiki i kekahi hoʻowalewale ke backfire a kumakaia iā ia iho. Eia naʻe, kōkua ʻo ia iā Macbeth i kāna mau kumu i ka noho mau ʻana ma kona ʻaoʻao. No laila, ʻO ka maikaʻi nui o Banquo ke kūpaʻa i ka maikaʻi a me ka maikaʻi ʻole, ʻoiai me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo i kekahi manawa hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia e pili ana ia a lili i ka hopena o Macbeth.

Akā e ʻike pehea e ulu ai ke ʻano o Banquo, pono ʻoe e hāhai i kekahi mau helu:

1. Ka hopena o Banquo i ka wā o ka hui mua me nā kilokilo

Ma mua o ka hui ʻana me lākou Ua holo pono ʻo Macbeth lāua ʻo Banquo. Ua hōʻoia ʻia koa a haʻaheo i ke kaua kūʻē i ka pūʻali koa o Norewai a pēlā i hiki ai i nā pepeiao o ka Mōʻī Duncan, nāna i hoʻoholo e uku iā Macbeth me ke poʻo o kekahi o nā mea i eo.

Akā hoʻi, ma hope o ka hoʻi ʻana mai ke kaua, ʻO Banquo ka mea mua ka mea ʻike i ka poʻe kilokilo a nīnau aku ʻo wai lākou me ka hōʻike ʻole aku iā lākou ʻaʻohe makaʻu. Eia naʻe, pane wale nā ​​Witches me ka mahalo a me nā hōʻailona no Macbeth, ka mea i koe me ka ʻole o kahi huaʻōlelo a ke kali nei. Ke lohe nei, ʻaʻole makaʻu ʻo Banquo a, he aha hou aʻe, nīnau no ke aha la aole i wananaia mai lakou ia ia nā hanohano e like me Macbeth a koi i kahi pane, e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano o kāna mau huaʻōlelo ʻaʻole makaʻu ʻo ia:

... ʻAʻole wau e noi i kā lākou makemake a i ʻole ko lākou inaina, akā ʻaʻole wau makaʻu iā lākou.

Ma laila e ʻike ʻia ai ka ʻokoʻa i ka muteness o Macbeth, Banquo mahalo ʻole Me kēlā mau leka haʻohaʻo, nīnau ʻo ia i nā huaʻōlelo a nā kilo. Hāʻawi lākou iā ʻoe i kahi pane maikaʻi ʻole no kēia manawa, akā no kekahi manawa e hiki mai ana.

ʻOi aku ka nui ma mua o Macbeth a ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua ona!

ʻAʻole hauʻoli a ʻoi aku ka hauʻoli.

A no laila no ka mea e ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o Macbeth mahalo i kēia kūpaʻa a me ka hanohano. A ʻoiai e pepehi ʻia ʻo ia, ʻaʻole like kona make me ke ʻano ʻino e like me Macbeth. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka wānana o ka makua o ka lālani hoʻoilina i ka noho aliʻi e hoʻokō ʻia me kāna keiki ʻO Fleance. No laila, ʻoiai kona make ʻana, e pōmaikaʻi loa ʻo Banquo.

No laila ke haʻalele nei nā Witches a waiho ʻia ʻo Macbeth e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i ka mea i hana ʻia a makemake e haʻi ʻia iā ia i kekahi mea hou aʻe, haʻohaʻo nā hoa aloha ʻelua i ka mea a lākou i ʻike ai a lohe ai. He kūkākūkā mua kā lākou e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i ka mea e lilo i lilo no lākou. ʻO kēia ka anuu mua no kāu ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana ma hope. ʻOiai ʻoiai he kamaʻilio wale ia e pili ana i ka mea i hana ʻia, ma hope e ʻike lākou i ke ʻano maoli.

2. Ke hāʻule paha o Banquo i ka hoʻowalewale ʻia o nā wānana

Ma ka hōʻike ʻana iā ia i kāna mea i koho ai ma ke ʻano he Baron o Glamis lāua ʻo Cawdor, ʻelua mau wanana a ka Witches, Makapo ʻia ʻo Macbeth e ka makemake e loaʻa ka lei aliʻi, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia i wānana ʻia iā ia, a ʻaʻole ia e pau i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana iā ia. E kamaʻilio wale ʻo Banquo e pili ana i ke kūlana o ka manaʻo āna i ʻike ai i kāna hoaaloha mai kēlā manawa a haʻi iā ia e hāhai mau ana. Ke ʻike nei ʻo Macbeth i kēlā, hoʻoholo ʻo ia e kamaʻilio pū me ia ma hope ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe a ʻoluʻolu nā mea āpau.

Mai kēlā kiko a i Pepehi kanaka o King Duncan i ka hale aliʻi o Macbeth hoʻokahi wale nō ʻanuʻu, ʻoiai ka hilinaʻi ʻole o ka protagonist, e pono ai ka wiwo ʻole o kāna wahine. ʻO Lady Macbeth, e hana i ka hewa. Ma mua, ʻoiai e noʻonoʻo ana ʻo Macbeth i kāna kumakaia, he mea hou kāna kamaʻilio pōkole me Banquo, ʻo wai ma laila i ka hui o kāna keiki ʻo Fleance. Ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo Macbeth ke loaʻa iā lākou ka manawa, e kamaʻilio hou lākou e pili ana i nā wanana. ʻAe ʻo Banquo, e ʻōlelo hou nei iā Macbeth aia ʻo ia i kāna lawelawe a kūpaʻa mau i ka mōʻī.

Akā ʻaʻole lākou e kamaʻilio hou a ʻo ka pepehi kanaka ʻana o ka mōʻī ma ka lima o Macbeth e hūnā ʻia mai nā mea āpau. No laila ʻo Banquo ka mea āu e makemake ai e wehewehe i nā kumu o kēlā make a nānā i nā kipi kipi hiki. E makaʻu kēlā mau ʻōlelo iā Macbeth a makaʻu iā ia.

Eia naʻe, Hoʻomaka pū ʻo Banquo e hoʻohuoi iā Macbeth, ke loaʻa iā ia ka lei aliʻi a noho aliʻi me kāna wahine. Hōʻike ʻia kēia i ka monologue pōkole ka mea e alakaʻi i ka hanana mua o ka hana ʻekolu. ʻO Banquo e pili ana i kā Macbeth hoʻokō ʻana i nā mea āpau a nā wānana i hoʻolaha aku ai iā ia, akā makaʻu paha i nā ʻano hana a kāna hoaaloha e hōʻino ʻia a hoʻoneʻe ʻia e ka kumakaia a me ka moemoeā. A ke haohao hou nei ʻo ia, e like me ka hui ʻana me ka poʻe kilokilo, e pili ana i ka kūleʻa ʻana o Macbeth a ʻaʻole kāna.

... No ke aha lākou e lilo ʻole ai i mea ʻōlelo naʻu a hāʻawi i ka manaʻolana iaʻu?

Eia banquo nō mālama i kekahi hilinaʻi e hoʻokō ʻia ka mea i hoʻolaha ʻia nona a mālama i kona kūpaʻa i kēia manawa iā Macbeth i aliʻi no lākou. Akā, e like me kā Macbeth i hana ai, ua hiki iā Banquo ke noʻonoʻo i ka like kumakaia a kāna hoaaloha no kēlā kuhi hewa like ʻole o nā pono o Macbeth. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole hele i mua kāna pane. Wale hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia o kā Macbeth pāʻani hewa e hopu i ka lei aliʻi a me ka mana.

3. ʻO nā kumu a Macbeth i manaʻo ai e pepehi ʻo ia iā Banquo

ʻO ia ka wā e manaʻo ai ʻo Macbeth i ka makaʻu. I kēia manawa ʻo ia ke aliʻi, akā ua ʻike pū kekahi ʻo ia i ke ala i loaʻa ai iā ia a hoʻomaka i ka hilinaʻi ʻole i kekahi mea, no laila ʻo ka mea āna e makaʻu nui ai ʻo Banquo.

ʻIke maopopo ʻia kēia mau mea āpau i ka monopona macbeth i ka hanana mua o ka hana ʻekolu. Ua ʻike ʻo Macbeth i ka pono o Banquo a me kāna noʻonoʻo pono e hana ai me ka hilinaʻi nui iā ia iho. Eia nā ʻōlelo:

He makehewa ka noho aliʻi ʻana i kēia ala; pono e hele pū me aʻu ka palekana. Hoʻonui koʻu mau manaʻo kānalua ma Banquo; a aia nō i loko o kāna kaohi ʻana i kāna ʻano ke mea e makaʻu ai iā ia; nui ka mea āna i ʻaʻa ai; aʻo ka huhū huhū ʻole o kona noʻonoʻo me ka noʻonoʻo pono e alakaʻi i kona koa e hōʻike iā ia iho me ke akamai. ʻAʻohe mea nāna e hoʻoweliweli iaʻu […].

No laila, Manaʻo ʻo Macbeth iā Banquo kahi hoʻoweliweli nui i kāna noho aliʻi ʻana. ʻOi aku ke manaʻo hou ʻo ia i nā wānana, ʻoiai e hāʻawi ana iā ia i ka lei aliʻi a me ka mana koke, aia kekahi makana no Banquo akā ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o ka makua kāne o ka lālani aliʻi ʻoiai ʻaʻole i haʻi ʻia aku e pili ana i kēlā mea. No laila ʻike ʻo Macbeth inā pili kēlā no ka mea ua kōkua ʻo ia e hoʻokō ʻia e ka lilo ʻana me ka noho aliʻi e waiho ia i nā keiki a Banquo, mahalo i kona palaho ponoʻī:

[…] Ua hanaʻino wau i koʻu ʻuhane no nā keiki a Banquo […].

Waihoia pono keʻoki me kēlā kumuʻO wau e ʻōlelo nei, pono iā ia e pepehi iā Banquo a, ʻoiaʻiʻo, kāna keiki ʻO Fleance. Hana ʻo Macbeth pēlā, akā ma o kekahi hitmen i ka poʻe wahaheʻe e haʻi ana iā lākou ʻo Banquo ko lākou ʻenemi. Inā ke ola nei ʻo Banquo, ʻaʻole palekana ʻo Macbeth a me kona aupuni.

Pepehi kanaka ʻia ʻo Banquo, ʻaʻole kāna keiki. E hoʻokō ʻia ka wānana a laila hoʻomaka ka pōʻino no Macbeth. Hana ʻia kēia i ka hanana ʻehā o ke kolu o ka hana, ke lohe ʻia ma ka ʻahaʻaina a Macbeth no ka make ʻana o Banquo a me ko Fleance lele ʻana, no laila hopohopo hou ʻo ia a hiki i ka hopena weliweli.

I kēia hanana loa Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻuhane o Banquo iā ia, ka mea hele i loko a noho ma ka noho aliʻi ma ke ʻano he hōʻailona e lilo koke kāu mau keiki i mea noho iā ia. ʻO ia ke kumu o ka e hoʻomaka ana i ka huhū o Macbeth. No kekahi poʻe loea o ka hana ʻo kēia ʻuhane āna i ʻike ai ʻo ia wale nō ke ʻano o nā makaʻu a me nā makaʻu o Macbeth.

E hoʻopau

Hiki iā mākou ke ʻimi i kahi ʻaoʻao ʻekolu ʻo ia ka hoʻohuli paha iā Banquo ma Macbeth. Noho pū lākou i nā manawa āpau, a ʻoiai ʻo Banquo e kūpaʻa mau i kāna mau kumumanaʻo ua hūnā ʻo ia iā lākou mai Macbeth, no ka mea ʻaʻole maopopo iā ia ka pepehi kanaka ʻana o ka Mōʻī Duncan ma kāna mau lima e kiʻi i ka noho aliʻi. A, e like me Macbeth, noʻonoʻo pū ʻo ia e pili ana i nā wānana. No laila, Inā ʻaʻole loaʻa ka noho aliʻi i kāna hoaaloha, ʻaʻole ia he makua kāne no nā aliʻi, no laila makemake ʻo ia e waiho i nā mea e like me lākou.. Eia nō naʻe, hiki paha iā ia ke hoʻohuli i kā Macbeth mau hana.

I ka pōkole, ka evolution o kēia aloha ua māka ʻia e wanana, nona Ka hopena a no kahi ʻokoʻa nui loa i ka waiwai o ka ka makemake nui no kēlā me kēia huapalapala.

  • E pili ana i ka mea kākau kiʻi ʻo Rafa Mir i nā mea āpau ʻaneʻi.

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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