Lope de Vega: Kawaihae

Nā huaʻōlelo na Félix Lope de Vega.

Nā huaʻōlelo na Félix Lope de Vega.

ʻO Lope de Vega kekahi o nā meʻe o ka palapala ma ka ʻōlelo Castilian. ʻO kona inoa - me nā kiʻi kaulana e like me Cervantes, Quevedo, Góngora a me Molina, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe - ʻo ia kekahi o nā protagonists o ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Spanish Golden Age. ʻO kēia keneturi (ʻo ia ka mea ʻoi aʻe a emi mai paha mai 1492 a 1681) i manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka mea me ka holomua o ka hana noʻeau a me ka palapala ma Sepania.

Ua kapa ʻia ʻo "Fénix de los Ingenios", ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka lanakila ʻana i ka ʻike ʻia o ka aristocracy Spanish o kēlā manawa ʻoiai ʻo kāna mau hoʻopaʻapaʻa.. Eia kekahi, ʻaʻole liʻiliʻi nā hanana i uhaki i nā loina pilikanaka i komo ai ʻo ia. I ka manawa like, ua kaulana nui ʻia ʻo ia no kāna mau ʻano he naʻi aupuni, he kahuna pule, he mea noiʻi a he mea kākau nui (ua hoʻopau ʻo ia ma mua o hoʻokahi kaukani mau kikokikona).

Hānau, ʻohana, kamaliʻi a ʻōpio

Nowemapa 25, 1562 (hōʻike kekahi mau mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Dekemaba 2 ia) Ua hele mai ʻo Félix Lope de Vega y Carpio i ka honua, ma ka poli o kahi ʻohana haʻahaʻa i hoʻonoho ʻia ma Madrid.. ʻO kona mau mākua, nā kamaʻāina o nā mauna Cantabrian, ʻo Félix de Vega —recamador ma ka ʻoihana—a ʻo Francisca Fernández Flórez. ʻEhā mau kaikunāne āna: ʻo Francisco, Juliana, Luisa a me Juan.

Wahi a ka San Sebastián Archive, ʻelua mau kaikuahine: ʻo Catalina lāua ʻo Isabel. No kāna ʻāpana, Ua hoʻohana ʻo Vega i kona wā kamaliʻi ma Seville, me kona ʻanakala —ka inekuisitio o ke kulanakauhale Andalusia— Don Miguel Carpio. A laila, hoʻi ʻo ia i Madrid i ka piha ʻana o kona mau makahiki he ʻumi e hoʻomaka i ke aʻo ʻana ma ka Colegio Imperial.

ʻO ke keiki liʻiliʻi

El ʻO Phoenix o Wits he keiki akamai loa; mai kona wā ʻōpiopio, ua hiki iā ia ke heluhelu i ka ʻōlelo Paniolo a me ka ʻōlelo Latina (ma waho aʻe o ka unuhi ʻana i ka hope). I kēlā manawa ua hoʻopau ʻo ia i kāna kākau mua ʻana (ka nui o nā comedies e like me ʻO kahi kahu hānai a Hyacinth, no ke kolohe '. Ma hope o kona lā hānau ʻumikūmālima, ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i ke kula kiʻekiʻe ma ke Kulanui o Alcalá.

Opio olaola, haumana mau

I ka makahiki 1678 ua make kona makuakane; a laila, hōʻike ʻo Felix i kahi ʻano kipi a ua holo aku —a hele pu me Hernando Muñoz, he hoaloha pili— o ka home ohana. ʻOiai ʻo ia ʻano "ʻaoʻao rogue", makemake mau ʻo ia i ka ʻike. No kēia kumu, ua hoʻonui ʻo ia i kona ʻike ma ka makemakika a me ka ʻike hōkū ma lalo o ke aʻo ʻana a Juan Bautista Labaña, ka mea kilo kilo nui o Felipe II.

Kahi mea hou aʻe, Ua aʻo ʻo Lope i ka Liberal Arts me Juan de Córdoba, philology me nā Theatines a he kākau ʻōlelo no ka Marquis of Navas.. No ka haʻi ʻana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka make wale nō i hoʻōki i nā hana noiʻi o ka naʻauao Iberian i nā mea like ʻole. Ma ke ʻano like, he haku mele ʻo ia me ka nāwaliwali loa o nā wahine a me nā huakaʻi.

aloha a hele

he ipo mau loa

ʻO María de Aragón ka mea i ʻike mua ʻia ʻo Lope de Vega, nāna i hānau he kaikamahine, ʻo Manuela (1581 – 1586). Ma kahi o ka makahiki 1582, ua pili ka mea kakau me Elena Osorio, he wahine mare. Eia naʻe, i ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ʻo ia i ka male ʻana me kāna kāne - ka mea hoʻokani ʻo Cristóbal Calderón - i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o 1588, makemake ʻo ia e mare i kahi kāne waiwai.

ʻO ka ʻoihana koa a me ke pio ʻana

I ka makahiki 1582, ua neʻe ka mea kākau mai Madrid i Azores e komo i ka misionari (ʻaʻole i hala ma mua o hoʻokahi makahiki) mai ka Marquis o Santa Cruz a hiki i Terceira. Ma hope mai, ua komo ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea manawaleʻa i ka pūʻali koa Nui ma ka hopena o Mei 1588, ua pio kēia regiment e ka pūʻali koa Lusitanian.

I ka pau ʻana o ka huakaʻi, ua noho ʻo Lope de Vega ma Valencia me kāna wahine ʻo Isabel de Urbina, me ia i mare ai i ka la 10 o Mei, 1588. I kela manawa, ua kipaku mua ia oia mai ka Cortes o Madrid no ewalu makahiki a elua mai ke Aupuni Castile mai. ʻO ke kumu: ua hōʻike hewa ʻo ia iā Elena Osorio i kahi ʻāpana koʻikoʻi i ka wā i loaʻa ai iā ia ka manaʻo hōʻino i wehewehe ʻia ma ka pauku mua.

ʻO nā kāne ʻē aʻe, nā mea aloha a me nā mamo a ka mea kākau kaulana Sepania

Ua hānau ʻo Isabel de Urbina i mau kaikamahine ʻelua: Antonia (1589 – 1594) a me Teodora (1594 – 1596); ʻo ka hānau ʻana o ka hope i make ai kona makuahine. I ka makahiki 1598, ua mare hou ʻo Lope - no ka maʻalahi, e like me ka ʻōlelo a kekahi poʻe kākau moʻolelo - Juana de Guardo, ka mea i make i ka hānau keiki ma 1613. ʻO Jacinta (1599), ʻo Carlos Félix (1606 - 1612) a me Feliciana (1613 - 1633) i hānau ʻia mai kēlā male ʻana.

Manawa, ʻO Vega ka mea aloha iā Doña Antonia Trillo de Armenta a me ka mea hoʻokani wahine ʻo Micaela de Luján. Me ka unuhi ʻōlelo ua hānau ʻo ia ma kahi o ʻelima mau keiki (hōʻoia): Ángela, Mariana, Félix, Marcela a me Lope Félix. ʻO kekahi wahine kaulana ʻē aʻe o ka mea kākau ʻo Marta de Nevares, a ma muli o ia pilina ua hānau ʻia ʻo Antonia Clara. Eia kekahi, ʻelua mau keiki i ʻike ʻole ʻia ko lākou mau makuahine:

  • Fernando Pellicer;
  • ʻO Fray Luis o ka makuahine o ke Akua.

Hana kākau

E like me nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe o kona wā, Ua komo ʻo Lope de Vega i nā ʻano moʻokalaleo āpau me ka kūleʻa maopopo. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ma mua o kona piha ʻana i 30 mau makahiki, ua lilo ʻo ia i mea kaulana loa ma ka ʻāina ʻo Iberian. Ma kēia mea, ua kūpono ʻo Cervantes iā ia ʻO nā galatea e like me kekahi o na wili kaulana loa ma Sepania.

ʻO ka moʻolelo maikaʻi loa o Lope de Vega

  • ʻO Arcadia (1598), kāna puke moʻolelo mua, loaʻa kekahi mau mele ma kahi ʻano pastoral;
  • ʻO ka malihini ma kona ʻāina hānau (1604), moʻolelo Byzantine;
  • Ma na kahuhipa o Betelehema (1612), moʻolelo pastoral me nā mele ʻahaʻaina lehulehu;
  • ʻO Dorotea (1632); ʻO ka huaʻōlelo prose me kahi anthology poetic ākea kahi e hoʻolauna ai ʻo ia i ka mea i kapa ʻia he ʻano celestinesco (mai loko mai o ka hana hoʻohenehene kanaka).

ʻO nā mele o Lope de Vega

Ua huki ka haku mele i hānau ʻia ma Madrid i nā ʻano ʻano he nui i ka wā e hōʻuluʻulu ai i kāna mau mele a me nā ʻano like ʻole. No kēia kumu, i loko o kāna hana he wahi no ka metric culterana (hoʻoulu ʻia e Luis de Góngora) a, ma ke ʻano like, no nā mele kaulana. Eia nō naʻe, pono e wehewehe ʻo ia he mea pale mau i ka "'ōlelo maopopo".

Nā huaʻōlelo na Félix Lope de Vega.

Nā huaʻōlelo na Félix Lope de Vega.

Eia kekahi, i loko o kāna mau mele e hiki ke loaʻa i nā mele nui me kahi leo moʻolelo e hiki ke hoʻokomo i nā ʻano parodic. Ma ka lima ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole i hoʻokaʻulua ka mea haku mele Sepania e hoʻohana i nā mika like ʻole a me nā ʻano ʻano i kāna mau mele pōkole. Aia ma lalo nā kumuhana i ʻimi ʻia e Lope de Vega i kāna mau mele lōʻihi (me kekahi mau laʻana):

  • epics: ʻO ka Dragontea (1598), Ka Gatomachy (1634);
  • hoomana: ʻO ka Isidro (1599), hoopio ia Ierusalema (1609), aloha soliloquies (1626);
  • Moʻomanaʻo: ka andromeda (1621), Ka Kaapuni (1624).

ʻO nā mele pōkole kaulana loa na Lope de Vega

  • Nā mele (1602);
  • Nā mele hemolele (1604);
  • pila ʻuhane (1619);
  • Lanakila ke Akua me nā mele kapu ʻē aʻe (1625);
  • Nā mele kanaka a me ke Akua o ka loio Tomé de Burguillos (1634);
  • ʻO ka Vega o Parnassus (1637), i paʻi ʻia i ka post-mortem.

ʻO kekahi mau mele na Lope de Vega

"Mai Andromeda"

Nakinaki ʻia i ke kai uē ʻo Andromeda,
ka wehe ʻana o nā nacre i ka hau.
i loko o ko lākou mau pūpū i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o ke aniani anuanu.
i kūʻai ʻia i nā momi hua momi.

Honi ʻo ia i ka wāwae, palupalu nā pōhaku
hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ke kai, e like me ka muliwai liʻiliʻi,
ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka lā i ke kauwela kauwela,
ku ana ma kona piko, noonoo iho la ia.

ʻO ka lauoho i ka makani uē,
e uhi iā ia me lākou, noi aku lākou iā ia,
oiai ua oleloia ka hoike,

a lili i ka ike ana i kona kino maikai,
Ua noi ka poe Nereid i ko lakou hopena,
aia no ka poe lili i na poino.

"Auē, mehameha ʻawaʻawa"

Auē, mehameha ʻawaʻawa
o ko'u Pililia nani,
hoopau pono
no ka hewa a'u i hana aku ai iaia!

ʻelemakule koʻu mau makahiki
ma keia mau mauna au i ike ai.
ka mea i eha me he pohaku la
he mea pono ke noho ma ka pohaku.

ʻO nā hola kaumaha
ʻokoʻa wau
ka mea āu i ʻike mai ai iaʻu!

No ke aha la au e uwe ai ia oe,
nā manaʻo ʻōpio
i ka hoomaka ana o ko'u mau makahiki
Ma kahi kokoke i ka hopena ua hoʻopunipuni ʻoe iaʻu!

kiʻi lima ʻino,
manawa loli āu i hana ai iaʻu
ʻaʻohe inoa ʻaʻole lākou i ʻike iaʻu
ʻoiai e nānā mālie mai iaʻu.

ʻO nā hola kaumaha
ʻokoʻa wau
ka mea āu i ʻike mai ai iaʻu!

Ua kānalua ka leka,
ʻo ia ka mea akaka a pouli hoʻi,
no ka holoi ole ia mau mea a pau,
luna i kākau ʻia.

I kekahi manawa manaʻo wau he mea ʻē aʻe wau
a hiki i ka ʻeha e haʻi mai iaʻu
ka mea i eha nui
ʻaʻole hiki ke lilo i mea ʻē aʻe.

ʻO nā hola kaumaha
ʻokoʻa wau
ka mea āu i ʻike mai ai iaʻu!

"Ke kanaka make"

ʻO ke kanaka make na koʻu mau mākua wau i hānau,
hāʻawi mai ka ea maʻamau a me ka mālamalama mai ka lani mai,
a ʻo koʻu leo ​​mua ka waimaka,
pela i komo ai na'lii i ke ao nei.

Ua apo mai ka honua a me ka poino ia'u,
nā lole, ʻaʻole ka ʻili a me ka hulu, ua wahī lākou iaʻu,
na ka malihini o ke ola ua palapala mai lakou ia'u,
a ua helu mai na hora a me na kapuai ia'u.

No laila hoʻomau wau i ka lā
i ka make ole ka uhane i hopu ai,
he mea ole ke kino, he mea ole.

He ola ka hoomaka a me ka hopena,
no ka mea, ua like ka puka komo o na kanaka a pau.
a e like me ka hookomo ana i ka puka.

Keaka

ʻO ka naʻauao ʻo Madrid he mea hoʻolalelale ʻoiaʻiʻo o ke kiʻi keaka Spanish. Ma waena o nā kumu hoʻokumu ʻekolu —hana, manawa a me kahi—, Ua ʻōlelo wale ʻo Lope e pili ana i ka mea mua i mea e mālama ai i ka hilinaʻi. Akā, ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka preponderance nui i nā mea lapuwale, pōʻino a me nā mea hoʻohenehene ma luna o ka kronology a me kahi, ʻoi aku hoʻi i kāna mau moʻolelo.

Eia hou, nui o na hana Hōʻike nā pāʻani a Lope de Vega i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i hoʻoulu ʻia e ke aloha a me ka hanohano. Pēlā nō, ua hoʻopio ʻo ia i nā ʻano mea like ʻole (ka poʻe aliʻi, ka poʻe makaʻāinana, ka ʻike ʻole ...) mahalo i kāna ʻano hoʻolālā pālua, hoʻokahi ma waena o ka poʻe waiwai a me kekahi ma waena o nā kauā.

ʻO kekahi mau laʻana o kā lākou mau kumuhana pinepine

Nā hana like ʻole na Lope de Vega.

Nā puke he nui na Lope de Vega.

swashbuckling comedies

  • Ka wahine lapuwale;
  • ʻO ka palaoa a Belisa;
  • Ka hoopai o ka poe noonoo;
  • Naita naita;
  • ʻO Estefania pōʻino;
  • Aloha me ka maopopo ʻole iā wai;
  • ʻO ke kila o Madrid.

nā ʻāpana naita

  • ʻO ka ʻōpio o Roland;
  • Ka Marquis o Mantua.

Haipule

  • Ka hana ʻana o ka honua;
  • Ka powa o Dina.

Mōʻaukala

  • Kūʻē i ka waiwai ʻaʻohe pōʻino;
  • ʻO ka ʻōpio Mudarra.

Nā kulekele

  • Ka Hoku o Sevila;
  • Punawai ʻOvejuna;
  • ʻO ka Naita ʻo Olmedo.

ʻO ka pae hope loa o kona ola

Ma waena o 1598 a me 1599, ua hana ka mea kākau ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no ka loaʻa ʻana o ke ola no ka mea ua pāpā ʻia nā hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni e ke kauoha aliʻi. ʻO ka mua, lawelawe ʻo ia i ka Marquis o Malpica, a laila ʻo Marquis o Sarriá. I ka makahiki 1607, hoʻomaka ʻo Lope e hana no ke Duke o Sessa, ʻo Don Luis Fernández de Córdoba, ua lilo ia i hoa pili a me ke kahu. I loko o ia mau makahiki ua hoʻohana ʻo ia i kona mau lā ma waena o Madrid a me Seville.

Aʻo 1608, ka naauao Paniolo hoomaka kona ala i ka oihana kahuna. E like me, komo i ke anaina o na kauwa o ka Ahaaina Hoomaemae a ma ka Papa Ekolu o Sana Francis.

ʻO kēlā makahiki nō ua loaʻa kahi hale ma kahi i kapa ʻia ʻo Calle Cervantes (ʻo ia ʻo Calle de Francos). Ma laila ʻo ia i noho ai a hiki i kona make ʻana. ua hiki mai ma ʻAukake 27, 1635.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.