Ke kali nei no Godot

ʻĀina ʻIlani

ʻĀina ʻIlani

Ke kali nei no Godot (1948) kahi pāʻani o ka hale keaka absurd i kākau ʻia e ka Irishman Samuel Beckett. Ma waena o nā repertoire ākea āpau o ka mea kākau, kēia "Tragicomedy i loko o nā hana ʻelua" - e like me ia i subtitled - ʻo ia ka huaʻōlelo me ka ʻike nui ʻia ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa. He mea pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia ʻo ia ka ʻāpana i hōʻike pilikino ʻia iā Beckett i loko o ke ao keaka, a ua loaʻa iā ia ka 1969 Nobel Prize for Literature.

ʻO kahi mea hoihoi ʻo Beckett - he kākāʻōlelo makemake nui a me ka philologist - i hoʻohana i ka ʻōlelo Palani e kākau i kēia hana. ʻAʻole makehewa ka hoʻopuka o ke poʻo inoa Ua paʻi ʻia ma lalo o ka paʻi ʻōlelo Pelekane ʻO Les Éditions de Minuit, ʻehā mau makahiki ma hope o ke kākau ʻia ʻana (1952). Ke kali nei no Godot hoʻomaka ʻia ma ke kahua ma Ianuali 5, 1953, ma Palisa.

Hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo o ka hana

Ua mahele ʻo Beckett i ka hana ma kahi ala maʻalahi: i ʻelua mau hana.

Hana mua

Ma kēia ʻāpana, hōʻike ka papahele ʻO Vladimir lāua ʻo Estragon e hōʻea ana i kahi pae i haku ʻia e «A path in the field. He kumulāʻau. —Ua mālama ʻia kēia mau mea i loko o ka hana - I hoʻokahi ʻauinalā. " Hōʻaʻahu nā huapalapala scruffy a hoʻoluhi ʻole, ka mea e manaʻo ai he poʻe home ʻole lākou, ʻoiai ʻaʻohe mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana iā lākou. No hea lākou, he aha ka mea i hala i ko lākou wā i hala a no ke aha lākou e ʻaʻahu ai e like me kēia he mea pohihihi loa.

Godot: ke kumu o ke kali

He aha ka mea i ʻike maoli ʻia, a ʻo ke kuleana ke hana no ka hōʻike pono ʻana, ʻo ia kēlā kakali lākou no kekahi "Godot."". ʻO wai ia? ʻAʻohe mea ʻikeEia naʻe, hāʻawi ka huaʻōlelo i kēia ʻano enigmatic me ka mana e hoʻoponopono ai i nā pilikia o ka poʻe e kali iā ia.

ʻO ka hōʻea ʻana o Pozzo lāua ʻo Lucky

ʻOiai lākou e kali nei no ka mea i hōʻea ʻole mai, ʻo Didi lāua ʻo Gogo - e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia nā protagonist - kūkā kamaʻilio ma hope o ke kamaʻilio e holoholo nei i ka lapuwale a make i loko o ka mea ʻole o "ke". Ma hope o kekahi manawa, ʻO Pozzo - ka mea nona a me ka haku o kahi a lākou e hele wāwae ai, e like me kāna - a me kāna kauā ʻo Lucky i hui pū me ke kali.

Pozzo kauō ʻia e ka haʻaheo waiwai maʻamau. I ka hōʻea ʻana, hoʻokūkū ʻo ia i kona mana a hoʻāʻo e exude ka pakiko a me ka hilinaʻi. Eia naʻe, i ka manawa e wela ai ka manawa i ka leʻaleʻa, ʻike maopopo ʻia ia - e like me ke koena o nā huapalapala - ua hele a mili ʻia ke kāne miliona i loko o ka pilikia hoʻokahi: ʻaʻole maopopo iā ia ke kumu a me ke kumu o kona ola. Laki, no kāna ʻāpana, he mea hoʻolohe a hilinaʻi hoʻi ia, he kauā.

ʻO kahi leka hoʻonāukiuki e hoʻolōʻihi ai i ke kali

ʻO Samuel Beckett

ʻO Samuel Beckett

Ke kokoke nei e pau ka lā me ka ʻole o ka hōʻailona e hiki mai ana ʻo Godot, hiki mai kahi mea i manaʻo ʻole ʻia. puka mai kahi keiki. Hele kokoke kēia i kahi a Pozzo, Laki, Gogo a me Didi e auwana nei y hoʻomaopopo iā lākou i, ʻAe OK ʻAʻole hiki mai ʻo Godot, Maliʻa paha ia e hana i kahi helehelena a ia la ae

ʻO Vladimir lāua ʻo Estragon, Ma hope o kēlā nūhou, ʻae lākou e hoʻi i kakahiaka. ʻAʻole lākou e haʻalele i kā lākou hoʻolālā: pono lākou, i nā koina āpau, e hālāwai me Godot.

Hana ʻelua

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia, koe ka hanana like. Hoʻowalewale ka lāʻau, me nā lālā onaona, i ka hohonu i hiki ai ke hoʻohana a hoʻopau i ka luhi a me ka hana maʻamau. Hoʻi ʻo Didi a me Gogo i kēlā wahi a hana hou i kā lākou ʻino. Eia naʻe, kū kekahi mea ʻokoʻa hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka lā i hala, a ʻo ia ka mea e hoʻomaka ai lākou e ʻike aia he la i nehinei, e like me ka maopopo o nā hōʻailona ma laila.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke kamaʻilio alaila o ka ʻike kuikawa, ʻoiai, kokoke, hana hou ʻia nā mea āpau; kahi ʻano o "Lā Groundhog."

Hoʻi hou me nā loli nui

Ua hoʻi ʻo Laki a me kona haku, akā, aia lākou i kahi ʻano ʻokoʻa loa. ʻĀmū ke kauā, a ua pilikia ʻo Pozzo i ka makapō. Ma lalo o kēia panorama o nā loli nui, hoʻomau ka manaʻolana o ka hōʻea ʻana, a me ia ke kamaʻilio ʻole ʻaʻama ʻole, lapuwale, ke kiʻi o ke kumu kūpono ʻole o ke ola.

E like me ka lā ma mua, hoʻi ka ʻelele liʻiliʻi. Eia naʻe, ke nīnau ʻia e Didi lāua ʻo Gogo, ka hōʻole ke keiki me lākou i nehinei. He aha ʻae hou hou ka nūhou like: ʻAʻole hiki mai ʻo Godot i kēia lā, akā he hiki nō paha i ka lā ʻapōpō.

Nā hāmeʻe ʻike hou lāua kekahi i kekahi, a ma waena o ka hoka a me ka minamina, ʻAe lākou e hoʻi i ka lā aʻe. Noho ka lāʻau mehameha i kahi hōʻailona o ka pepehi kanaka ʻana ma ke ʻano he ala i waho; ʻIke ʻo Vladimir lāua ʻo Estragon iā ia a noʻonoʻo e pili ana iā ia, akā kali lākou e ʻike i ka mea a “ka lā ʻapōpō” e lawe mai ai.

ʻO kēia ala hoʻopau ka hana, ke hāʻawi nei i kahi hiki i kahi loop, ʻo ia wale nō ka lā ma hope o ka lā o ke kanaka a he aha i kāna hana piha i ka ʻike i kapa ʻia ʻo "ola."

Ka'ikepili o Ke kali nei no Gogdot

Ke kali nei no Godot, i loko ona iho, he mea redundancy ia e huki iā mākou i ke aha ka lā o ke kanaka. ʻO ka maʻamau i nā hana ʻelua o ka ʻōlelo - Koe no hoʻokahi a i ʻole kekahi hoʻololi ʻana i kekahi manawa— hoʻomau hou hana kēlā i kahi mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka hele hemahema o kēlā me kēia mea, i kēlā me kēia ʻāpana, i kona lua kupapaʻu.

Ka mākaukau o ka maʻalahi

Aia ia i ka maʻalahi o ka hana, ʻoiai he cliché ia, kahi e waiho ai kāna haku, kahi e waiho ai kāna waiwai: he kiʻi pena ma nā papa e hōʻike ana i ke kumu kūpono ʻole e hoʻopuni ana i ke kanaka.

ʻOiai ʻo Godot - ka mea i kakali ʻia, ka mea i kakali ʻia - ʻaʻole ʻikea, hāʻawi ʻole kāna hele ʻole ʻana i kahi ʻike o ka pōʻino o ka absurdity o ke ola kanaka. Loaʻa i ka manawa ma ke kahua ke kumu me nā hana, ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou i manaʻo he maikaʻi, ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi a ʻoi aku paha o ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā poʻe ʻē aʻe, no ka mea ʻo ka mea i manaʻo ʻia, ma ke ala like, ʻaʻole e hele mai.

ʻO nā mea āpau, ʻaʻohe mea e hoʻololi i ka hopena o nā kāne

I ka pāʻani ke like ia e ʻakaʻaka a uē paha, hanu ʻaʻole paha, e nānā i ka make o ke awakea a maloʻo paha ka lāʻau, a i ʻole lilo i hoʻokahi me ka lāʻau a me ka ʻāina. A ME ʻaʻohe o kēlā e hoʻololi i ka hopena kū hoʻokahi: ka hōʻea ʻana o ka ʻole.

ʻAʻole ʻo Godot ke Akua ...

ʻO Samuel Beckett ʻōlelo

ʻO Samuel Beckett ʻōlelo

ʻOiai i loko o nā makahiki he nui ka poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻo Godot ke Akua ponoʻī. Ua hōʻole ʻo Beckett i kēlā ʻano manaʻo. ʻĀ, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻopili me ka mea nui me ke kali mau ʻana o ke kanaka no ke akua ma nā moʻomeheu like ʻole, e hoʻohana ana i ka concidence maʻalahi me ka huaʻōlelo Anglo. Ke Akua, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ka mea kākau i hōʻike i kēlā mai ka inoa mai ka leo francophone akua ʻo ia: "kīpaku", ma Paniolo. No laila, he aha ka mea a Didi a me Gogo i manaʻo ai? No ka mea ʻole, hāʻawi ka manaʻolana o ke kanaka i ka maopopo ʻole.

Eia kekahi aia kekahi mau mea i pili i ka ʻelele o Godot me ka mesia o ka moʻomeheu Iudaio-Karistiano, a aia kekahi manaʻo ma laila. Akā e noʻonoʻo ana i ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka mea kākau, ua kiola ʻia kēia kumumanaʻo.

Ola: ka loop

ʻAʻole hiki i ka hopena ke kūlike me ke koena o nā mea i hāpai ʻia i ka hana, ʻoiaʻiʻo. No laila ʻoe e hoʻi i ka hoʻomaka, akā loaʻa iā ʻoe ka ʻike ʻo ʻoe nō, aia ke kali ʻana i nehinei, a ʻoi aku ke koko ma mua o kēia lā, akā ʻaʻole emi ma mua o ka lā ʻapōpō. A ʻo ka mea e ʻōlelo ana he pono ʻo ia e hele mai e hōʻole ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i nehinei, akā hoʻohiki ʻo ia e hiki i ka lā ʻapōpō ... a pēlā nō, a hiki i ka hanu hope loa.

Nā ʻōlelo mai ka poʻe loiloi loea i Ke kali nei no Godot

  • «ʻAʻohe mea i hiki, ʻelua mau manawa«, Vivian Mercier.
  • “ʻAʻohe mea i hiki, ʻaʻole hele mai kekahi, ʻaʻohe mea hele, weliweli loa ia!«, Anonymous, ma hope o ka mua ma Palisa ma 1953.
  • "Ke kali nei no Godot, ʻoi aku ka pono ma mua o ka lapuwale”. Mayelit Valera Arvelo

Curiosities o Ke kali nei no Godot

  • ʻO ka mea hoʻohewa ʻO Kenneth burke, ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka pāʻani, Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka loulou ma waena o El Gordo a me El Flaco he ʻano like loa me ko Vladimir a me Estragon. ʻO ka mea kūpono loa ia, e ʻike nei he mea aloha ʻo Beckett ʻO ka momona a me ka wīwī.
  • Ma waena o nā kumu he nui o ke poʻo inoa, aia kekahi e ʻōlelo i kēlā Ua hele pū ʻo Beckett me ia e hauʻoli ana i ka Tour de France. I loko nō o ka hopena o ka heihei, ua lana ka manaʻo o ka poʻe. Samuel Ua nīnau ʻo ia: "ʻO wai ʻoe e kakali nei?" a, me ke kanalua ʻole, ua pane lākou mai ka lehulehu mai "To Godot!" Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ka huaʻōlelo i ua mea hoʻokūkū i waiho ʻia ma hope a ʻo ka mea e hiki mai ana.
  • Nā huapalapala āpau Hāpai lākou kahi pāpale o pāpale kīʻaha. A ʻaʻole kēia he mea kūpono He mea aloha ʻo Beckett iā Chaplin, a pela ʻo kāna ala e hoʻohanohano ai iā ia. A ʻo ia i loko o ka hana ka nui o ka hale kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻole, ka hapa nui o ka mea a ke kino e ʻōlelo ai, ka mea a ka hamū e hōʻike ai, me ka kaohi ʻole. Ma kēia mea, ua hōʻike ʻia ka luna hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni ʻo Alfredo Sanzol i kahi nīnauele me ʻO El País mai Sepania:

"He mea hoʻomākeʻaka, wehewehe ʻo ia iā Vladimir lāua ʻo Estragon e pāpale ana i nā pāpale kīʻaha a ʻo ia ke kumu i nā wā āpau e hana mau i nā pāpale kīʻaha. Ke pale aku nei au. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua hoʻāʻo wau i nā pāpale a me nā ʻano pāpale, akā ʻaʻole holo pono. A hiki i koʻu kauoha ʻana i ʻelua mau kīʻaha a, ʻoiaʻiʻo, pono lākou e ʻaʻa i nā kīʻaha. ʻO ka pāpale bowler ʻo Chaplin, a i Sepania paha, Coll. Hoʻonāukiuki lākou i nā mea kuhikuhi. He hana hoʻohaʻahaʻa ia iaʻu ".

  • ʻOiai Ke kali nei no Godot ʻo ia ka hana mua mua loa o ʻOke ma ka hale keaka, aia ʻelua mau hoʻāʻo mua i hoʻokō ʻole. ʻO kekahi o lākou kahi pāʻani e pili ana iā Samuel Johnson. ʻO kekahi ʻē aʻe ʻO Eleutheria, akā ua haki ʻia ia ma hope o ka puka ʻana o Godot.

Nā kaha puana Ke kali nei no Godot

  • “Ua mālama mākou i ka manawa hoʻopaʻa, ʻo ia wale nō. ʻAʻole mākou he poʻe haipule, akā ua mālama mākou i ke kau. Ehia ka poʻe e hiki ke ʻōlelo i ka mea like?
  • "ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻololi i nā waimaka o ka honua. No kēlā me kēia mea e hoʻomaka e uē, i kekahi ʻāpana aia kekahi e kū nei e hana pēlā ”.
  • “Hoʻomaopopo wau i nā palapala ʻāina o ka ʻĀina Hemolele. I ke kala. Maikaʻi loa. Blue polū ke Kai Maʻemaʻe. Make wai au i ka nānā wale ʻana aku. ʻLelo mai ʻo ia iaʻu: e hele māua i laila e noho ai i ko māua manawa aloha. E ʻauʻau mākou. E hauʻoli mākou ".
  • "VLADIMIR: Me kēia ua hala mākou i ka manawa. ESTRAGON: He mea like paha ia, ʻē. VLADIMIR: ʻAe, akā emi wikiwiki ".

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.