Ka Moolelo Kaawahine

Ka Moolelo Kaawahine

Ka Moolelo Kaawahine

Ka Moolelo Kaawahine he puke hou na ka mea kākau Kanada ʻo Margaret Atwood. Ua paʻi ʻia ma ka hāʻule o 1985 i kona ʻāina hānau a mai ia manawa ua hōʻoia he kūleʻa nui, me nā miliona o nā kope i kūʻai ʻia. Manaʻo nā mea aloha o dystopias i kēia poʻo inoa i ʻano maʻamau o ke ʻano, no ka mea, he moʻolelo hoihoi ia i loko o kahi mea pohihihi weliweli.

ʻO kēia hana haʻi moʻolelo he kūmole pili honua; ua hoʻokumu i kahi hopena nui e kāna kumuhana a me ke ala crude i hōʻike ai i ka hoʻokae i nā wahine. No ia mea Ua hoʻololi ʻia i nā manawa like ʻole, ʻelua no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, kīwī a me keaka. aia kekahi mana no ka opera. Ke kū nei kāna hiʻohiʻona ma ke ʻano o ka moʻo — hana ʻia e Hulu a me ka hōkū o Elisabeth Moss—, o ke kolu o ke kau e hoʻolaha ʻia nei.

Ka Moolelo Kaawahine (1985)

He dystopian futuristic a me ka ʻepekema fiction fiction, i kuhi ʻia i ka makahiki 2195. ʻO ia hoʻonoho ʻia ma ka Lepupalika ʻo Gileada, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻokahuli aupuni kūʻē i ke aupuni US. Aia ma laila kahi dictatorhip koʻikoʻi, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kauoha Kahiko o ka Baibala. I kēia hana e hōʻike ʻia he tirade pili kaiāulu a hoʻokae ikaika i ka wahine.

ʻO ka moʻaukala haʻi ʻia i loko o ke kanaka mua e Offrednāna hōʻike i kona ola i kēia lā a hoʻomanaʻo i nā haʻiʻōlelo mai kona wā i hala ma mua o ke kahua o Gileada. Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo ia, e like me nā wahine āpau, e hoʻokō i kahi hana kikoʻī, ma kāna hihia ponoʻī ʻo ia i ka hui o na kaikamahine.

Nā hiʻohiʻona laulā o ka hana

Hoʻokaʻawale ke aupuni i nā wahine

Ma ke ana o ka hoʻomāinoino a me ka noho aliʻi ʻana o nā wahine, hoʻoholo ke aupuni hou e hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou e like me ka hana a lākou e pono ai i kēlā kaiāulu. E hoʻokaʻawale i kēia mau hana, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia kēlā me kēia o nā hui ʻeono i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke kala o ko lākou lole.

ʻO nā kaikamahine —E like me ka hala— komo lākou i ʻulaʻula, kāna hana e lawe i ka honua i nā keiki a nā luna. Ma ka lima 'ē aʻe, na wahine he mau wahine kūpuna lākou a komo lākou i nā kapa polū i like me ka Virgin Mary. ʻO lākou, ʻoiai e ʻoluʻolu nei i kahi noho mālie a ʻoluʻolu hoʻi, Pili lākou i nā kaikamahine e hōʻoia i kā lākou keiki.

ʻO kēlā mau inoa "ʻAnakē" nānā lākou lole ʻeleʻele, nānā lākou i nā kaikamahine a mālama lākou i ka mālama ʻana i nā lula, hiki ke hoʻopaʻi iā lākou inā ʻaʻole. Aia kekahi pūʻulu hina-ʻōmaʻomaʻo i kapa ʻia ka "marthas", ka mea, no ka nui o ko lākou mau makahiki, ʻaʻole hiki ke hānau; ʻO kāna hana ka kuke a hoʻomaʻemaʻe no nā ʻohana o nā luna.  

ʻO ka hope, ʻo lākou nā "econowives", nāna e hoʻohana lole onionio a ʻo lākou nā wahine ʻilihune a nā kāne. E hana lākou i nā mea āpau i hiki. ʻO ke koena o nā wahine i manaʻo ʻia he "non-women", ka mea, ma muli o ko lākou wā pōʻeleʻele, hoʻomāinoino ʻia a lawe pio ʻia i ka palena a hiki i ko lākou make ʻana.

Lunamakaainana o na kane

ʻO nā kāne, no kā lākou ʻāpana, ʻo ia ka poʻe nāna lawe lākou i ke kauoha i ke aupuni dictatorial. Ua helu ʻia ka poʻe e hoʻokele i ke aupuni "Nā luna koa", a pono e komo i nā kapa ʻeleʻele. ʻO lākou kekahi Malaika ", ai la lawelawe iā gilead.

Na Kahu ", ma ka ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia ka nā mea e mālama ana i ka palekana o nā luna koa. A ʻo ka hopena, "Na maka o ke Akua" ʻO wai nānā lākou i ka poʻe hoʻomaloka e mālama i ke kauoha i hoʻoholo ʻia.

Hōʻuluʻulu

I ka wā futuristic, ka pepehi kanaka ʻana o maoli Ua hoʻonāukiuki ka Pelekikena o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i kahi kipi. Hoʻokomo ʻia kahi aupuni dictatorial, a kapa ʻia ka ʻāina ma "Repubalika o Gileada". I loko o kēlā manawa, ua emi ka nui o ka momona o nā wahine, no ka hōʻino ʻia o ka haumia. ʻO kēia ka mea i hoʻololi i nā kuleana o nā wahine.

Hewa he wahine ʻōpio ola e like me ke kauā wahine a Major Fred Waterford a me kāna wahine ʻo Serena Joy, he palaka. Ella, e like me ka dictated e kāna hana, Aia i loko o ka ʻohana e lawe i ka honua i ka hānau mua o ka male. Ma hope o kekahi mau hoʻāʻo kūleʻa ʻole e hāpai, hele ʻo Offred i kahi kūkā olakino. Ma laila ʻo ia e aʻo ai ke waiho nei ke aʻa o ka pilikia ma Fred.

Ma muli o ke kūlana, hana ke kauka lapaʻau i kahi noi paʻakikī iā Offred, ka mea āna i ʻae ʻole ai. I ka consecuense, Koi aku ʻo Serena iā ia e launa me nā mea māla ʻohana, i mea e loaʻa ai kēlā keiki aʻu i makemake nui ai. Holomua kēia pilina a hana i ka ola o Offred me ka luna koa i paʻakikī. E hana ʻia nā mea he nui a hiki i ka hoʻi ʻana o nā mea āpau i ka maʻamau.

E pili ana i ka mea kākau

ʻO ka haku mele a me ka mea kākau ʻo Margaret Atwood i hānau ʻia no ka manawa mua ma Ottawa, Kanada, i ka Pōʻaono, Nowemapa 18, 1939. ʻO ia ke kaikamahine a ke kauka holoholona ʻo Carl Edmund Atwood a me ka mea mālama meaʻai ʻo Margaret Dorothy William. ʻO ka hapa nui o kona wā kamaliʻi i lilo ma waena o ka ʻākau o Quebec, Ottawa, a me Toronto, hoʻoikaika ʻia e ka hana a kona makuakāne ma ke ʻano he entomologist nahele.

Ma ke ʻano he keiki ʻōpio, Margaret he mea puni heluhelu; ʻo ia iho i hōʻike i kekahi mau manawa ua heluhelu i nā ʻano moʻokalaleo like ʻole. Ua hiki iā ia ke leʻaleʻa i nā puke pohihihi, nā mea hoʻomākeʻaka, nā moʻolelo ʻepekema, a me nā puke e pili ana i ka mōʻaukala Kanada. ʻO ka mea hope loa, ua waiwai nui kēlā me kēia o lākou iā ia i kāna hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana ma ke ʻano he mea kākau.

Nā haʻawina

ʻO kāna kula kiʻekiʻe ma Leaside High School ma Toronto. I ka makahiki 1957, ua komo ʻo ia i loko o ka Victoria University; ma laila, ʻelima mau makahiki ma hope, ua loaʻa kahi BA ma English Philology, me nā noi hou ʻana ma ka Palani a me ke akeakamai. I kēlā makahiki nō, ua komo ʻo ia i ke Kulanui ʻo Raddiffe ma ke Kulanui ʻo Harvard no ke kēkelē laepua no ka Woodrow Wilson Research Fellowship..

He ola pilikino

Ka mea kākau he ʻelua mau male, ʻo ka mua ma 1968 me Jim Polk, mai iā ia i haʻalele ai iā 5 mau makahiki ma hope. ʻO ka manawa ma hope, male me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Graeme Gibson. I ka makahiki 1976, ma muli o kēia hui ʻana, he kaikamahine kā lākou, a lākou i bapetizo ai ma ke ʻano he: Eleanor Jess Atwood Gibson. Mai ia manawa a hiki i kēia manawa e noho nei ka ʻohana ma waena o Toronto a me Pelee Island, Ontario.

Heihei palapala

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Atwood e kākau i kona makahiki he 16 wale nō. ʻAʻohe ona ʻano wahine ʻano kēlā iā ʻoe; ua hōʻike i nā puke, nā moʻolelo, nā mele a me nā moʻolelo no ke kīwī. Pēlā nō, manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia e nā mea kākau wahine wahine he nui, no ka mea ʻo kekahi o kāna mau hana kūleʻa e kū ana i kēlā kumuhana.

Eia kekahi, Ua hoʻokō ʻo ia i ka hana ma nā kumuhana like ʻole e pili ana i kona ʻāina, e like me: ka ʻike Kanada, nā moors a me nā ʻano kaiapuni. Pēlā nō, ua kākau ʻo ia e pili ana i nā pilina o ua lāhui lā me nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe. Hiki iā lākou ke helu ʻia i waena o kāna mau hana: 18 novels, 20 puke mele, 10 essay a me nā moʻolelo pōkole, 7 puke a nā keiki a me nā palapala like ʻole, librettos, ebooks a me nā audiobooks.

Nā hana hou aʻe

ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo, me ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka moʻokalaleo, ua hoʻolaʻa iā ia iho i nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, i waena o kāna hana ma ke ʻano he polofesa kulanui. Ua aʻo ʻo Atwood ma nā hale noiʻi hanohano ma Kanada a me ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. Hiki iā lākou ke ʻōlelo ʻia: Ke Kulanui o British Columbia (1965), Ke Kulanui o New York a me ke Kulanui o Alberta (1969-1979).

Eia kekahi, he mea hoʻoulu politika kā Kanada. I kēia helehelena, ua kaua no nā kumu like ʻole, e like me: kuleana kanaka, kūʻokoʻa o ka manaʻo a me nā kumu kaiapuni. Ua lawe ʻia kēia hana koikoi ma kona ʻāina a ma waena hoʻi.

I kēia manawa, no Amnesty International ia (kino kuleana kanaka) a he mahele nui ia o Manu Kona International (pale manu).


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.