Kāhea o Cthulhu

Kāhea o Cthulhu

Kāhea o Cthulhu

Kāhea o Cthulhu -Ka leo kāhea o Cthulhu, ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania - ka mea haku o ka mea kākau ʻAmelika ʻo HP Lovecraft. ʻO kēia moʻolelo i paʻi ʻia ma 1928 i hoʻomaka ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "cycle cycle of the Cthulhu myths", kahi moʻo o nā moʻolelo a me nā moʻolelo o ka weliweli cosmic. He moʻohelu o nā moʻolelo e pili ana i nā mea extraterrestrial kahiko i hoʻi a i ala hoʻi e noho hou i ka honua.

ʻO ka pilina hope o ke kiʻi o Cthulhu ma waena o ka moʻomeheu ʻAmelika o kēia manawa ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻole ʻia.: nā puke, nā pāʻani papa, nā pāhenehene, nā pōkole audiovisual, nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, nā pāʻani wikiō ... I kēia manawa, ʻo ka helu nui loa o nā inoa weliweli i kū i ka mele, (i nā mele a nā hui kaulana o ka honua e like me Metallica a i ʻole Iron Maiden, ʻo kahi laʻana).

Hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo o Kāhea o Cthulhu

hoʻomaka ai

Hoʻoilo 1926 - 1927. ʻO Frances Wayland Pōʻahā, he kamaaina hanohano o Bosetona, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia no ka make ʻana o kona ʻanakala makua, George G. Angell. ʻO ka hope kēia he polopeka kaulana o nā ʻlelo Semitikō mai ke Kula Nui ʻo Brown. E pili ana i ka make aia ʻelua mana: ka luna, ma muli o ka hopu ʻia o ka naʻau i kū i ka wā e piʻi ana ka mea aʻo i kahi ala kokoke i nā pae.

Ma ka hakahaka, ʻo ka mana ʻelua (mai kekahi mau hōʻike) e hoʻomau i ka pahu ʻana o kahi kanaka ʻeleʻele i ke polofesa i lalo o ka pali. ʻO kāna hoʻoilina wale nō ia, Loaʻa iā Hona i nā palapala noiʻi āpau a me nā pono pilikino mai Angell. Ma waena o nā huaʻōlelo a me nā lako, aia kahi pahu ʻano ʻē e paʻa ana i ke kiʻi huinahā me nā kahakaha e like me ka hieroglyphic.

Enigma i ka hoʻomaha haʻahaʻa

Unuhi ʻo Frances i ke kiʻi me he mea lā e hōʻike ana i kahi mea hoʻokalakupua i lei ʻia me nā tentacles a hoʻopuni ʻia e kahi hoʻolālā monolithic ʻano pīhoihoi. Pēlā nō, i ka pahu aia nā ʻokiʻoki nūpepa; 'ōlelo kekahi o kēlā mau mea no "ka hoʻomana iā Cthulhu." Hōʻike pinepine ʻia nā inoa ʻelua ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka nūhou i kākau ʻia: ʻO Henry Anthony Wilcox lāua ʻo John Raymond Legrasse.

ʻO Wilcox kahi haumāna eccentric ma ke Kula ʻo Rhode Island of Fine Arts nāna i hōʻike i ke kiʻi kiʻi huinahā (mau hou) iā Professor Angell i Malaki 1925. Ua ʻōlelo ka haumana ala aʻe nā kaha kiʻi mai nā hihiʻo ona i ke kūlanakauhale kaumaha o nā monolith nunui hewa i uhi ʻia i ka limu. Eia kekahi, ua koi ʻo Henry e lohe i ka leka "Cthulhu Fhtagn."

Palapala kākau mua

Ua mālama ʻo Angell i kahi moʻoʻōlelo i kākau ʻia no kāna hui ʻana me Wilikoki. ʻOiai, ua ʻeha ka haumāna mai kahi kuni kuni ʻē no kekahi mau lā me ka amnesia manawa hou. I kekahi hihia, ua hoʻomau ka polofesa i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana; ʻike ʻia ma o kahi ana ʻana ua kūlike ke kūlana o Henry me nā hihiʻo like o nā haku mele a me nā mea pena kiʻi ʻē aʻe.

Eia hou, ua hōʻike nā paʻi paʻi i nā ʻāpana o ka weliweli a me nā suicides i nā wahi like ʻole o ka honua i hana like ʻia me ka wā wānana a Wilikoki. Pēlā nō, i ka sanatoriums ka hapanui o nā mea maʻi i ʻike i nā "hallucination" e hōʻike ana i kahi moʻo nui i piha i ka tentacle a me kahi kūlanakauhale enigmatic.

ʻO ka hoʻomana

ʻO nā palapala kākau ʻē aʻe a Angell i hala 17 mau makahiki a e kamaʻilio e pili ana iā Legrasse. He mākaʻi mākaʻi kēia i pili i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana no ka nalowale pohihihi o nā wahine a me nā keiki ma ke kaona ʻo Louisiana. Eia kekahi, ka mākaʻi me he mea lā he maka maka ia na Cthulhu cults (ua loaʻa kahi statuette i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i kekahi o kēia mau hana).

I ka hālāwai kūkā archaeological St. 1908, ua kiʻi ka mākaʻikaʻi i nā loea ʻokoʻa i mea e ʻike ai i ka figurine. ʻO ka mea ʻimi a me ka anthropologist William Webb wale nō ka mea i koi e ʻike i kekahi mea e like me ke kai komohana o Greenland. Ua mālama ʻia kēia mau hanana i ka makahiki 1860, i ka wā i hālāwai ai ʻo Webb me kekahi ʻohana o ʻĀkena ʻeleʻele me ka hana hoʻopailua.

ʻO ka paʻahao

Ua ninaninau ʻia ka "Castro kahiko" e ka hui o Legrasse ma 1907 ma hope o ka hopu ʻia ʻana ma New Orleans i ka wā o kahi ʻohana i komo pū ka mōhai kanaka. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Castro a me nā paʻahao ʻē aʻe i ka statuette ʻo "ke kahuna nui ʻo Cthulhu," kahi hui interstellar e kakali ana e ala aʻe "ke kūpono nā hōkū."

A laila, ua unuhi ka poʻe pio i kā lākou mele -ʻO ke kuhi manaʻo i ka poʻe Eskimo - me ka ʻōlelo: "I kona home ma R'leyh, ke kali nei ʻo Cthulhu mea make i ka moeʻuhane". Ma hope o ka heluhelu ʻana i ka palapala ʻelua, ua maopopo iā Hona ʻaʻole he pōʻino ka make ʻana o kona ʻanakala. No kēia kumu, hoʻomaka ʻo ia e makaʻu i kona ola ponoʻī, no ka mea "ua ʻike nui ʻo ia."

Ke kūlanakauhale moeʻuhane

Makaʻu, Hāʻule ʻo Frances i ka hoʻokolokolo moʻomeheu Cthulhu (Ua hui mua ʻo ia me Wilcox lāua ʻo Legrasse). Akā he faila puke moʻolelo ma ka hale o kahi hoaaloha me ke kiʻi o kahi statuette (ʻano like me ka luna nānā) e hoʻāla hou i kā lākou mea hoʻopalau. ʻO ka nūhou e nīnau ʻia ana e pili ana i ka hihia o kahi moku - ka Emma - i hoʻopakele ʻia ma ke kai me kahi mea ola i hoʻopilikia ʻia, ʻo Gustaf Johansen.

ʻOiai ʻo ka luina hopohopo e hōʻole ana e hāʻawi i nā kikoʻī o nā hanana, ʻIke ʻo Frances i ka mea i hana ʻia ma o ka diary pilikino a Johansen. ʻOiai ua hoʻouka ʻia ka Emma e kekahi moku ʻē aʻe, ka Aler. A laila holo ka poʻe pōpilikia ma ka ʻili o ka “… kulanakauhale make o Rʻlyeh”. Ma laila, ʻike ʻo Gustaf a me kāna mau hoa i ka hānau hou ʻana o Cthulhu.

Ka hoʻāla ʻana

Ua hiki iā Gustaf ke kuʻi i ka moʻo nui i kona poʻo ke lele ʻo ia me kahi moku. Mai ia manawa, ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe e ʻike i ka mea ola. Ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻopakele ʻia ʻana, ua ʻike ʻia ua luina nei ua make kānalua ʻia. No laila, ua manaʻo ʻo Hunon e hoʻāʻo nā mea ukali a Cthulhu e pepehi iā ia no nā mea āpau āna i ʻike ai.

Ma ka hopena, ʻae ʻo Frances haʻalele i ka noho ʻana o nā mea mai nā honua ʻē aʻe a me nā nīnau i hala o ka ʻike kanaka. Ma mua o ka haʻi ʻana i ke aloha, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Honaona ua piholo ke kūlanakauhale a me ka moʻo o Cthulhu, inā ʻaʻole "E uē ana ka honua i ka weliweli". ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona hope loa o ka protagonist heluhelu i kēia:

ʻO wai ka mea ʻike i ka hopena? He aha ka mea i ala aʻe i kēia manawa e hiki ai ke poho a he aha ka mea i pohō i hiki ke kupu. Ke kali nei ka mea hoʻopailua a me nā moeʻuhane i ka hohonu o ke kai a ma luna o nā kūlanakauhale kanalua kanalua e lana ai ka luku. E hiki mai ana ka lā, akā ʻaʻole pono wau a ʻaʻole hiki iaʻu ke noʻonoʻo e pili ana. Inā ʻaʻole wau e ola i kēia palapala, ke noi aku nei au i kaʻu mau luna hoʻokō i ko lākou akahele ma mua o ko lākou kūlana wiwo ʻole a pale iā ia mai ka hāʻule ʻana ma lalo o nā maka ʻē aʻe.

No laila

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Howard Phillips Lovecraft ma ʻAukake 20, 1890, ma Providence, Rhode Island, United States. Ua ulu ʻo ia i loko o kahi ʻohana bourgeois me nā ʻano papa (kahi kolohe kolohe, ʻo ka mea nui i kona makuahine mālama ʻole). I kulike ai, ua hoʻomohala ka mea kākau i kahi kumumanaʻo elitist a hele mai e hōʻike i kāna hoʻokalakupua i nā manawa he nui (maopopo i kāna mau kākau).

ʻOiai ʻo Lovecraft i hoʻolilo i ka hapa nui o kona ola i kona kauhale, ua noho ʻo ia ma Nu Ioka ma waena o 1924 a me 1927.. I ka Big Apple ua male ʻo ia i ka mea kālepa a me ka mea kākau amatir ʻo Sonia Greene. Akā ua kaʻawale ka wahine ma hope o ʻelua mau makahiki ma hope a ua hoʻi ka mea kākau i Providence. Ma laila ʻo ia i make ai ma Malaki 15, 1937, ma muli o ke kanesa i ka ʻōpū liʻiliʻi.

Kūkulu

Ma waena o 1898 a me 1935, Ua hoʻopau ʻo Lovecraft ma mua o 60 mau paʻi ma waena o nā moʻolelo pōkole, nā moʻolelo a me nā puke. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā ia ka kaulana i ke ola. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, mai ka 1960 i ka manawa i hoʻomaka ai ka mea kākau ʻAmelika e kaulana i ka mea nāna i hana i nā moʻolelo weliweli.

ʻO kekahi o kāna mau hana i kaulana loa

  • Kāhea o Cthulhu
  • ʻO ke aka o kekahi manawa
  • I nā kuahiwi o ka pupule
  • ʻO ka hihia o Charles Dexter Ward
  • Nā Poki a Ulthar
  • Ma kēlā ʻaoʻao o ka pale moe
  • ʻO ka ʻimi i nā moemoeā o Kadath ʻike ʻole ʻia
  • ʻO ke aka ma luna o Innsmouth.

Ka hopena o Cthulhu ma nā puke a me nā hana noʻeau ma hope

I kēia lā, ua unuhi ʻia kā Lovecraft mau hana ma mua o iwakāluakūmālima mau ʻōlelo a he inoa hiki ʻole ke hoʻopapa ʻia kona inoa i loko o ka moʻolelo fictional cosmic horror. He aha hou aʻe, nā Cthulhu myths i hoʻohuli i kahi helu maikaʻi o nā mea ukali, ʻo ia ka mea nāna i mālama i ka "mālama" ʻana i ka hoʻoilina o Lovecraft. Aia ma waena o lākou ʻo August Derleth, Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Fritz Leiber, a me Robert Bloch.

ʻO kekahi mau mea kākau e pili ana iā Cthulhu

  • ʻo Ray Bradbury
  • ʻO Stephen King
  • ʻO Clive Barker
  • ʻO Robert Shea
  • ʻO Robert Anton Wilson
  • ʻO Joyce Carol Oates
  • ʻO Gilles Deleuze
  • ʻO Felix Guattari.

Nā Pīhoihoi

  • ʻO Phillip Druillet, ʻo Josep María Beà lāua ʻo Allan Moore (ʻo nā mea ʻekolu i hana i nā adaptation kumu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka monster Lovecraftian)
  • ʻO Dennis O'Neil, mea pena kiʻi o Batman (Ke kulanakauhale o Arkham, no ka laʻana, na invented e Lovecraft).

ʻAhiku Hiku

  • ʻO ka Hale Aliʻi Haunted (1963), na Roger Corman
  • The Thing from Kekahi Honua (1951), na Howard Hawks
  • Malihini: ʻo ka walu o ka ohua (1979), na Ridley Scott
  • The Kiakahi ke Aloha (1982), na John Carpenter
  • Re-Animator (1985), na Stuart Gordon
  • Ka pūʻali koa o ka pouli (1992), na Sam Raimi
  • Waihoʻoluʻu i waho o kahi (2019), na Richard Stanley.

Music

Paa hao

  • Anela Morbid
  • ʻO ke alohaʻoiaʻiʻo
  • ʻO Metallica
  • Cradle o ka haumia
  • Ka ʻeha kūloko
  • Ka hao Maiden

Psychedelic pōhaku a me nā mea pena kiʻi blues

  • ʻO Claudio Gabis
  • Lovecraft (hoʻohuihui).

Nā haku mele mele Orchestral

  • ʻO Chad fifer
  • Keena Cyro
  • ʻO Graham Plowman.

Nā wikiō wikiō

  • ʻO ia wale nō i ka pōʻeleʻele, Paahao o Ice y ʻAnuʻu o ka Cometna Infogames.
  • Kāhea o Cthulhu: Nā Kihi ʻEleʻele o ka Honuana Bethesda Softworks
  • Kāhea o Cthulhu: Ke ʻAno O Ka Waiwai O ʻOliʻi (Pāʻani pāʻani pāʻani pāʻani pāʻani) na Cyanide Studio.

Nā loiloi o ka "aloha aloha

Ua manaʻo ʻia nā kaʻao Cthulhu kokoke i kahi neʻe palapala iā ia iho e nā poʻe ʻepekema he nui a puni ka honua. Aka hoi, ʻO ka Lovecraft ka pahuhopu o ka hoʻohewa no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi kaila haku mele —Wahi a nā mea kākau e like me Jorge Luis Borges a i ʻole Julio Coltázar, no ka laʻana— maʻalahi a wānana ʻia.

ʻOiai kēia, noʻonoʻo kekahi mau kālaiʻike ʻO ka puke one (1975) na Borges ma ke ʻano hoʻokupu iā Lovecraft. Akā, ua manaʻo kekahi mau leo ​​ʻē aʻe ʻo ka manaʻo maoli o ka ʻepekema Argentina ka mea e hōʻike ai i ka mediocrity o ka papahana Lovecraftian. No kāna ʻāpana, i kāna moʻolelo Nā memo e pili ana i ka Gothic ma ka Río de la Plata (1975), ua hāʻawi ʻo Coltázar i ka mea kākau ʻAmelika penei:

“ʻO ke ʻano hana a Lovecraft ka mea mua. Ma mua o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā hanana kupanaha a kupanaha paha, ke hele nei e hāpai mālie i ka pale ma ke kaʻina hou a monotonous o nā kahakaha ominous, nā moʻo metaphysical, nā puʻu kaulana, nā moʻolelo hoʻomanaʻo o ke ana a me nā mea ola me nā wāwae he nui mai kahi honua diabolical "...


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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