ʻO 9 mau haku mele Sepania kaulana loa

9 poe haku mele Paniolo kaulana

Ua hānau ʻia nā haku mele nui mai nā leka Sepania. He mea paʻakikī ke koho ʻana i nā mea nui, no laila ma kēia ʻatikala ua koho ʻia kekahi o nā mea kākau koʻikoʻi ma ka poem Spanish. ʻOiai, ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoiai he koho ia, nalo paha nā inoa koʻikoʻi a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea kākau o kēia wā.

Pēlā nō, ua hoʻoholo ʻia e hana i kahi papa inoa me nā haku mele wale nō, no ka mea pono nā mea kākau i kahi koho ʻokoʻa.

koho ʻana i nā haku mele

Federico Garcia Lorca (1898-1936)

Federico Garcia Lorca

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo kēia inoa kekahi o nā mea kaulana loa. Nui nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia e pili ana i kāna hana a me ka mea kākau. No ka mea paha ʻO ka maikaʻi o ka moʻolelo a me kāna pepehi kanaka i ka wā o ke kaua kīwila o Sepania, ua haʻalele mākou iā mākou a pau e noʻonoʻo nei he aha nā mea ʻē aʻe e hiki ke kākau ʻia ʻo García Lorca. No ka mea, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia he kanaka akamai, kaulana i ka honua, i make i ke kanakolukūmāwalu makahiki. Ma waho aʻe o kāna mele, ua mahalo nui ʻia kāna hana hoʻokani.

He ʻāpana ʻo ia o ka hanauna o 27, he hui haku mele i kaʻana like i nā manaʻo a me kahi laina o ke ʻano i hoʻololi iki ʻia ma hope. He ala ia e hui pū ai i nā haku mele maikaʻi loa o kēia manawa ʻaʻole i pili i ka hanauna o '98 a i ʻole Noucentisme. I kēlā me kēia hihia, ua hoʻokaʻawale lākou i kahi ʻuhane avant-garde a regenerative.

Ua hele pinepine ʻo Federico García Lorca i ka Residencia de Estudiantes ma Madrid a ua launa pū me Luis Buñuel lāua ʻo Salvador Dalí. Ua hahai kona ʻano i ka avant-garde o ka manawa a me nā metaphors, ka mana wahine a me ke ola ʻāina.. Ua kaulana nui kāna hana a ua hoʻoholo i ka hana hope a nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe; Eia kekahi, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea kākau i aʻo nui ʻia ma ka palapala Sepania. ʻO ka hana poetic pili loa: Puʻukani mele cante jondo (1921), ʻO Gance aloha (1928), Poeta ma Nu Ioka (1930), ʻeleʻele aloha sonnets (1936).

ʻōmaʻomaʻo makemake wau iā ʻoe i ʻōmaʻomaʻo.

Miguel Hernandez (1910-1942)

ʻO Miguel Hernandez

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Miguel Hernández ma Orihuela (Alicante) i loko o kahi ʻohana e hoʻomaka koke ana e pilikia i kāna ʻoihana. No kēia kumu, pono ka haku mele e haʻalele i ke kula e kōkua i kona mau mākua. Eia naʻe, ʻO kona hoihoi a me kona hoihoi i ka heluhelu, ua alakaʻi ʻo ia iā ia e ʻike i nā mele kahiko a ua paʻi ʻo ia i kāna mau mele ma nā nūpepa kūloko e like me Ke kulanakauhale o Orihuela. Akā, e lele ʻo ia i Madrid, kahi e hoʻopili ai i nā poʻohiwi me nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā mea kākau moʻokalaleo i hana ʻia e kona pilina me nā mea kākau e kōkua iā ia e hoʻomohala ma ke ʻano he mea kākau. Ma waho aʻe o ka hāʻawi ʻana iā ia iho i kāna mele, ua ʻeleu loa ʻo ia me nā hui like ʻole a me ka moʻomeheu.

Ma waho aʻe o ka mele, ua mahi ʻo ia i ka hale keaka. ʻO Miguel Hernández kekahi o nā mea nui o ka palapala a me kekahi ua make ʻōpio loa mai ka maʻi maʻi maʻi mai ka hale paʻahao, kahi i hōʻea ai ma hope o ke kaua ʻana i ke kaua kīwila ma ka ʻaoʻao repubalika. I ka wā i hopu ʻia ai, ua kau ʻia ka hoʻopaʻi make, ʻoiai ua hoʻololi ʻia i kanakolu makahiki i loko o ka hale paʻahao. Akā ʻo ka maʻi e like me ia, e make koke ʻo ia i ka hale paʻahao ʻo Alicante.

Hoʻopili ʻia kāna hana i ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "war poetry", akā loaʻa iā ia nā kikokikona pili a me nā odes i ka poʻe mahiʻai.. ʻOiai ʻo ia ka mea kākau o ka hanauna o 27, ʻokoʻa iki kona ʻano mai ke koena o ka hui. ʻO kekahi o kāna mau hōʻiliʻili mele kaulana loa ʻO ka uila i kū ʻole (1936), Makani kauhale (1937), ʻUmi kāne (1938) a i ʻole Puka mele a me nā ballads o ke alo (1938-1941).

ʻO wai ka mea nāna i hānai i nā lāʻau ʻoliva?

ʻO Antonio Machado (1875-1939)

ʻO Antonio Machado

Ma waho aʻe o ka kākau ʻana i nā mele, ʻo Antonio Machado kekahi mea kākau moʻolelo kaulana. No ka hanauna ʻo '98 a ʻo ia ke kaikunāne o kona hoa haku mele ʻo Manuel Machado.. Ua aʻo ʻo ia ma ka Institución Libre de Enseñanza a ua komo ʻo ia i ka honua moʻokalaleo o kona wā, e hui pū ana me nā mea pena kiʻi a me nā mea kākau ma Madrid. He polopeka ʻo ia no ka ʻōlelo Palani a ʻo kona waiwai ma ke ʻano he mea kākau ma ka ʻōlelo Paniolo, ua komo ʻo ia i ka Royal Academy of Language i ka makahiki 1927. I ka wā o ke kaua kīwila, ua hoʻomau ʻo ia ma ka ʻaoʻao repubalika e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka holomua moʻomeheu. Ua make ʻo ia i ka makahiki 1939 ma hope koke iho o kona hele ʻana i ka palena ʻo Farani, ma Coillure.

ʻOiai ʻo ke kanikau ʻana no ka make ʻana o kāna wahine ʻōpio ua kaumaha iā ia no ka manawa lōʻihi, e hālāwai ʻo Machado me kahi wahine nāna i hoʻoikaika iā ia i kāna hana, ʻo Guiomar kaulana, nāna i hoʻolaʻa i kāna mau mele. Ua hoʻohuli ʻia kona ʻano e ka ʻaoʻao noʻonoʻo a me ka naʻauao e hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i ka wā lōʻihi i nā mele mele ma Sepania.. No kona manawa, ʻo Rubén Darío ʻo Nicaraguan e lilo i ka mana piha i kāna hana. E like me kāna hana mele Nā māla Castile (1912) a Nā Solitude, nā hale hōʻikeʻike a me nā mele ʻē aʻe (1919).

Oli o kuu aina e kiola pua ia Iesu eha.

ʻO Juan Ramon Jimenez (1881-1958)

Juan Ramon Jimenez

Ua loaʻa iā Juan Ramón Jiménez ka makana no ka Nobel no ka palapala i ka makahiki 1956. I loko o ke kaua kīwila ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e haʻalele iā Sepania a noho ma waena o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, Cuba a me Puerto Rico, kahi e make ai. He mea koʻikoʻi kāna wahine ʻo Zenobia i kāna hana. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, hele mai kāna mau mana mai ka hōʻailona Farani, modernism a me Rubén Darío. Akā ua ʻokoʻa kāna hana i loko o kahi huakaʻi kākau moʻolelo hohonu, e neʻe ana ma waena ka manaʻo a me ka melancholy, koʻikoʻi a me ka ʻuhane transcendence, nani a me ke ʻano o ka make.

kana hana ma ka prosa ʻO Platero me aʻu ʻO (1914) kekahi o nā mea kaulana a kūikawā o ka mea kākau. ʻO kāna puke mele kaulana loa Ka mehameha sonorous (1911), ʻoiai ke kū nei ʻo ia no kāna mau elegies; a no ka nui loa o kāna hana, ua hiki ke hōʻike nui ʻia nā koho a me nā mele mele i hana ʻia no kāna hana mele.

He aha kāu e hōʻeha ai iaʻu e ka make?

Gustavo Adolfo Becquer (1836-1870)

ʻO Gustavo Adolfo Becquer

He mea kākau moʻolelo a he haku mele ʻo ia i ka makahiki ʻumikumamāiwa, he mea hoʻolaha i ka Romanticism Spanish. Ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia ma Seville ke keiki a kahi ʻohana Flemish kumu, nā mea kālepa a me nā mea pena. Ua hoʻoikaika nui ʻia ʻo ia e ka hana noʻeau a mai kona wā ʻōpiopio i hoʻomohala ai i ka mākaukau noʻeau i ke kaha kiʻi, pena a me ke mele.. ʻO kēia hoʻopaʻi hope loa e lilo i kumu no kāna mau palapala. Ua haku ʻo ia i kāna mau mele e like me kāna hana ʻana i nā mele. Akā e lilo ʻo Bécquer i mea kākau kaulana a mākou i ʻike ai me kahi palapala e pili ana i nā kūʻē i ʻike iā ia iho i kona ola. Ua maʻi ʻo ia i ka maʻi maʻi maʻi i kona wā ʻōpiopio, he maʻi e make ai kona ola..

Ma kekahiʻaoʻao, Ua māhele ʻia kāna kākau ʻana ma waena o nā mea hanohano a me nā mea kaulana, akā ʻo kona ʻano naʻau e hoʻopuni i kāna hana holoʻokoʻa.. ʻO ke aloha maoli a me ka platonic, i hoʻoulu ʻia e nā wahine like ʻole i kona ola, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kumuhana koʻikoʻi a me nā kumuwaiwai i kāna hana. Pēlā nō, cUa hoʻopaʻi maikaʻi ʻo ia i kona hiki ke haʻi moʻolelo me ka ʻōlelo mele i kāna mau mea nui loa. Nā mele y Nā moʻolelo.

He mele ʻoe.

ʻO Francisco de Quevedo (1580-1645)

ʻO Quevedo

No kekahi ʻohana hanohano ʻo Francisco de Quevedo a ua aʻo ʻia ma ke Kulanui o Alcalá de Henares. Ma waho aʻe o kona lilo ʻana i mea kākau, he ʻokoʻa kāna mau kuleana ma ka politika o kona wā. Ma ke kino, kū ʻo ia no ka ʻoʻopa a no ka loaʻa ʻana o nā pilikia ʻike nui. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Luis de Góngora kona inaina a me kona hakakā naʻauao me kekahi o nā mea kākau nui o ka Spanish Baroque, ʻo Luis de Góngora.. Akā naʻe, ua hoʻomau ʻo ia i nā pilina paʻakikī me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o ka ʻAha Castilian a ua komo i nā hana like ʻole i alakaʻi iā ia i ka hale paʻahao no kekahi manawa.

He luʻi kiʻekiʻe ka hana mele a Quevedo i ka naʻauao o ka mea heluhelu. Ua piha ia i nā metaphors, neologisms, puns, sensory images, or mythological references ma kahi o ke kahe ʻana i loko o ka mele, e hoʻokumu i ka waiwai hōʻike.. ʻO Francisco de Quevedo ka laʻana o ka mea kākau o ka Spanish Golden Age, kekahi o nā manawa maikaʻi loa no kā mākou palapala. ʻIke ʻia kēia mea kākau no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka manaʻo, kahi ʻano palapala e hoʻokō me kēia mau kumuwaiwai āpau i ka maʻalahi o ka manaʻo mahalo i ka hui ʻana o nā manaʻo. ʻO ka mea i manaʻo ʻia he paʻakikī a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hoʻonaninani e hoʻopili pololei i nā manaʻo. ʻO kāna mau mele mele, kāna mau mele hoʻomākeʻaka a me kāna mele "Ke aloha mau ma mua o ka make" kaulana loa..

He lepo lākou, ʻoi aku ka lepo i ke aloha.

Luis de Gongora (1561-1627)

ʻO Gongora

Ua ʻike pū ʻo Luis de Góngora, he hoa o ke kenekulia me Quevedo, i ka wehe ʻana me nā palapala maʻamau no kāna ʻōlelo hou. Ke aʻo nei au ma ke Kulanui o Salamanca. Ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia i loko o kahi ʻohana waiwai a he canon ma ka hale pule ʻo Córdoba a ma hope he kahuna pule na King Felipe III.. ʻOiai ʻo ia mau mea, ʻimi mau ʻo ia i ka hōʻoluʻolu kālā. Eia kekahi, ua hōʻino ʻia ʻo ia no kāna ʻōpala a me kona ʻano extrovert ma muli o nā kūlana hoʻomana āna i paʻa ai.

Inā ʻo Quevedo ka mea nui o ka manaʻo, Ua hōʻike ʻo Góngora i ka culteranismo, ka laina mele ʻē aʻe o ka Spanish Golden Age. ʻIke ʻia hoʻi e kona waiwai hōʻike a me ka mākaukau o nā kumuwaiwai palapala; akā naʻe, ʻoi aku ka koʻikoʻi o ke ʻano mele (ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huaʻōlelo a me ke ʻano o ka ʻōlelo) ma mua o ka ʻike a me ka memo ponoʻī. ʻO kāna mau hana koʻikoʻi Polyphemus y Nā Solitude, nā moʻolelo kahiko o nā palapala āpau o nā leka Hepanika. Hōʻike pū ia i ka Fable of Pyramus and Thisbe. Me ke kanalua ʻole, ʻo Góngora kekahi o nā mea kākau Sepania maikaʻi loa i nā manawa a pau a mahalo i kona akamai e hoʻonohonoho mau ana ʻo ia i ka wikiwiki me Francisco de Quevedo i nā mele o kēia wā.

Ma ka aina, ma ka uahi, ma ka lepo, ma ka malu, ma ka mea ole.

Lope de Vega (1562-1635)

ʻO Lope de Vega

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia ma Madrid, ma kahi ʻohana hanohano haʻahaʻa. Mai kona wā ʻuʻuku mai, hoʻomaka ʻo ia e heluhelu a aʻo pū me nā Jesuits. Ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia e haku i kāna mau kikokikona mua i kona wā kamaliʻi. Ua mālama ʻo Lope de Vega i kahi ola manaʻo ikaika; He ʻumikūmālima mau keiki i kākau ʻia, ma waena o nā keiki pono a me nā keiki ʻaʻole. ʻO kēia paha kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona o kou ola e kū nei. ʻO nā pilikia o kona kapa i alakaʻi iā ia i ke pio ʻana no kekahi manawa a ua hui pū ʻo ia i ke kākau ʻana me ka moku. Ua hana ʻo ia no nā aliʻi like ʻole e hana ana i nā hana hoʻokele, akā ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pono ʻo ia e hana ikaika e kākoʻo i kāna mau keiki a pau. ʻO kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he mea kākau, ʻoiaʻiʻo, palahalaha loa..

No ka Golden Age ia a ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa pū kekahi me ka mea kākau nui o nā mea kākau a pau ma ka ʻōlelo Castilian, ʻo Miguel de Cervantes. He mea maʻamau ka hakakā ma waena o nā pilikua hulu i kēlā manawa. ʻOiai ʻike nui ʻia ʻo ia no kāna mau pāʻani, ʻo ka mele a Lope de Vega kekahi o nā mea kaulana loa i ka palapala Sepania. ʻO kāna mau sonnet kāna hana koʻikoʻi, akā ʻike ʻia kāna mau mele.. Ma hope o ka pilikia existential a me ka make o kāna wahine hope a me kāna keiki punahele Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Lope de Vega e lilo i kahuna pule. ʻO kēia manawa nā Nā mele hemolele. He mea nui nō hoʻi nā Nā mele kanaka a me ke Akua na Mr. Burguillos.

ʻO ke aloha kēia, ʻo ka mea i hoʻāʻo e ʻike.

Sana Ioane o ke Kea (1542-1591)

Sana Ioane o ke Kea

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia ma Fontiveros (Ávila) a he friar hoʻomana a haku mele. ʻO ia ka mea nāna i hāpai i ka hoʻoponopono hou ʻana o ke Kauoha a ko mākou Lede o Mauna Karemela. I ka manawa like ʻo ia ka mea hoʻokumu i ka Order of the Discalced Carmelites me Saint Teresa o Iesu, he kākoʻo nui iā ia. Ua hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo ia i ka canonized i ka makahiki 1726 e Pope Benedict XIII. Ua hoʻoikaika nui ʻo ia i ka hana a nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe o ka ʻāina a me ka honua..

He ʻelele nui ʻo ia o nā mele mystical, aia ma ka hopena o ka Spanish Renaissance. Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia kāna hana mele ma ke ʻano he ʻano o nā ʻike hoʻomana kiʻekiʻe. Hoʻololi ʻo Saint John o ke Keʻa i ka noho mālie o ka noʻonoʻo ʻana a me ka pule i mau huaʻōlelo ma ke ʻano i ana ʻia akā kupaianaha. ʻO kāna hana nui loa Po ʻeleʻele, Oli ʻUhane y Ka lapalapa ola o ke aloha.

E noho, a poina ia'u, Kau kuu alo i ka Mea i alohaia.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

2 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   'O Gustavo ia

    Ua poina iā lākou ka mea nui, ʻo CERVANTES -

    1.    Belen Martin ia

      Aloha Gustavo. Mahalo no kāu leka. ʻOiaʻiʻo, makemake ʻo Cervantes e kū i waho i nā ʻano ʻē aʻe ma waho o ka moʻolelo, akā paʻakikī loa ʻo ia ʻoiai ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka mele a me ke ʻano Spanish pū kekahi.