Nā inoa nui i nā moʻolelo fiction o ʻAmelika Latin

Nā inoa nui i ka moʻolelo Spanish 2-ʻAmelika

ʻAʻohe kanalua i ka 20 kenekulia hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻO ke au gula o ka puke ʻAmelika Latin. Mai ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kenekulia, hoʻonui ka hana haʻi moʻolelo i ka ʻāina nui, no laila, hānau ʻia nā mea kākau hou e lilo i hope, mai ka 40 a hiki i ka 70, nā inoa nui ʻaʻole wale ma Latin American akā me nā palapala āpau.

ʻO nā loina i ka moʻolelo

I ka hoʻomaka o ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua koho ʻo ka moʻolelo Sepania-ʻAmelika i waena ʻelua kūlana ʻokoʻa loa:

  1. Hoikehonua: mai nā moʻolelo pōkole o nā poʻomanaʻo maikaʻi e ka lima o nā mea nui Ruben Dario. I kēia ʻano, kū aʻe nā inoa kaulana e like me ka poetene Argentina ʻo Leopoldo Lugones a me ka Uruguayan ʻo Horacio Quiroga, kekahi o nā "haʻi haʻi moʻolelo" kaulana loa o kona wā.
  2. Realism a me ka naturalism: Ma lalo o ka inoa o kēia au, kū i waho kekahi mau ʻano moʻokalaleo.
  • Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao ka puke moʻolelo o ka hoʻokahuli aupuni mexican.
  • Loaʻa iā mākou ka puke moʻolelo ʻōiwi (ʻO ka mea i hōʻino i ka hoʻokaumaha o nā Indians no ka pono o ka hoʻokele waiwai).
  • A ʻo ka hopena, loaʻa iā mākou ka puke moʻolelo honua, i pili i nā kumuhana e like me ka hakakā kaua ma waena o ka lāhui a me ka barbarism, caciquismo, etc.

ʻOiai pēlā, kēia kikowaena mau nō mau makahiki māmā mai ka Europa.

ʻO ka moʻolelo ma waena o nā makahiki 1940 a me 1960

Es Mai ka 1940 ke pilikia ka moʻolelo Hispanic ʻAmelika a hoʻomaikaʻi laki: hoʻonui ʻia nā poʻomanaʻo o ke kaona, hoʻohui ʻia nā mea hou mai ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa moʻolelo, a me ka irrationality o ka neʻe surrealist neʻe o kēia manawa.

ʻO kekahi o nā inoa nui i nā moʻolelo fiction o Latin America i hala iho nei

Nā inoa nui i nā moʻolelo fiction o ʻAmelika Latin

I kēia manawa e kū nei kēia mau mea kākau nui e ʻike i nā mea āpau.

  • ʻO Jorge Luis Borges: ʻO kāna hana he kumu i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o nā moʻolelo a pau ma hope. Hoʻohui i ka akeakamai a me nā metaphysical me nā mea kupanaha, nā mea maʻamau a me nā mea hoʻohenehene. Aia kāna puke moʻolelo ma waena pono o ka avant-garde a me nā ʻano hou o ka puke. Kū aʻe kēia mea kākau ma luna o kāna mau moʻolelo a pau, paʻi ʻia ma «Fiksi» (1944), "Ka Aleph" (1949) a "Ka puke one" (1975).
  • ʻO Juan Carlos Onetti: ʻO kēia mea kākau Uruguayan i make i ka makahiki 1994 i kākau i nā moʻolelo a me nā puke me kahi ʻike pessimistic kaumaha o ka existentialism. Kū i waho kāna mau hana "Ka hale moku" y «Papa Kahu».
  • ʻO Ernesto Sabato: I kāna mau hana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Sábato no ka lawehala, ka make, ka mehameha, ka hewa kanaka a me nā moʻolelo o ke aloha weliweli a pōʻino ʻole hoʻi. Kū i waho kāna hana "Ke ala" paʻi ʻia ma 1948.
  • ʻO Miguel Angel Asturias: ʻO kāna puke moʻolelo nui nui "Mr. Pelekikena" a me ka mea kākau ʻO Jose Maria Arguedas, kū pololei i ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ia manawa ka moʻolelo pili kaiaulu.
  • ʻO Alejo Carpentier: Ka mea kākau Cuban o ka puke "Makahiki o ka Mālamalama", ʻo ia ka mea e hāpai i ka moʻolelo o ka kilokilo realism. Mai ia manawa mai, puka mai nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe me kēia ʻano moʻolelo, e like me kekahi o nā mea e ukali nei.
  • ʻO Julio Cortazar: Ua ʻike ʻia e nā mea a pau, ka mea kākau Argentina, mea kākau o ka puke "Hopscotch" ʻike ʻia e kona radical hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua a no kāna kālailai ʻana i ke kanaka o kēia au.
  • Augusto Roa Bastos: Ka mea kākau Paraguayan o ka hana "ʻO wau ka mea kiʻekiʻe", me kekahi poʻe'ē aʻe.
  • ʻO Juan Rulfo: Mea kākau Mekiko i lilo i hoʻokahi o nā haku o ke kaila hou me kāna mau moʻolelo.
  • ʻO Carlos Fuentes: Nā mea koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻāʻo haʻi moʻolelo ke kālailai mau nei i kāna hana i nā pilikia kaiaulu a me ka hoʻokele waiwai o kona ʻāina, e nānā ana i ka ʻO Revolution Revolution. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o nā puke e like me "Ke poʻo o ka hydra", paʻi 'ia ma 1978 a "Ka make ʻana o Artemio Cruz" (1962) me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe.
  • ʻo Gabriel Garcia Márquez: Me ke kānalua ʻole ka mea kākau kaulana a heluhelu nui ʻia o nā moʻolelo Hispanic ʻAmelika nui. E ʻōlelo ʻo Gabo e ʻōlelo 'O Macondo, ka inoa "ʻAʻohe o ke kolonela e kākau iā ia", ka mea e hoʻomanaʻo ai "Hoʻokahi Haneri Makahiki o ka Noho Manawa" o "He moʻolelo no kahi make i wānana ʻia", i waena o nā puke nui ʻē aʻe āna i waiho ai ma ke ʻano he hoʻoilina.
  • ʻO Mario Vargas Llosa: Kuhi ʻia ia e ka nīnau ʻana i loko ʻano hana haʻi moʻolelo a e ka paʻakikī o kāna puke moʻolelo.

ʻO nā inoa ʻē aʻe i emi ʻole ka nui ma mua o nā mea i ʻike ʻia a hiki i kēia manawa

Nā inoa nui i nā fiction ʻAmelika ʻAmelika Latina - Isabel Allende

  • ʻO Agustín Yanez (Mekiko, 1904-1980).
  • ʻO Mario Benedetti (Uruguayan, 1920-2009).
  • ʻO Manu Mújica Láinez (Argentina, 1910-1984).
  • José Lezama Lima (Cuban, 1912-1977).
  • Adolfo Bioy Casares (Argentina, 1914-1999).
  • José Donoso (Chilean, 1925-1996).
  • ʻO Guillermo Cabrera Infante (Cuban, 1929-2005).
  • ʻO Alvaro Mutis (Colombian, 1923-2013).
  • Osvaldo Soriano (Argentina, 1943-1997).
  • ʻO Manu Puig (Argentina, 1932-1990).
  • Manuel Scorza (Peruvian, 1928-1977).
  • Augusto Monterroso (Guatemalan, 1921-2003).
  • Antonio Skármeta (Chilean, 1940).
  • Isabel Allende (Chilean, 1942).
  • ʻO Luis Sepúlveda (Chilean, 1949).
  • Roberto Bolaño (Chilean, 1953-2003).
  • Eduardo Galeano (Uruguayan, 1940-2015).
  • Cristina Peri Rossi (Uruguayan, 1941).
  • Laura Esquivel (Mekiko, 1950).
  • Zoe Valdés (Cuban, 1959).

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

6 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   Kū ʻo Walter ia

    No wai ia e hopohopo ai: Ua make ʻo Osvaldo Soriano i ka makahiki 1997 a, i kuʻu manaʻo, ua nalowale ʻo Rodolfo Walsh (make, ʻae i ka 1977), ʻo ia pū me Truman Capote nā mea hana o ka puke moʻolelo ʻole (Operation Massacre i paʻi ʻia ma 1957 ).

    1.    ʻO Carmen Guillen ia

      Aloha Walter!

      Mahalo no ka palapala o ka makahiki o ka make ʻana o Osvaldo Soriano! Pololei mākou 😉

      Mahalo iāʻoe!

  2.   ʻO Ruth Dutruel ia

    Nā Hoa: kahi hoʻoponopono iki: ʻAʻole i hānau ʻia ʻo Mario Benedetti ma 1909, akā ma 1920.

  3.   Cristina Liceaga (@laliceaga) ia

    Isabel Allende? ʻO Laura Esquivel? E heluhelu i nā mea kākau maoli.

  4.   Milana ia

    Ua make ʻo Manu Scorza i ka makahiki 1983

  5.   Milana ia

    Manuel Scorza i hala i 1983.