Nā Huakaʻi a Gulliver

Nā Huakaʻi a Gulliver

Nā Huakaʻi a Gulliver

Nā Huakaʻi a Gulliver He mea hoʻomākeʻaka prose, i manaʻo ʻia he hana poʻokela loa i kākau ʻia e ka Irishman Jonathan Swift. Ua paʻi ʻia ma ʻOkakopa 1726 a mai ia manawa ua alakaʻi ʻia kona kaulana e lilo i kuʻuna o nā palapala honua. Ua hana ka mea kākau i ka ʻōlelo e like me ka hoʻomāʻewaʻewa i nā "moʻolelo huakaʻi", me ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka loiloi ikaika i nā loina, nā ʻano politika, a me ke ʻano kanaka.

La kikowaena 'O ia piha i ka moemoeā me nā pā o ka hoʻomākeʻaka a me ka noʻonoʻo, no kēia kumu, manaʻo ka hapa nui he hana a nā keiki. ʻO ka protagonist o kēia moʻolelo ʻo ʻO Lemuel gulliver, he kauka nāna, ma muli o kekahi mau kūlana, hoʻoholo e hele i kahi huakaʻi. Ma kāu huakaʻi e ola ai ʻoe i nā hanana maikaʻi loa a hui ʻoe i ʻehā mau lāhui kūʻokoʻa, ʻokoʻa loa i kāu.

Hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo o Nā Huakaʻi a Gulliver (1726)

He puke satirical ia kahi i haʻi ʻia ai nā huakaʻi ʻehā a kahi kauka, ka mea luhi i ka hana maʻamau i hoʻoholo e hoʻomaka i kekahi mau huakaʻi moana. Kēia hana he mea kahiko o ka palapala a ua hoʻololi ʻia i nā manawa he nui, no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, kīwī, kīwī, a no nā hana keaka. Eia kekahi, ua hana nā mea kākau like ʻole i nā hopena o ka moʻolelo, me nā huakaʻi hou a ka mea kaulana ʻo Lemuel Gulliver.

Hōʻuluʻulu

He kauka ʻo Lemuel Gulliver ua hana lā he keiki hoʻopukapuka. ʻO Nottinghamshire ʻōiwi. ʻO ia ʻehā huakaʻi e noho ai ʻo ia kupaianaha e nā huakaʻi hoihoi. I loko o kēlā me kēia o lākou e hoʻopau ai i kahi mokupuni ʻokoʻa, kahi e hālāwai ai ʻoe me ʻehā mau kamaʻāina kikoʻī. Hōʻike kēia mau mea iā ʻoe i kēlā me kēia manawa ke hoʻi ʻoe i ʻEnelani a nīnau i nā mea āpau e pili ana i kou ola.

Huakaʻi mua

I ka Mei 1699, ʻO Gulliver hoʻomaka i kāna huakaʻi mua, no ka mea, no ka mea kau i ka ʻAneletope. Ma hope o ka ʻino ikaika, poho ka moku a pono e ʻau ʻo Lemuel luhi ʻole a ʻimi i kahua paʻa. Ma hope o ka hoʻokele ʻana i loko o nā wai kūpikipiki, hiki iā ia ke hōʻea i kahakai, kahi e hiamoe ai ʻo ia ma muli o ka hana nui i hana ʻia. Ala ka protagonist i nakinaki ʻia a hoʻopuni ʻia e nā poʻe liʻiliʻi: nā kupa o Lilliput.

I ka lā aʻe, Hui ʻo Gulliver i ka mōʻī o ka mokupuni, nona ia e aloha aku ai a loaʻa ka hilinaʻi. Maʻalahi iā ia e hoʻomaʻa; aʻo koke i ka ʻōlelo hou a me nā loina. Ua makemake nui ke kauka i ka Emepera ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e hoʻokuʻu iā ia, akā ka Admiral (me ka mea āna i hana ʻole ai) sabota i nā mea āpau, no laila ke kumu o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ka pilikua i kekahi mau ʻano, i ʻae ʻole ai iā ia e hoʻi i ka home.

Ke hala nei ka manawa, hoʻomaka ke kaua ma waena o ka Lilliputians a me ke aupuni Blefuscu. —Ua me nā poʻe liʻiliʻi. Ma ka lilo o kona nui nui, Hopu ʻo Gulliver i nā ʻauwaʻa o ka ʻenemi, e loaʻa ana iā ia kahi inoa hanohano. Ma hope o ka hōʻole ʻana e hoʻolilo iā Blefuscu i kolone ʻo Lilliput, e lele ʻo Lemuel ma waena o nā ʻaoʻao a hiki i kona hiki ke hoʻihoʻi i kahi moku o kona nui āna i pakele ai a hoʻi i ʻEnelani.

Huakaʻi ʻelua

ʻElua mau mahina ma hope o ka hoʻi ʻana i kona ʻohana, Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Gulliver e hoʻomaka i kahi huakaʻi hou, kēia manawa i ka Hoʻoikaika. Eia hou, he ʻino ke kumu o ka haʻalele ʻana o ka moku a kū i ka pae ma ka mokupuni ʻo Brobdingnag. Ma laila e nānā ai ka poʻe āpau i kahi kanaka nunui, nāna e ʻauheʻe nā luina i ka weliweli, ʻoiai e holo ana ʻo Lemuel i kahi māla.

Aia ma laila, Hoʻopiʻi ka mahiʻai 22 mika iā Gulliver e hōʻike ma ke ʻano he mea puni puni. Hoʻonohonoho ʻo ia e lawe iā ia i ka Mōʻīwahine, nāna i koi koke e noho pū me ia ma ke ʻano he holoholona. I loko o ka hale aliʻi, e hele ʻo Lemuel i nā pōpilikia he nui ma muli o kāna nui miniskule. Mahalo i kahi kūlana kupaianaha, hiki iā ia ke hōʻea i ke kai, a hoʻopakele ʻia e nā ʻauwaʻa Pelekane.

Huakaʻi hele kolu

He mau mahina ma hope - hoʻokele ʻia e kekahi pilikia ʻohana—, Hoʻoholo ʻo Gulliver e huakaʻi hou. I kēia manawa, hoʻouka ʻia ka moku e ka poʻe pōā a ke mahuka aku nei e pau i ka ʻāina ʻike ʻole ʻia. Hele ʻo Lemuel i ka ʻāina, ke hiki koke, uhi ke aka nui iā ia, ke nānā aku i ka lani. e ʻike i kahi mokupuni lana ma luna ona. Ma hope o ke noi ʻana i ke kōkua, hoʻolei kekahi mau kāne i ke kaula a hoʻokele e piʻi i luna.

Ua kapa ʻia kēia mokupuni pohihihi ʻo Laputa, i kēia kaiāulu e mālama ʻia nā mea āpau ma o ke mele a me ka makemakika. Luhi koke ʻo Gulliver i ka luhi o kēia kaiāulu ʻano ʻē a noi e hoʻihoʻi ʻia i ka honua., kahi āna i kipa aku ai iā Balnibarbi no kekahi mau lā. Ma ka hopena ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e hoʻi i ʻEnelani, e hele ana iā Glubbdubdrib ma mua o ke kipa ʻana i kahi mea hoʻokalakupua, me ka hui pū ʻana me nā mea make ʻole i kapa ʻia ʻo struldbrugs.

Huakaʻi ʻehā

Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Gulliver e noho i ʻEnelani a ʻaʻole huakaʻi hou. Ma hope o kahi manawa o ka luhi, hoʻoholo e hoʻi i ke kai, kēia manawa ma ke ʻano kāpena o ka moku. Ma hope iki o ka holo ʻana, Ua alakaʻi kahi kipi i waena o nā luina iā Lemuel i ka pae ʻia ma kahi mokupuni. Ma laila e hui ai ʻo ia i ʻelua mau lāhui like ʻole: ʻo ka Yahoos a me ka Houyhnhnms, ʻo ka mea hope ka mea e noho aliʻi i kēia ʻāina.

He mau kānaka ʻo Yahoos e noho nei i ka nāhelehele, pelapela mau a, me ka hoʻohui, paulele ʻole. No kāna ʻāpana, e ʻōlelo nei nā lio houhnhnms, akamai loa a hana e pili ana i ke kumu kūpaʻa. Hoʻohui maikaʻi ʻo Gulliver me kēia lāhui, a i kēlā me kēia lā ke hoʻonui ʻia kona hōʻole i ka lāhui kanaka; ʻoiai, i ka hopena - kūʻē i kāna makemake - hoʻi ʻo ia i ʻEnelani.

ʻO ka loiloi Biograpia o ka mea kākau

ʻO Jonathan Swift

ʻO Jonathan Swift

Ma ka Pōʻakolu, Nowemapa 30, 1667, Ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Dublin (Ilelani) hanau o he keiki i bapetizo ʻia e like me ʻO Jonathan Swift. ʻO kona mau mākua ʻo Abigail Erick lāua ʻo Jonathan Swift, he mau malihini Pelekane ʻelua. Ma mua iki o kona hānau ʻia ʻana, ua hala kona makuakāne, e hoʻonāukiuki ana i kona makuahine e hoʻi i ʻEnelani. Akā ma mua o ka haʻalele ʻana, ua haʻalele ka wahine ka hānai ʻana na Jonathan alakaʻi mai ʻAnakala Godwin.

Nā aʻo a me nā hana mua

Ua aʻo ʻia ʻo ia i ke aloha i kona ʻanakala, ʻoiai ua noho ʻo ia i kona mau makahiki mua i ka ʻilihune loa. Ua aʻo ʻo ia ma ke kula ʻo Kilkenny a loaʻa iā ia kahi kekelē laepua no ke Kulanui ʻo Trinity, Dublin.. I ka makahiki 1688, ua hoʻi ʻo ia me kona makuahine i ʻEnelani, ma laila, mahalo iā ia ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo i ka mea kākau Pelekane a me ka mea kālaiʻāina ʻo Sir William Temple, he ʻohana mamao loa ia a he hoaaloha pū kekahi no kona ʻanakala Godwin.

I ka mālama ʻana i kāna mau hana ma ke ʻano he mua i ka luakini ʻo Baronet, Ua hoʻomau ʻo ia i kāna aʻo ʻana i ke kulanui a ua wae ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kahuna Anglican ma 1694. Ua luhi ʻo ia i ke ʻano ʻōpio a ʻaʻole hoʻokiʻekiʻe ʻia, ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e hoʻi i ʻIlalani e lilo i ka pāʻina ʻo Kilroot. I ka makahiki 1696, ua hoʻi ʻo ia i Moor Park - i hoʻohuli ʻia e Temple - e hoʻomākaukau i kāna mau memo a me nā leka ma mua o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana.

Hana ʻo Swift me Sir Temple a hiki i kona make ʻana i 1699. I loko o kēlā mau makahiki ua loaʻa ka ʻike nui i ka nohona politika, haipule a me ka palapala o ke kūlanakauhale, ka mea i alakaʻi iā ia e lilo i mea nui a koʻikoʻi hoʻi. Eia kekahi, i loko ua kākau ʻo ia i kāna hana mua, Ke kaua ma waena o nā puke kahiko a me nā puke hou, i paʻi ʻia ma hope ma 1704.

Heihei palapala

A laila ka hōʻike ʻana o kāna huaʻōlelo mua, kēlā makahiki nō ua hoʻomaka i ke kākau satirical ma o kāna puke ʻelua: Mōʻaukala o kahi ʻauʻau (1704). Ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he luna hoʻoponopono i ka nūpepa Nānā, kahi āna i paʻi ai i kekahi mau ʻatikala e pili ana i ke aupuni Tory, nona kahi aʻoaʻo ma 1710 a 1714.

I ka makahiki 1726, ua hōʻike huna ʻole ʻo ia i ka mea e lilo i kāna haku: Nā Huakaʻi a Gulliver. ʻO kēia ka mea i alakaʻi iā ia e lilo i kekahi o nā mea nui satirical exponents i ka honua. Ma o kēia moʻolelo akeakamai, Ua hana ʻo Swift i kahi parody o nā puke huakaʻi kaulana o ka manawa, kahi e kākau ai i ke ʻano misanthropic i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi o kāna mau hana.

Nā hana na Jonathan Swift

  • Ke kaua ma waena o nā puke kahiko a me nā puke hou (1697) (1704)
  • Mōʻaukala o kahi ʻōpala(1704)
  • Ke ʻano o nā mea kōkua(1711)
  • ʻO ka moʻolelo o ka barela (1713)
  • Nā leka a Ragman(1724)
  • Huakaʻi hele ʻo Gulliver (1726)
  • He manaʻo hoʻohaʻahaʻa (1729)

ʻO ka make

Mai ka makahiki 1738, ua hoʻomaka ʻo Swift i ka maʻi ʻino, ka mea i manaʻo ʻia he neurological i ke ʻano. Ma ka 1742, ua hiki ʻole i ka tumelo maka ke heluhelu iā ia. I konaʻike ʻana i kona make ʻana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: "Ua hiki mai ka manawa e haki me kēia honua: e make ana wau i ka huhū, e like me ka ʻiole ʻino i loko o kona lua."

Ua make ʻo Jonathan Swift ma ʻOkakopa 19, 1745 a waiho ka hapa nui o kona waiwai i ka poʻe ʻilihune. Noho kona mau kino i ka Hale Pule Nui o St. Patrick ma Dublin.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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