Helu iā Lucanor

Helu iā Lucanor.

Helu iā Lucanor.

Helu iā Lucanor ʻo ia kekahi o nā moʻolelo moʻolelo nui loa o ka moʻomeheu medieval, i haku ʻia e Don Juan Manuel ma waena o 1331 a me 1335. Aia nā ʻatikala piha i ʻelima mau ʻāpana, ʻoiai ka mea kaulana a hoʻolaha ʻia ka mea hope loa (i haku ʻia e 51 mau laʻana). Hōʻike ka ʻike o kēia me ka manaʻo moʻokalaleo nui i kēia manawa: ke ʻano moral.

Eia kekahi, Helu iā Lucanor ʻO ia kekahi o nā ʻāpana nui mua loa ma Paniolo - me kahi moʻolelo i kākau pono ʻia- pili i ka wā i hōʻailona ʻia "ka hoʻomaka o ka hopena" o ka Lākina ma ke ʻano he ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ākea. Wahi a ka poʻe mōʻaukala, ua hoʻopau ka mea kākau i kēia moʻolelo ma kekahi o nā pā kaua ma lalo o kāna kāohi: ʻo Castillo de Molina Seca (Murcia).

Ka mea kākau o Helu iā Lucanor

ʻO ke keiki pēpē ʻo Don Juan Manuel kekahi o nā mana ikaika loa o ke Aupuni Castile i ka hapa mua o ke kenekulia XNUMX.. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻo ia i nā inoa hanohano he nui i kona ola. A laila, he hana "kaulana" maoli ia (hāʻawi ʻia i ke kūlana aristocratic o ka mea kākau) no kona manawa.

ʻAʻole ia ma muli o ko lākou mau kūpuna, ʻeā ʻO King Alfonso X, "ke kāne naʻauao", kona ʻanakala. A ʻo Fernando III, "ka mea haipule", kona kupuna kāne, (ʻelua mai kona ʻohana makua kāne). Ua makua ʻole ka mea kākau i ka makahiki ʻewalu ona, no kēia kumu i lilo ai ʻo King Sancho IV o Castile i kahu mālama kānāwai nāna.

Ka papa inoa o nā poʻo inoa hanohano

Ma waho o kahi pēpē, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Don Juan Manu i nā ʻokoʻa aliʻi he lehulehu. Ua hoʻoilina kekahi o lākou i kāna moʻokūʻauhau, ua hāʻawi ʻia nā mea ʻē aʻe iā ia ma ke ʻano mahalo no ka hana i hana ʻia a i ʻole ma ke ʻano he kūkā kamaʻilio politika. ʻO Príncipe lāua ʻo Duque de Villena (ke kanaka mua i loaʻa iā ia) a me Señor de Escalona ke poʻo o nā poʻo inoa., ʻO Peñafiel lāua ʻo Elche, i waena o nā kauhale ʻē aʻe.

I ke kau o kona ola, lilo ʻo ia i kekahi o nā kāne mana loa i ka Iberian Peninsula holoʻokoʻa. Ua loaʻa iā ia kahi pūʻali koa a hiki i hoʻokahi tausani naita! ʻO ka mea i pane wale i kāna mau kauoha. Ua hoʻokau ʻo ia i kāna kālā ponoʻī i ka holo no kekahi mau makahiki (kahi mālama i mālama ʻia no nā mōʻī; he ʻokoʻa ʻo ia).

He kāne weliweli

ʻO ke kiʻi o Don Juan Manuel ua hoʻokau i ka mana a nā mōʻī Ferdinand IV a me Alfonso XI noonoo lakou kauoha i kona pepehi kanaka (kēlā me kēia i nā manawa like ʻole). Eia nō naʻe, ua hāʻawi lākou i kā lākou mau hoʻolālā ma ke ʻike mua ʻana i ke kūpaʻa kūpono ʻole i kū aʻe ma hope o ka make ʻana o kēia ʻano.

He aliʻi hanohano kūpono ʻole?

Ma ke ʻano he lālā o ke aliʻi kiʻekiʻe loa, nui ka poʻe i aloha i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kona hoʻolaʻa ʻana i ka kākau ʻana. No ka mea ua kūpono kēia keʻena ma ke ʻano he "kūpono ʻole" no kahi hanohano, mālama ʻia no nā poʻe mai ka pae haʻahaʻa. I kēlā me kēia hihia, nānā ʻole ʻo Don Juan Manuel i kēlā mau manaʻo hōʻino.

ʻOiai ua ʻike ka pēpē i ka hana kākau ʻana i lawe mai ai i ka leʻaleʻa a me ka hauʻoli. I kēlā nui - i ka manawa i haʻalele ai ʻo ia mai ka politika a me nā pāʻani mana - hoʻolaʻa wale ʻia kāna mau makahiki hope loa i ka mahi ʻana i kāna mea noʻeau. E haʻi ʻia ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, he kumu haʻaheo maoli nā huaʻōlelo nona.

Ka mea kākau kaila Helene

ʻO Don Juan Manuel.

ʻO Don Juan Manuel.

ʻAʻole ʻano atypical loa nā mea i luna. Eia kekahi, ʻaʻole i ola ka "mea kākau manaʻo" i ka wā kau waena. Ma hope ʻo ka poʻe i kākau, ua kaupalena ʻia i ka poʻe transcriptionist wale nō nā laikini e "hoʻonani" i nā moʻolelo i lawe ʻia mai ka moʻomeheu waha.

Eia naʻe, Ua mālama ʻo Don Juan Manuel i ka mālama ʻana i kāna mau kākau ʻana mai ka lima o kēia mau "transcriptionist". ʻO kāna mau hana he nui (i waena o lākou, Helu iā Lucanor) hūnā mau ʻia i mau kenekulia i ka hale konikona o San Pablo de Peñafiel.

Helu iā Lucanor, kahi hana me kona kaila ponoʻī

Hiki iā ʻoe ke kūʻai i ka puke ma aneʻi: Helu iā Lucanor

Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Don Juan Manuel ka "koa hanohano", no ka mea, i kekahi mau manawa, alakaʻi ʻo ia i kona pūʻali koa ma ke kahua kaua, e lanakila mau ana. I ka consecuense, ua kōkua nā ʻike pūʻali iā ia e hoʻokūpaʻa i kahi ʻano moʻokalaleo ʻano ʻokoʻa.

ʻOiai ke ʻano obligatory o ke ʻano moralizing ma ke ʻano he axis o kāna mau hana āpau, ka manaʻo mua o Helu iā Lucanor ʻokoʻa iki ia. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo kāna kumu e kamaʻilio i nā strata kiʻekiʻe loa o ke kaiāulu ... i ka poʻe hanohano a me ka lāhui mālamalama.

Mai ka abstract i ka pōhaku paʻa

ʻO kēia ʻimi kikoʻī i ʻae iā ia e hoʻomohala i kahi moʻolelo i hiki ke hāʻawi me nā mea abstract e nānā i nā mea paʻa. Kaulike, ʻo kāna pahuhopu nui ka hōʻike ʻana i ka nui o nā manaʻo, e hoʻohana ana i ka liʻiliʻi o nā huaʻōlelo. No kēia kumu, wehewehe kekahi mau mōʻaukala iā ia ma ke ʻano he "conceptist" ma mua o kona manawa.

Helu iā Lucanor, he laʻana akaka o ka Naauao Naauao

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo ke kiko i hoʻohana ʻia a piha me ka ʻike o ka mea kākau i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ia ke kumumanaʻo o Wisdom Literature. Ma Mānoa, ʻO ia ke ʻano o nā puke pōkole me nā ʻōlelo ikaika, a me nā manawa a pau o ke ʻano moristic. Hoʻohui ʻia, hoʻi ke kumu o kā lākou mau paio i ka poʻe akamai o Greece Helene.

ʻAtikala pili:
ʻO nā mea haʻi moʻolelo ʻoi loa i ka mōʻaukala

Helu iā Lucanor Kuhi ia i ke ala like, ʻoiai ka genesis o nā moʻolelo he ʻano loli. I kēia ʻano, Ua lawe ʻo Don Juan Manuel i kāna ʻike ponoʻī i ka pae politika a me nā kahua kaua. Pēlā nō, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ma nā kamaʻilio o nā ʻano like ʻole. Mai iā ia me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o nā aliʻi a me nā hālāwai me nā mōʻī, i nā anecdotes o kāna mau kauā.

ʻUhane Macho

ʻO ka ʻuhane lanakila o kēia au e hōʻike akāka ʻia i kēlā me kēia pono i loaʻa i nā exemplas liʻiliʻi. ʻO kēia nā ʻōlelo e like me "i kekahi mau ʻoiaʻiʻo hiki iā ʻoe ke hilinaʻi iā ʻoe iho, ʻoi aku ma mua o nā moemoeā āu e neʻe aku ai". "E aloha ʻoe i ka waiwai maoli ma mua o nā mea āpau, e hoʻowahāwahā ʻoe, i ka hope loa, i ka maikaʻi palaho." "ʻO ka mea a kou ʻenemi i lilo ai i mea ʻole a mai manaʻoʻiʻo ʻoe."

Ke nānā nei me "nā maka millennials"Ke holoʻokoʻa nei ka hana, lele ka huaʻōlelo" macho ". Ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻia kekahi o kēia mau kaʻao me kēia axiom: "Mai kinohi mai, pono ke kāne e aʻo i kāna wahine pehea e hana ai." I kēlā me kēia hihia (e kaulike i kahi mea kākau) pono e kālailai i ka manaʻo o ka mea kākau ma loko o kāna ʻano, ʻoiai, me ka hūnā ʻole ʻana i kekahi mau ʻike.

Kaha "kiʻi ʻoniʻoni"

Quote na Don Juan Manuel.

Quote na Don Juan Manuel.

ʻO ka Middle Ages kekahi o nā manawa kontroversial i ka mōʻaukala kanaka. ʻO ka mea nui, nā pāʻani politika i kū i nā panalāʻau e noho ʻia nei e Sepania a me Pokukala he mau ʻōpala ʻo Machiavellian maoli. No kēia kumu, ʻO Don Juan Manu kahi ʻano kūpono i ka fiction ma ke kiʻekiʻe o kāna hoʻoilina.

He aha nā hopena e pili ana i ka "naita hanohano" e hoʻopaʻa iā ia iho i kahi hale paʻa a lawe pio iā ia iho mai ka honua e hoʻolaʻa iā ia iho i ka kākau? Ae nō hoʻi, Mahalo nui ʻia kāna hana i kēia lā, ke kumuhana o nā anamanaʻo he nui a me nā haʻawina. Pehea i loaʻa ai i ko lākou mau wā (Mōʻī, Heluhelu a me Haku) nā "sermons" o Helu iā Lucanor?… Na lākou wale nō i kuhikuhi i kāna mau aʻo.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

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