Ke hoʻomanaʻo nei iā Herman Melville. 20 mau māmala ʻōlelo nui o kāna mau hana

Herman melville hui i kēia lā 199 makahiki. A hoʻohiki kāna bicentennial i kēia makahiki e lilo i hoʻolauleʻa nui. ʻO kēia mea kākau ʻAmelika, i manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea nui o ka palapala honua, kanalua ʻole kuhikuhi kūmole o ka puke nūhou, keu hoʻi i hoʻomohala ʻia i ka Mar, me kahi mea ikaika a ikaika hoʻi o ka psychological.

I kēia lā lawe mai au Nā weheweheʻōlelo 20 i wae ʻia mai kāna mau hana kaulana loa. No mākou e makemake nei i nā puke ʻano a me nā mea āpau e ʻaʻala ai kai, nā moku a me nā epics nui, ka mea kākau o ka kohola keʻokeʻo make ʻole ʻo Moby Dick pono e loaʻa.

ʻO wai ʻo Herman Melville

Me ke ola ikaika e like me kāna novels, Melville hānau ʻia ma Nu Ioka a ʻo ia ke kolu o nā keiki ʻewalu. I ka hala ʻana o kona makuakāne, ʻo Allan Melville, ua pilikia loa ka ʻohana i ka pilikia kālā. No laila, i ka makahiki 1837 holo ʻo ia i ke kai i Liverpool kahi ana e hana ana. I kona hoʻi ʻana mai ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma polofesa a i ka makahiki 1841, i ka makahiki 22, ua huakaʻi ʻo ia i Kai Hema kau a kohola.

Ma hope o hoʻokahi makahiki a me ka hapa o ke keʻa, haʻalele ʻo ia i ka moku i ka Nā Mokupuni ʻo Marquesas a noho no hoʻokahi mahina ma waena o nā mea ʻai, a ua pakele ʻo ia i loko o kahi moku kalepa ʻo Nūhōlani e iho i lalo Tahiti, kahi āna i noho ai i kahi manawa i loko o ka hale paʻahao. Hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mahiʻai, huakaʻi i Honolulu a mai laila mai, ua hoʻopau ʻo ia i ke komo inoa ʻana i kahi moku moku koa US.

Ma ka 1844 pau ka nānā ʻana a ua hoʻolaʻa ʻo ia iā ia iho i ke kākau ʻana i nā puke i ka manawa piha a maʻa mau ma muli o kāna nā ʻike ma kai. He poʻo inoa lākou e like ʻO Typee, Mardi a i ʻole Redburn, i waena o kekahi. A i ʻole ʻO Billy Budd, ka luina, kahi hana hope loa i paʻi ʻia i ka wā a Melville i aneane hāʻule ai i ka hoʻopoina. ʻO nā poʻo inoa ʻē aʻe pohaku, holomua nui ʻole, a Nā moʻolelo mai ke kuanaʻike, nona ka moolelo o ʻO Bartleby ke kākau ʻōlelo.

ʻO kāna puke moʻolelo kaulana loa ʻO Moby Dick, paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki 1850, akā ua hōʻole ʻia i ka mua. A laila ua lilo ia i kekahi o nā hana nui o ka palapala ākea, no ke kiʻi a me ke ʻano o ka honua a me ke ʻano o ke kanaka i kahi moku, ka ʻO Pequod, kāpena o kekahi o nā mea nui loa i hana ʻia, Kāpena ʻAhaba. Ua hoʻolaʻa ʻo ia iā ʻO Nathaniel Hawthorne, kahi mea kākau nāna i hoʻohuli nui iā ia a me nā mea aloha iā ia i 1850.

20 mau māmala ʻōlelo o kāna mau hana

ʻAnoʻAno (1846)

  1. Moku maikaʻi ʻole! Hōʻike kāu hiʻohiʻona pono i kāu mau makemake; I ke ʻano kaumaha loa ia!
  2. ʻO nā kuahiwi a me loko wale nō kahi kaʻawale a kūmau hoʻi i nā wahi e nānā ai, ʻaʻohe o ka halulu o nā holoholona pio a hoʻoneʻe ʻia e kekahi mau laʻana o nā mea liʻiliʻi.
  3. Ua hāʻawi pio kā mākou moku i nā ʻano leʻaleʻa a me nā ʻano kekeʻe āpau. ʻAʻole kahi pale iki i hoʻopili ʻia ma waena o nā kuko hilahila o nā luina a me kā lākou leʻaleʻa palena ʻole.
  4. Akā ʻaʻole mau kēia mau hiʻohiʻona i kau i koʻu manaʻo; E haʻalele wau iaʻu iho i ka hala ʻana o nā hola, a inā i loaʻa iaʻu kekahi mau manaʻo ʻoluʻolu ʻole, e hoʻopau koke wau iā lākou. I koʻu mahalo ʻana i ka hui ʻōmaʻomaʻo i loko o ka hale paʻahao aʻu, ua manaʻo wau aia wau i loko o kahi "awāwa o nā moeʻuhane" a ma ʻō aku o nā kuahiwi aia wale nō kahi honua o ka hopohopo a me ka hopohopo.
  5. I ka ʻimi ʻana i ke koholā, e holo ana mākou i loko o ka Equator ma kahi o iwakālua kekelē komohana o nā Galapagos; aʻo kā mākou hana a pau, ma hope o ka hoʻoholo ʻana i kā mākou papa, e hoʻoponopono i nā pā a noho i lalo: ʻo ka moku maikaʻi a me ka makani mau e hana i ke koena.

ʻO Moby Dick (1851)

  1. Hiki iā ʻoe ke kāhea iaʻu ʻo Isemaela.
  2. ʻO ka pupule o ke kanaka ka mea maʻa pinepine a me ka paina. Ke manaʻo ʻia ua mahuka ia, malia paha ua hoʻololi ʻo ia iā ia iho i kahi ala hāmau a mehana.
  3. E kekahi make make pīhoihoi, e like me ka mea i ʻike pinepine ʻia i loko o nā filibusters o ke kūlanakauhale e hoʻomoana mau ana a puni nā hale hoʻokolokolo, like, nā keonimana, nā lawehala e hoʻonui i nā wahi kapu loa.
  4. ʻAʻole ia ma kekahi palapala ʻāina. ʻAʻole loa nā wahi maoli.
  5. ʻO ke ala e hiki mai ana o ka holoholona ma waena o ka pouli e ʻaneʻane hoʻokumu ʻia no ka noʻonoʻo o ka mea hahai holoholona e like me ke kahakai no ka pailaka. No laila, ʻo kēia mākaukau leʻaleʻa o ka mea hahai holoholona, ​​ka ʻōlelo noʻeau o ka holo ʻana o kahi mea i kākau ʻia i loko o ka wai, he ala, he mea hilinaʻi ia, no nā mea āpau, he ʻāina maloʻo.

ʻO Bartleby, ke kākau ʻōlelo (1853)

  1. Pono wau e ʻōlelo e like me ka maʻamau o nā lawmen he nui me nā keʻena i loko o nā hale i noho nui ʻia, he mau kī kī ko ka puka.
  2. Ah, ʻimi ka hauʻoli i ka mālamalama, ʻo ia ke kumu a mākou e hoʻokolokolo ai he hauʻoli ka honua; akā hū ka ʻeha i ka mehameha, ʻo ia ke kumu e hoʻokolokolo ai mākou ʻaʻole he ʻeha.
  3. Akā me he mea hoʻokahi wale nō ia, ʻo ia wale nō i ke ao holoʻokoʻa. ʻO kekahi mea e like me ka waiwai pio i waenakonu o ka Moana ʻAkelanika.
  4. Hiki iaʻu ke hāʻawi i ka manawaleʻa i kona kino; ʻaʻole naʻe ʻeha kona kino; ua maʻi kona ʻuhane, a ʻaʻole hiki iaʻu ke kiʻi i kona ʻuhane.
  5. ʻAʻole ia he mea maʻamau no ke kāne i kūʻēʻē ʻia i kahi ala maʻamau a kūpono ʻole e hōʻole ʻole i kāna manaʻo paʻa mua loa. Hoʻomaka ʻo ia e ʻike iki i kēlā, kupaianaha paha me he mea lā, aia nā kaulike āpau a me nā kumu āpau ma kēlā ʻaoʻao. inā he ʻike maka ʻole, huli ʻo ia iā lākou no kekahi ala e hoʻoikaika ai iā ia.

ʻO Billy Budd, ka luina (1924)

  1. ʻO ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole e haʻi ʻia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e loaʻa mau nā ʻaoʻao koʻikoʻi.
  2. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻīlio hihiu kai nona nā kūpikipiki a me nā pilikia o ke ola moku, i kēlā mau manawa o ke kaua hoʻolōʻihi, ʻaʻole loa i hōʻino i ke ʻano kūlohelohe no ka leʻaleʻa o ka manaʻo.
  3. ʻO kēia kāpena kekahi o kēlā me kēia mea make i ʻike ʻia ma nā ʻoihana like ʻole, ʻo ka mea haʻahaʻa loa hoʻi; ke ʻano o ka poʻe a pau e ʻaelike e kāhea "he kāne hanohano."
  4. Ke hoʻolaha ʻia ke kaua, ʻo mākou anei nā mea hakakā nāna i mālama iā ia, i nīnau mua ʻia? Kaua mākou ma ka mālama ʻana i nā kauoha. Inā ʻae kā mākou ʻōlelo hoʻoholo i ke kaua, he kuhi wale nō ia.
  5. ʻO wai i ke ānuenue hiki ke kahakiʻi i ka laina kahi e pau ai ka poni a me ka ʻalani? ʻIke maopopo mākou i ka ʻokoʻa o nā kala, akā ma hea, kikoʻī, huikau paha ka mea mua me ka lua? Pēlā nō ia no ke olakino noʻonoʻo a me ka pupule.

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.