Lā waena aumoe

ʻO Stephanie Meyer Lā waena aumoe (2020) he puke moʻolelo moemoeā na ka mea kākau ʻAmelika ʻo Stephenie Meyer, ka mea hana o ka tetralogy kaulana Kanaka. ʻOiai ua paʻi ʻia kēia poʻo inoa ma mua o ke anahulu ma hope o ka hoʻouka hope loa o ka saga (ʻO ka Sunrise, 2008), hiki ke heluhelu ʻia i ke kaʻina ʻelua inā e noʻonoʻo ʻia ka wā o ka moʻo.

Ke kumu? ʻĀ, ke aumoe, Sun -ʻO ka inoa kumu i ka ʻōlelo Pelekania— nānā i nā hanana o ka hapa mua, e hiamoe ana (2005), mai ke kuanaʻike o Edward Cullen, ka hoa hōkū. I kēia ʻano, pono e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia nā puke nui ʻehā o ke kaʻina e pili ana mai ka manaʻo o Bella Swan, ka protagonist.

E pili ana i ka mea kākau

ʻO ke kamaliʻi a me nā haʻawina

ʻO Stephenie Morgan, i ʻike ʻia ma ka hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻO Stephenie Meyer, hānau ʻia ma Kēkēmapa 24, 1973 ma Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. Ua noho ʻo ia i ka nui o kāna wā kamaliʻi me kona mau mākua a me ʻelima mau kaikaina ma Phoenix, ʻAilona. I ka wā ʻōpio, kū i waho no kāna mau papa (ua lanakila ʻo ia i kahi makana aupuni) ma ke kula kiʻekiʻe ʻo Chaparral ma Scottsdale.

I nā nīnauele aʻe, Ua haʻi ʻo Meyer i kāna hānai ʻia ʻana e kahakaha nui ʻia e ka mana Puritan o The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Ma hope o kona puka ʻana mai ke kula kiʻekiʻe, ua komo ʻo ia i ke Kula Nui ʻo Brigham Young ma Utah, a ua puka ʻo ia ma 1997 me ke kēkelē ma ka Philology Pelekania.

ʻO ka male a me ka hoʻomaka o kāna ʻoihana moʻokalaleo

Ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o kāna kekelē laepua, ua manaʻo ka mea kākau e hiki mai ana e lilo i loio, akā ua hoʻololi i kona manaʻo ma hope o ka hānau ʻana o kāna hiapo o kāna keiki ʻekolu, ʻo Gabe. ʻO lākou āpau ka hopena o kāna male (1994) me Christian Meyer. ʻO kēlā ala, hoʻohuli ʻia e literati e like me Charlotte Brontë, LM Montgomery lāua ʻo Shakespeare, Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Meyer i kāna huakaʻi i nā leka (no ka leʻaleʻa pilikino wale nō).

Ka Uluwehi O Ke Kai

Wahi a Stephenie Meyer, ka moʻolelo ma waena vampire make wai o ke koko i aloha i ke kanaka i loaʻa kona genesis ma waenakonu o 2003. I ka manawa - hoʻohuli ʻia e kona kaikuahine - hoʻouna i nā palapala o e hiamoe ana i nā hale paʻi ʻumikūmālima. I ke kumu, ua nānā ʻia e ʻelima o lākou a hōʻole ʻia e ka ʻeiwa. Akā hoʻokahi kanaka i pane: Jodi Reamer, Writers House rep.

Ka hopena ma ka moʻomeheu pop

ʻO nā kuleana paʻi o Kanaka ua kudala ʻia lākou ma waena o nā mea paʻi he ʻewalu. I ka hopena, noho ʻo Meyer me Little, Brown, a me Company ma kahi kūʻai no $ 750.000 no ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia o nā puke mua ʻekolu. ʻO ke koena ka mōʻaukala: he franchise me ka ʻoi aku ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli miliona kope i kūʻai ʻia a unuhi ʻia i loko o 37 mau ʻōlelo.

Nā puke nui o ka saga

  • Kanaka (2005)
  • Newa moona (2006)
  • Pu (2007)
  • ʻO ka Sunrise (2008)

Pili nā inoa ʻē aʻe i ka tetralogy

  • ʻO ke ola lua o Bree Tanner (2010)
  • ʻO Twilight Saga: Kahi Alakaʻi Kiʻi Kūpono (2011)
  • ʻO ke ola a me ka make: ua noʻonoʻo hou ʻia ʻo Twilight (2015)
  • Lā waena aumoe (2020)

Nā Kiʻi

ʻO nā adaptation kiʻi ʻelima i kūleʻa ʻia - ʻo starring ʻo Kristen Stewart lāua ʻo Robert Pattinson - i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā puke nui ʻehā i loko o ke kaʻina, i loaʻa nā waiwai stratospheric. ʻO ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni mua (2008) i loaʻa $ 407 miliona wale nō ma ka US wale nō., Me kahi kālā o US $ 37 miliona!

Kanaka a me ka massification o ke aloha paranormal ʻōpio

I ka 'oiaʻiʻo, ka "paranormal romance" kahi mana hou o ka puke gothic. He ʻano moʻolelo ia i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā hana a Gautier (Ka make i ke aloha, 1836), Poe (Ligeia, 1838) a me Stoker (Dracula, 1898). I ke kenekulia XNUMX, ʻo Gaston Leroux (ʻO ka Phantom o ka Opera, 1910) a me Anne Rice (Nīnauele me ka vampire, 1976), ʻo ia paha nā lunamakaʻāinana kaulana loa.

Ma hope, ua hoʻomaka nā mea kākau e like me Alice Norton, Christine Feehan a i ʻole JR Ward, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana i nā protagonist ʻōpio i loko o kēia ʻano moʻolelo. Eia naʻe, ka irruption o e hiamoe ana ua hoʻolilo i ke aloha paranormal i ke ʻano pop i kahi hanana pop, me nā leona leona a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻololi ʻia i kekahi mau mea kākau e kū mai ana. Ma waena o lākou:

  • ʻO Maggie Stiefvater, ka mea hana o ka saga Lulu
  • ʻO Cate Tiernan, mea kākau moʻo'ōlelo Kapu a me Balefire

Lā waena aumoe

ʻO Antecedentes

Ua ʻike ʻo Stephenie Meyer pehea e hana ai i kahi inoa nona iho ma waho o ke ao holoʻokoʻa vampire me ʻelua mau paʻi puke a nā kumuhana ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa kekahi i kekahi. ʻO ka mua ka Ka mea hoʻokipa (2008), kahi puke moʻolelo ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hoʻouka kaua haole. Kekahi, ʻO ka mea lawelawe (i ka ʻōlelo Pelekania) alakaʻi i ke kūlana kūʻai maikaʻi loa o ka New York Times no 26 mau pule a ua lawe maikaʻi ʻia i ke kinima i 2013.

Ma 2016 i hōʻike ʻia Kemika, kahi mea pīhoihoi me nā helu hoʻoponopono maikaʻi (ʻoiai me nā hōʻike loiloi). Aka hoi, ke aumoe, Sun Aia mau i ka manaʻo o Meyer, ʻoiai ua haʻalele i ka paʻi ʻana ma hope o ke kahe ʻana o nā mokuna mua ma 2008. Akā, i nā huaʻōlelo a ka mea kākau i pili ai, "ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻo kāna poʻe ukali iā ia e hāʻawi" a hiki i kona hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana.

Nā ʻokoʻa ma waena o Kanaka y Lā waena aumoe

Wahi a Sarabeth Pollock (2020) o ka portal Pākuʻi ʻia, ke aumoe, Sun hoʻoponopono i kekahi mau kānalua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i waiho ʻia e e hiamoe ana. ʻO kēia no ka mea ʻo Meyer kahi mea kākau mua i ka makahiki 2005. Ma kahi o kēia puke, hōʻike ʻo ia i ka ulu ʻana o 15 mau makahiki o ka ʻike moʻokalaleo.

No laila, Lā waena aumoe he puke hoihoi hou aku ia, ʻoiai naʻe he nui nā kamaʻilio a me nā hiʻohiʻona e like me kēlā Kanaka. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, i ka hapa nui o nā loiloi ua ʻōlelo lākou Lā waena aumoe ʻoi aku ka pīhoihoi, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka nui. ʻO ia, kona mau ʻaoʻao 658 e hōʻike ana i 160 mau ʻaoʻao hou aʻe i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka ʻōlelo i haʻi ʻia e Bella.

ʻO ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ka moʻolelo

Con Lā waena aumoe, ua ʻike hope nā poʻe makemake ʻo Meyer i kā Edward Cullen kuanaʻike i kona aloha ʻana iā Bella Swan. No laila, hōʻike ka puke i kekahi mau nūhou e pili ana i ka noho like ʻana i loko o ka ʻohana Cullen. Pēlā nō, wehewehe ka huaʻōlelo i ke ʻano o ka noʻonoʻo a me ke kaʻina hana hoʻoholo o ka protagonist kahe koko.

ʻOiai ke ʻano o ko ka vampire ʻano like me ko 18 mau makahiki, hōʻike kona noʻonoʻo ʻana i kahi hohonu hohonu o ke oʻo. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻO ka noʻonoʻo o Edward kahi hopena kūpono o kāna mau makahiki maoli (104). No laila, ua hoʻohana ka mea kākau ʻAmelika i ka manawa kūpono e hoʻolako i ka moʻolelo me nā laina laulā, sophisticated a me ka liʻiliʻi o ka hala ʻole ma mua o nā mea i haʻi ʻia e Bella.

ʻO kahi leona o nā mea pā leʻaleʻa

Ke ʻano o ko Edward noʻonoʻo ʻana - mōakāka a pīhoihoi - hopu koke i kāna poʻe heluhelu, me ka nānā ʻole inā ua ʻike mua lākou i ka hopena ma mua. Ma ka lima 'ē aʻe, ʻo kekahi o nā dissimilarities maopopo loa ke alo o nā kiʻi koko loa. No laila, ʻokoʻa e hiamoe ana, ke aumoe, Sun ʻAʻole ia he kekelē moʻomeheu ʻōpio; He puke mākua puhi piha ʻia.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.