ʻO Alejandra Pizarnik

Nā huaʻōlelo na Alejandra Pizarnik

Nā huaʻōlelo na Alejandra Pizarnik

I nā makahiki he kanalima i hala aku nei, ʻo Alejandra Pizarnik ka mea heluhelu nui loa a ka poʻe haku mele a ʻAtekania ma Lakina ʻAmelika a me ka honua. ʻO kona ʻano ʻokoʻa a launa ʻole i ka manawa, ma ʻō aku o kona make weliweli. Ua hana ka mea kākau i kahi haʻi'ōlelo poetic kumu maoli, i hōʻike ʻia e kahi ʻōlelo waiwai nui a i ka uhi ʻana i nā kumuhana paʻakikī no kona manawa.

ʻOiai ua pōkole loa kona ola —Ua make ʻo ia i ka manawa he 36 wale nō ona makahiki -, hoʻokele e kūkulu i kahi ʻoihana ikaika a waiho i kahi hoʻoilina o nā hana nui loa. Me kāu pou mua, Ka ʻāina malihini loa (1955), ua lanakila ʻo Pizarnik i mau tausani mea heluhelu, i kūpaʻa a hiki i kāna puke hope loa i ke ola. Nā mele liʻiliʻi (1978). Ma waena o nā ʻokoʻa āna i loaʻa ai, kū ka Manuahi Poetry Prize (1965).

Nā puke na Alejandra Pizarnik

He hōʻailona i kou aka (1955)

ʻO ia ka hōʻiliʻili ʻelua o nā mele i paʻi ʻia e Pizarnik. He hōʻuluʻulu ʻeono ia o nā poems maikaʻi loa āna i kākau ai a hiki i kēia lā. Hōʻike kēia mau mele i ka ikehu a me ka ikaika o ka mea kākau ʻōpio; hoʻopili ʻia nā paukū me ka hoʻomaha ʻole, ka maopopo ʻole, ka kānalua a me nā nīnau he nui.

ʻO kekahi o nā mele e hiki ai iā mākou ke leʻaleʻa i kēia anthology:

"Mamao"

“ʻO koʻu hoʻopiha ʻia me nā moku keʻokeʻo.

ʻO koʻu manaʻo paʻa.

ʻO wau āpau ma lalo o nā hoʻomanaʻo o

kou mau maka.

Makemake au e hoʻopau i ka makaʻu o kāu

kapu

Makemake wau e pale i ka hoʻomaha ʻole o kāu

lehelehe.

No ke aha e ʻike ai kāu ʻike ʻuhane i nā kīʻaha o

kēia mau hola? ".

ʻO ka hala ʻole hope loa (1956)

ʻO ia ke kolu o ka hōʻiliʻili i hōʻike ʻia e ka mea kākau. He ʻumikūmāono mau mele haku mele i piha i ka hana. Eia hou aia kekahi hōʻike kaulana o ko Pizarnik ola ponoʻī, a aia he evolution e pili ana i kāna hana mua. Eia kekahi, kēia mele i loaʻa nā mele wahine koʻikoʻi mai kēlā wā. Kū i waena o nā mele:

"Hiamoe"

"E pahū kēia i ka mokupuni o nā hoʻomanaʻo.

ʻO ke ola kahi hana candor.

Halepaahao

no nā lā hoʻi ʻole.

'Apōpō

e hoʻopau nā moʻo o ka moku i ke kahakai

i ka makani o ka pohihihi.

'Apōpō

ʻo ka leka i ʻike ʻole ʻia e loaʻa nā lima o ka ʻuhane ”.

Laʻau ʻo Diana (1962)

Ma kēia puke, Hāʻawi ʻo Pizarnik i nā mele pokole 38 me nā paukū manuahi. Ka hana Ua mua ʻia e ka Nobel Prize for Literature Octavio Paz. I kēia hanana, kū i waho nā kumuhana e like me ka make, ka mehameha a me ke kaumaha. E like me nā kau ma mua, hōʻike kēlā me kēia laina mele i nā kikoʻī pili loa o ka mea kākau, e like me ka paʻa ʻole o ka naʻau a me ka noʻonoʻo. Aia kekahi mau paukū i hiki ke kue loa.

ʻO nā mele mua i loko o ka moʻolelo mele:

"1"

"Ua hana wau i ka lele mai ke ao aku.

Ua haʻalele wau i koʻu kino ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka mālamalama

a ua hīmeni wau i ke kaumaha o ka mea i hānau ʻia ”.

"2"

"ʻO kēia nā mana i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou:

he lua, he paia haʻalulu… ”.

nā hana a me nā pō (1965)

He hōʻiliʻili kēlā o 47 mau mele me nā kumuhana like ʻole. ʻO ka manawa, ka make, ke kuko a me ka ʻeha kekahi o nā mea nui. ʻO ia kekahi o nā hana paʻakikī loa a ka mea kākau Argentina, a ʻo ia kekahi hōʻike ikaika hou aku i kāna ʻano poetic. Ma kahi nīnauele me Marta Isabel Moia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Pizarnik: "Ua hāʻawi kēlā puke iaʻu i ka hauʻoli o ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kūʻokoʻa i ke kākau ʻana. Ua manuahi au, ʻo wau ka mea nāna e hana i kahi ʻano e like me kaʻu makemake ".

ʻO kahi laʻana o kēia hōʻiliʻili o nā mele:

"ʻO wai e ʻalohi"

"Ke nānā ʻoe iaʻu

he kī koʻu mau maka,

he mea huna ka paia,

kaʻu mau huaʻōlelo makaʻu, nā mele.

ʻO ʻoe wale nō kaʻu e hoʻomanaʻo ai

he hele malihini,

ahi pio ʻole ”.

ʻO ka helu helu koko (1971)

he kahi moʻolelo pōkole e pili ana iā Countess Erzsébet Báthory, he wahine hoʻomāinoino a kaumaha hoʻi, nāna i hana i nā kalaima weliweli i mea e ʻōpio ai. Ma nā mokuna he ʻumikūmālua i hōʻike ʻia iki ai nā hana hoʻomāinoino e kau ʻia e kēia "lede". Aia i loko o ka puke nā ʻaoʻao he 60 me nā kiʻi a Santiago Carusola a me nā ʻāpana o ka prose poetic i ke kaila ʻo Pizarnik.

Hōʻuluʻulu

Ua mare ʻo ka aristocrat Hungarian ʻo Erzsébet Báthory iā Count Ferenc Nádasdy i ka makahiki 15. ʻEkolu mau makahiki ma hope mai, ua hala ke kāne. I kēlā manawa, ʻO 44 ka makahiki o ka countess a makaʻu i ka ʻelemakule. E pale aku i ka lauoho hina mai hiki iā ʻoe, hoʻomaka i ka hoʻokalakupua, lawehana hana i nā hana i kahi e hoʻohana ai ʻo ia i ke koko o nā kaikamahine ʻōpio e mālama i kona hou. Wahi a nā memo i loaʻa i loko o kona lumi, hoʻomāinoino a pepehi kanaka ʻo ia ma mua o 600 mau wahine i nā ʻano like ʻole.

E pili ana i ka mea kākau

ʻO Alejandra Pizarnik

ʻO Alejandra Pizarnik

Ua hānau ʻia ka haku mele ʻo Flora Alejandra Pizarnik ma ka lā 29 ʻApelila 1936 ma Buenos Aires, Argentina. Ua hele mai ia mai kahi ʻohana o ka poʻe malihini Lūkini waena, nona ka inoa mua Pozharnik a nalowale iā ia e noho ana i ka ʻāina Barça. Mai ka wā ʻōpio loa akamai loa ʻo ia, ʻoiai ʻo ia pū kekahi Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia e ka nui o nā insecurities ma muli o kona ʻano kino a me kāna stutter.

Nā haʻawina

Ma hope o ke hoʻopau ʻana i ke kula kiʻekiʻe, i 1954 ua komo ʻo ia i ke Kulanui o Buenos Aires, ke kumu o ke akeakamai o Philosophy a me nā leka. Akā, ma hope koke iho — pili me kona ʻano loli - ua hoʻololi ʻo ia i kahi ʻoihana i ka nūpepa. Ma hope, ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i nā papa hana noʻeau me ka mea pena ʻo Juan Batlle Planas, ʻoiai ua haʻalele ʻo ia i nā mea āpau e hoʻolaʻa iā ia iho i ka kākau ʻana.

Nā Therapies

I kona mau kula nui, ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i kāna mau therapies me León Ostrov. I ka hana ʻana pēlā, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo ia e kaohi i kāna hoʻonāukiuki a hoʻomaikaʻi i kona manaʻo iā ia iho. ʻO kēlā mau hālāwai ka mea nui nui loa i kona ola a me kāna mele, ʻoiai ua hoʻohui ʻo ia i kāna mau hana i ʻike e pili ana i ka unconscious a me ke kumuhana. ʻO "ke ala ʻana", kekahi o kāna mau mele kaulana loa, i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i kāna psychoanalyst.

ʻO kāna mau makahiki ma Palisa

I nā makahiki 60 mua, ua noho ʻo Pizarnik ma Palisa no ʻehā mau makahiki.. I kēlā manawa ua hana ʻo ia i ka makasina Puke Memo, Eia no hoi Ua ulu ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he loiloi palapala a me ka mea unuhi. Ma laila ʻo ia i hoʻomau ai i kāna hoʻomaʻamaʻa aʻo ʻana ma ke komo ʻana i ke Kulanui ʻo Sorbonne, kahi i aʻo ai ʻo ia i ka History of Religion and French Literature. Ma ka lepo Parisian ua mahi ʻo ia i ka launa aloha ʻana, a ʻo Julio Cortázar lāua ʻo Octavio Paz e kū nei.

Kūkulu

Ua paʻi ʻia kāna puke mua ma ka waena o 50 a ua poʻo inoa ʻia Ka ʻāina malihini loa (1955). Akā, ʻaʻole ia a hiki i kona wā i hoʻi mai ai mai Palisa ʻo ia i hōʻike ai i kāna mau hana lunamakaʻāinana - me ka ʻike poetic ʻoi aku ka nui -, e hōʻike ana i kona ʻano ikaika, pāʻani a me kāna hana. Kū i waena o kāna mau mele he 7: Laʻau ʻo Diana (1962), nā hana a me nā pō (1965) a Kaʻi ʻana o ka pōhaku o ka hehena (1968).

Ua ʻaʻa ʻo Pizarnik i ka ʻano moʻolelo, me ka moʻolelo pōkole ʻO ka helu helu koko (1971). Ma hope o kona make ʻana, ua paʻi ʻia kekahi mau mea paʻi puke, e like me: Ka makemake no ka ʻōlelo (1985), Nā huaʻōlelo Sobra a me nā mele hou loa (1982) a Poetry piha (2000). Ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻia kāna mau leka a me kāna mau memo i loko Nā leka uila Pizarnik (1998) a Nā Diaries (2003).

Hōʻikeʻike

Mai ka wā ʻōpio loa ua loaʻa ʻo Pizarnik i ka hiki ʻole o ka naʻau, me ka hopohopo a me nā paʻakikī, nā pilikia e hōʻike ʻia ma kāna mau mele. Ma waho o kēia, ua hūnā ʻo ia i kahi huna kou makemake wahine; he nui ka poʻe e koi ana he homosexual ʻo ia a ʻo ka hūnā ʻana i kāna ʻoiaʻiʻo i pili nui iā ia. Ua mālama ka haku mele i kāna mau maʻi me nā ʻano lāʻau like ʻole i lilo ʻo ia i mea maʻa.

ʻO kekahi kikoʻī i hopena maikaʻi ʻole i kona ola a destabilized iā ia ka make koke o kona makuakāne., i kū mai i ka makahiki 1967. Ma muli o ia pōʻino, ua hele a kaumaha kāna mau mele a me nā diary, me nā memo e like me: "Ka make pau ʻole, hoʻopoina i ka ʻōlelo a me ka nalo ʻana o nā kiʻi. Pehea wau e makemake ai e haʻalele i ka pupule a me ka make (…) ʻO ka make ʻana o koʻu makuakāne i lilo ai koʻu make i mea ʻoiaʻiʻo ”.

ʻO ka make

I ka 1972, ua hoʻokomo ʻia ʻo Pizarnik i kahi haukapila psychiatric ma Buenos Aires ma muli o ke kaumaha nui. Ma Kepakemapa 25 - ʻoiai ma ka hopena pule o ka haʻalele -, ua ʻai ka mea haku mele i kahi helu nui o nā pil Seconal a overdosed i alakaʻi i kona make. Ma ka papa ʻeleʻele i loko o kona lumi i waiho ai i kāna mau paukū hope loa.

"ʻAʻole au makemake e hele

ʻAʻohe mea hou aʻe

ʻo ia i ka lalo ”.

Nā hana na Alejandra Pizarnik

  • Ka ʻāina malihini loa (1955)
  • He hōʻailona i kou aka (1955)
  • ʻO ka hala ʻole hope loa (1956)
  • ʻO nā huakaʻi nalowale (1958)
  • Laʻau ʻo Diana (1962)
  • nā hana a me nā pō (1965)
  • Kaʻi ʻana o ka pōhaku o ka hehena (1968)
  • Nā inoa a me nā kiʻi (1969)
  • Loaʻa ʻia i waena o nā lilac (1969)
  • Kehena mele (1971)
  • ʻO ka helu helu koko (1971)
  • Nā mele liʻiliʻi (1971)

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
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