Nā ʻano mele

Nā ʻano mele.

Nā ʻano mele.

Ma mua o ka wehewehe ʻana i nā ʻano o nā mele, pono e wehewehe i ke ʻano o kahi mele. No ka RAE (2020) he "hana poetic maʻamau i ka paukū". No laila, he mau ʻatikala lākou na ke ʻano o nā mele, hāʻawi ʻia i ka mika a me ka mele. ʻO nā kumu o kēia hōʻike palapala e hoʻi i ka wā o Helene Kahiko.

ʻO ka Gilgamesh Poem - no Sumerian mai (2500-2000 BC) -ʻo ia paha kekahi o nā hana i kākau ʻia kahiko loa. No kāna ʻāpana, kūlike ia i ka mele epic La Odyssey -Homer— ʻo ia kekahi o nā haku mele kaulana loa i kēia ʻano. Mai kēlā mau hoʻomaka magnanimous, ua ulu ke mele ma o nā ʻano mele like ʻole a me nā ʻano kuʻuna, me nā kaila lehulehu o ka hoʻolālā ʻana, nā ʻano intonation, ke mele a me ke mele.

Nā ʻano mele e like me ke kuʻuna komohana

ʻO ka moʻolelo Lyric

Ua hāpai ʻia nā hana o nā mele mele e mele pū ʻia me kahi lira (no laila kona inoa). I ka wā kahiko, ka Hellenes i hoʻohana ai e haku i nā mele i hōʻike ʻia e ko lākou mele a me ke mele. I loko o nā kenekulia, ua hana ʻia kēlā kūlike e nā mea haku mele ma o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kiʻi haʻi ʻōlelo (alliteration, no kahi laʻana).

Hōʻike nā mele mele i ka "hohonu" o ka haku mele, a me nā manaʻo o ke aloha a me ke aloha paha. ʻO lākou nā poʻomanaʻo pōkole (ʻo ka nui o nā poʻo inoa nui i ke ʻano he sonnets). Ma waho o Francesco de Petrarca (1304 - 1374), ua hānau ʻia ka poʻomanaʻo poʻomanaʻo mele o nā mele lyrical i ka 1808 kenekulia: ʻo José de Espronceda (1842 - 1836) lāua ʻo Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (1870 - XNUMX).

Manaʻo Epic

He haku mele i hoʻolālā ʻia e hīmeni hou ʻia ma mua o ka heluhelu ʻia ʻana. E like me ka nui o nā hiʻohiʻona poetic, hoʻomaka nā mele mele i Helene Kahiko. ʻO kona lunamakaʻāinana koʻikoʻi loa homera, ʻoiai he hiki ʻole ke nānā ʻole i nā inoa e like me Hesiod a i ʻole ka haku mele Roma ʻo Virgil.

Nā hiʻohiʻona o ka mele epic

  • Hoʻokumu ʻia ka moʻolelo i kahi wā lōʻihi; ʻaʻole haʻi iki ʻia ka lā.
  • He mau lōʻihi lōʻihi lākou, ua māhele ʻia i nā mokuna i kapa ʻia he mau mele.
  • Nā kumuhana o kahi ʻano haipule (ʻO Theogony) a i ʻole ideological (ʻAeneid).
  • Hoʻohui pinepine ʻo ia i nā paukū maikaʻi me nā mea maoli.
  • ʻO kāna pahuhopu ka hoʻokiʻekiʻe ʻana i nā kaua (nā mele o ka lanakila a me ke koa) a i ʻole nā ​​hana mōʻaukala.

Nā nīnau maʻamau e ʻike ai i ke ʻano o ka mele, nā palena o kēia manawa

  • Ehia mau paukū i loaʻa i kēlā me kēia stanza?
  • Ehia mau aniani i loaʻa i kēlā me kēia paukū?
  • He aha ke ʻano o ka rhyme (assonance a consonant paha)?
  • Aia kekahi ʻano kūlike a me / a i ʻole cadence ma waena o nā paukū?
  • Pehea e hoʻohui ai i nā paukū i kēlā me kēia stanza? (Nā ʻano metric).

Manaʻo manaʻo e noʻonoʻo ai

Rhyme assonance a me ka mele consonant

ʻO Felix Lope de Vega.

ʻO Felix Lope de Vega.

No ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ke ʻano o ka rima, pono e hoʻolohe i ka ʻāpana kaha hope loa o kēlā me kēia paukū. Inā kūlike paha nā leo kani, manaʻo ʻia ka rhyme he assonance (ʻo kahi laʻana, candelabra a me ka pīhaʻu). Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, inā pau ke pāʻani - i ke kani o nā leo a me nā consonants - consonant ka mele; ʻo kahi laʻana: mahalo a mahalo ʻia.

Nā paukū o ka hana kiʻi nui a me nā paukū o ke kiʻi liʻiliʻi

Maʻalahi loa ka ʻokoʻa ma kēia hihia, e helu wale i ka helu o nā kaha metric i loaʻa i kēlā me kēia paukū. Inā ʻoi aku ka nui o kēlā kālā ma mua o ʻewalu, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ia ma kahi paukū ʻoihana nui. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, inā he ʻewalu a ʻoi aku paha ka helu o nā syllable, ua kapa ʻia ia he paukū kiʻi liʻiliʻi.

Nā ʻano o nā mele, ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana e like me ka helu o nā paukū

No nā paukū ʻelua

Hoʻokaʻawale pālua:

I haku ʻia o nā paukū ʻelua (me ka nānā ʻole inā paha he mau kiʻi noʻeau paha lākou a i ʻole he ʻano kiʻi paha).

No nā paukū ʻekolu

Ke kolu:

Hoʻokomo ʻia ia o ʻekolu mau paukū o nā mele nui a me nā mele consonant.

Ke kolu:

Loaʻa ʻekolu mau paukū o nā kiʻi liʻiliʻi me nā mele consonant.

solea:

E like me ke kolu, ʻoiai me kahi mele assonance.

No nā paukū ʻehā

Quartet:

I haku ʻia o nā paukū ʻehā o ke kiʻi nui, nā mele consonant i loko o lākou āpau.

Puni:

Hoʻokomo ʻia ia i ʻehā mau paukū o nā kiʻi liʻiliʻi me nā mele consonant.

ʻO Serventesio:

Loaʻa iā ia ʻehā mau paukū o nā kiʻi nui (ʻo ka maʻamau he hendecasyllables) me nā puana mele a me nā mele ʻē aʻe (hoʻolālā ABAB).

Quatrain:

I haku ʻia o ʻehā mau paukū o nā kiʻi liʻiliʻi (ʻewalu mau syllable) me ka mele consonant (abab scheme).

Pālua:

I haku ʻia o ʻehā mau paukū ʻewalu ʻāpana o ka mele consonant.

Sash:

Ma kahi o ʻehā mau paukū ʻo Alexandria me ka mele consonant.

No nā paukū ʻelima

Quintet:

Loaʻa iā ia he ʻelima mau paukū o nā kiʻi nui me nā mele consonant i loko o lākou āpau, kahi i loaʻa ʻole ai ma mua o ʻelua mau paukū i ka lālani me kahi ʻano like.

Limerick:

Hana ʻia ʻelima mau paukū o ke kiʻi liʻiliʻi a me kahi hoʻolālā mele consonant rotary.

Lira:

Hōʻike ia i nā paukū hendecasyllable ʻelua a me nā paukū heptasyllable ʻekolu me ka mele consonant.

No nā paukū ʻeono

Wāwahi wāwae a Manrique kope paha:

I haku ʻia o nā paukū o ke kiʻi liʻiliʻi a me ka mele consonant.

No nā paukū ʻewalu

Royal Octave:

Hōʻike ia i ʻewalu mau paukū o ka hana nui a me ka mele consonant.

Pamphlet:

Hana ʻia ʻewalu mau paukū o nā kiʻi liʻiliʻi i loko o kahi hoʻolālā puana mele consonant.

No nā paukū he ʻumi

Ka 'umi:

He ʻano mele ia o nā paukū kiʻi liʻiliʻi me ka mele consonant a i ʻole assonance rhyme, e like me ka makemake o ka mea kākau. He loli ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mele.

ʻO Miguel de Cervantes.

ʻO Miguel de Cervantes.

Ano, ʻo ka papahana i ʻike nui ʻia ʻo abba.accddc (me kahi manawa o ka laina ʻehā) a kūlike i ka XNUMX spinel. Ua hoʻolaha ʻia kēia hana e Vicente Espinel, no laila kona inoa. No kāna ʻāpana, ʻo Miguel de Cervantes a ʻO Félix Lope de Vega, mahalo ʻia no ke kani a me ka hōʻike ʻana o nā paukū i loaʻa me ka spinel, lawelawe pū ʻia me he diffusers o kēia ʻano mele.

Hoʻokaʻina e like me kāna ʻano

Mākēneki:

Loaʻa iā ia he ʻumikūmāhā mau paukū hendecasyllable me ka consonant rhyme. ʻElua quartet a ʻelua triplets, e kikoʻī. ʻO kāna hoʻoili ʻana: ABBA ABBA CDC CDC. I kēia lā hiki ke loaʻa nā ʻano ʻokoʻa i kēia mea, me nā mea kākau nui e like me Rubén Darío. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia ʻano mele i ʻItalia e nā mea kākau e like me Petrarca a me Dante Alighieri.

Aloha:

He haku mele ia me kahi helu pau ʻole o nā paukū hendecasyllable. Kahi e hōʻike ai nā pālua i ka rhyme assonance a manuahi nā mea ʻē aʻe. Kuhi ka hapa nui o nā ʻepekema he inoa inoa ʻole ke aloha.

Zejel:

He ʻano mele ʻo ia me kahi mana ʻAlapia i kahakaha ʻia, ʻokoʻa ʻia e kāna papa mele mua o ʻelua a ʻekolu mau laina e mele me nā paukū hope loa o ka stanza. Ma ka lima 'ē aʻe, he loli kona helu o nā paukū a aia mau nā paukū ʻekolu monorhythmic i ka paukū.

ʻO Carol:

He ʻano hoʻohui like ia me Zéjel, ʻo ka ʻokoʻa ke alo o nā paukū octosyllabic a i ʻole heptasyllable. ʻO kēia nā ʻāpana i hoʻokumu paʻa ʻia i ka moʻomeheu Kalikimaka.

Silva:

I haku ʻia o kahi papa palena palena ʻole o nā heptasyllables consonant a i ʻole hendecasyllables (hiki ke hoʻokomo i kekahi mau paukū pākahi). Hoʻomaopopo ʻia e kona mamao pōkole ma waena o nā paukū mele.

Paukū manuahi:

Hana lākou me kahi ʻano haku mele ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia ma nā palena metric maʻamau. I kēia manawa, ʻo ka loaʻa ʻole o ka mele a me ke mele ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike i ka hemahema o ka mele.

Nā ʻano haku mele poetic kaulana ʻē aʻe

  • Mele
  • ʻO Madrigal
  • letrila
  • Haiku
  • ʻO Oda
  • Epigram
  • Elegy
  • Eclogue

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   ʻO Stalin Torres ia

    ʻO kahi hōʻike maikaʻi loa, piha loa a kaulana hoʻi, ʻoi aku ka nui, no ka poʻe hoʻomaka, e like me kaʻu hihia.
    Aloha a kūleʻa hoʻi.

    Nā hale kiaʻi Stalin.