ʻO Jules Bonnot, Chauffeur a Conan Doyle, kekahi o nā lawehala i hoʻomāinoino ʻia ma Palani.

ʻO Jules Bonnot, ʻo Chauffeur a Conan Doyle, i lilo i lawehala makemake nui ʻia ma hope o ka ʻaihue ʻia ʻana o ka lālā Societé Generale ma ka moku ʻo Paris ma Chantilly.

ʻO Jules Bonnot, ʻo Chauffeur a Conan Doyle, i lilo i lawehala makemake nui ʻia ma hope o ka ʻaihue ʻia ʻana o ka lālā Societé Generale ma ka moku ʻo Paris ma Chantilly.

ʻO Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, mea hana ka poina ʻole ʻia ʻO Sherlock Holmes, loaʻa mau kahi aloha aloha inaina me ka hewa. ʻOiai ʻo Doyle e hakakā e hana i nā moʻolelo lawehala paʻakikī loa, he protagonist kāna i ka ʻiʻo. ma ka huila o kāna kaʻa ponoʻī. ʻO Jules Bonnot.

ʻO Chauffeur ʻo Conan Doyle, he mea aloha i nā kaʻa a me nā mea kaua, he anarchist, he kipi a iho i ka mōʻaukala no kahi ʻaihue pāpāho ma ka lālā ʻo Société Générale ma ka moku ʻo Parisian o Chantilly, ka mea i hoʻopūʻiwa i ko Palani holoʻokoʻa. ʻO ka paradox ka mea hana i kahi ʻano nāna i hoʻokuʻu ʻole i kekahi lawehala. kānalua ʻole ʻia  que  ʻo kāna chauffeur kahi powa bank kaulana a ʻo kekahi o nā lawehala makemake nui ʻia e ka mākaʻi Palani.

Bonnot: Nā kumu

ʻO Jules Joseph Bonnot Ua hānau ʻia ma Pon-de-Roide, Palani, i ka makahiki 1876. Ma hope o kona wā kamaliʻi i luku ʻia e ka hala manawa ʻole ʻana o kāna makuahine iā ia wale nō ʻelima mau makahikiʻO kona makuakāne, kahi limahana hana ʻike loea ʻole heluhelu ʻole, ua lawe i kāna aʻo ʻana. ʻO Jules haʻalele i ke kula a hoʻomaka i ka hana ma ka ʻumikūmāhā mau makahiki wale nō i ka ʻoihana metallurgical.

Ke ola makua

ka hakaka me ko lākou luna paʻa mau a kaulana ʻo ia no kāna ʻano kolohe. I loko o kona ola, ka hoʻohewa koloheMai kahi hakakā i kahi hulahula e paʻi i kou haku me ka lāʻau hao i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i kahi mākaʻi.

Ua male me Sofie-Louise Burdet, kahi mea hana lole me lākou ua neʻe aku i Geneva. He keiki kā lāua. I ka 1903, ua loaʻa kahi pōʻino ʻohana hou i ke ola o Bonnot, i ka wā i kau ai kona kaikaina iā ia iho ma hope o ka ʻeha ʻana i kahi aloha aloha. ʻEono wale nō mau makahiki ma hope o kā lāua male ʻana, ua haʻalele kāna wahine iā ia, a lawe pū lāua i kā lāua keiki kāne.

Ke ola politika

ʻO kāna ola kahi huakaʻi o nā hana a me nā hoʻomaha ma nā kūlanakauhale ʻokoʻa Palani a me Switzerland: ma hope o kāna lawelawe pūʻali koa, kahi i aʻo ai ʻo ia i nā mīkini a hōʻike i nā kālena kūikawā me nā mīkini, hoʻomaka ʻo ia e hōʻike ākea i kona aloha no ka neʻe anarchist. Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo ia i kahi hui alahao Bellegarde no ka hoʻomehana ʻana i ka lewa me kāna mau huakaʻi politika, ua noho ʻo ia ma Lyon kahi i loaʻa ai kahi hana ma kahi hale hana ʻenekini. Ma laila lākou i aʻo ai iā ia e kalaiwa e lilo i chauffeur o kekahi o nā ʻoihana o ka ʻoihana, akā i ka ʻike ʻana i kāna moʻolelo uniona a me ka mōʻaukala, ua kī hou ʻia ʻo ia a neʻe aku i Palisa.

Ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i kāna wahine, ua hui pū ʻo ia hana aikila i ka neʻe anarchist kahi i puʻunaue ai lākou i nā pepelu hoʻolaha ma loko o ke kūlanakauhale a hoʻomaopopo i nā kamaʻāina.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jules Bonnot i ka hui ʻo Bonnot Gang me Plátano Sorrentino, nā lālā ʻelua o ka pae radical loa o ka pāʻina anarchist.

ʻO Criminal Life a me ka hānau ʻana o ka Gang Gang Bonnot

Mai ia manawa mai, ua hoʻomaka ʻo Bonnot he hana kalaima i hoʻomaka me ʻaihue liʻiliʻi, a laila kaʻa maikaʻi, a ma hope, ʻaihue ma nā home o nā ʻohana waiwai.

Ua koi ʻia e haʻalele i ka ʻāina e pale i ka hopu ʻia, ua holo ʻo ia i ʻEnelani, kahi āna i hana ai no Conan Doyle. Ma laila ʻo ia i hui ai ʻO Banana Sorrentino, i ho'ākāka ʻia e nā mākaʻi Palani ma ke ʻano he anarchist radical weliweli a me ia i hoʻi aku i Palisa. Ua hoʻomaka lākou e hana i kahi hana kalaima koko kahi o nā lālā ʻē aʻe o ka neʻe anarchist i hui pū. ʻO kāna hana kolohe a me nā ʻaihue Societe Generale hana ʻia ma mua o hoʻokahi make. LʻO Gang gangnot ʻo ia ka hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka ʻaihue panakō me ka pakele i hoʻolālā ʻia i loko o kahi kaʻa e kali ana iā lākou ma ka puka o lākou e hana ana i ka pōwā. kalaiwa ʻia e Bonnot iho. Ua nānā pono nā mākaʻi Palani āpau ʻO ka Gang Gang Bonnot a ua lilo lākou i kikowaena media o ka nūpepa o ka ʻāina. ʻO ke kaʻa huakaʻi punahele a Bonnot ʻo Delaunay-Belleville.

Ka hopena o ka Gang Bonnot a me kona mau lālā

ʻO ka hopena hope loa o nā lālā o ka hui he ʻokoʻa: ua hoʻāʻo ʻia kekahi, ua kī ʻia kekahi e ka Gendarmerie. Ma ka liʻiliʻi e hoʻoheheʻe ana ka pāʻina akā ʻo ka mea nui loa, ke alakaʻi o nā mea āpau, ua nalo Holo aku ʻo Bonnot i ke kaona ʻo Paris ʻo Choisy-le-Roi. Ma laila he manawa e hoʻopaʻa ai iā ia iho a kākau i kāna palapala kauoha a me kahi leka i ka wahine āna i aloha ai i kēlā manawa, ka mea hoʻi i hopu ʻia. Ua pau ka leka penei:

«ʻAʻole ʻo ia i noi nui. Ua hele wāwae wau me ia ma lalo o ka mālamalama ma waena o ka hale kupapaʻu ʻo Lyon, me ka hoʻopunipuni ʻole iaʻu iho ʻaʻohe mea e pono ai kahi mea ʻē aʻe e noho ai. ʻO ia ka hauʻoli āna i alualu ai i kona ola a pau, me ka ʻole o ka moeʻuhane. Ua loaʻa ʻo ia iā ia a ua ʻike ʻo ia. ʻO ka hauʻoli i hōʻole mau ʻia iaʻu. He kuleana kona e ʻike i kēlā hauʻoli. ʻAʻole ʻoe i hāʻawi ʻia iaʻu. A laila ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi iaʻu, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi iā ʻoe, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi no nā mea āpau ... E mihi paha wau i kaʻu hana? Maliʻa paha. Akā ʻaʻohe oʻu minamina. Minamina, ʻae, akā i kekahi hihia, ʻaʻohe mea minamina.

I ka 1912, hoʻouka ka mākaʻi i kona hale a ua kī ʻia ʻo Bonnot a make.. aia aku nei iaʻu Nā makahiki 36.

A ʻike ʻo Conan Doyle i ka mea i hala

I ka 1925, Aia ʻo Conan Doyle ma Lyon e kipa aku ana i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Crime o ke kūlanakauhale, kahi i hōʻike ʻia ai nā lawehala kaulana i ka mōʻaukala o ka ʻāina i ka wā i pūʻiwa ai kona mau hoa, ua kū ʻo Doyle ma mua o kahi kiʻi o ka hōʻike a ʻōlelo aku:

"Akā ʻo Jules, koʻu luna kahiko!".

Wahi a nā mana ʻē aʻe o kēia moʻolelo, he hoa pili ia no ka mea kākau nāna i ʻike i kā Bonnot kiʻi ma ka hōʻike Lyon.

Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou aʻe e pili ana i ko Bonnot ola, ua kākau ka mea kākau ʻItalia ʻo Pino Cacucci i kāna moʻomeheu i kāna puke No case, no remorse. A hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo La Bande a Bonnot (1968) na ke alakaʻi Farani ʻo Philippe Fourastié.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.