ʻO María Moliner a i ka wā paha i wehe ʻia nā hale waihona puke 5.000 ma Sepania

Maria Moliner

He lā kēia e hoʻohanohano pinepine ʻia ai nā mea kākau a me nā hana nui o ka moʻokalaleo. Eia nō naʻe, makemake wau e hoʻohanohano i kahi wahine i kākau ʻole i nā puke, akā ua pili i hiki i nā mea āpau ke loaʻa i ka moʻomeheu a me ka heluhelu.

ʻLelo wau Maria Moliner, kahi ʻano poina o ka Lepupalika a ʻo ia ka mea i komo i ka wehe ʻana o nā hale waihona puke a hana i kahi puke wehewehe puke kaulana: ʻo ka Papa Kuhikuhi o María Moliner.

ʻO María Moliner (Zaragoza, 1900-Madrid, 1981), he mea mālama puke, philologist a me lexicographer. ʻO ke kaikamahine a ke kauka kuaʻāina, ua puka ʻo ia i ka Mōʻaukala mai ke Kulanui o Zaragoza a hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope ua komo i ke Kula o Archivists, Waihona Puke a me nā Archaeologists e nā kūʻē.

Hoʻolaha o ka Lepupalika a me nā Misiona Pedagogical

Ua male ʻia ʻo María me nā keiki, ua noho ʻo ia ma Valencia ke hoʻolaha ʻia ka Lepupalika ma 1931. I hoʻokahi mahina ma hope mai, ua hana ke aupuni i ka Papa o nā Misiona Pedagogical, kahi a María i komo ai a hana i ka ʻelele Valencian.

I ka makahiki 1931 ua ʻoi aku ka heluhelu ʻole ma Sepania ma mua o 44 pākēneka, me ka hapa nui o nā wahine, a ʻeono pakeneka wale nō o ka heluna kānaka i hiki i nā puke a i ʻole nā ​​nūpepa. Ua launa pū ʻia ka lawelawe hale waihona puke e Luis Cernuda, Juan Vicens a me María Moliner a iā ia he 60 pākēneka o ka moʻohelu kālā o nā Misiona Pedagogical, ʻo ia hoʻi ma waena o 1931 a me 1936 5.522 mau hale waihona puke hou i kūkulu ʻia.

Ma Valencia, ua hoʻolaʻa ʻo María i kona ikaika a pau i ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā hale waihona puke e holo nei, kahi o hoʻokahi mau haneli puke no kēlā me kēia kaona a kauhale paha, no nā keiki a me nā mākua. Ma nā hale waihona puke, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo ia i nā moʻo'ōlelo, nā papa kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, nā loiloi lekiō a me nā album i wae ʻia, nā pahuhopu kumu i kāna hoʻolālā hoʻololi no ka heluhelu a me ka nohona moʻomeheu.

E like me ka mea e manaʻo ʻia, ʻaʻole nui nā mea waihona puke ʻoihana no nā hale waihona puke he nui, no laila ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e waiho iā lākou i ka lima o nā kāne a me nā kumu wahine a me nā makuahine o nā ʻohana, ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻoi aku ko lākou hopohopo e pili ana i ka moʻomeheu ma mua o kāne a ʻike i loko o lākou i nā wahine.

E like me kā María Moliner e wehewehe ai e pili ana i nā hale waihona puke:

ʻO ia e pili ana i ke ala ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ke aloha o ka heluhelu, ʻo ia ke kumu i hoʻouna ʻia ai i nā pūʻulu he nui nā puke leʻaleʻa a me ka leʻaleʻa nani, a me nā mea me ka ʻike kūpono e pili ana i kēlā mau manaʻo, kēlā mau pilikia a me kēlā mau hakakā e hoʻoluliluli i ka honua i nā mea āpau. nā kauoha o ka noʻonoʻo a me nā kumu a pau o ke ola, he aha ke ʻano o kēlā mea kanaka ʻaʻole hiki a ʻaʻole he haole i kekahi kanaka.

El Papa wehewehe o ka hoʻohana Sepania na María Moliner

Ua manaʻo ʻia kekahi o nā puke wehewehe ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe i ʻoi aku i ko ka Royal Academy (RAE), ua paʻi ʻia no ka manawa mua ma 1966-67 e ka hale paʻi Gredos a ua hoʻohana ʻo María Moliner ma mua o ʻumikūmālima mau makahiki i kona hoʻomākaukau.

ʻO kēia puke wehewehe'ōlelo o nā wehewehe ʻana, nā huaʻōlelo manaʻo, nā manaʻo a me nā huaʻōlelo i hoʻonohonoho ʻia, a me nā huaʻōlelo huaʻōlelo, ʻo ia kekahi puke wehewehe manaʻo manaʻo maoli a me ka synonym.

Ua kakali ʻo María Moliner i kekahi mau mea e like me ka hoʻolaʻa ʻana i ka Ll i ka L, a me Ch i ka(kahi pae i pili ʻole ka RAE a hiki i ka makahiki 1994) a i ʻole ke komo ʻana o nā huaʻōlelo i ka hoʻohana maʻamau akā ʻaʻole i ʻae ʻia e ka RAE, e like me ka huaʻōlelo. cybernetics.

Inā makemake ʻoe i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia puke wehewehe ʻōlelo, i ka Pūnaewele Instituto Cervantes he komo nui kā lākou ma luna ona.

ʻO María Moliner i kēia lā

ʻO María Moliner kahi laʻana o nā hana kaulike ʻole i nā wahine a me ka barbarism o absolutism.

E pili ana i kāna mau waihona puke, ʻo ke Kaua Kivila Sepania a me ka dictatorhip o Franco ma hope ua luku i kēlā papahana nui o nā hale waihona puke o nā Misiona Pedagogical a me ka heluhelu a me ka launa ʻana o ka moʻomeheu. E like me kā Juan Vicens i ʻōlelo ai ma Palani ma 1938 i ka wā e kamaʻilio ana no ka impulse i hāʻawi ʻia i ka heluhelu lehulehu i ka wā o ka Repubalika ma Sepania.

Maʻalahi ka moʻolelo, like mau i ka wā e hāʻule ai ka poʻe i ka ʻenemi: kī ʻia ka mea waihona puke, puhi ʻia nā puke, a ʻo nā mea a pau i komo i kāna hui ua kī ʻia a hoʻomāinoino ʻia paha.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻo María Moliner ka moho wahine mua i noho i ka noho lima ma ka Royal Academy o ka ʻlelo, ʻoiai ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he wahine ʻo ia, a ʻoihana ka mea ʻoihana i manaʻo nui ʻia ma ke ʻano he puke puke ma mua o ke ʻano he philologist, ʻoiai ua hoʻomākaukau puke wehewehe ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi, ʻaʻole ia i komo i loko.

ʻO Carmen Conde, ka mea kākau a me ka wahine mua i ʻae ʻia i ka Academy i 1979, ʻaʻole i poina i ka haʻi pololei ʻana i kāna kamaʻilio komo.

ʻO kāu hoʻoholo hanohano e hoʻopau i kahi hoʻokae moʻokalaleo ʻole a kūpuna hoʻi.

Hoʻohanohano kēia ʻatikala i kēia lede o ka ʻōlelo a me ka moʻomeheu nāna i hana nui no ka puke.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   Ua haʻalele ʻo Asunción Huertas ia

    He mea maikaʻi iaʻu ke hōʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻano moʻomeheu Sepania, hoʻokae pāpālua ʻia no ka wahine a no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kāna hana ʻoi loa i ka wā o ka Lepupalika. Mahalo nui koʻu naʻau iā ia, ʻoiai kona mau manaʻo, ʻoiai ua hala nā makahiki he nui loa, ua hoʻohua a hua ʻia nā hale waihona puke, ʻoiai ka pilikia, kēlā mau wahi hālāwai a me ka hoʻomaopopo ma waena o ka poʻe.