Victor Hugo. Shekaru 216 bayan haihuwarsa. Wasu jimloli da waqoqi uku

An cika su a yau, 26 ga Fabrairu, Shekaru 216 tun haihuwar Victor Hugo. An haifeshi a garin Besançon sannan kuma ya kasance mawaƙi da kuma marubucin wasan kwaikwayo har ma da marubuta. Ana la'akari da matsakaicin wakilin Faransa Romanticism. Ya kuma kasance mai kwazo da tasiri sosai a fagen siyasa da ilimi a tarihin kasarsa da kuma adabin karni na XNUMX.

Yau, a cikin ƙwaƙwalwarsa, na zaɓi wasu phrases babban aikinsa, musamman wanda muka fi sani, Miserables. Amma kuma na zabi wasu samfuran nasa wakoki, cewa tabbas mun karanta ƙasa.

Wani ɗan Victor Hugo

Kuma watakila 'yan kaɗan sun san cewa Victor Hugo rayu a cikin Madrid, a tsakiyar Calle del Clavel, a lokacin yarintarsa, tunda mahaifinsa, wani soja, wanda aka naɗa babban kwamanda, an sauya shi.

A 1815 ya zauna Paris tare da kyakkyawan ra'ayin sadaukar da kansa ga adabi. Was a dalibi mai kyau kuma yana dan shekara 15 sai Kwalejin Faransa ta ba shi lambar yabo ta waka. Wannan shi ne share fage ga babban littafinsa na wakoki, Odes da wakoki daban-daban. A 1822 ya yi aure adele foucher, wanda tare da shi ya haifi yara biyar. Bugu da kari, ya kafa tare da 'yan uwansa kuma marubutan mujallar Le Conservateur LitteraireSun kasance shekaru masu yawa na samar da wallafe-wallafe tare da take kamar CromwellUwargidanmu paris (wanda aka sani da Hunchback na Notre Dame) ko Sarki ya yi nishaɗi.

Mai aiki sosai a siyasance, An nada Victor Hugo by na Faransa a 1845. Jawabinsa a kan zullumi da sauran korafe-korafen zamantakewa da siyasa sun kai shi ga rabuwa da Jam’iyyar Conservative. A cikin 1851 ya yi tir da burin kama-karya na Napoleon III kuma, bayan juyin mulkin, gudu Faransa. Shekarar da ta gabata shi da iyalinsa sun tafi Jersey a theasar Ingila, kuma a 1856 ya ƙaura zuwa Alemania.

Daga wannan haihuwar shekaru ashirin aka haife su Hukuncin, trilogy na Karshen ShaidanDios y Labarin karnoni, da shahararren littafinsa, Miserables. Komawa Faransa, bayan faɗuwar Napoleon III, Victor Hugo ya sami yabo a bainar jama'a kuma an zaɓe shi mataimakin. Mutu a paris yana ɗan shekara 83, a ƙwanƙolin ƙwarewarsa, tare da aiki na kwarai da tasiri, wanda hakan yasa ya zama abun misali wanda jamhuriya ta uku ta karrama shi da jana'izar kasa.

(c) mmartinez. Na jaridar Vanguard.

Bayani na Miserables

  • Dokar Yesu Almasihu mai tsarki ke mulkin wayewarmu; amma bai ratsa ta ba tukuna. An ce bauta ta ɓace daga wayewar Turai, kuma kuskure ne. Har yanzu akwai shi; kawai cewa ba ya da nauyi a kan mace, kuma ana kiranta karuwanci.
  • Adalci na farko shi ne lamiri.
  • Isauna wani ɓangare ne na ruhi kansa, yana da dabi'a iri ɗaya da ita, yana da walƙiya ta allahntaka; kamar ta, shi ba mai lalacewa ba ne, ba ya rabuwa, ba ya lalacewa. Particarfin wuta ne wanda yake a cikinmu, wanda ba ya mutuwa zuwa marar iyaka, wanda babu abin da zai iyakance shi, ko ya sare shi.
  • Abin da aka faɗi game da maza, na gaskiya ko na ƙarya, yana da matsayi mai yawa a cikin makomar su, kuma musamman a cikin rayuwarsu, kamar abin da suke yi.
  • A duniya kusan babu abin da ya fi so.
  • A'a, samun soyayya baya rasa haske. Babu makanta inda akwai soyayya.
  • Saki ba yanci bane. Kurkukun ya kare, amma ba a yanke masa hukunci ba.
  • Kar a tambaya sunan wadanda suka nemi makafa. Daidai ne mutumin da ya fi buƙatar mafaka wanda yake da matsala cikin faɗin sunansa ko sunanta.
  • Akwai halittu iri biyu a duniya wadanda suke rawar jiki sosai: mahaifiya da ta sami ɗanta da ta ɓace, da damisa wacce ta sami abincinta.
  • Wadanda suke wahala saboda kauna, sun fi so. Mutuwar soyayya shine rayuwa.
  • Babban farin cikin rayuwa shine yakinin cewa ana ƙaunata, ana son kanmu; wajen son duk da mu.
  • Arfin da ya fi ƙarfin duka zuciya ce marar laifi.
  • Lokacin da soyayya ke farin ciki tana kawo rai ga zaƙi da kyau.
  • Isauna kamar itaciya ce: tana lanƙwasa ƙarƙashin nauyinta, tana da tushe a cikin rayuwarmu kuma wani lokacin takan ci gaba da zama kore a cikin rusassun zuciya.
  • Isauna ita ce mantawa da komai.

Wakoki uku

Lokacin da karshe mutane biyu zasu hadu

Lokacin da karshe rayuka biyu suka hadu,
Waɗanda suka daɗe suna neman junan su a cikin taron,
Lokacin da suka fahimci cewa su ma'aurata ne,
Wannan an fahimta kuma ya dace,
A wata kalma, sun yi daidai
to har abada ya tashi da haɗari mai zafi da tsabta kamar kansu,
haɗin kai wanda zai fara a duniya kuma zai ɗore a sama.
Wannan haɗin kai shine ƙauna
ingantaccen soyayya, kamar yadda fewan maza kaɗan zasu iya ɗaukar ciki,
kauna wacce addini ce,
Wannan yana tsarkake ƙaunataccen wanda rayuwarsa ta kasance
Na himma da sha'awa kuma ga wanda sadaukarwa yake
Mafi girma shine mafi daɗin farin ciki.

Zuwa ga mace

Yarinya, idan nine sarki zan ba da sarautata,
kursiyina, sandar sarauta da sandana na,
rawanina na zinariya,
da jiragen ruwa na, wadanda teku ba zai ishe su ba,
don kallo daga gare ku.

Idan nine Allah, duniya da raƙuman ruwa,
mala'iku, aljanu suna ƙarƙashin dokokina.
Da zurfin hargitsi na zurfin ciki,
abada, sarari, sammai, duniyoyi
Zan ba da sumba daga gare ku!

Mace ta faɗi

Kada ka taba zagin matar da ta faɗi!
Babu wanda ya san irin nauyin da ya yi mata nauyi
ko yawan gwagwarmaya da ya jimre a rayuwa,
Har zuwa karshe ta fadi!
Wanda bai ga mata masu numfashi ba
cike da ɗoki ga nagarta,
kuma ku tsayayya da mummunan iska daga mummunan
da halin nutsuwa?
Ruwan ruwa rataye daga reshe
cewa iska tana girgiza kuma tana girgiza ka;
Lu'ulu'u wanda ƙwannin furen ya zubar,
kuma wancan laka ne yayin fadowa!
Amma har yanzu mahajjata digo na iya
rashin tsarkakinta don sake dawowa,
kuma tashi daga turɓaya, ƙyalƙyali,
kuma kafin haske ya haskaka.
Bari mace da ta faɗi ƙauna,
bar ƙurar dumi mai mahimmanci,
saboda komai yana dawo da sabuwar rayuwa
tare da haske da soyayya.


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