Tsakar dare

Stephanie Meyer Tsakar dare (2020) labari ne mai ban sha'awa na marubucin Ba'amurke Stephenie Meyer, mahaliccin shahararrun masarufi Twilight. Kodayake an buga wannan taken sama da shekaru goma bayan ƙaddamarwar ƙarshe ta saga (Dare, 2008), ana iya karanta shi a tsari na biyu idan aka yi la'akari da jerin tarihin.

Dalilin? To, Midnight Sun - Sunan asali a cikin Turanci - yayi bitar abubuwan da suka faru na farkon shigar, Twilight (2005), daga hangen nesa na Edward Cullen, tauraron tauraron dan adam. A wannan ma'anar, ya kamata a tuna cewa manyan litattafai huɗu na jerin suna da alaƙa da ra'ayi na Bella Swan, jarumar.

Game da marubucin

Yara da karatu

Stephenie Morgan, wanda aka sani a fagen adabi kamar Stephenie Meyer, an haife shi a ranar 24 ga Disamba, 1973 a Hartford County, Connecticut, Amurka. Ta rayu mafi yawan yarinta tare da iyayenta da 'yan uwanta biyar a Phoenix, Arizona. Tuni a matsayin saurayi, ya tsaya wajan karatunsa (har ma ya sami lambar yabo ta ƙasa) a makarantar sakandaren Scottsdale ta Chaparral.

A cikin tambayoyi na gaba, Meyer ya bayyana cewa tasirin tarbiyarta ya kasance mai tsananin tasirin tasirin Ikilisiyar Jesus Christ na Waliyyan Gobe. Bayan ta kammala karatun sakandare, sai ta shiga jami’ar Brigham Young a Utah, inda ta kammala a 1997 tare da digiri a fannin ilimin Turanci na Turanci.

Aure da farkon aikinsu na adabi

Bayan samun digirinta na farko, marubuciya nan gaba ta yi tunanin zama lauya, amma ta sauya tunaninta bayan ta haifi ɗa ta farko a cikin 'ya'yanta uku, Gabe. Dukansu sakamakon sakamakon aurenta ne (1994) tare da Christian Meyer. Wannan hanyar, rinjayi karatu kamar Charlotte Brontë, LM Montgomery da Shakespeare, Meyer ya fara tafiya zuwa haruffa (don jin daɗin mutum kawai).

Hasken rana

A cewar Stephenie Meyer, labarin tsakanin m vampire Jinin da ke soyayya da ɗan adam ya samo asali ne a tsakiyar 2003. Lokacin da 'yar'uwarta ta shawo kanta - ta aika da rubutun Twilight zuwa gidajen buga takardu goma sha biyar. A ka'ida, biyar daga cikinsu sun yi watsi da shi kuma tara suka ƙi. Amma mutum daya ya ba da amsa: Jodi Reamer, Wakilin House rep.

Tasiri kan al'adun gargajiya

Hakkokin wallafe-wallafen Twilight an yi gwanjon su cikin masu bugawa takwas. Daga ƙarshe, Meyer ya zauna tare da Little, Brown, da Kamfanin don musayar $ 750.000 don sakin kundin farko. Sauran tarihi ne: ikon amfani da sunan kamfani tare da kofe fiye da miliyan ɗari da aka sayar da fassara zuwa harsuna 37.

Babban littattafan saga

  • Twilight (2005)
  • Sabon Wata (2006)
  • husufi (2007)
  • Dare (2008)

Sauran taken suna da alaƙa da tetralogy

  • Rayuwa ta biyu ta Bree Tanner (2010)
  • Twilight Saga: Jagoran Hoto na Gida (2011)
  • Rayuwa da Mutuwa: Haske ya Haskaka (2015)
  • Tsakar dare (2020)

Fim

Sauye-sauye biyar masu nasara na fim - tare da Kristen Stewart da Robert Pattinson - dangane da manyan litattafai huɗu a cikin jerin, sun samar da riba mai yawa. Kawai fim na farko (2008) ya sami dala miliyan 407 a cikin Amurka kawai., Tare da kasafin kudi na dalar Amurka miliyan 37!

Twilight da kuma haɗakar da soyayyar samari na zamani

A zahiri, da "paranormal romance" wani sabon juzu'i ne na litattafan gothic. Nau'in labarin ne wanda ayyukan Gautier suka kafa (Mutuwa cikin soyayya, 1836), Poe (Ligeia, 1838) da Stoker (Dracula, 1898). A cikin karni na XNUMX, Gaston Leroux (Fatalwar Opera, 1910) da Anne Rice (Ganawa tare da vampire, 1976), tabbas sune shahararrun wakilan ta.

Daga baya, marubuta irin su Alice Norton, Christine Feehan ko JR Ward, da sauransu, sun fara amfani da matasa masu fada aji a cikin irin wannan labarin. Koyaya, rushewa na Twilight ya canza rayuwar soyayya ta matashi zuwa cikin wani sabon abu mai cike da farin jini, tare da tarin masoya a duk duniya. Hakanan ya yi tasiri ga wasu marubuta masu tasowa. Tsakanin su:

  • Maggie Stiefvater, mahaliccin saga Girma
  • Cate Tiernan, marubucin jerin Shara da Balefire

Tsakar dare

Bayani

Stephenie Meyer ta san yadda ake yin suna a wajan samari na matasa tare da wallafe-wallafe guda biyu waɗanda jigoginsu suka bambanta da juna. Na farko shine Mai gida (2008), littafin almara na kimiyya game da mamayewar baƙi. Har ila yau, Mai watsa shiri (a cikin Ingilishi) ya jagoranci mafi kyawun sayar da darajar New York Times don makonni 26 kuma an sami nasarar kai shi gidan sinima a cikin 2013.

A cikin 2016 ya bayyana Chemistry, mai ban sha'awa tare da lambobin edita mai kyau (kodayake tare da bita da yawa). Duk da haka, Midnight Sun ya kasance koyaushe a cikin tunanin Meyer, duk da cewa ta daina buga shi bayan bayanan farkon surori a shekarar 2008. Amma, a cikin maganar marubucin da ke da alaƙa, mabiyanta "ba su bar ta ta bari ba" har sai fitowar ta.

Bambanci tsakanin Twilight y Tsakar dare

A cewar Sarabeth Pollock (2020) na tashar Ansan tallafi, Midnight Sun gyara wasu shubuhohi masu jayayya da suka bar Twilight. Wannan saboda Meyer marubuciya ce da ke farauta a cikin 2005. Maimakon haka, a cikin wannan littafin ta nuna ci gaban shekaru 15 na gogewar adabi.

Saboda haka, Tsakar dare littafi ne mai ban sha'awa, duk da yawancin maganganu da al'amuran kama da na Twilight. A zahiri, a cikin yawancin bita suna bayyana hakan Tsakar dare ya ma fi dadi, duk da cewa ya fi fadi. Wato shafukanta 658 na wakiltar ƙarin shafuka 160 idan aka kwatanta da rubutun da Bella ya rawaito.

Daya bangaren labarin

con Tsakar dare, masu sha'awar Meyer a ƙarshe sun iya ganin hangen nesa na Edward Cullen yayin da yake ƙaunaci Bella Swan. Saboda haka, littafin yana gabatar da wasu labarai game da zama tare a cikin gidan Cullen. Hakanan, rubutun yayi bayani dalla-dalla game da tunani da tsarin yanke shawara na jarumin da ke ɗaga jini.

Yayinda fitowar vampire shima na ɗan shekaru 18 ne, tunaninsa yana nuna zurfin zurfin balaga. A gaskiya, Hankalin Edward sakamako ne mai ma'ana game da shekarun sa na gaske (104). Dangane da haka, marubucin Ba'amurke ya yi amfani da damar don ba da labarin layin da ya fi rikitarwa da wayewa fiye da waɗanda Bella ta ruwaito.

Legungiyar mayaƙan gamsuwa

Hanyar tunanin Edward - a bayyane kuma mai ma'ana - tana iya kama masu karatu da sauri, ba tare da la'akari da ko sun riga sun san ƙarshen ba tukunna. A wannan bangaren, daya daga cikin abubuwan banbancin da yake bayyane shine kasancewar kyawawan hotuna na jini. Saboda haka, sabanin Twilight, Midnight Sun Ba karatun digiri bane na yara; Littafin manya ne cikakke.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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