Muna magana da Ana Rivera Muñiz da Fátima Martín Rodríguez, Torrente Ballester Award 2017

Babban hoto na ladabi na Ana Rivera.

Dan Asturiyan Ana Lena Rivera Muniz da Tenerife Fatima Martin Rodriguez shi ne wadanda suka lashe kyautar kyautar XXIX Torrente Ballester 2017, aka bayar a karon farko tsohon aequo Disamba na ƙarshe. Litattafan litattafan su Abin da matattu suka yi shiru y Kusurwar hazo sun cancanci kyautar saboda "ingancin adabinsu", a cewar juri'ar gasar.

Mun yi sa'ar samun Ana Lena Rivera Muñiz a cikin wannan ƙungiyar marubutan tawali'u na Actualidad Literatura. Yau Mun yi magana da marubutan biyu game da kyautar, ayyukansu, ayyukansu da kuma ayyukan da za su yi nan gaba.

A lokacin baya Bugun XXIX na kyautar Torrente Ballester labari a cikin Sifaniyanci, jimlar ayyukan da ba a buga ba 411 da marubuta daga ƙasashe sama da 18 suka halarta. Wannan kyautar an haifeshi a shekarar 1989 kuma an yi masa baiwa da Yuro 25.000 da kuma bugun na lashe kwafin.

Fatima Martin Rodriguez (Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 1968)

Canaria, Bachelor na Kimiyyar Bayanai, a Jami'ar Complutense na Madrid, kuma tare da fara karatun Fine Arts, a Jami'ar La Laguna. Marubucin Kusurwar hazo, labarin da aka bayar tare da Torrente Ballester Prize 2017, an horar da shi a Makarantar Canarian Makarantar Kirkirar Adabi. Ya sami lambar yabo ta Orola don gogewa a shekara ta 2012 da kuma kyauta ta 3 a gasar Cultural Field Micro-story Contest a shekara ta 2011. Ya ci gaba da ɗaukar hoto da ayyukan fasahar gani kamar Hasken Kalmomi (hoto da haiku shayari tare da F / 7 Co-ordinate Collective da mawaki Coriolano González Montañés), da Archetypes, aikin da aka zaɓa a cikin Binciken Hoto PHOTOESPAÑA 2012, da sauransu.

Ana Lena Rivera Muñiz (Asturias, 1972)

Asturian kuma mazaunin Madrid, tana da digiri a Dokar Kasuwanci da Gudanarwa daga ICADE da kuma marubucin littafin labarin masu aikata laifuka wanda ya shafi Gracia San Sebastián. Shari'arka ta farko, Abin da Matattu suka yi shiru, ba zai iya zama mafi nasara ba tare da bayar da kyautar Torrente Ballester Award 2017 da lambar yabo ta ƙarshe don kyautar Fernando Lara a watan Mayu na wannan shekarar.

Hirar mu

Muna ba ku wasu tambayoyin don ku yi mana ƙarin bayani game da sana'arku da aikin adabi, ayyukanku na gaba da sauran fannoni na musamman. Kuma muna gode muku a gaba don amintattun amsoshinku masu ban sha'awa.

Har yanzu kuna jin daɗin kyautar da nasarar? Faɗa mana yadda kwarewar ta kasance.

Ana: Jin daɗin ganin aikinku wanda aka gane shi a cikin kyauta tare da martabar Torrente Ballester shine bautar ruhun da ba ta misaltuwa. Wannan sana'a ce mai kaɗaici da ganin kanka mutane da yawa sun yarda da ku kuma irin wannan matakin adabi kamar harbin serotonin. Yanayi na musamman na wannan lambar yabo da aka baiwa marubuta biyu a lokaci guda sun kasance abin karin farin ciki: sun bani damar ganawa da Fatima, abokiyar aikina, marubuciya ta musamman, wacce zanyi musayar ra'ayoyi tare da ita, ayyuka da kuma burin da babu wanda baya wannan duniya da wannan ƙirar na iya fahimta da ji.

Fatima: Al'amari ne wanda ba zato ba tsammani wanda ya wuce duk yadda nake tsammani. Na fito a cikin wannan babban gasa ina burin kasancewa daya daga cikin karshe da aka zaba goma sha takwas, amma ba zan iya tunanin wannan sakamakon da littafina na farko ba; har yanzu dole a cinye shi. Bikin ba da lambar yabo a La Coruña ya kasance mai kayatarwa sosai kuma Majalisar Lardin ta tallafa mana sosai. Gaskiyar cewa an ba da shi a karo na farko ga marubuta biyu tsohon aequo Ya kasance tabbatacce kuma baya dakatar da bada kyawawan lokuta. Abokiyar aikina, Lena Lena, marubuciya ce mai ban mamaki. Sanin mu ya bamu damar haɗuwa da manufofi da musayar ƙwarewa. Daga farkon lokacin dangantakar ta kasance cikakke, kuma, ba tare da wata shakka ba, tushen damar da muke rabawa a kowane mataki.

Me kuke tsammani wannan lambar yabo ta kawo muku ban da waccan nasara da martabar?

Ana: Damar isa ga masu karatu, wanda shine babban burin wannan kasada. Abin yana ba ni sha’awa idan na yi tunanin cewa kowane mai karanta labarin da zai karanta labarin na sa zai zama nasa, ya gina kasadarsa, ya zama na daban. Za a sami da yawa Abin da Matattu suka yi Shiru A matsayin masu karatu, karanta shi kuma kowane ɗayansu zai ɗan ɗauki lokaci shi kaɗai tare da tunaninsu, tare da kansu, daga guguwar yau da kullun da ke jan mu duka.

Fatima: Na yi rajista da kowane ɗayan kalmomin Ana.Wannan ya zama wani abu mai ban mamaki: karɓar wannan kyauta mai ban mamaki da haihuwar sabon littafinku na farko, wanda zai fara rayuwa cikin masu karatu. Kari kan haka, abin farin ciki ne musamman a gare ni in cimma shi tare da aikin da ke gudana a Tsibirin Canary. Ina tsammanin zai ba da kyawawan abubuwan ban mamaki na ƙasata. Har ila yau, ina lura da nauyin da irin wannan kyautar ke bayarwa a ayyukan da zan yi a gaba.

Me zaka iya fada a cikin jimloli biyu game da Abin da Matattu suka yi Shiru y Kusurwar hazo?

Ana: Littattafai ne na yau da kullun game da rikice-rikice, tare da taɓa al'ada, tare da amo mai yawa, tare da tashin hankali, raha da ban dariya da ɓangaren ɗan adam wanda ke tare da ku cikin tunani tun bayan karanta shi.

Fatima: Kusurwar hazo Ya samo asali ne daga balaguron Faransa na 1724 wanda ya auna Dutsen Teide a karon farko. Ya zame tsakanin abubuwan bincike da kuma soyayyar da ke faruwa tsakanin manyan jarumanta guda uku, masana kimiyyar Faransawa biyu da wata budurwa ‘yar Canarian, Emilia de los Celajes.

Waɗanne sababbin ayyukan kuke ciki?

Ana: Rubuta labari na uku da shirya na biyu, Mai kisankai yana ɓuya a cikin inuwarka, don nuna wa masu karatu.

Fatima: A tsakiyar rubuta littafina na biyu, Mazaunan Oasashen Waje, kuma game da gabatar da littafin labarai tare da gungun marubuta, Gajerun labarai ga ma'aurata masu ban sha'awa ko labarai marasa dadi ga gajeren ma'aurata.

Duk wani abu da akeyi da litattafan naku ko kuma kuna son bada labarai ne kawai?

Ana: Manufata ita ce in more lokacin hutu sannan kuma in ɗauki wani abu tare da su har abada. Ina so in ba wa masu karatu labarin da ya lullubesu sosai har ya haifar da tsabtace tunanin mutum, sun manta da matsalolin yau da kullun yayin karatu, cewa suna rayuwa labarin kamar nasu ne kuma suna dauke da shi su lokacin da suka gama na karshe. shafi da kuma hutawa a kan shiryayye. Dalilin shine don mai karatu ya fahimci abubuwa masu kyau da marasa kyau, don layin ya zama dushe sosai wanda yake so da ƙin haɗuwa, saboda yawancinmu ba cikakke bane kuma ba mugu bane. Littattafai ne na tambaya game da dalilai, raunin zuciyar da kuma rikice-rikicen rayuwa da zasu iya juya mutum na gari zuwa mai laifi.

Fatima: Ban yi tunanin rubuta makirce-makircen tarihi ba, amma na sami kwanciyar hankali a cikinsu, duk da babban lokacin da takardun da ake buƙatar shawarwari suka cinye. Abin birgewa shine gina labarin, wani abin bincike na yau da kullun, saƙa don rikicewa, tafiya don komawa baya, kuma ƙari ma, wannan tafiya ta faru a cikin dukkanin hankula: a cikin lokaci, a cikin ƙasa, a cikin ji. Godiya ga wannan aikin na sadu da mutane masu ban sha'awa, na je wurare da yawa don lura da su, Na kimanta mahimman bayanai waɗanda ban sani ba, kwastomomi, waɗanda ake amfani da su ba tare da amfani ba, a taƙaice, sun kasance masu ban sha'awa. Kuma lokacin da aka buga shi, Ina fatan cewa masu karatu za su raba wannan kasada kuma su rayu kamar yadda nake da shi. Ci gaba da tafiya, ci gaba da rubutu, kuma duk abin da aka karanta zai kasance mai ɗaukaka.

Mene ne farkon littafin da kuka tuna ko karanta shi? Kuma wanda zai nuna muku mahimmanci don sadaukar da kanku ga rubutu?

Ana: Na tafi daga Mortadelos zuwa Agatha Christie. Littafin da na fara karantawa game da ita shi ne Kyanwa a Dovecote, Na tuna daidai.

Na fara rubuta mata, don Agatha Cristhie. Dukan tarin sun kasance a gidana. Har yanzu ina da su duka, a cikin halin baƙin ciki daga yawan lokutan da nake karantawa da sake karanta su. Ba na tsammanin zan iya zaɓar guda ɗaya kawai. Daga nan sai na tafi wurin George Simenon tare da Kwamishina Maigret, zuwa Stanley Gardner tare da Perry Mason kuma saboda haka dukkanin juyin halitta daga hannun marubutan rikice rikice na tunani har zuwa yau. Ina son sanannun marubutan Sifen kuma bawai don sun zabi wannan salon ba, na gudu sosai daga Nordics, wadanda suke da karfi kuma suna mai da hankali ga masu kisan kai tare da rikicewar halin mutum, kodayake hakan bai hana Stieg Larsson yin lalata da ni ba tare da halayensa Lisbeth Salander ko don ni in cinye dukkanin tarin Henning Mankell kuma in zama masoyin mai binciken Walander. Thataya wanda zai alama ni daga nau'in? Babu abin da ke adawa da dare by Delphine de Vigan. Kawai ta hanyar ganin sa a kan shiryayye, Ina sake tuna abubuwan da ta bani. Buɗewa ce a cikin tashar rayuwarsa tare da mahaifiya mai fama da rikice rikice, raunin da take ciki, raunin da ta ji, da yadda take ji.

Fatima: Ina tuna littattafan da ke gidan kakana, malama ne na makaranta kuma akwai ɗakunan ajiya da ke cike da su. Akwai da yawa: akwai tatsuniyoyi, labarai, barkwanci. Wataƙila mai laifin cewa na kasance mai son labaran kasada da tatsuniyoyi Ivanhoe. Daga nan sai tatsuniyoyin Arthur, tsibirai masu ban al'ajabi, tafiye-tafiye zuwa ƙarshen duniya, zuwa sarari ko nan gaba. Na girma tare da Jules Verne, Emilio Salgari, har ma wasu yakin Galdós sun cika wasu rani. Amma akwai mawallafa waɗanda, lokacin karanta su, sun wakilci wani kafin da bayan saboda sun girgiza imanina. Wannan ba komai bane daidai lokacin da kake son rubutawa. Wani abu kamar wannan Gabriel García Márquez ne ya samar dashi lokacin da na karanta Tarihin Mutuwa da Aka Faɗi. Duk abin yana wurin, wannan shine hasken wuta. Na sake karanta shi kuma koyaushe ina koyon sabon abu a cikin dukkanin abubuwansa: makirci, mai ba da labari-mai ba da labari, ƙauyen-sararin samaniya na haruffa, yare. Duk wannan ƙwarewar tare da mafi munin makirci, tunda yana samun ci gaba akai kodayake ƙarshen littafin an san shi. Prodigious.

Su waye manyan marubutanku? Kuma mafi tasiri a cikin aikinku?

Ana: Da yawa, amma sama da duka ina jiran kowane littafi na Jose María Guelbenzu a cikin jerin policean sandarsa mai suna Mariana de Marco, kowane sabon salo na Brunetti a cikin Venice wanda Donna León ke jagoranta, ko Jean-Luc Bannalec tare da kwamishina Dupin a Brittany Faransa, da Petra Delicado , a Barcelona, ​​Alicia Giménez-Barlett wacce ta kamu da ni shekaru da yawa da suka gabata.

Fatima: Babu wani marubuci ko marubuci daya fadakar daku. Gaskiya ne cewa Gabriel García Márquez prodigy ne. Amma duniya ba ta ƙare a nan ba, maimakon haka ta fara. Akwai marubuta da yawa waɗanda suka burge ni, misali, Cortázar, Kafka ko Lorca.

Shin kuna da wata hauka ko al'ada yayin rubutu?

Ana: Virginia Woolf ta kasance tana cewa dole ne mace ta kasance tana da kuɗi da kuma ɗakin da take da nata don iya rubuta littattafai. Ina bukatan lokaci da shiru Awanni da yawa a shiru kuma komai ya fara fitowa. Ban san abin da zan rubuta ba, ko abin da zai faru a cikin littafin ba. Aiki ne mai matukar nishadi domin na yi rubutu ne tare da motsin zuciyar mai karatu wanda bai san abin da zai faru a gaba ba.

Na tuna wata rana lokacin da nake rubutu a tsakiyar Abin da Matattu suka yi Shiru kuma na yanke shawarar sake karanta abin da nake sawa don ci gaba da kasancewa koyaushe. Na shiga karatun sosai har na fara jin damuwar mai karatu kuma na tambayi kaina "Shin ba X ne mai kisan ba?" Har sai na fahimci cewa ni marubuciya ce kuma mai kisan zai zama wanda na yanke shawara. Wasu lokuta nakanyi tunanin ban yanke komai ba, cewa an rubuta labarin ne a wani tunani na sai kawai na kwafa shi a kwamfutar.

Fatima: LOL. Menene Ana mamaki? Yana da kyau. Gaskiya ne cewa lokacin da kuka shiga cikin "hayyacin ku" kuna tsalle daga gaskiya zuwa wata duniya mai kama da juna. Wasu lokuta kamar alama hannu yana yin rubutu akan kansa kuma kuna gabatar da wani shiri ne wanda yake tafiya ta iska. Ina da wurin da zan tattara hankali na kuma zan iya rubutu a koina kuma da hayaniya. A zahiri, mutanen da suke cin karo da ni a kullun suna ganina tare da kwamfutata a ɗaure. Ina da litattafan rubutu a ko'ina don kama "wahayi." Abinda yakamata in bayyana shine karshen littafin. Sauran ban sani ba, ban san musababbin ba, ko wanene, ko ta yaya, amma duk abin da ya faru an ƙaddara shi zuwa ƙarshen, maganadisu wanda ke cinye littafin gabaɗaya.

Kuma idan kun gama, kuna tambayar mahallinku don ra'ayi, shawara ko gyara?

Ana: Lokacin da na gama, Ina da Kungiyoyin Betareaders, wadanda suke karanta littafin kuma suna fada min yadda suke ji a matsayinsu na masu karatu da kuma gaffes din da suke samu a ciki. Wasu mutane ne na kud da kud, wasu ma ban sani ba, kuma a wurina dukiyar ce. Na yi imanin cewa ba tare da su ba za a kammala littattafan ba.

Ina mai matukar sa'a da samun kwararrun marubuta daga zuriya biyu, Jose María Guelbenzu da Lara Moreno, a matsayin jagorori kuma kowannensu ya nuna rashin dacewata kuma ya sa na ga kurakurai a cikin litattafaina wanda, in ba tare da su ba, da ba zan taba ba isa - don gyara da goge don barin su kamar yadda mai karatu ya cancanci karɓar su.

Fatima: Yayin aiwatar da rubutu Kusurwar hazo Na sami shawarar daya daga cikin malamaina adabi, babban marubuci Jorge Eduardo Benavides, wanda ya kasance babban jagora don "tantance" littafin. Na kafa ƙungiyar masu karantawa huɗu daga mahallinmu (uwa, miji, 'yar'uwa da aboki), duk sun bambanta da hangen nesan su da kuma abubuwan ɗanɗanar da suke yi a matsayin kamfas.

Yaya zaku iya ayyana salon ku?

Ana: Sabo, ruwa, mai sauri, na zamani, na zamani. A cikin litattafaina, mai karatu ya dakata don lokacin da ya dace a cikin ci gaba, abubuwa suna faruwa da sauri kamar a rubutun talabijin.

Fatima: Yana da wuya a ayyana wannan tambayar. Zan iya amfani da kalma daga zane-zanen filastik: bayyanawa. Ina so in bincika yanayin kalmomin, ƙarfinsu, Ina son yin wasa da haɗin kai, misalai, kodayake ina tsammanin cewa a zamanin nan sauki, ana amfani da yare mara kyau.

Wani littafi kuke karantawa yanzu?

Ana: Kuna kama ni a lokacin da ba kasafai yakan faru ba: Ina tare da littattafai biyu kuma ba littafin labarin laifi ba. Daya shine Mutuwar uba by Karl Ove Knausgard. Littafi ne wanda za a karanta a hankali, cikin tunani, marubucin ya buɗe babbar kofa ga motsin zuciyar sa kuma ya bamu damar duba ciki. Sauran kyauta ce daga mawallafin Galaxia, Mutum mai wayona Xosé Monteagudo. Sun cika wannan da na gama Mutuwar mutum by Donna León da Ofishin mugunta by Robert Galbraith (JK Rowling).

Fatima: Ina da tsinkayen dare da aka mamaye: Labarin tsibiri mara sauti, ta Vanessa Monfort, wacce nake da ci gaba kuma wacce nake aiki tare, kuma a layin, Launin madaraby Nell Leyson, da kuma 4, 3, 2, 1by Paul Auster.

Shin kun yi kuskure ku ba wasu shawarwari ga waɗannan marubutan da suka fara farawa?

Ana: Bari su rubuta abin da za su so su karanta, domin ta wannan hanyar ne za su yi imani da aikinsu kuma su san cewa kafin su gama suna da mai sha'awar su na farko. Tabbas akwai ƙarin mutane waɗanda suke son irin yadda suke yi kuma waɗannan zasu zama masu karatun ku. Idan ba haka ba, suna fuskantar haɗarin cewa aikinsu ba zai so su ko kowa ba kuma babu wani labarin da ya cancanci hakan.

Fatima: Tambaya mafi wuya. Ga wadanda suka fara, kar a tsaya. Tsere mai nisa ne, na jan zare, na gano kai, na fasawa tare da mayar da kai baya, amma baza'a iya dakatar dashi ba. Dole ne mu karya tatsuniyar tsoron shafin ɓoye. Dole ne ku zauna ku yi rubutun kalmomi. Nan da nan, komai zai bayyana. Kuma idan aka haifi labari, sake karanta shi, gyara shi, kare shi, tallata shi da tafiya yadda ya kamata, saboda dama muna da "a'a" ba tare da yin komai ba.

To, mun gode da amsoshinku da kuma kyautatawa. Kuma muna yi muku fatan karin nasarori a fagen karatunku.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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