Tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafan Miguel Delibes

Tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafan Miguel Delibes

Ana ɗauka a matsayin ɗayan manyan marubutan Sifen na karni na XNUMX, Miguel Delibes (Valladolid, 1920) ya sadaukar da wani babban bangare na rayuwarsa ga aikin da aka kafa a bayan yakin Spain don fadakar da duniya illar mabukaci da danne wasu dabi'u na duniya. Shekaru takwas bayan mutuwarsa, litattafan Delibes sun ci gaba da kasancewa sabo ne kuma masu mahimmanci a fagen adabin da ke cike da kalmomin sa, tunani da kuma wasan kwaikwayo. Bari mu kewaya cikin tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafan Miguel Delibes.

Tarihin rayuwar Miguel Delibes

Tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafan Miguel Delibes

Daga zuriyar Faransanci da Sifen, Miguel Delibes an haife shi a Valladolid inda ya halarci makarantar sakandare har zuwa 1936. Yarinyar da aka yi wa alama lokacin bazarar su a cikin garin Molledo, a cikin Cantabria, inda mahaifinta ya tashi kuma rayuwa mai nutsuwa zata karfafa marubucin ya kasance mai son farauta da yanayi, jigogi biyu masu maimaituwa a cikin aikinsa. Shigarsa cikin duniyar manya yayi daidai da Yakin basasar Spain hakan ya tilasta shi zama wani ɓangare na jirgin ruwan Mallorcan inda ya yi aiki a matsayin mai sa kai kafin ya dawo Valladolid.

A lokacin wannan sabon matakin, ya sami nasarar kammala karatunsa daga Makarantar Kasuwanci da kuma nazarin Dokar, a daidai lokacin da yin rajista a Makarantar Fasaha da kere-kere a Valladolid ya ba shi damar zama hayar a matsayin mai zane-zane a cikin 1941 don jaridar El Norte de Castilla. A 1946 ya kamu da cuta aure tare da Ángeles de Castro, wanda ya yi jawabi a kansa a lokuta da yawa a matsayin "mafi girman wahayi."

Bayan daidaitawa a matsayin farfesa a fannin shari'a, miji mai farin ciki kuma uba ga wani yaro mai suna Miguel, Delibes ya fara rubuta aikinsa na farko, Inuwar cypress tana da tsayi, aikin da ya karɓi kyautar Nadal a cikin 1947, haɓaka aikin da sauran ayyuka suka biyo baya kamar Still is by Day, wanda aka bincika lokacin da aka buga shi a 1949, ko El camino, a cikin 1952. Wani lokaci mai mahimmanci wanda ya dace da haihuwar sauran yaran sa uku: Ángeles, Germán da Elisa, ban da nadinsa a matsayin mataimakin darektan El Norte de Castilla.

Shekarun 50s na ɗaya daga cikin fitattun marubucin, tare da buga wasu ayyukan kamar ɗana Sisí wanda aka yi shirka da shi, Wasan, Diary na mafarauci (wanda ya ci lambar yabo ta )asa) ko Diary na wani ƙaura, labarai na rayuwar tsofaffi . abin da zai fara ko mutanen da aka yiwa alama da yaƙi. Haihuwar ɗansu na biyar, Juan, a cikin 1956 da nadinsa azaman darektan El Norte de Castilla za su nuna alamar taɓawa ta shekaru goma na musamman da farkon wanda ya fi ba da alƙawari.

Shekarun 60 suka wakilta Ranar Delibes a matsayin marubuci, ya dace da haihuwar yaransa Adolfo da Camino. Daga cikin fitattun ayyukansa mun sami Las ratas, wanda ya lashe kyautar Masu sukar ko, musamman, Awanni biyar tare da Mario, sunyi la'akari da mafi kyawun littafinsa kuma farkon lokacin farawa bayan barin El Norte de Castilla saboda sabani daban-daban da Manuel Fraga kuma ya zauna na ɗan lokaci a Amurka, inda ya yi aiki a matsayin farfesa mai ziyara a Jami'ar Maryland.

A cikin 70s, an ba da suna Delibes memba na Royal Spanish Academy da Hispanic Society of American, Amincewar da matar sa Ángeles ta yi a 1974, lamarin da zai nuna alama a da da bayan rayuwar marubucin. Shekaru masu zuwa an nuna su ta hanyar fina-finai daban-daban da kuma wasan kwaikwayon wasan kwaikwayon na ayyukansa, tare da wasan kwaikwayo na Awanni Biyar tare da Mario mai suna Lola Herrera kasancewar nasara a ƙarshen 70s.

Shekarun 80s na nufin haɓaka aikinsa tare da Bugun ayyuka kamar su The Holy Innocents ko abubuwan sake fahimta kamar Kyautar Yariman Asturias. Aikin Delibes ya zama muhimmin bayani game da wallafe-wallafen ba kawai a Spain ba, amma a wancan gefen na Atlantic, ana fitar da muryar marubucin wanda wayewar gari zai iso a 1998, shekarar da aka gano shi yana fama da ciwon daji na hanji wanda bai isa. don dawowa cikakke, wannan shine dalilin mutuwarsa a ranar 12 ga Maris, 2010.

Mafi kyawun littattafai na Miguel Delibes

Inuwar cypress tana da tsayi

Inuwar cypress tana da tsayi

Wanda ya lashe kyautar Nadal a 1947, Inuwar cypress tana da tsayi yana wakiltar mahimmancin gajimare lokacin wahala kamar shekarun bayan yaƙi a Spain. Darasi da muka koya ta hanyar mai gabatarwa, matashin marayu Pedro wanda ya sami ilimi daga maƙaryata Don Mateo a cikin garin Ávila da ke girma a ƙarƙashin imani cewa, don rayuwa a rayuwa, ya zama dole a nisanci wasu kuma ba a nuna ƙarancin kauna ko ƙiyayya ga wasu mutane.

Berayen

Berayen

An buga shi a cikin 1962 kuma Wanda yaci Kyautar Masu suka shekara guda bayan haka,Berayen bayyananne ne la'anta sifundio, ko kuma son da magidantan attajirai suke yi na amfani da manyan yankuna ta amfani da mazauna yankin da suke aiki a wajensu. Halin da yaron nan da aka fi sani da El Nini, wanda saurayi ne wanda kowa ke neman shawara a cikin littafin ya ƙunsa a cikin littafin wanda aka ba shi damar karanta yanayi da duniya a cikin garin da ke fama da baƙin ciki wanda manyan rashi na zamantakewar al'umma ke kaiwa.

Awanni biyar tare da Mario

Awanni biyar tare da Mario

Delibes ba gardama fitacciyar, Awanni biyar tare da Mario, wanda aka buga a 1966, ya ruwaito awanni biyar da mace ta kwashe tana kula da gawar mijinta a cikin daki mai teburin gado wanda yake nuna kwafin Littafi Mai-Tsarki tare da sakin layi da yawa. Cikakken tsari don tunanin matar da ke tuna rayuwarta, kuskurenta da burinta wanda ya haifar da haskakawar x-ray ta rayuwa, al'umma da rashin adalci na karni na XNUMX a Spain. Wasan ya dace da gidan wasan kwaikwayo a lokuta da dama kuma ya zama wahayi ga Paco León a cikin fim ɗin Carmina y amen.

Tsarkaka tsarkaka

Tsarkaka tsarkaka

An buga shi a 1981, Tsarkaka tsarkaka aka dauke daya daga cikin "100 mafi kyawun litattafai a cikin Sifaniyanci" na El Mundo la'akari da babban tasirinsa a matsayin aiki na yin tir da rashin daidaiton zamantakewar wannan tsarin mulkin Spain na karni na XNUMX. An saita shi a cikin gidan gona a cikin Extremadura, littafin yana ba da labarin matsalolin da dangin da Régula, Paco da 'ya'yansu huɗu suka haɗu za su fuskanta, dukkansu ma'aikata ne na shugabannin wata ƙasa da ta jawo zalunci da raini na wani zamani.

Dan bidi'a

Dan bidi'a

Babban aiki na ƙarshe na Delibes An buga shi a cikin 1998 kuma kyauta ce mai kyau ga asalinsa Valladolid a zamanin Carlos V, a cikin karni na XNUMX. Lokacin da 'yancin tunani yayi alama ta Gyarawar Luther Ana gani ta idanun ɗan kasuwar Cipriano Salcedo. Littafin labari wanda, duk da motsawa cikin lokaci, yana bin niyya iri ɗaya kamar sauran ayyukansa dayawa: kadaici, soyayya da kuma tunanin waɗanda suka kuskura suka sami 'yanci a cikin duniyar da aka ɗora.

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