Edgar Allan Poe Tarihi da Mafi kyawun Littattafai

Edgar Allan Poe Tarihi da Mafi kyawun Littattafai

Edgar Allan Poe

Lokacin da muka shiga jirgi tsoro ko litattafan almarar kimiyyaKadan ne suka tuna da gaskiyar cewa akwai wani marubucin da ya yi wuyar tsallake wasu kan iyakoki kuma ya cacanta da irin salo na musamman a lokacin babban canjin adabi. Duk da rayuwar mashahuri, Ba'amurke Edgar Allan Poe ya ci gaba da kasancewa ambaton wasikun mugunta da gajeren labari haka nan kuma abin koyi ne ga dukkan waɗannan marubutan waɗanda suka taɓa ƙoƙarin rayuwa musamman daga tatsuniyoyi. Bari mu kewaya cikin Edgar Allan Poe tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafai domin sanin sirrin wannan mayen duhun.

Edgar Allan Poe Tarihin Rayuwa

Edgar Allan Poe Tarihi da Mafi kyawun Littattafai

Edgar Allan Poe zane-zane. By Edouard Manet.

An haife shi a Boston a ranar Janairu 19, 1809, Edgar Allan Poe ya yi baftisma bayan halin da ya bayyana a cikin King Lear na William Shakespeare. Bayan ya tashi daga gidan dangin mahaifinsa lokacin da Poe yake dan shekara daya kacal da mutuwar mahaifiyarsa daga tarin fuka shekara guda daga baya, Edgar ya yi tafiya a duniya yana ɗauke da hoton iyayensa a matsayin kawai abin tunawa na ainihi. Yayin da kakanninta, Poe suka karɓi 'yar'uwarsa Rosalie aka ɗaura ta auren Frances da John Allan, wanda ya sami ilimi a Kingdomasar Ingila kafin ya koma Richmond (Virginia) a 1820.

Tuni a cikin samartaka, Poe ya nuna ƙwarewar adabi rubuta waƙa ga mahaifiyar wata ajinta mai suna "To Helen", yayi la'akari da babbar ƙaunarsa ta farko. A lokacin wannan matakin, wannan yaron mai duhu yana haɓaka halin rashin tsaro da na ɗabi'a wanda ya samo a cikin adabi ko burin aikin jarida hanyar samun iko akan sauran mutanen da ya ware. Tuni a zamanin jami'a, wannan halin ya ƙare ma'anar mutumin da ya yarda da kansa cewa yana da ingantaccen ilimi duk da wani abu mai mahimmanci. Babban burin da zai rage lokacin da mahaifinsa ya kasa biyan bashin saurayi Poe kuma ya ƙare da karatunsa don shiga soja a Boston. A lokacin da yake aikin soja, ya rubuta litattafai biyu na waqoqi, sannan na uku, wanda abokan aikinsa suka biya, wanda aka buga shi a New York, inda Poe ya gudu daga aikinsa na soja don gina aikin marubuci.

A zahiri, Poe ya zama marubuci na farko da ya fara rayuwa musamman daga almara, manufa mai sarkakiya a cikin shekaru goma na 1830 wanda ya fada cikin rikicin tattalin arziki wanda ya shafi bangaren adabi. Bayan lashe lambar yabo don gajeren labarinsa Rubutun da aka rubuta a cikin kwalbaPoe ya koma Baltimore, inda ya auri ɗan uwansa Virginia Clemm, wanda yake ɗan shekara goma sha uku kawai. An rabu da shi daga dukiyar mahaifin rikon wanda alaƙar sa za ta nuna alamar rashin ƙarfi wanda Poe ya yi ƙoƙari ya biya tare da burin sa na adabi, ya fara rubutawa a cikin jaridar Richmond wacce yawanta ya karu saboda sanannen marubucin, nazarinsa da labarin Gothic, jinsi. sannan ba a san shi ba a Yammacin duniya. Koyaya, tuni a wancan lokacin matsalolinsa na shan barasa sananne ne.

A cikin shekaru masu zuwa, Edgar Allan Poe ya danganta lokutan karɓar karɓa da ƙarami: daga ƙin yarda da mai buga jaridar New York zuwa nasa Takaitaccen labari na Tarihi na ofungiyar Folio la'akari da shi ba tsari bane na kasuwanci a wancan lokacin, har tsawon watanni yana jin yunwa a cikin fansho a Pennsylvania ko ci gaban labarin ɗan sanda a cikin mujallar Graham, wanda ya bawa dangin damar rayuwa ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun lokacin tattalin arziki.

Koyaya, mutuwar Virginia daga tarin fuka a cikin 1847 ta jefa Poe cikin baƙin ciki wanda ya nutsar da giya da laudanum wanda zai ƙare rayuwarsa a ranar 3 ga Oktoba, 1849, ranar da mawallafin an samo shi a cikin halin rudani akan titunan Baltimore 'yan sa'o'i kafin rasuwarsa.

Littattafan Edgar Allan Poe

Kafin a ci gaba, ya kamata a tuna cewa kusan duk ayyukan Poe sun dogara ne da labarai, labaran da suka faru a wancan lokacin kuma an haɗa su da wasu tsoffin tarihi a cikin shekaru masu zuwa. Ta wannan hanyar, muna nazarin mafi kyawun ayyukan marubucin ta hanyar labaransa da kuma littafinsa kawai kamar haka.

Arthur Gordon Pym Labari

Arthur Gordon Pym Labari

Edgar Allan Poe kawai littafin labari An buga shi kashi-kashi a cikin 1938, wanda ya haifar da ɗayan rubuce-rubucen enigmatic na marubucin. Wani makirci da zai kai mu ga duk tekunan da Arthur Gordon Pym ya kutsa ta mashigin whaler Grampus. Hadin gwiwar mutun da lalata jirgin ruwa wanda daga karshe ya jagoranci jarumar neman amsoshi, wanda ya gaji da wanzuwar sa, a cikin kasashen Antarctica mai nisa da babu kowa. Tsarkakakkiyar wahayi ga almajiran marubucin kamar Lovecraft, labari ya ci gaba da kasancewa ɗayan mafi kyawun labaran labarin Poe.

Kuna so ku karanta Babu kayayyakin samu.?

A baki cat

Black Cat na Edgar Allan Poe

An buga shi a cikin 1843 a cikin fitowar Philadelphia Asabar Maraice, A baki cat yana yiwuwa Poe shahararren labari kuma mai aminci mai haɓaka wannan mummunan yanayi da duhu. Labarin ya kai mu gidan wasu ma'aurata da suka rungumi kyanwa, dabbar da miji ya kashe a lokacin da yake cikin maye. Bayyanar kyanwa na biyu zai rage jituwa ta iyali, yana jagorantar ba da labari zuwa ga ƙyamar juna wanda ke nuna halin wannan labarin wanda ke nuna wani ɓangare na yanayin da Poe ya rayu da kuma ji kamar fushi, mugunta ko fushi.

Kwarin Zinare

Edgar Allan Poe's Zinariyar Zinariya

An buga shi a cikin 1843 a cikin Jaridar Dollar Dollar,  Kwarin Zinare ya fada wa taron wani abokin kaɗaicin William Legrand tare da bawansa Jupiter a tsibirin da ke kusa da Charleston inda suka gano wani ɓoyayyen littafi wanda ya bayyana wurin da aka ajiye dukiyar ɗan fashin teku.

Hankaka

Hankaka ta Edgar Allan Poe

Zama gunki na duniyar Poe kuma babban aikin da ya sa duniya ta amince da shi, Babu kayayyakin samu. waka ce da aka buga a 1845 a cikin Madubin Maraice na New York. Wanda aka baiwa yanayi mai kyau da harshe mai salo, aikin ya bada labarin ziyarar hankaka da taga wani masoyi mai bakin ciki, alama ce ta fitowar jarumar zuwa lahira kanta.

Kammalallen labarai

Edgar Allan Poe Cikakken Labarai

Idan kuna neman tarihin da ya haɗu da wani ɓangare na aikin Poe, bugun nasa Kammalallen labarai buga ta Penguin tara 72 ayyukan marubucin, gami da gabatarwa ga Tatsuniyoyinsa na Folio Club da Tatsuniyoyin Grotesque da Larabawa, da kuma labarai bakwai da ba a buga ba a cikin Sifen.

Menene ayyukan Poe da kuka fi so?


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