Gabriel García Márquez: tarihin rayuwa, jimloli da litattafai

tarihin rayuwa da littattafan Gabriel García Márquez

Wasu marubutan suna da ikon bugawa da mai karatu zance iri daya. Don faɗar malam buɗe ido mai raɗaɗi a cikin zukata da kuma jigilar su gaba ɗaya zuwa wani wuri, zuwa labaransu da halayen su. Ofaya daga cikin waɗannan marubutan shine Gabriel García Márquez, ɗan wallafe-wallafen wallafe-wallafe na Kolombiya wanda alama ce ta sihiri da ayyukan da tuni sun zama tarihin tarihin adabi har abada. Kasance tare damu a wannan tafiya ta jimloli, tarihin rayuwa da littattafan Gabriel García Márquez.

Gabriel García Márquez: daga Macondo zuwa duniya

Aracataca a Colombia

Hotuna: Alberto Piernas

Isauna madawwami ce yayin da take ɗorewa.

Na zo ne kawai don yin magana a waya

Bayan 'yan watannin da suka gabata na sami damar ziyarta Aracataca, wani gari da aka rasa tsakanin bishiyoyin ayaba da tsaunuka na Kolombiya na Kolombiya wanda a ciki aka haifi Gabriel García Márquez a ranar 6 ga Maris, 1927. Wuri ne mai nisa wanda kowane gida, rami ko ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya ke kewaye da shi Kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi: tsohon gidan dangi wanda aka canza shi a yau zuwa gidan kayan gargajiya wanda yake dauke da kalmomi da kayan alatu, rubutattun takardu wadanda suka shafi wasu bishiyoyi ko kuma zane-zanen biranen birni waɗanda ke wakiltar mafi kyawun mai ba da labarin da wannan gari (da Kolombiya) suka ba duniya.

A cikin wannan garin ne inda Gabo ya fara sauraron labaran kakarsa, mace mai kirki da camfe camfe, wanda hakan zai ba shi kwarin gwiwa ga aikinsa na gaba. Har ila yau wurare kamar sanannen gidan waya na Aracataca inda mahaifinsa yayi aiki kafin ya auri mahaifiyarsa bayan labarin soyayya asalin iyayenta sun hana shi.

Ba a sanya jikin mutum tsawon shekarun da mutum zai iya rayuwa ba.

Soyayya da Sauran Aljannu

Bayan yarinta ya nuna matsayinsa na ɗan yaro mai jin kunya wanda ya rubuta waƙoƙi na ban dariya a cikin kusurwar makarantar kwana a Barranquilla, Gabo ya fara karatun shari'a a Bogotá, yana kammala karatu a 1947. Duk da cewa ya kammala waɗannan karatun don faranta wa mahaifinsa rai, nan gaba marubucin ya yanke shawarar ƙi aiki a matsayin lauya kuma ya mai da hankali kan aikin jarida, ɓangaren da ya fara haɗuwa da rubutun labaran da aka samo asali ta hanyar ayyuka kamar The Metamorphosis, na Franz Kafka, Dare dubu da ɗaya ko kuma wasu labaran kakarsa. wanda ya haifar da kyawawan abubuwan da aka saka a cikin talakawa, duniya ta yau da kullun.

Rubutun Gabo

Gabriel García Márquez ya sadu da babban ƙaunar rayuwarsa, Mercedes barcha, a lokacin ɗayan bazarar lokacin yarintarsa, ya zama babban abokinsa kuma amininsa. A zahiri, bayan haihuwar ɗansu Rodrigo a cikin 1959, dangin sun koma zuwa Mexico City bayan barazanar da wasu masu adawa da Cuba da membobin CIA suka yi game da rahotanni da aka yi wa jaridar Prensa Latina daga New York.

Marubuci mai kirki zai iya samun kuɗi mai kyau. Musamman idan kuna aiki tare da gwamnati.

Live gaya

An girka a babban birnin Mexico, Gabo da danginsa sun fuskanci ɗaya daga cikin mawuyacin halin tattalin arziki, wanda ya haifar da ƙirƙirar wani labari mai suna Shekaru dari na loneliness Wannan ya wuce sau dubu kafin ya isa gidan buga littattafai na Sudamericana, a Argentina, a cikin 1967. Kaɗan ba su yi tunanin cewa aikin zai ƙare ya zama abin tallace-tallace da kuma abin hawa cikakke ga sararin samaniya na kansa wanda duk waɗannan labaran suke wakiltar wata nahiya baki ɗaya.

Daidaitawa da wanda aka sani da suna «latin american albarku«, Gabo aikinsa ya fara samun mafi girman matsayi, ya zama ɗayan manyan marubutan zamaninsa kuma, a ƙarshe, waƙoƙi a cikin Sifen.

Mafi kyawun littattafai na Gabriel García Márquez

Gabriel García Márquez na Solaya ofaya na Kadaici

Shekaru dari na loneliness

Shekaru dari na loneliness

Abubuwa suna da rayuwar kansu, komai al'amari ne na tada ruhi.

Ana ɗauka a matsayin ɗayan mafi kyawun littattafai, Babban aikin Gabo ya zama ba zato ba tsammani bayan buga shi a cikin 1967, wanda yayi daidai da bunƙasa cikin haƙiƙanin sihiri wanda tuni wasu marubuta suka haɗu kamar su Juan Rulfo na Mexico. Saita a cikin almara garin Macondo (ainihin Aracataca), labarin ya ba da labarin sauyawar dangin Buendía a matsayin cikakken kwatanci ga wata sihiri ta ƙasa wacce camfe-camfe, mamayar Amurka ko asarar wasu ƙimomi ke tsara wani labari na musamman game da haruffa kamar Úrsula Iguarán, mahaifin daga Iyali daga tsohuwar Gabo.

Kuna so ku karanta Shekaru dari na loneliness?

Love a lokutan kwalara

Love a lokutan kwalara

Babu makawa: ƙanshin almond mai ɗaci koyaushe yana tunatar da shi game da makomar ƙaunatattun soyayya.

Gabo a koyaushe yana faɗin game da shi cewa "littafin da ya fi so", wataƙila saboda maɓallin nostalgic da aka samo daga labarin soyayyar mahaifansa wanda ya yi wahayi zuwa wannan labarin da aka buga a 1985. Saita a cikin wani birni a cikin Kolombiya na Kolombiya (mai yiwuwa sanannen sanannen Cartagena de Indiya wanda ya yi wahayi zuwa ga marubucin sosai), Love a lokutan kwalara ya bada labarin soyayyar Florentino Ariza da Fermina Daza, sun auri likita Juvenal Urbino tsawon shekaru hamsin da daya, wata tara da kwana hudu.

Tarihin Mutuwa da Aka Faɗi

Tarihin Mutuwa da Aka Faɗi

Duk mafarkai tare da tsuntsaye suna cikin koshin lafiya.

Kodayake Gabo zai yi fice a matsayin marubucin kirkirarren labari, amma bai kamata mu yi watsi da aikin tukuru na Nobel a matsayin ɗan jarida ba. Kyakkyawan aiki wanda ya mamaye littattafai kamar wannan, rikitarwa mai wuyar fahimta da gwaji dangane da ainihin kisan kai da ya faru a 1951 cewa, an canja shi zuwa almara, ya zama sake gina mutuwar Santiago Nasar a hannun daya daga cikin mazaunan wani gari da ya saba da gestation of the crime. Littafin an buga shi a cikin 1981 yana mai da shi ɗayan littattafan da aka fi shahara da su Gabriel García Márquez.

Lee Tarihin Mutuwa da Aka Faɗi.

Kanal din ba shi da wanda zai rubuta masa

Kanal din ba shi da wanda zai rubuta masa

Bai yi latti don komai ba.

Aiki na biyu na Gabriel García Márquez wani ɗan gajeren labari ne wanda, duk da gajeren tsayinsa, yana ƙunshe da dalili mai ƙarfi irin su asarar ɗa da iyayensa suka yi masa nauyi, musamman ma ta kanar da ba ta taɓa karɓar fansho da ke jiran aikinsa ba. Yakin Kwana Dubu. Mai mahimmanci.

Gano tarihin Kanal din ba shi da wanda zai rubuta masa.

Lokacin kaka na Sarki

Lokacin kaka na Sarki

Mun sani sarai cewa abu ne mai wahala kuma mai daɗi amma babu wani, Janar.

Dangantaka ta kusa tsakanin Gabriel García Márquez da shugaban Cuba Fidel Castro ya kasance koyaushe ana rikici. A zahiri, sun ce mai mulkin kama-karya ba ya son wannan littafin sosai inda Gabo ke ba da labarin rayuwar wani Janar na Latin Amurka ta fuskoki daban-daban. Lokacin kaka na Sarki An buga shi a cikin 1971, ya fara shekaru goma inda ƙasashe kamar Cuba suka dulmuya cikin mulkin kama-karya kuma wasu kamar Jamhuriyar Dominica har yanzu suna murmurewa daga karkiyar Trujillo.

Memwaƙwalwar ajiyar karuwata

Memwaƙwalwar ajiyar karuwata

Alamar farko ta tsufa shine ka fara zama kamar mahaifinka.

Rikicin ya dawo Gabo ne da wannan littafin wanda yake magana akan soyayyar dattijo wanda ya gano soyayya a karon farko ta hanyar budurwa budurwa. Wasan kwaikwayo, veto da Iran da kuma kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu daban daban a Mexico, ya zama na karshe da marubucin ya wallafa kafin mutuwarsa a ranar 17 ga Afrilu, 2014 saboda cutar sankarau ta lymphatic da ta ci gaba tsawon shekaru.

Shin baku karanta ba tukuna Memwaƙwalwar ajiyar karuwata?


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