Tafiya ta Shuna: Hayao Miyazaki

Tafiya Shuna

Tafiya Shuna

Tafiya Shuna -ko Shuna no Tabi, ta asalin taken sa a cikin Jafananci, wani kasada ne kuma manga mai ban sha'awa wanda fitaccen daraktan fina-finan raye-raye na Jafananci, furodusa, mai zane, mangaka, animator da ɗan kasuwa Hayao Miyazaki, wanda aka fi sani da kasancewa abokin haɗin gwiwar Studio Ghibli. An kwatanta aikin da ya shafi wannan bita a karon farko a cikin 1983, amma ba a ci gaba da siyarwa a ƙasashen waje ba sai ranar 27 ga Oktoba na ƙarshe.

Wannan ya misalta labari daga mahaliccin gwaninta kamar Ruhi Away, Murfin Motsawar Howl o Gimbiya mononoke, Gidan wallafe-wallafen Tokuma Shoten ne ya buga shi cikin Jafananci, da kuma Salamandra Graphic na Spain.. Ƙaddamarwar sa yayi daidai da farkon Yaron da kazar, fim din karshe da maestro zai jagoranta kafin ya yi ritaya.

Wani labari da aka kawo daga baya

Jigon dukkan manyan labaransa

A cikin shekaru, Hayao Miyazaki ya yi nasarar samarwa masu sauraro wasu labarai masu ratsa jiki na shekaru arba'in da suka wuce. Duk labarunsu suna da alama suna motsa su ta hanyar zaren gama gari: zurfin ƙauna ga yanayi da halittu masu rai, mata masu ƙarfi da wasu da suka shawo kan mafi munin yanayi, talauci, darajar abokantaka, sakamakon muhalli na masana'antu, da kuma yaki.

An nuna wannan tun daga farkonsa zuwa sabbin abubuwan da ya yi, kamar Nausicaä na kwarin iska y Iska ta tashi, bi da bi. A cikin lamarin Tafiya Shuna ba shi da bambanci. A hakika, Ana iya cewa wannan manga wani babban ginshiƙi ne don fahimtar falsafar marubucin da yadda yake ganin duniya., waxanda ba za su gushe ba a duk abubuwan da ya yi.

Siyarwa Tafiyar Shuna...
Tafiyar Shuna...
Babu sake dubawa

Aiki a cikin Tafiya Shuna

Haka nan, salon fasaha da Miyazaki ya ɓullo da shi yana da halaye sosai, kasancewarsa Tafiya Shuna kofar daya daga cikin ayyukan farko na dan fim.

Shafukan aikin an yi su ne da kyawawan zane-zane masu ban sha'awa ta amfani da fasahar launi na ruwa. Waɗannan suna da matukar tunawa da waɗanda daga baya za su ji daɗin wasan kwaikwayo na cinematographic a Studio Ghibli, gidan samarwa da aka sani da ingancin raye-raye, shimfidar wurare masu ban sha'awa da aka zana ta hanyar firam ta hannu, palette ɗin launi masu jituwa da haruffan mata waɗanda ba su da “kyakkyawa” fiye da matsakaicin a ciki. fina-finai masu rai.

Tafiya Shuna An haɗa shi, kusan gaba ɗaya, na zane-zane. Vigettes suna nan don ci gaba da labarin a bayyane, amma, a gaba ɗaya, misalan Hayao Miyazaki sun goyi bayan labarin da kansu, don haka akwai kawai tattaunawa a cikin aikin. Game da zane-zane, waɗannan su ne na halitta, masu arziki a cikin sautunan pastel da launuka masu sanyi, tare da preponderance na ganye da blues.

Takaitawa game da Tafiya Shuna

Babban labarin tafiyar jarumi, amma a cikin mafi kyawun salon Miyazaki

Jarumi na Tafiya Shunwani yaro ne da ya gaji kasar da babu abin da ya bunkasa. An hukunta matashin da ya kalli mutanensa suna aiki tuƙuru don samun abin da bai wuce kaɗan ba. Sai dai wani dattijo ya isa wurin bayan doguwar tafiya. Tuni ya gaji, da kalamansa na ƙarshe, ya gaya wa Shuna labarin wasu tsaba na zinariya waɗanda za su iya sa abinci ya sake girma a gidansa.

Duk da haka, don samun tsaba Dole ne Shuna ta yi tafiya zuwa wurin da aka haifi Wata, sarari daga inda babu wanda ya taba dawowa. Duk da hatsarin, saurayin bai yi tunani sau biyu ba kafin ya shiga cikin balaguron, wanda dole ne ya fuskanci tsoro mara misaltuwa. Ta hanyar wannan jigo, ana ganin guda biyu daga cikin rigingimun Hayao Miyazaki: gwarzon kaɗaici da dangantakar mutum da muhalli.

Asalin labarin baya Tafiya Shuna

Ayyukan Hayao Miyazaki sun kasance sun fi jin daɗin yammacin duniya fiye da ayyukan sauran marubutan Japan. Duk da haka, darektan ya kuma kare al'adu da al'adun Japan da yankunan da ke kusa da ƙasar fitowar rana. Ɗaya daga cikin waɗannan lokuta yana faruwa a cikin Tafiya Shuna, tun Wannan littafi ya samo asali ne daga wani labari na Tibet da aka sani da suna Yariman da ya koma kare.

An yaba da labarin ta hannun Miyazaki da kansa, wanda ke da alhakin ba da labari a cikin gabatarwar littafinsa. Labarin ya ce game da wani basarake da bala'in da al'ummarsa ke ciki saboda karancin hatsi.. Don ya faranta mata rai, ya fara tafiya mai nisa. Bayan ya sha wahala, sai ya yi nasarar satar hatsi daga hannun sarkin maciji, amma ya zage shi, ya mai da yaron kare. Daga baya, magaji ya sami ceto ta wurin ƙaunar yarinya.

Game da marubucin, Miyazaki Hayao

An haifi Miyazaki Hayao a ranar 5 ga Janairu, 1941, a Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan. Fim din dai shi ne na biyu a cikin ‘ya’ya hudu da suka fito daga gida masu hannu da shuni. Mahaifinsa shi ne Miyazaki Katsuji, darektan kamfanin jirgin sama na Miyazaki, wanda ke kula da gina rudders na jiragen yakin A6M Zero. Ayyukan mahaifin marubucin sun faru ne a lokacin yakin duniya na biyu, don haka Hayao ya shaida wasu sakamakon yakin tun yana matashi.

Wannan hujja har abada alama mahalicci, wanda, kamar yadda darektan rayarwa, Ya sadaukar da kansa don samar da fina-finai na yaki da yaki tare da ra'ayoyin muhalli masu karfi. Mahaifiyar Miyazaki Hayao ta kamu da cutar tarin fuka a kashin bayanta a lokacin da ya fara karatu a makarantar sakandare ta Omiya. Matar dai ta yi shekara takwas tana kwance tana kwance har ta rasu. Mutuwarsa kuma za ta zaburar da marubucin a cikin ayyukansa na gaba.

Sha'awar Miyazaki a kan fasaha ya kasance a can, a ɓoye, amma ya girma a lokacin karatunsa na sakandare, musamman bayan kallon fim din da ake kira. Labarin maciji. Duk da ya san cewa zai karanci Ilimin Tattalin Arziki da Kimiyyar Siyasa don bin sawun mahaifinsa. an horar da darakta a fannin fasaha, ƙirƙirar hannayen riga wadanda suka samu karbuwa sosai a kasar Japan. Daga baya, ya fara aiki a matsayin mai fasaha a Toei Amimation, wanda zai kai shi don ƙirƙirar Studio Ghibli shekaru da yawa bayan haka.

Filmography of Hayao Miyazaki

  • Shonen Ninja Kaze - Salon ninja na shekarar farko (1964);
  • Rupan sansei - Lupine III (1971);
  • Rupan sansei: Kariosutoro no shiro - Lupine III: The Castle of Cagliostro (1979);
  • Akage no an - Anne of Green Gables (1979);
  • Kaze no tani no Naushika - Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind /1984);
  • Rapyuta - The Castle in the Sky (1986);
  • Tonari no Tótoro - My Deighbor Totoro (1988);
  • Majo no takkyūbin — Kiki: Bayarwa gida (1989);
  • Kurenai no buta - Porco Rosso (1992);
  • Mononoke Hime - Gimbiya Mononoke (1997);
  • Sen to Chihiro no kamikakushi - Ruhu Away (2001);
  • Hauru no ugoku shiro - The Amazing Vagrant Castle (2004);
  • Gake no ue no Ponyo - Ponyo da Sirrin Karamin Mermaid (2008);
  • Kaze Tachinu - Iska ta Haura (2013);
  • Kimitachi wa Dō Ikiru ka — The Boy and the Heron (2023).

A matsayin marubucin allo ko furodusa

  • Taiyō no Oji: Horusu no Daibōken - The Adventures of Horus, Prince of the Sun (1968);
  • Nagagutsu ko Haita Neko - Puss in Boots (1969);
  • Panda Kopanda - Panda Go Panda (1972);
  • Omohide Poro Poro - Abubuwan Tunawa da Jiya (1991);
  • Heisei Tanuki Gassen Pompoko-Pompoko (1994);
  • Mimi wo sumaseba - Wasuwar zuciya (19945);
  • Neko no ongaeshi - Neko no Ongaeshi (2002);
  • Karigurashi no Arrietty (2010);
  • Kokuriko-zaka kara - Poppy tudu (2011).

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