Stephen King: nasarar daidaito

Stephen King, nasarar daidaito.

Stephen King, nasarar daidaito.

Idan akwai wani marubuci wanda ke cikin gwagwarmaya a yau don hazakar alkalami na jini, to Stephen King ne.. Wannan Ba'amurke daga Portland ya yi alama a baya da bayanta a cikin yanayin ban tsoro a cikin adabin duniya. Aunarsa game da labarin tsoro ya fito ne lokacin da shi da ɗan'uwansa Dauda (kusan 5 da 7 shekara ɗaya) suka karanta labaran ban tsoro daga jerin junan su. Shock Dakatarwa y Tales daga Crypt.

Akwai masoya marubucin da yawa, kuma a cikin waɗanda ba su san shi sosai ba, koyaushe ana maganar nasarorinsa, kamar Haske o Makabartar Dabba, daga cikin mafi kyawun ayyukan Sarki. Maganar gaskiya shine kafin shahararsa tazo, Sarki yayi rayuwa mai matukar wahala tare da mahaifiyarsa da kannensa.

Stephen King da watsi

Lokacin da marubucin yake dan shekara 2 da rabi, mahaifinsa (Donald Edwin King) ya watsar da danginsa. Mahaifiyar Sarki, Nellie Ruth Pillsbury ta King, ta daɗe da tuna kalmar "Zan tafi sigari," in ji Donald kafin ya tafi zuwa ga alheri. Daga nan, Nellie ta yi aiki tuƙuru don ta raino 'ya'yanta biyu. Don yin wannan, ya yi aiki lokaci guda har zuwa ayyuka uku.

Yayin da lokaci yake wucewa, bayan karatunsa tare da ɗan'uwansa da mahaifiyarsa (mai bayar da labarai na musamman), sha'awar Istifanas ga adabi, musamman ma abin tsoro. Duk da haka, kuɗi a koyaushe iyakance ne don iya tsarkakewa. Talauci ya kasance alama a cikinsu. A lokacin damuna, har ma, 'yan'uwan Sarki sun je gidan ɗayan mahaifiyarsu don samun damar yin wanka da ruwan zafi a lokacin damuna, wanda a Maine ya kasance mai tsananin rauni.

Ruth koyaushe tana fatan mijinta ya dawo, amma ba haka ba. Rashin fanni na uba ya kasance abin faɗuwa ne a gida, na tausayawa da na kuɗi, kuma hakan ya shafi brothersan’uwan Sarki cikin nutsuwa.

'Yan uwan ​​Sarki da jaridar su

Duk da komai, Dauda da Istifanas sun girma da ƙarfi ta hanyar taimakon mahaifiyarsu, har zuwa cewa ba su takaita kansu don ƙoƙarin kama sha'awar su ga wasiƙu ba. Idan ‘yan’uwa suna da wani abu, to son karatu ne. A zahiri, komai a rayuwarsa litattafai ne suka yi tasiri a kansa (tsoro, musamman), babu ranar da basu karanta wani abu ba ko yin rubutu ba.

A cikin 1959, kuma tare da taimakon tsohon rubutu wanda ya samo, David ya ƙirƙira Daves rag, wani irin jarida ne inda saurayin ya buga abubuwan da ya faru. A can, Stephen King ya ba da gudummawa ga bita daban-daban da ya yi game da shirye-shiryen talabijin na lokacin.

Wannan shine farkon haɗuwa da Sarki tare da wasiƙu. Duk da kasancewa talakawa sosai, halittar Daves rag labari ne a ko'ina cikin garin.

Stephen King da asalin halittar soyayyarsa ga adabi

Lokacin da Sarki yake dan shekara 12, ya samu wasu wasiƙu a cikin kwalaye a gidan innarsa. Ya kasance game da ƙoƙari da yawa da mahaifinsa ya yi don ya iya buga wasu ayyukan da ya yi; duk aka ƙi. A wannan lokacin Istifanas ya fahimci cewa ketarewarsa tare da duniyar haruffa alama ce ta abin da ya fi shi girma., wani abu da ya ci gaba daga jini, koda kuwa tare da rashin mahaifinsa na tsawon lokaci.

Tarin ayyukan ta Stephen King.

Tarin ayyukan ta Stephen King.

Dorewar matsalolin tattalin arziki

Bayan ya gamsu da cewa nasa adabi ne, saurayin Istifanas ya fara gabatar da labaransa ga mujallu da jaridu don bugawa, amma aka ƙi kuma sake. Iyakar abin da ya banbanta shi da mahaifinsa bai daina ba, amma ya nace kuma ya dage.

Makarantar Lisbon Hish ta buɗe ƙofa ga marubucin kuma a can ya sami damar dacewa da kyau. A zahiri, a cikin wannan makarantar, saboda baiwarsa tare da haruffa, an san Sarki sosai.

Koyaya, duk da shiga cibiyar da aka san aikinsa, kuma ya nace tare da kafofin watsa labarai daban-daban don buga shi, King bai iya daidaita tattalin arziki ba. Marubucin ya zo aiki ne a matsayin mai hakar kabari domin samun karin kudi. King kuma dole ne ya ba da jininsa sau da yawa don a sami abin da za a ci a gida.

Idan King yana da abin da zai yi godiya da shi, to myopia ne, ƙafafunsa masu faɗi da hawan jini, saboda waɗannan abubuwan sun cece shi daga zuwa Vietnam. Af, matsayinsa a fuskar wannan yaƙin ya kasance a bayyane kuma maras ma'ana.

Cikin gamuwa da soyayyar rayuwarsa

Stephen ya sadu da Tabitha Jane Spruce, matar da zai aura, yayin da yake yin aikin wucin gadi a dakin karatun jami'a. Tayi karatun tarihi kuma mai son waka. Kadan kadan soyayya ta gudana a tsakaninsu, suna da 'yarsu ta fari sannan suka yi aure.

Kodayake King yana da ayyuka biyu kuma matarsa ​​tana da guda ɗaya, kuɗin ba su isa yadda ya kamata. A dalilin haka dole ne su zauna a cikin tirela. Wannan ya rushe burin Sarki. Tunani ya daɗe a zuciyarsa cewa dole ne ya maimaita labarin rashin mahaifiyarsa.

Kasancewar shaye-shaye

Duk waɗannan matsalolin sun haɗu, ɗaya bayan ɗaya kuma kai tsaye suna da alaƙa da tattalin arziki, sun sa marubucin ya fada cikin baƙin ciki kuma, daga baya, cikin shan giya. Kuma ba muna magana ne game da wani na al'ada ba, a'a, wannan mutumin ne wanda a shekararsa ta uku ta aikin jami'a ya riga ya kammala littattafai biyar, lokacin da sauran ɗaliban ba su ma yi tunanin rubuta ɗaya ba.

Abin da ke faruwa shi ne cewa ba a daraja waƙoƙin a wancan lokacin, da kyau, ba na wani ba a san shi ba, wanda bai fito daga dangin mashahuran marubuta ba. Wannan ita ce babbar matsalar da Sarki ya gabatar, bai fahimci asalin adabi ba.

Nasarar dagewa da Tabitha kyakkyawar ido

A cikin 1973 Stephen King yana aiki akan wani labari wanda ya danganci labarin wata budurwa da aka caccaka a makaranta. Hakanan, yarinyar ta kasance diyar wani mai kishin addini. Haka ne, wannan labarin ya kasance Carrie. Duk da cewa labarin yana da kyau kuma yana da jaraba, Sarki bai yi imani da damar sa ba, bai yi la'akari da shi da karfin da ya dace ba, don haka ya jefa shi cikin kwandon shara.

Tabitha ta sami damar gano rubutun yayin aikin gida, ta karanta shi, kuma ta gaya wa mijinta cewa hakan zai kasance nasara, ba barin shi gefe ba. Babu wani abu mafi kusa da gaskiya.

A cikin 1974 Doubleday Publishing ya tuntuɓi Stephen, wanda ya yanke shawarar buga labarin kuma ya biya $ 2.500 don shi. Dukkanin godiya ne ga sa hannun edita Bill Thomson, abokin Stephen. An lura da motsin rai a cikin dangin Sarki, amma, bisharar ba ta kai can ba.

Stephen King sa hannu.

Stephen King sa hannu.

Daga baya New Library Library ya tuntubi Dobleday kuma ya ba shi $ 200. ga hakkokin Carrie. Bayan shawarwari da yawa, adadin ya kai $ 400.

Dangane da ƙa'idodi waɗanda aka kafa Doubleday, marubucin ne ke da alhakin rabin abin da aka tattauna. Fkamar dai yadda Stephen King ya sami damar barin sauran ayyukansa kuma ya sadaukar da kansa cikakkiyar rayuwa daga wasiƙu. Wataƙila mafi bakin ciki shi ne cewa Ruth, mahaifiyar marubucin, ba ta iya jin nasarar ɗanta ba. Ta mutu kafin a gama tattaunawar, ta yi fama da cutar daji. Wannan ya shafi Istifanas sosai.

Sauran labaran suna da kyau, kuma idan baku karanta su ba, ina baku shawarar ku neme su.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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