Stephen Hawking ya mutu. Littattafai 6 waɗanda mashahurin masanin taurari suka bar mana

Yau tafi Stephen Hawking. Ina da 76 shekaru kuma mai yiwuwa ya riga ya kasance a ɗayan duniyanta, ramuka masu baki ko taurari. Ko wataƙila ya zama tauraron sanannen sananne cewa ya sami nasarar kasancewa cikin rayuwarsa. Ta kowane hali, ya kuma bar mana wannan babbar gadon kayan tarihin da ya tattara a ciki wasu littattafai, tunda shi ma babban mashahuri ne. A cikin tunaninsa na zaɓi waɗannan 6 lakabi don ba su sake dubawa. 

Bayanin rayuwa

shaho, haifaffen Oxford A watan Janairun 1942, ya bar mu wannan safiyar da ta gabata a gidansa a Cambridge. Ya dade ya wuce ranshi wanda ALS ke masa alama, wanda ya wahala tun yana ɗan shekara 21 kuma ya sanya shi a keken guragu. Kuma tun shekara ta 2005 kawai zai iya sadarwa ta hanyar motsa tsoka a ƙarƙashin idonshi wanda yake amfani da na'urar hada magana. Amma wannan nakasa ba ta taƙaita hankalinsa ba.

Ya zama sanannen masanin kimiyya na duniya daga 1988 lokacin da ya buga Tarihin Zamani, littafin da ya daukaka shi. Mafi yawan wannan shaharar ta kasance saboda girmanta baiwa ga shahararren kimiyya na astrophysics, wanda ya aiwatar dashi ko'ina cikin duniya. Kuma shi ma yana da babban abin dariya. Ga sabbin tsararraki, ko kuma karin talabijin, kasancewarsu, koyaushe cike da wannan darar, a cikin shahararrun jerin zasu kasance cikin ƙwayoyin ido Babban Tarihin Big Bang, wanda aka sanya masa daidai bayan sanannen ka'idarsa wacce da ita yake nuni zuwa asalin sarari da lokaci.

Son sani na ƙarshe wanda ya bar mu shine cewa ya tafi cikin Ranar lambar Pi (3,14 ...) kuma a cikin Albert Einstein ya cika shekaru 139 da haihuwa. Kuma yau ma yana iya zama kyakkyawan rana don gani Ka'idar komai, fim din 2014 wannan ya cancanci a Oscar ga mafi kyawun ɗan wasa zuwa Eddie Redmayne saboda kwatancin Hawking.

Takaitaccen tarihin lokaci

Littafin bayyanawa game da sarari da lokaci inda Hawking a bayyane kuma a bayyane yake gabatar da mahimman ra'ayoyi na Ma'aikatan Newtonian, ka'idar dangantaka, keɓaɓɓiyar kanikanci ko ilimin sararin samaniya zamani. Hakanan yana bayyana a faffadan fannoni kamar ilimin lissafi da tiyoloji, tunda dabi'ar ba mahalicci kadai Allah ke tasowa ba, harma da lamunin ma'anar duniya.

Ka'idar komai

A cikin wannan aikin Hawking ya gaya mana a tarihin duniya cewa ke daga babban kara zuwa ramuka baki. Shin a ciki matakai bakwai farawa da ra'ayoyin farko na duniyar Girka da kuma zamanin da zuwa mafi rikitarwa na waɗannan kwanakin. Yi amfani da halayenku sautin aiki da sauƙi ga dukkan masu sauraro. Kuma masu nusar da shi kamar Newton, Einstein, makanikai makanikai, bakaken ramuka da kuma ka'idar babbar hadewa sun sake bayyana.

Asalin duniya

Rubuta tare da 'yarta Lucy, hada mai girma labarin labarin kasada ga yara. Gwajin kimiyya mafi girma a tarihi an ƙaddamar da kuma George da Annie, masu fafutuka, zasu ganta daga layin farko. Za su raka Eric, mahaifin Annie, wanda ke aiki a Cibiyar Nazarin Nukiliya ta Turai, zuwa Switzerland.

Akwai babba larƙarar ƙura, iya bincika farkon lokacin duniya, abin da ake kira Babban Bang. Masana kimiyya a duk duniya suna aiki akan gwajin tsawon shekaru kuma babu abin da zai iya yin kuskure. Amma sai George da Annie suka gano hakan wani shiri don yi masa zagon kasa. Tambayar ita ce gano ko za su zo a kan lokaci don hana shi.

Duniya a cikin nutsuwa

Har ilayau tare da salon maganarsa, Hawking ya gayyace mu mu kasance tare dashi a cikin babban tafiya ta hanyar sarari-lokaci zuwa ga wani yanki mai ban mamaki wanda barbashi, membranes da igiyoyi ke rawa cikin girma goma sha ɗaya. A lokaci guda, baƙaƙen ramuka suna ƙafewa suna ɓacewa, suna ɗaukar asirinsu tare da su. Kuma mun ƙare zuwa inda ƙaramar goro ta zauna -zuriya ta farko- daga gare ta ne duniyar da muke zaune ta tashi.

Holesananan ramuka da ƙananan sararin samaniya

Wannan aikin shine tarin matani wanda masanin ilmin lissafin Ingilishi ya rubuta tsakanin 1976 1992. An rubuta su sama da shekaru goma sha shida. Tsara sake maimaitawa -tun tunda zane-zane na tarihin rayuwa ko da bayyanannen bayani mai nishadantarwa na manyan matsaloli a kimiyyar lissafi a yau - wanda ke nuna ci gaban ilimin Hawking. Akwai kuma laccoci da hira inda Hawking yake nuna mana sabbin abubuwan da aka gano game da duniya.

Short labarin rayuwata

Wannan taken shine tarihin rayuwa takaice kuma mai gaskiya a inda Hawking yake magana game da rayuwarsa, tun daga yarintarsa ​​a lokacin yaƙi bayan Landan zuwa shekarunsa na shaharar duniya da nasara. Wannan aka zana shi da hotunan da ba a san su sosai ba kuma ya gabatar mana da Hawking kamar sa dalibi wanda ke tambaya koyaushe kuma abokan karatunsa suke masa laƙabi da "Einstein." Har ila yau, zuwa mai wasa wanda ya taɓa yin caca tare da abokin aiki game da ramuka baki. Kuma zuwa matasa iyaye wanda ya yi gwagwarmaya don yin rawar kafa a fagen ilimin gasa.

An rubuta shi da tawali'u da walwala kuma a ciki Hawking yana buɗewa game da kalubale dole ta yi aiki da ita bayan an gano ta amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Wannan fatan na farkon mutuwa ya sa shi ya ɗaga tunaninsa da ƙalubalen ilimi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
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  1.   Mariola Diaz-Cano Arevalo m

    Na gode maka, Francisco. Kuma idan kun kasance mai karanta hujja, nima ina farin cikin cewa gaishe abokin aiki.

  2.   Roberto Madina m

    Ya bar mana ɗayan manya; hankalinsa, yanayin barkwancinsa, jaruntakarsa da jaruntakarsa ga dukkan gwaje-gwaje, gaskiyar maganarsa, suna nuna shi a matsayin wani mahaluki na musamman. Yi tafiya mai kyau zuwa taurari ƙaunataccen Istafanus, za a tuna da ku koyaushe !!!

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