Kalaman soyayya

Victor Hugo.

Victor Hugo.

"Romanticism" yana ɗaya daga cikin waɗancan sharuɗɗan wanda zai iya zama ainihin aikin da ba zai yuwu ba a sami mahimman bayanai. Ma'anarsa a bayyane ta kasance "sananne ne ga duk duniya", amma ba a samu ɗaya ba. A ka'idar, Romanism wani motsi ne wanda ya fara daga Turai a cikin karni na XNUMX kuma ya yadu zuwa Amurka yayin ƙarni mai zuwa.

Yunkurin adabi, a matakin farko, a hankali ya fadada zuwa sauran fannonin "al'adu". Hakanan, "al'ada" misali ne na yau da kullun game da mahimmancin ra'ayi don tsara shi. Shin akwai wanda zai iya bayyana shi ba tare da ya wuce jimla biyu ba? Wataƙila haka ne. Koyaya, mutane nawa zasu yarda da amsoshin da aka bayar, ba tare da ƙarawa ko share komai ba?

Tunani na wani lokacin lokacin

A tsakiyar juyin juya halin masana'antu, tare da aiwatar da aiki tare da sanya kansa a matsayin samfurin abin motsawa, romancin soyayya ya kasance komawa ga bil'adama. Lasisi don zuwa rudu da ban mamaki a kowane lokaci da ake buƙata. Ya fara ne a matsayin motsi na falsafa akan halin yanzu na hankali wanda manyan masana da siyasa suka sanya.

Yunkurin siyasa?

Zuwa babban digiri, romancin soyayya an haife shi ne don adawa da ci gaban hana jari hujja. Haka ne, ga tsarin tattalin arzikin da aka sanya shi a matsayin "daji". Ba tare da wannan tunanin ba, ƙarami, mai ƙasƙantar da kai, "masana'antun farko" ba za su taɓa samun damar komawa kan gaba ba. Abin da 'yan jari hujja ke ɗaukar "talakawa", don sauran shine "romantic".

Saboda wannan, romancin soyayya ya sabawa tunanin da aka riga aka kafa. Duk wani tunanin da aka riga aka kafa? Yana iya zama wuce gona da iri, amma sama da duka, rashin hankali ne a ce haka ne. Amma daga mahangar hangen nesa (menene abin ban mamaki), amsar ita ce e. Muddin sun kasance "rinjaye" ra'ayoyi ko alamu, wanda yawancin mutane ke karɓa azaman yana da inganci.

Littattafan soyayya

Lokacin da ake magana game da labarin soyayya, ana yin ishara zuwa ga wani nau'in dogon labari, yawanci ana rubuta shi da karin magana. Bambanci idan aka kwatanta shi da "daidaitaccen" labaran kirkirarru yana cikin yanayin abubuwan da suka faru, tunda ƙarshen yana faruwa a cikin duniyoyi masu ban mamaki da ban mamaki. Tabbas, wannan bai kamata a kula da shi azaman doka mai wahala da sauri ba.

A takaice dai, Lokacin da ake magana game da halayen roman soyayya na adabi, zai fi kyau a yi magana game da zato ko tunani. Zai yiwu mafi kyawun hanya don samar da wani haske a kan wannan ita ce ta nazarin wasu misalai. A wannan gaba - don kada mu shiga cikin rikice-rikice na ra'ayi - shawarwarin shine a mai da hankali ga bincike akan fahimtar fadin jinsi.

Frankenstein… Sake

Frankenstein.

Frankenstein.

Frankenstein ko Zamanin zamani (1818) daga Mariya shelly gabaɗaya ana ɗaukan sahun farko na almara na almarar kimiyya. Abunda ba'a sani ba ga mutane da yawa shine cewa shima yana wakiltar kyakkyawan misali na mafi bayyane fasali na littafin soyayya. Menene zai iya zama mafi rashin hankali da saba wa sifofin bangaskiya da ɗabi'a, da tayar da matattu zuwa rai?

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Frankenstein

Yayin da ta'addancin da ke tattare da asalin hujjarta, marubuciyar ta ɗauki lokaci don bincika damuwar mutane. Kuma tana yin hakan ne ta hanyar shigar da tunanin kwakwalwarsa, Dakta Victor Frankenstein, ba ta hanyar dodo ba. Duk an ruwaito su da mafi ƙanƙancin karin magana, har ma don yare azaman "rustic" ko "rashin ƙarancin dabaru" kamar Turanci.

Víctor Hugo

Da yawa suna sanya wannan Frenchan ƙasar Faransa a saman kowane jerin marubutan soyayya. Kuma, ba shakka, ga mafi kyawun aikinsa: Miserables (1862). Tare da shi aka haife da tunanin “romin talauci”, (daukaka wahalar). Kodayake wannan ya fi dacewa da fassarar ra'ayi fiye da shawarar "haƙiƙa" wacce aka yarda da ita ga wannan marubucin.

Haka kuma, mahimmancin abu yana tsaye a matsayin wani abu da ba za a iya kaucewa daga shi ba a cikin tunanin roman soyayya. Da kyau, yana tabbatar da tsinkaye na musamman wanda yake tattare da kowane mutum, gwargwadon gaskiyar su. Saboda haka, tabbatar da hakan Miserables yana daga cikin talaucin talauci da wahalar dan adam, bai cancanci a ki yarda da shi ba.

Lasifika don kare Gothic Art

Wani soyayya classic daga Víctor Hugo es Notre Dame de Paris (1831). Bala'i, ƙaunatattun ƙauna da haruffa sananne. A gaskiya, lokacin da aka buga labarin sai ya zama kira mai farkawa don neman tabbatar da Gothic Art. Domin a lokacin na yi matukar razana.

Lokutan Maɗaukaki

Jaruman soyayya ba cikakku bane. Sun faɗi cikin jarabawa, sun faɗa cikin ƙananan sha'awar, sun kulla yarjejeniya da shaidan ... Daga ƙarshe suna da lokaci don fansar kansu ko kuma aƙalla karɓar hutu daga Allah. Wannan na iya zama a taƙaice bayyana —Amma, sama da duka, haske sosai- na Maɗaukaki (1808). Ofaya daga cikin mahimman mahimmancin littattafan soyayya.

Written by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Wannan wasan kwaikwayo yana ɗaya daga cikin mahimman abubuwan tarihi da Jamus ta ba ɗan adam. Gaskiyar da ba ta da ƙanƙanci ba ita ce Romanism, bisa ƙa'ida, ta samo asali ne daga ƙasashen tsohuwar Daular Jamus.

Na hankaka da baƙin kuliyoyi

Edgar Allan Poe: babban malami, labarin allahntaka da jami'in bincike. Adadinsa yana da alaƙa cikin tarihi tare da ban tsoro ko ƙagaggen ƙirar ilimin kimiyya. Kamar dai hakan bai isa ba, Edgar Allan Poe kuma shine farkon babban marubucin soyayya daga ɗayan gefen Tekun Atlantika.

Kyawawan Gothic na wannan marubucin haifaffen Boston ya ci gaba har zuwa yau. Koda tasirin ayyukansa ya kai ga fasaha ta bakwai, a cikin "kayayyakin masarufi masu yawa". An samo asalinsa a cikin fina-finai kamar su Batman ta Tim Burton ko bakwaiby David Fincher. ¿A baki cat (1843) shin labarin soyayya ne? Amsar ita ce eh.

Abubuwan birgewa na yau da kullun na soyayya

Gadon Jane Austen

Ji da hankali.

Ji da hankali.

Babban la'akari da Sensibility da ji na ƙwarai (1811) na Jane Austen a matsayin ɗayan manyan mashahuran rubutacciyar soyayya ba abin mamaki bane. Yanayin da ba zato ba tsammani ga mutane da yawa shi ne cewa a cikin wannan rukunin akwai wasu taken da marubutan da aka ambata a sama.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Ji da hankali

Daga Austen, aƙalla, Ya zama dole a nuna wani taken ga jerin: Girman kai da son zuciya (1813). Ofaya daga cikin ayyukan adabi da aka sake bita a cikin tarihin, wanda ya haifar da mafi yawan fassarori da sabawa. Cinema ta kasance tana kula da juya wannan muhawarar zuwa aljan aljan ...

Daga daukaka zuwa abin dariya?

Kafofin watsa labarai na audiovisual sune ke da alhakin rikice rikice da ke faruwa game da labarin soyayya a yau. ZUWAKodayake mutane da yawa sun ƙi yarda da shi - musamman masu magana da Sifaniyanci - romancin yana "birkicewa" ta hanyar jayayya da ke kan "wasannin kwaikwayo na sha'awa." Ee, kafirci da halayen Manichean suna da yawa. Duk waɗannan abubuwan suna da yawa, maimakon asalinsu na halal: juyin juya hali mai adawa da hankali.

Don ƙarin inri, a cikin karni na XNUMX an sace nau'in ne ta hanyar abin da ake kira "samari na romant romant". Nishaɗin rubutu (wasu), amma ba tare da rikitarwa ba. A zahiri, yawancin waɗannan ayyukan ba su da dangantaka kaɗan (ko a'a) game da labarin soyayya da ta gabata. Wanne, a cikin maganganun tarihi, shine sake farfado da al'adu na biyu.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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