Kalmomin shahararrun Emilia Pardo Bazán

Kwanakin baya an yi bikin tunawa da ranar haihuwar ɗayan mahimman marubutanmu: Emilia Pardo Bazán. Haihuwar a La Coruña, a cikin shekara 1851, mallakar dangi ne mai kima. Ta kasance mace mai babban martaba a lokacinta. Ya yi tafiye tafiye da yawa kuma ya haɗu da manyan marubuta kamar su Victor Hugo ko Zola.

Ta rabu da mijinta kuma ta fara a alaƙar soyayya da Benito Pérez Galdós. Ta jagoranci sashen adabi na Athenaeum kuma a cikin 1916 an nada ta a matsayin farfesa a Jami'ar Madrid. Ya mutu a 1921, kuma a Madrid.

Ya kasance na Realism

Ci gaban Ubangiji Realism Nasarar littafin, salo ne wanda ya ba da damar bayyana gaskiya ta hanyar abin dogaro. Marubutan da suka fi wakilta a wannan lokacin su ne Galdós, Juan Valera, Leopoldo Alas "Clarín" da Emilia Pardo Bazán. Latterarshen ya kasance na musamman ne ga Naturalan Adam, asalin Realism wanda ya bayyana a cikin Sifen kusan 1880 tare da buga shi "Wanda aka wargaza" de Galdos.

Emilia Pardo Bazán shine babban mai tsaron baya a Spain na Yanayi. A game da wannan marubucin, wannan motsi an tsara shi a cikin Katolika. Don haka, ƙaddarar dabi'ar Zola kawai a bayyane take kuma tana ƙarƙashin ikon mutum ya rinjaye shi ta wurin bangaskiya, wanda ya ɗaukaka shi sama da sauran halittu. Daga cikin litattafansa sun yi fice sama da kowa "The pazos de Ulloa" (1886) y "Yanayin uwa" (1887), duk sun ci gaba a cikin yankunan karkara na Galicia wadanda suka kasance duniyoyin dunkulallun da sha'awar ke mamaye su.

Shahararrun jumla

Kuma yanzu, zamu yi bikin haihuwar wannan marubucin wanda ya bar mana kyawawan maganganu masu yawa don tarihi. Wasu daga cikinsu sune masu zuwa:

  • "Ina da mahimmanci a tsakanin dukkan tunanin cewa littafin ba aiki ne na nishaɗi kawai ba, hanya ce ta yaudarar aan awanni kaɗan, wanda ya shafi zamantakewar jama'a, halayyar mutum, nazarin tarihi, amma ƙarshe karatu."
  • «Rashin dacewar mutumin zamani shine ya zama mai son kai da damuwa; son kai ya isa ya ba da sha'awarsa, mai tsananin wahala don wahala yayin da ya ga masifar da suka yi a kan ƙaddarar wani. Saboda na ciki ne kuma a ɓoye a ɓoye, gwagwarmayar Felipe ba ta da ƙasa da tashin hankali, kuma rashin jin daɗin nasa bai ragu ba. Idan za a fadi gaskiya, waccan jiha ta musamman ba za a iya kiran ta gwagwarmaya ba: akwai wata gwagwarmaya kanta, lokacin da so ya sauya tsakanin mafita biyu ».
  • “Ba mu zabi abin da muke ji ba, sun zo gare mu ne, suna girma kamar ciyawar da babu wanda ya shuka ta kuma mamaye duniya. Kuma jin wani lokaci yakan zama cikin yarintar da ba ta da wata ma'ana, a zahiri ma iya magana ce, bayyanar da gaskiyar halayyar mutum, kamar yadda wasu alamomin rashin hankali ke yin tir da cututtukan da ke kashe mutum »
  • «Firist na iya yin duk munanan abubuwa a duniya. Idan muna da dama don kada mu yi zunubi, mun kasance lafiya; an cece mu a daidai lokacin da aka keɓe mu, wanda ba ciniki ne mai rauni ba. A zahiri, keɓewa ya ɗora nauyi a wuyanmu fiye da sauran Kiristoci, kuma yana da wahala sau biyu ga ɗayanmu ya zama nagari. Kuma kasancewa haka ta yadda hanyar kammala wacce dole ne mu shiga yayin sanya kanmu a matsayin firistoci zai buƙaci, ya zama dole, ban da ƙoƙarinmu, cewa alherin Allah ya taimake mu. Babu kome.
  • "Mulkin kama-karya kamar aria ne kuma bai taba zama opera ba."
  • "Ranar" wasu 'yan gari "sun gaya wa Amparo cewa kyakkyawa ce, yarinyar da ke yawo tana sane da iskanci: har zuwa lokacin ta kasance yarinya a cikin siket. Ba kuma wanda ya yi la'akari da ita in ba haka ba: idan wasu ɓarna a kan titi suka tunatar da ita cewa tana daga cikin mafi kyawun rabin ɗan adam, ta yi shi rabin tare da kumatunta, kuma ta ƙi da ƙuƙumi, idan ba tare da shura da cizon ba, yabawa bare. Duk abubuwan da basu dauke masa bacci ba ko kuma sha'awar sa.
  • "Wauta ce ga mutane su dora fatansu na fansa da kuma sa'a a kan nau'ikan gwamnatin da ba su sani ba."
  • "Ba za a iya kiran ilimin mata irin wannan ilimin ba, amma horarwa, tun da an yi biyayya, biyayya da mika wuya daga karshe."
  • "Ilimin motsa jiki yana sa mata su kara girma da kuzari kuma ya wadatar da jininsu."
  • "Da baki yawanci muke mutuwa kamar kifi mai sauki, kuma ba mutuwar mai hankali bane, amma na sanyi ne, danye, danye."

 


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