Sarki Arthur. Sabbin gutsutsuren tarihinta da wasu ƙari

1. Tebur zagaye a Winchester. An zana shi a cikin 1522 ta hanyar umarnin Henry VIII. 2. Sarki Arthur, na Charles Ernest Butler.

Labarin Sarki Arthur da Knights na Round Table (ko Tebur) ɗayan ɗayan manyan tatsuniyoyi ne na Tsohuwar Nahiyar, wanda ya kai har zuwa adabi. Kuma labarinta da halayensa sun bi sauye-sauye da yawa akan lokaci. Yanzu akwai sauran ƙari: the ganowa, a cikin rumbun tarihin Babban dakin karatu na Bristol, na wani dadadden abu ne Tsarin karni na XNUMX daga labari game da mayen sihiri Merlin da Sarki Arthur. Amfani da labaran, Ina yin bita hudu daga cikin iyaka iri yaya game da Arturo da masu fada a ji.

Ni da Sarki Arthur

Arturo ba ɗaya daga cikin manyan jarumawan adabi na bane, amma Ina tausaya masa. Wataƙila saboda rashin adadi fim iri, daga sanannen sanannen gargajiya Knights na King Arthur (1953) zuwa na ƙarshe, King Arthur, labarin almara na Excalibur (2017). Amma na yarda cewa ya haifar da haruffa a cikin labarai na. Da siffofinsu da sunayensu (Uther Pendragon, Lancelot, Merlin, Guinevere, Galahad, Morgana, da dai sauransu.) kowa ya sani.

Hakanan, a farkon zama na a Ingila shima Ina cikin garin Winchester kuma na ga wannan sanannen tebur fallasa a cikin gidansa. Hakanan, don dalilai bayyanannu na nazarin ilimin ɗan ɗabi'a na Ingilishi, dole ne in yi la'akari da salon karni na XNUMX na Thomas Malory.

Sabon nema

Gutsuttukan da aka samo an danganta su ga Jean gerson, masanin Faransa. A cikin duka akwai littattafai bakwai, rubuta a cikin tsohon faransa, wanda ya tara a sigar tare da sanannun bambance-bambance daga sanannen labarin. Suna iya zama ɓangare na sigar kira Estoire na Merlin, daga wasu matani da aka sani da Lanzarote-Grail ko sake zagayowar na Vulgate.

A cikin abin da ya dawo dasu yanzu Arthur ya riga ya zama sarki. Shi da Merlin sun yi nasara a yaƙi, ɗayan matakan da suka gabata wanda ya haifar da tarihin nema ga mai tsarki grail by Arthur da jarumawansa. Mahimmancin gano waɗannan gutsutse shi ne cewa suna nuna wasu canje-canje a cikin cikakkun bayanai waɗanda ke ba a an ɗan canza sigar labarin wannan yaƙi, kuma an saka bayanin da ya fi tsayi na aikin.

Labari hudu

Takardun littattafai da litattafan da aka keɓe wa Arturo ba su da iyaka, don haka na haskaka waɗannan huɗu:

Karin Malory - Mutuwar Arthur

Wannan aikin yana da alhakin nau'ikan da muke da su a yau na tarihin Arthurian.

Sir Thomas malory (1408-1471), jarumi mai fama da tashin hankali wanda ya rayu a lokacin Yaƙin Roses Guda Biyu, ya rubuta wannan babban labarin almara a cikin adabin Ingilishi. Ya yi hakan ne tun daga kurkuku kuma daga tari na da tsofaffin kafofin Faransa da Ingila cewa yana fassarawa yayin da yake ƙarawa ra'ayin kansa.

An buga shi a cikin 1485 a cikin bitar na William Caxton, masanin buga Turanci na farko, wanda yayi masa taken Le Morte D'Arthur. Ya kasance mai gabatarwa kuma hada dukkan litattafan Malory guda takwas zuwa litattafai ashirin da daya. Shine wanda ya ba da damar mafi yawan shakatawa a duk fannonin fasaha, daga sabbin sigar adabi zuwa wakilcin hoto kamar yadda Pre-Raphaelites suka nuna.

Jack Whyte - Tarihin Camelot  

Marubucin ɗan asalin Scotland wanda ke zaune a Kanada, a Whyte Ya kasance sananne ga littattafan tarihinsa, musamman don wannan jerin da aka rubuta a ƙarshen shekarun 90s da aka sadaukar don Tarihin Camelot, inda yake amfani da ka'idar zamanin tsohon sarki Arthur na Roman. Akwai taken biyu: Dutse da takobi Rurin karfe

Valerio Massimo Manfredi - Legungiyar Legarshe

Manfredi, wani babban littafin tarihin zamani, shima ya yarda da Whyte wajen zana asalin Roman na Arthur a cikin wannan taken da aka buga kwanan nan. An kai shi silima a 2007, amma bai dace da asalin adabinsa ba.

Mark Twain - Yankee a Kotun Sarki Arthur

Shahararren marubucin Ba'amurke ya zaɓi tafiyar lokaci a matsayin uzuri don rubuta arcikakken bayani mai ban dariya da cike da raha na zamantakewa da siyasa cewa halin shi. Ya lalata kowa da kowa: tsarin sarauta, coci-coci da cibiyoyin chivalric, da kuma halayen.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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