Idanun da aka rufe, na Edurne Portela

Ma'anar sunan farko Eurme Portela

Ma'anar sunan farko Eurme Portela

Duk da ɗan gajeren aikinta na marubuciya, Edurne Portela ta yi nasarar zana wa kanta suna a cikin fitattun marubutan almara na Mutanen Espanya na ƙarni na 2017. Tun daga XNUMX, masanin tarihi na Iberian, masanin ilimin falsafa da farfesa na jami'a ya buga litattafai hudu, daga cikinsu, Idanu a rufe (2021) — Kyautar Euskadi don Adabi 2022— ita ce mafi kwanan nan.

Wannan labarin yana faruwa a Pueblo Chico, wanda marubucin ya bayyana a matsayin wuri "wanda zai iya samun kowane suna". A can, tattaunawa da tunanin mazaunanta suna bayyana wani rauni na gama gari daga baya wanda sakamakonsa ya shafi halin yanzu. Saboda haka, littafin ya shiga cikin wani muhimmin batu ga Portela a duk tsawon aikinsa na ƙwararru: tashin hankali.

Nazari da taƙaitaccen bayanin Rufe Idanun

Tsarin ƙirƙira

Duk da zaɓin jigo na yau da kullun a cikin Edurne Portela — tashin hankali—, Gina tarihin yana gabatar da/bayyana bambance-bambancen da dama idan aka kwatanta da litattafan magabata. Da farko, marubuciyar ta nisanta kanta daga abubuwan da ta faru da ita don cutar da wata magana da muryoyin mutane daban-daban suka kafa.

Don haka, kowane memba na labarin yana da nasa hangen nesa wanda ke nutsar da mai karatu a cikin ra'ayoyin duniya da dama. A wasu lokuta, waɗannan "duniya ɗaya" suna nuna tunawa da uba; a wasu kuma akwai dakin son rai da soyayya. Duk da haka, Duk cikin ci gaba akwai shuru biyu masu ban mamaki: tsoro da rashin taimako.

Hujja

A cikin wannan labari, marubucin ba tare da ɓata lokaci ba ya fallasa matsalar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya wacce ke da wahalar sarrafawa: tashin hankali. Yanayi ne mai ban tsoro wanda babu wani bangare ko kungiya daya ya yada zaluncin. Ƙari ga haka, dukan waɗanda ke cikin labarin—ƙananan ko ƙarami—su ne masu cin mutunci ko kuma sun lalatar da su da lalata.

Saboda wannan dalili, laifi ya bar tambari a ko'ina a kan dukkan haruffa, tun da ko gafarar waɗanda abin ya shafa bai zama abin hawa don wankewa ba. Irin wannan hoto mai ban tausayi ya kasance mafi muni lokacin da ya shafi mutane da yawa da suka bace ba tare da wata alama ba. Bugu da ƙari, lokaci-lokaci, matalauta da waɗanda aka zalunta suna ɗaukar nauyin (wajibi) na masu cin zarafi.

wurin abubuwan da suka faru

Pueblo Chico wani yanki ne da ba a san inda akasarin mazaunanta suka mutu ko suka bar ba. Ko da yake, wannan wurin ba tare da takamaiman wurin zama ba babu shakka yana wakiltar wasu yankunan karkara da yakin basasar Spain ya lalata. A hakika, Kauyen yana da dattijai kaɗan ne kawai da wasu ma'aurata da suka iso kwanan nan da nufin su zauna don rayuwa ta hanyar amfanin gona.

Haka kuma shiru shine tonic na dindindin a can; hayaniyar lokaci-lokaci tana haifar da ƙahon dillalai da ke fitowa daga Pueblo Grande. A cikin dukan mazaunan, Pedro—dattijo mai baƙin ciki kuma gurgu—wani aminci ne na ran garin da tashin hankali ya raba.

Mai ba da labari da jarumai

An bayyana abubuwan da suka faru a cikin sau uku ta hanyar mai ba da labari na kowa da kowa tare da sautin canji. Wani lokaci mai ba da labari yana faɗin gaskiya tare da motsin rai, amma a cikin wasu sassa ya yi sanyi ya bayyana abubuwan da suka faru ba tare da nuna wani abu ba. Koyaya, lokacin da aikin ya mayar da hankali kan Pedro da labari ya wuce zuwa ga mutum na farko kuma yana nutsewa cikin radadin protagonist.

Siffar na hali babba yana watsa ciwon soka, mai zurfi da bayyane a cikin tabo na latent baya a halin yanzu. Ya fi, warewarsa ya dade har yana yaro yana magana da dabbobin kiwo kawai. Haka nan, nadama a bayyane yake a ɓoye a cikin kallon waɗanda aka sani, suna danganta juna ta hanyar kaɗaici.

Sauran muhimman haruffa

Ariadna

Kowace rana, wannan budurwa ta fi jin dadin rayuwar yau da kullum a cikin tsaunuka saboda fitowar rana. faɗuwar rana da salon shiru. Ƙari ga haka, tun daga gida yake aiki, da sauri ya saba da al’adun ƙauyen. Lokaci na lokaci zai bayyana masa cewa dangantakarsa da Pueblo Chico ya fi karfi fiye da yadda aka yi tunanin farko.

eloy

Shi ne mijin Ariadne, mutumin da ke da tsinkaya ga kalubale.  Ayyukan ƙasa sun inganta yanayin jikinsa, don haka rayuwar karkara ta zo da kyau sosai. Duk da haka, Wani lokaci yakan yi kewar garin.

Wasu daga cikin ƙarin haruffa
  • Lola: mahaifiyar ɗan ƙaramin Pedro da matar kyakkyawa Miguel. Mace ce da ke da fargabar buge-buge saboda mummunan tunanin da wannan sautin ya kwaikwayi.
  • Teresa: Wata baiwar Allah ce mai wasu sirrika. Yaransu matasa ne Federico da jariri José. Na ƙarshe yana kallon awaki tare da ɗan ƙaramin Pedro.
  • Frederick: an tilasta cabokin aikin soja domin neman mutanen garin da suka tsere.

Game da marubucin, Miren Edurne Portela Camino

Eurme Portela

Eurme Portela

Look Edurne Portela Camino an haife shi a Santurce, Vizcaya, Spain, a cikin 1974. Digiri na farko na jami'a shine BA a Tarihi daga Jami'ar Navarra (1997). Bayan haka, ya ci gaba da horar da karatunsa a Amurka, da farko ya sami digiri na biyu a cikin Adabin Hispanic; sannan tare da digiri na uku a cikin adabin Mutanen Espanya da Latin Amurka.

Dukkanin digiri na biyu an samu su a Jami'ar North Carolina a Chapel Hill. Daga baya, Masanin tarihin ya yi aiki a matsayin malami tsakanin 2003 da 2016 a Jami'ar Lehigh da ke Pennsylvania. A cikin wannan gidan karatu kuma ta kasance mai bincike kuma ta rike mukamai daban-daban na gudanarwa a Cibiyar Humanities na Kwalejin Fasaha da Kimiyya.

Daga wallafe-wallafen kimiyya zuwa rubutu

A 2010, Portela ya zama mai haɗin gwiwa na Ƙungiyar Ƙasa ta Duniya na Adabin Mutanen Espanya da Cinema XXI Century. A cikin wannan rukunin, ta yi hidima a matsayin mataimakiyar shugaba—tsakanin 2010 da 2016—kuma tana cikin kwamitin edita na mujallarta. Bugu da kari, a lokacin zamansa a kasar Amurka, ya buga kasidu shida na kimiyya, kusan dukkansu sun mayar da hankali ne kan bambancin tashin hankali.

Wannan jigon shi ne ainihin jigon kasidu biyu na marubuci daga Santurza, Abubuwan Tunatarwa: Waƙoƙin Raɗaɗi a Marubutan Matan Argentina (2009) y Amsa na harbe-harbe: al'adu da tunawa da tashin hankali (2016). A cikin 2016, marubuciyar Hispanic ta ƙare aikinta na ƙwararru a Arewacin Amurka kuma ya koma ƙasarsa ta haihuwa don mayar da hankali ga rubutu gaba ɗaya.

Novelas

Tun da ta koma Spain, Portela ta zama mai ba da gudummawa ta yau da kullun ga jaridu daban-daban, mujallu da kafofin watsa labarai na dijital. Tsakanin su: Tide, El País, Wasikar, RNE da Cadena SER. A halin yanzu, Marubuciyar Biscayan ta buga littafinta na farko, mafi kyawun rashi, an san shi da lambar yabo Mafi kyawun Littafin Almara ta Guild of Littattafai na Madrid.

Jerin litattafai na Eurne Portela

  • mafi kyawun rashi (2017);
  • Hanyoyin zama (2019);
  • Shuru: Labarun tafiya kadai da dare (2019). Littafin labari na mata wanda ya tattara labarai goma sha huɗu waɗanda mawallafin Mutanen Espanya 14 suka rubuta;
  • Idanu a rufe (2021).

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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