Robert Louis Stevenson. Tunawa da ranar mutuwarsa. Littattafansa marasa mutuwa

 

An cika yanzu Shekaru 123 bayan mutuwar Marubucin Scotland Robert Louis Stevenson a tsibirin Samoa. Cutar tarin fuka ta dauke shi yana da shekaru 44, amma ya rayu da su sosai kuma tare da abubuwan da suka faru kamar yadda ya faɗa a cikin litattafansa. Yana da kuma zai kasance ɗayan shahararrun marubuta na duniya.

Tsibirin Treasure, Bakar Kibiya, Batu na Dokta Jekyll da Mista Hyde, ko ɗaya daga cikin rauni na wanda shine Ubangijin BallantraeTaken da dukkanmu muka karanta ko muka gani a cikin yadda ake amfani da fim, tatsuniyoyinsu da labaransu sun riga sun mutu. Na sake nazarin wasu daga cikinsu a matsayin ladabi mai ƙasƙantar da kai ga yiwuwar marubuci mafi shahararren marubuci a cikin duniyar Anglo-Saxon.

Tsibiri mai tamani

An buga shi a London a cikin 1883. Long John Silver, Jim Hawkins, Kyaftin Flint, Billy Kasusuwa, Black Dog, Ben Gunn, Knight Trelawney, Kyaftin Smollet daga Hispaniola… Sunaye tabbatattu har abada a cikin ƙwaƙwalwar karatunmu. Ofaya daga cikin abubuwan da na fara tunowa da wannan labarin shine wanda ya karanta ɗayan gutsuttsinsa, tattaunawa da Ben Gunn, a gwajin fahimtar karatu don wasu gwaje-gwajen tunani da aka bamu a makaranta.

Daga baya wasu da yawa sun kasance tare da ni daga karanta shi a ciki yara, babba, bugu na Turanci, kuma da ganinta a cikin sauye-sauye da yawa ko majigin yara. Hanyar da ta fi kusa da saitinta, makonni huɗu da na yi a Bristol wani lokacin bazara ina ƙoƙarin yin tunanin inda masaukin zai kasance. Admiral Benbow o Spyglass, Gidan Taron John Silver. Labari na kasada na har abada.

Labaran Scotland

Labarai biyar da aka saita a Scotland an haɗa su a cikin wannan kundin.

  • Barawon jiki Yana mai da hankali ne ga zamanin cigaban Anatomy a matsayin kimiyya, lokacin da azuzuwa suke buƙatar gawa, kuma masu aikata laifi marasa imani sun wawashe makabartu.
  • Janet mai karkace Labari ne na maita da mallaka, kuma tana ba da labarin irin tursasawar da aka yi wa wani babban firist na wani gari na garin Scottish, wanda aka jingina shi a cikin tsofaffin camfe-camfe.
  • En Maza Masu Ni'ima an saita aikin a gaɓar arewacin Scotland, kuma ya gaya mana neman dukiyar wani jirgin ruwan Spain da ya lalace.
  • Plagueaunar annoba Yana kai mu zuwa ginshiki inda muguntar yanayin da ba'a sani ba ke zaune.
  • Babban tanadin hanyoyin inda wani ɗan kasuwa da bonasar Italiya ta kori wanda ke buƙatar kuɗi mai yawa daga gare shi ya nemi mafaka a wani gida inda aka kewaye shi.

Namiji a baki

Wannan ɗan gajeren labarin ana ɗaukarsa ɗayan fitattun masaniya ne, amma ba a san shi da yawa saboda wahalar fassarar shi saboda an rubuta shi cikin yaren Scottish. Ya yi duhu sosai tare da wannan yanayin karkara wanda Stevenson ya sani sosai kuma inda aka yi waɗancan mugayen abubuwan gwajin mayu.

Bakan baki

Da farko an buga shi a matsayin sanarwa cikin ko'ina 1883. Saita a cikin Tsakanin england faruwa yayin Yaƙin Wardi Biyu wanda ya sanya gidajen Lancaster da York don kambin ƙasar. Ya ba da labarin Dick shelton, wanda, bayan ya tsere daga masu kisan mahaifinsa, ya sami mafaka a cikin haramtattun kamfanin bak'ar kibiya, wanda zai taimake shi a cikin fansa.

Batu mai ban mamaki na Dr. Jekyll da Mista Hyde

Wannan gajeren labari wani babban aikinsa ne kuma inda Stevenson yayi ma'amala da batun da ya shagaltar da shi tsawon rayuwarsa: biyun halittar mutum. Ya sanya ta a cikin zuciyar Landan Victoria kuma jerin shaidu ne daga shaidu daban-daban wadanda manufar su shine tona asiri. Jekyll da Hyde ƙungiya ce da ta rabu biyu. Hyde shine halayen Jekyll mai ban tsoro kuma yana nuna muguntar zaluntar kai, wanda, da zarar an 'yanta shi, ba zai iya sarrafawa ba. Kuma a gare ni Jekyll da Hyde koyaushe suna da fuskar wannan dodo na silima wanda shine Spencer tracy.

Shaidan a cikin kwalbar da sauran labarai

Wannan tari na labarai biyar Har ila yau ya hada da Masu satar jiki; Markheim, que nazari ne na kwakwalwa game da gwagwarmaya tsakanin nagarta da mugunta; Ola Labari ne na soyayya mai dauke da taken lycanthropy a bango; Falesá bakin teku Labari ne na kasada tare da hangen nesa da kuma Shaidan a cikin kwalbar Ya sake kirkirar wani tatsuniya mai ma'ana a cikin Tekun Kudancin.

Ubangijin Ballantrae

Wani littafi mai haske. Ya fara rubuta shi a cikin 1887 a wani gari a kan iyaka tsakanin Amurka da Kanada, kuma ya gama shi bayan shekara biyu a Waikiki, tsibirin da ke cikin Tekun Kudancin. Littafin, wanda rayuwar tafiya ta Stevenson ta rinjayi shi, ya shafi saituna daban-daban, shimfidar wurare, shekaru da ƙasashe.

Labarin 'ya'ya maza biyu na Ubangiji Durrisdeer, ga waɗanda ke fuskantar ƙaddara, siyasa da soyayya, sun sami shahararren fim ɗin sauyawa a cikin fim na 1953 wasan kwaikwayo Errol Flynn, wani labari na mafi kyawun kasada na babban allo.

 


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