Ramón Gómez de la Serna

Palencia shimfidar wuri

Palencia shimfidar wuri

Ramón Gómez de la Serna ya kasance marubuci ɗan ƙasar Spain mai ƙwazo kuma mai ƙira, wanda aka ɗauka ɗaya daga cikin mahimman adabi na duniyar masu magana da Mutanen Espanya. An sifanta shi da salo na musamman da ba shi da kyau; kafa nau'in "las greguerías" saboda shi ne. Da ire -iren wannan rubutun na ba -zata, marubucin ya samar da adadi mai yawa na littattafai, waɗanda ake ɗauka a matsayin gabatarwa ga surrealism; daga cikin wadanda suka fito: Greguerías (1917) y jimla na greguerías (1955).

Kodayake greguerías ya ba shi sananne, su ma Ya yi fice don buga litattafai 18 - wanda ke kunshe da cikakkun bayanai na rayuwarsa -. Na farko shine La baki da fari bazawara (1917), labarin da ake yayatawa cewa ana samun cikakkun bayanai na alakar sa da Carmen de Burgos. Tuni aka yi hijira a Buenos Aires, ya buga ɗaya daga cikin mahimman ayyukan tarihin kansa: Automoribundia (1948).

Takaitaccen tarihin rayuwar Gómez de la Serna

A ranar Talata 3 ga Yuli, 1888 - a garin Rejas, Madrid - an haifi Ramón Javier José y Eulogio. Iyayensa sune lauyan Javier Gómez de la Serna da Josefa Puig Coronado. Sakamakon Yaƙin Mutanen Espanya-Amurka (1898), danginsa sun yanke shawarar ƙaura zuwa Palencia. A wannan lardin ya fara karatunsa a makarantar Piarist ta San Isidoro.

Shekaru uku bayan haka, an zaɓi mahaifinsa a matsayin mataimakin Liberal. Daga baya, Suna komawa Madrid, inda Ramón ya ci gaba da horo a Instituto Cardenal Cisneros. A cikin 1902, yana ɗan shekara 14, ya fara buga littafin El Postal, Jaridar Kare Hakkin Dalibi, mujalla mai misalai da rubuce -rubuce iri -iri na hannu.

Ayyukan adabi na farko

Bayan kammala karatun sakandare, ya yi rajista a Kwalejin Shari'a - duk da cewa ba shi da alaƙa da aikin. A cikin 1905, kuma godiya ga kuɗin mahaifinsa, ya buga littafinsa na farko: Tafi cikin wuta. A lokacin 1908, ya ci gaba da karatun lauya a Jami'ar Oviedo. Hakanan, yana da sha'awar rubuce -rubuce, ya buga wannan shekarar aikinsa na biyu: Cututtuka.

Mujallu Zamanin

A farkon zamaninsa na marubuci, Gómez de la Serna ya shiga aikin jarida; a can ya nuna asalin sa, halin da ake sukar al'umma. Ya ƙirƙiri bita Prometheus, a cikin abin da ya rubuta a ƙarƙashin pseudonym "Tristán". Littattafan da ya yi a wannan hanyar sun fifita manufofin mahaifinsa. An zarge shi sosai saboda labaransa, an dauke shi: “… iconoclast, anarchist of haruffa, sabo”.

Ƙirƙiri «las greguerías»

Waɗannan su ne ayyukan adabi na musamman, sakamakon asalin su, hankali da ƙuduri. Ya buga su a hukumance a cikin 1910 kuma ya bayyana su a matsayin "misali da abin dariya." Su ne, a cikin su, gajerun maganganun aphoristic waɗanda ke fallasa yanayin al'ada ta amfani da zagi da walwala. Don yin wannan, ya yi amfani da abubuwan da ba a saba gani ba, matani masu sihiri ko wasannin tunani.

Mutuwar Gómez de la Serna

Karin bayani daga Ramón Gómez de la Serna

Karin bayani daga Ramón Gómez de la Serna

A duk tsawon rayuwarsa, marubucin ya gina fayil ɗin adabi mai ƙarfi wanda ya ƙunshi litattafai, kasidu, tarihin rayuwa da wasan kwaikwayo. Rubutunsa sun zama abin misali ga tsararraki masu zuwa. Masu suka suna ɗaukar shi ɗaya daga cikin fitattun marubutan Spain. Bayan rikice -rikicen makamai na 1936, Gomez de la Serna ta koma Argentina, inda ta rayu har zuwa rasuwarta a ranar 12 ga Janairu, 1963.

Wasu littattafan Ramón Gómez de la Serna

Baki da fari bazawara (1917)

Yana da labari na hankali a Madrid. Yana da manyan haruffa guda biyu: hedonist Rodrigo da gwauruwa Cristina. Wata rana, mutumin ya halarci taro kuma ya damu da wata mace mai hazaka wacce za ta furta. Bayan ya lallaɓi matar, an mayar masa da martani, kuma bayan ɗan lokaci kaɗan sun fara zama masoya. Daga can, Rodrigo ya ɗauki nauyin ziyartar Cristina a cikin gidanta kowace rana.

Matar -samfurin raunukan nasa baya matrimonio- ya zama mai duhu. Rodrigo ya gane hakan, kuma saboda hakan, haɗuwa bayan haɗuwa, ya fara cika da tsoro. Irin wannan shine halin sa, cewa hasashe ya mamaye mutumin akan abubuwan da suka haddasa takaba ga masoyinta. Duk wannan ya haifar da yanayi na tuhuma cewa hankalinsa ya dagule masa, cika shi da rashin tsaro da shakku.

Siyarwa Baƙi da fari gwauruwa ...

Wanda bai dace ba (1922)

A cikin wannan hadisin an gabatar da labarai da yawa daga rayuwar Gustavo, mutum wanda abin ya shafa abin da ake kira sharrin ƙarni: "rashin daidaituwa”. Wannan saurayi ne wanda aka haife shi da wuri kuma wanda aka nuna ci gaban jikinsa ta hanyar kasancewar kyawawan abubuwa. Abu na gama gari a cikin wanzuwar su shine canji koyaushe, a zahiri, kowace rana suna samun nau'in labarai daban -daban. Yana ba da alama cewa duk mafarki ne, haƙiƙanin gaskiya wanda a koyaushe ake neman ƙauna.

Julio Cortázar, marubucin Hopscotch

Julio Cortazar

Wannan aikin na musamman ne kuma ana ɗaukar sa a matsayin farkon salo mai saɓani, tunda an buga shi kafin bayyanar farko da ayyukan Kafka. Rubutu ne da aka yi da hankali; Halayensa sun haɗa da zamani, waƙa, barkwanci, ci gaba da rashin daidaituwa. Labarin yana da rubutun buɗewa ta hanyar Julio Cortázar wanda aka sadaukar da shi ga marubucin, inda ya ci gaba da cewa: "Kukan farko na ɓacewa a cikin adabin almara na gama gari."

Siyarwa Wanda bai dace ba
Wanda bai dace ba
Babu sake dubawa

Matar Amber (1927)

Gajeriyar labari ce da aka kafa a Naples, dangane da abubuwan da marubucin ya samu a wancan birni na Italiya. An ruwaito rubutun a cikin mutum na uku kuma yana ba da labarin Lorenzo, wani mutum daga Palencia wanda ya yi tafiya zuwa garin Neapolitan kuma ya sadu da Lucia. Nan da nan suna jin daɗin, duka biyun suna rayuwa da motsin rai mara iyaka a tsakiyar soyayya. Koyaya, dangin Lucia sun ƙi dangantakar, saboda ɗayan kakanninta ya mutu saboda ɗan Spain.

The jarumi na launin toka naman kaza (1928)

Labari ne a cikin tsarin serial tare da Leonardo, ƙwararren masanin fasaha. Wannan mutumin, sakamakon aikin laifi, yana rayuwa a guje, yana yawo a birane daban -daban a Turai. A daya daga cikin wadannan tafiye -tafiyen, ya isa Paris, ya shiga kasuwa kuma ya ci karo da hula mai launin toka; burge shi, ya saya. Lokacin da kuka bar shagon, kun lura cewa mutane suna ganin ku daban, kamar ku masu kuɗi ne.

Tun daga wannan lokacin, Leonardo ya yanke shawarar yin amfani da hular kwano kuma yana halartar manyan tarurrukan jama'a don aiwatar da zambarsa. A gare shi, wannan abu mai sauƙi ya zama fara'a mai sa'a wanda ke ba shi damar aikata munanan ayyukansa a matakin da ya fi girma.

Automoribundia (1948)

Aiki ne na tarihin rayuwa wanda marubucin ya yi kuma ya fito fili a Argentina yana ɗan shekara 70. Masu sukar lokacin suna la'akari da aikinsa mafi dacewa. Rubutun ya bayyana tsawon shekaru 60 na rayuwarsa (tsakanin 1888 zuwa 1948). Shafuka kusan 800 sun ƙunshi hotuna da ƙira da Mutanen Espanya suka yi. Labari ne na ƙuruciyarsa, rayuwarsa ta marubuci da yadda ya tsufa ba tare da ya lura ba.

A cikin gabatarwar sa, marubucin ya ce: “Na ba da shawara kawai lokacin kammala tarihin rayuwata don ba da kukan rai, gano cewa ina raye kuma ina mutuwa, tashi da amsa don sanin ko ina da murya. Lamirina ya kara samun natsuwa da kwanciyar hankali bayan rubuta wannan littafin, wanda a ciki nake daukar dukkan nauyin rayuwata ”.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.