Pavlichenko da Záitsev. Rikakkun maharba 'yan Rasha. Tunawa

An fassara shi a karo na farko Maharbin Stalin, tarihin rayuwar Liudmila Pavlichenko, da Tunawa da Maharbi a Stalingradby Tsakar Gida, mai yiwuwa ɗayan shahararrun Yaƙin Duniya na Biyu.

Kuma shi ne cewa maharba, waɗancan sojoji marasa ganuwa don haka tabbatacce kuma mai mutuƙar, yawanci suna samar da ban sha'awa na musamman cikin gaskiya da almara. Wadanda suka goyi bayan wadancan littattafan da labaransu na gaske ne. Kuma mun riga mun san cewa gaskiya koyaushe ta wuce almara. A yau na sadaukar da wannan labarin a gare ku.

Da maharba da ni

«Mu maza muna son yaƙi, Kwamared Sukarov, yaƙin, girmamawa da ɗaukaka cewa mutuwa ce ke da alhakin rarrabawa da adalci ba tare da shi ba ». Yana ɗaya daga cikin jimlolin sabon littafina na ƙarshe wanda na ɗauke shi yanzu. Na yi wani ƙaramin hali, tsohon ɗan juyin juya halin Rasha, in ce wa mai ba da labarin, Nikolai Sukarov. Suna cikin Tarayyar Soviet daga 1944.

Ina sha'awar Yaƙin Duniya na II a bayyane yake kuma wannan labarin shine kyakkyawan ladabi na ga mummunan tarihin tarihin. Kuma koyaushe na kasance ina da sha'awar gaban Turai, musamman mamayar da Jamusawa suka yiwa Rasha. Don haka na sanya, kawai a cikin tunani, ba a cikin labarin kanta ba, matsayina na yaƙe-yaƙe na Moscow, Stalingrad da Kursk. Kuma a Stalingrad yayi daidai da Khrushchev kuma, ba shakka, tare da Vasily Zaitsev, kodayake tare da na baya bai sami kansa ba saboda ba ya ganuwa, fatalwa. Babu tare da Lyudmila Pavlichenko, har ma fiye da mutuwa fiye da Zaitsev amma ba a san shi sosai ba kuma wanene yake kan wasu fuskokin.

Don haka ni ma na yarda rauni na a gare su, maharba. A zahiri, wani daga cikin jaruman labarin na shine jami'in tsaro daga 50s wanda shima ya kasance mai bincike a gaban Turai kuma wanda ya faɗi wasu ƙwarewar cewa wani a farkon mutum. Watau, Ina so in shiga cikin wannan fatar ta musamman daga hangen nesa mai nisa, baƙo da jahilci kamar nawa. Amma wannan shine abin da adabi yake don, don shiga cikin wasu fata da jinsi, da rayuwa wasu lokuta da sauran rayuwa. Ko tunanin su. Y Záitsev da Pavlichenko sune nassoshi guda biyu.

Yanzu labaransu suna haduwa a shagunan litattafai Kuma, don magoya bayan yanayin yaƙi da tarihin rayuwa, suna da mahimmanci.

Maharbin Stalin - Lyudmila Pavlichenko

Lokacin da Hitler ya mamaye Rasha a 1941, Liudmila Pavlichenko ya shiga cikin Sojojin Soviet kuma ya nemi a sanya shi a sojojin ƙasa kuma rike bindiga. Shi ne na farko a cikin Odessa tsaro kuma daga baya a yakin na Sevastopol. A waɗancan fuskokin ya kashe 309 abokan gaba da bindigar ta, kuma ya zama fitaccen mai alamun rikici, ya yi fice sama da abokan aikinsa maza kamar Zaitsev.

Un turmi raunata ta a 1942, ya janye daga gaba kuma aka aika shi Ofisoshin farfaganda zuwa Kanada da Amurka. A can ya ba da taron manema labarai da yawa kuma ya kasance cikin al'amuran siyasa da yawa. Har ma an tare ta a Fadar White House kuma ta fara wani kyakkyawar abota da Eleanor Roosevelt. Ya karbi ado na Jarumar Tarayyar Soviet kuma ya ci gaba da aiki a cikin Red Army yana ba da tattaunawar duniya da taro har zuwa 1953.

Lokacin da yakin ya kare, ya sami damar gama nasa Nazarin tarihi cewa yayi parking. Na shi ne rubuce-rubucen yaƙi wadanda suka taimaka mata wajen rubuta wadannan tarihin. A cikinsu ya ba da labarin rashin tsaro da rashin tabbas na gwagwarmaya ta yau da kullun. Kuma ma nasu ƙarin kwarewar mutum, kamar alakarta da Laftana Alexei Kitsenko, wanda ta aura. Ya mutu yana da shekaru 58 sakamakon bugun zuciya.

Tunawa da Maharbi a Stalingrad - Vasily Zaitsev

Vasily Zaitsev, mafarauci da aka haifa a cikin Urals, ya kasance mai harbi daga cikin talakawa. Ya kuma karanci lissafin kudi kuma ya kasance inshorar inshora. A cikin 1937 sun kira shi kuma ya kasance kamar jirgin ruwa a cikin jirgin ruwa na Pacific. Sannan ya nemi canjin kamfanin zuwa 'yan bindiga kuma ya ƙare a Stalingrad. Can ya kashe 242 Jamusawa da kuma wasu maharan maharba 11. Ya lashe kayan ado da yawa, gami da Jarumin Zinare na Tarayyar Soviet.

Wannan littafin da aka sake sakewa shine bayanan sirri na abubuwan da suka samu a cikin yaƙin, kuma a cikin wannan yaƙin ana ganin mafi yawan jini a tarihi. Amma yana farawa da nasa yara, saboda yadda kakansa, daga dogon layin mafarauta daga Urals, ya ba shi bindigarsa ta farko. Kuma ta yaya ya koyaastrear da kara kashe kerkeci. Sannan akwai shaidu da yawa game da su hannun jari kuma a bayyane yake ra'ayinsa akan tarihi yana da ma'ana. Har ila yau, yana ba da yawa consejos ga maharba, a zahiri, daga baya ya zama malami.

Darektan Faransa Jean-Jacques Annaud ya kai gidan sinima a 2001 siffarsa a Abokan gaba a ƙofar, tauraruwa mai taushi da kyau sosai Jude Law. Ya kasance fasalin da baiyi nasara ba, tare da yawan lalata labarin asali, amma za a iya gani daga son sani kuma don saiti mai kyau.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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