Mawakin mutuwa Society

Tom Schulman.

Tom Schulman.

Mawakin mutuwa Society (littafi) daidaita rubutu ne daga rubutun da Tom Schulman ya buga a shekarar 1989 don fim mai ɗauke da hoto. 'Yar jaridar Ba'amurkiya Nancy H. Kleinbaum ce ta gyara wannan labari zuwa yanayin kirki. Wanda kuma aka san shi da kasancewa marubucin littattafan yara, kuma, musamman, godiya ga littattafai da yawa dangane da finafinan Hollywood.

ma, Poungiyar Mawaki Matattu (asalin taken a Turanci) shine farkon karbuwa na rubutun da Kleinbaum ya kammala. Ta wannan hanyar, marubuciyar Ba'amurkiya ta yi amfani da kyakkyawan bita da fim ɗin ya karɓa don bayyana kanta. Tabbas, rubutun ya rayu har zuwa ingancin fim. In ba haka ba, sanannen sanannen da aka samu zai kasance mai tasiri da gajere.

Game da marubuci

'Yar jaridar Ba'amurkiya kuma marubuciya Nancy H. Kleinbaum (1948 -) ta kammala karatun digiri ne daga Jami'ar Evanston ta Arewa maso Yamma. A halin yanzu, kasance cikin ƙungiyar mujallar rayuwa kuma yana zaune a Dutsen Kisco, New York, tare da abokin tarayya da yara uku. Banda Poungiyar Mawaki MatattuDaga cikin sauye-sauyen adabin da ya dogara da rubutun fim, waɗannan masu zuwa:

  • Labarin fatalwa (sha tara da tasa'in da biyar). Rubutun asali na Kermit Frazier.
  • Doctor Dolittle da danginsa na dabbobi (1999). Rubutun asali na Hugh Lofting.
  • Balaguron Likita Dolittle (Tafiyar Likita Doctor, 1999). Rubutun asali na Hugh Lofting.
Nancy H. Kleinbaum.

Nancy H. Kleinbaum.

Poungiyar Mawaki Matattu

Marubucin ya yanke shawarar daidaita wannan rubutun zuwa adabi saboda kyawawan dabi'un ilimin da ake yadawa. Bugu da kari, labarin yana da matukar kwadaitarwa daga mahangar mahanga da yawa - fiye da matakin koyarwa - saboda yana dauke da darasin rayuwa mara kyau. Sakamakon haka littafi ne mai nishaɗi da nishaɗi kamar fim ɗin da Robin Williams ya fito.

Babban halayen shine John Keating, malamin Ingilishi tare da bayyananniyar bayyana da hanyoyin koyarwa marasa tsari. Babbar ma'anarta ita ce kusantar da ɗalibai zuwa ga adabi don ƙarfafa su - ba wai kawai su karanta ba - har ma su bayyana kansu ta hanyar rubutu. Ta wannan hanyar, malamin yana fatan farantawa ɗaliban kirkirar ɗalibai kuma ya tsallake iyakar sa.

Takaitawa na Mawakin mutuwa Society

Sunan kulab din matattun mawaka, a Spain.

Sunan kulab din matattun mawaka, a Spain.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Mawakin mutuwa Society

A farkon ruwayar, Mista Gale Nolan, Shugaban Makarantar Welton, ya gabatar da jawabi ga dukkan daliban. Adireshin yana magance ginshiƙai huɗu na ma'aikata: al'ada, girmamawa, horo da kyakkyawan aiki. Sannan shugaban makarantar ya gabatar da sabon malamin Ingilishi, Mista Keating, da kuma wani sabon dalibi mai suna Todd Anderson.

Kamar yadda kwanaki suke shudewa, Todd ya san takwarorinsa. Su ne Neil Perry, Charlie Dalton, Knox Overstreet, Steven Meeks, Richard Cameron, da Pitts. Bayan ranar farko ta azuzuwan, ɗalibai sun fahimci keɓancewar Farfesa Keating da hanyoyin da ba na al'ada ba. Musamman lokacin da ya hau kan tebur ya karanta wasu bayanai daga wata waka ta Walt Whitman.

dauki daman

Farfesan yana daukar dalibansa zuwa dakin girmamawa na makarantar. A can, ya bayyana ma'anar kalmomin dauki daman a cikin wakoki. Kalmar ta bayyana "yi amfani da damar don yin rayuwa mai ban mamaki." Bugu da ari, Neil Perry ya sami littafin shekara na Farfesa Keating, wanda ke nuna John a matsayin memba na The Society of Dead Poets.

Neil ya tambayi farfesa game da shi. Keating ya bayyana cewa kungiyar asiri ce da aka sadaukar domin karanta wakoki Shelley, Thoreau, Withman, da nasa rubutun. Wadannan karatun an yi su ne a cikin tsohuwar kogo. Don haka, Perry da abokansa sun yanke shawarar rayar da ayyukan tsohuwar ƙungiyar.

Kalubale

Farfesa Keating koyaushe yana tunatar da dalibansa muhimmancin ganin abubuwa ta wata fuskar. Saboda haka, ɗayan ayyukan da yake yawan yi shine hawa saman teburinsa. Hakanan, malamin ya nace cewa dole ne kowa ya kare abubuwan da suke da tabbacin su. Don wannan, ya dogara da taken Dauki daman, Matsayin Horacio, a matsayin jagorar yau da kullun.

Duk da haka, Lokacin da malamin ya nemi ɗalibai su maimaita nasu waƙoƙin, babu ɗayansu da zai kuskura ya jagoranci. Sakamakon haka, Keating ya zaɓi Todd Anderson a matsayin mutum na farko mai ƙarfin hali don ƙarfin aiki. Ganin rashin jin daɗin ɗalibin, malamin ya tambaye shi ya bayyana ɗayan halayen Whitman da tunanin kansa.

Shock

Wani dare, ofungiyar Matattun Mawakan sun haɗu a cikin kogon, ban da Neil da Cameron. A cikin wannan taron, a ƙarshe Todd ya yi ƙoƙarin karanta waƙoƙin nasa. Rana mai zuwa duk mambobin Welton Academy sun sami labarin mutuwar Neil Perry. A bayyane ya kashe kansa saboda mahaifinsa ya hana shi yin (waka).

Daga baya, Cameron ya koka game da hanyoyin koyarwa na Farfesa Keating ga Principal Gale kuma ya gaya masa game da ofungiyar Matattun Mawakan. Babban daraktan yana kuskuren dabarun koyar da malamin, saboda yana ganin su "zuga" na halayen haɗari a cikin ɗalibai. Daga cikin su, rawar rawar da ta haifar da rikici sosai a Neil.

Hadin kai

Principal Gale ya kori Farfesa John Keating ta mummunar hanya. Haka kuma dalibai sun fusata da rashin girmamawa kuma sun yanke shawarar bayyana matsayarsu kan lamarin. A ƙarshe, duk ɗaliban da ke mambobi ne na ofungiyar Matattun Mawakan sun hau kan teburin su.

Análisis

Tsawon rubutun - shafuka 166 - sanya shi a cikin rukunin “littafin aljihu”. Saboda haka, abu ne wanda aka tanada gaba daya kuma, a lokaci guda, mai saukin karantawa. Murfin har ma yana ba da cikakken bayani: tufafin malami mai sauƙi (wanda ya bayyana kewaye da ɗalibansa). Wanne ba ƙaramin bayani ba ne saboda hukuma ce mai tsari.

Tom Schulman ya ambata.

Tom Schulman ya ambata.

Daga cikin daliban, halayyar tare da mafi kyawun tafiya na cikar kai shine Todd Anderson. Domin da farko ba shi da sha’awar adabi (sai dai ya rage wajan karanta wakokin nasa a bainar jama’a saboda jin kunyarsa). Amma godiya ga ilimantarwa na kirkirar Farfesa Keating "mai saurin yaduwa", Todd ya yi nasarar shawo kan iyakokinsa kuma ya karanta bayanansa a gaban wasu.

Haraji

Tare da daidaita adabi na Poungiyar Mawaki Matattu, Nancy H. Kleinbaum ya yunkuro don tayar da tunanin wadancan mawaka da suka mutu. A gaskiya, saƙo mai mahimmanci a cikin labarin yana da cikakkiyar wakiltar kalmar dauki daman... Kalma ce ta duniya: sanya kowace rana ta musamman.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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