Muryar Chernobyl: Svetlana Aleksievich

Muryoyi daga Chernobyl

Muryoyi daga Chernobyl

Muryoyi daga Chernobyl -ko Chernobyl Molitva, ta asali take a cikin harshen Rashanci—maƙala ce irin ta haɗin gwiwa wacce ɗan jaridar Belarusiya, marubuci, kuma wanda ya ci kyautar Nobel a adabi Svetlana Aleksievich. Aikin da aka fara buga a 1997 ta Ostozhye. A cikin 2006, an fassara kuma an gyara shi cikin Mutanen Espanya ta Muhawara.

Wannan yana ɗaya daga cikin littattafan marubucin da aka fassara zuwa Mutanen Espanya kafin ta lashe kyautar Nobel a 2015.. A baya, a cikin 2005. Muryoyi daga Chernobyl An ba da lambar yabo ta National Book Critics Circle Award a cikin Amurka don mafi kyawun littafi na gabaɗaya wanda ba na almara ba don bugun Turanci na aikin.

Takaitawa game da Muryoyi daga Chernobyl

A tarihin nan gaba

Svetlana Aleksievich ya rubuta rubutun da aka fada ta hanyar murya da yawa. Ruwayar marubucin nasa ne da nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau’in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau’in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau’in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau’in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau’in nau’i) ya zo da shi, saboda yana hade da rahoto, hira, tunani da kuma gaskiya don mahallin daya daga cikin mafi muni a tarihin dan Adam: bala'in Chernobyl. An yi magana da yawa game da shi, musamman masana kimiyya.

'Yan siyasa ma sun yi haka a lokacin, amma tsohon magana game da equation da Figures, na karshen kuma maimaita kalmomin da aka riga aka tsara don kwantar da ruwa, don rufe da yatsa sharrin da aka yi a kowace rana a shuka. tashar wutar lantarki a Pripyat, Ukraine. Svetlana Aleksievich ya ba da labarin abubuwan da suka tsira, danginsu da abokansu.

Afrilu 26, 1986, yankin Pripyat, Tarayyar Soviet

A wannan rana wani abu ya faru da zai nuna yadda gasar nukiliya ta kasance a duniya. Duk da cewa kasashe da dama sun yi nisa da ta'addancin da aka fuskanta a Pripyat, duk duniya ta cije farce saboda firgici da kuma mummunan sakamakon da wadanda abin ya shafa suka fuskanta. Muryoyi daga Chernobyl Ba labari ba ne game da wani abu da aka faɗa sau dubu, amma labarin abubuwan da suka faru.

A cikin littafinta, marubuciyar ta tattara labarai, shirye-shiryen jarida, rahotanni da bincike waɗanda suka yi ƙoƙarin bayyana abin da ya faru a ranar 26 ga Afrilu, 1986, a 1: 23'58. A lokacin. Fashe-fashe da dama sun lalata ma’aikatar, lamarin da hatta masana ba su yi shiri da shi ba. Irin wannan bala'i ba zai yiwu ba, ko kuma an gaya musu.

Muryoyin masifa

Daga shafuffuka na farko, a bayyane yake cewa za a ba da labarin bala’in ta wata hanya ta dabam, ta kusa. Wannan tarin shaida ce ta mutanen da ke da hannu kai tsaye ko a kaikaice tare da abubuwan da suka faru a Pripyat. A cikin takardar akwai zarge-zarge daga yara, manoma, 'yan siyasa, masana kimiyya, matan gida da sojoji.

Ta hanyar su, Svetlana Aleksievich ya bayyana a fili cewa kowace shaida ta dace. Muryoyi daga Chernobyl Yana iya zama littafi mai nauyi da wahala don karantawa, tunda labaransa suna da ikon yin ja da baya mafi ƙarfi. Yawancin masu karatu sun bayyana cewa yana da wuya su gama jin daɗin aikin, ba don bai dace ba, amma don abubuwan da ke cikinsa suna da zafi sosai.

Wani nau'in ban sha'awa na ban dariya

Wani lokaci, idan zafi ya yi mulki a cikin zuciya na dogon lokaci, yana da sauƙi a yi amfani da baƙar fata da ba'a. Wannan shine ainihin abin da ke faruwa a yanayin wasu haruffa a ciki Muryoyi daga Chernobyl, wanda ke nuna baƙar dariya mai kaifi mai iya sa ku dariya da kuka daidai gwargwado. Bayan haka, Ta hanyar wannan karatun ana iya samun koyo game da illolin radiation.

Sauran bayanai abubuwa na Muryoyi daga Chernobyl Suna da alaƙa da al'adun Pripyat kanta, da kuma al'adunta da camfi. Kayan da kanta ya ba da labarin yadda rayuwa ta kasance a wannan birni na Yukren kafin, lokacin da kuma bayan bala'in. Haka nan, akwai bayyanannun nassoshi game da falsafar ɗabi'a ta mutuwa da kuma ikon ɗan adam na daidaitawa da tsayin daka.

Ikon soyayya

Yana iya zama kamar ba wurin da za a yi magana game da soyayya a cikin yanayi mai cike da halaka, amma saboda zafi ne ji yake tashi da ƙarfi. Wannan soyayyar tana bayyana ta hanyoyi da yawa, kamar yadda ake iya gani a alakar uwa da ƴanta, sabbin ma'aurata ko manomi da ƙasarsa.

Ya tabbata cewa Muryoyi daga Chernobyl Yana ba da labarin bala'i, amma yana yin haka tare da mahimman allurai na ɗan adam, ƙauna, bege da ban dariya. Labarin yana da cikakkun bayanai game da yankunan keɓe masu ciwo, sakamakon radiation, da sauran cikakkun bayanai masu ban sha'awa da ban tsoro game da tufafi, wurare, da kayan bincike da aka yi amfani da su a shuka.

Game da marubucin

Svetlana Aleksandrovna Aleksievich An haife shi a ranar 31 ga Mayu, 1948, a garin Stanislav - yanzu Ivano-Frankivsk - a cikin 'yan gurguzu na Ukraine. Daga baya, ya girma a cikin jamhuriyar gurguzu Belarus. Marubucin ya yi karatun aikin jarida a Jami'ar Minsk tun 1967. Bayan kammala karatunsa, ya tafi birnin Biaroza, a cikin yanki ko lardin Brest.

A can ya yi aiki a matsayin kashi na jarida. Ta kuma yi aiki tare a wasu makarantu na gida a matsayin malamin Tarihi da Jamusanci. A mafi yawan lokuta yakan yi muhawara kan ko zai ci gaba da koyarwa, ko aikin iyayensa, ko aikin jarida, aikin da ya zaba. A ƙarshe, ta fara ne a matsayin mai ba da rahoto a cikin jarida a Narowla, Gomel Oblast.

Duk da haka, Marubucin ya samu kwarin gwiwa a fannin adabi tun da farko, a lokacin da take makaranta, inda ta rika rubuta wakoki da kasidu ga mujallar ilimi.. A lokacin shi ma ya hada kai da shi Neman na Minsk, inda ya yi nasarar buga ayyukansa na farko, daga cikinsu akwai labaru, rahotanni da gajerun labarai.

Sauran littattafan Svetlana Aleksievich

  • У войны не женское лицо — Yaki baya da fuskar mace. (1985);
  • Buga bidiyo (wannan ba haka bane - Shaidu na ƙarshe. Yaran yakin duniya na biyu (1985);
  • Цинковые мальики - Zinc boys. Muryoyin Soviet daga yakin Afghanistan (1989);
  • Зачарованные смертью - Mutuwa ta burge (1994);
  • Hannu na biyu - Ƙarshen "Homo sovieticus""(2013).

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