Matsalar jiki uku

Matsalar jiki uku.

Matsalar jiki uku.

Matsalar jiki uku shine sunan littafin farko na trilogy Waƙwalwar abubuwan da suka gabata na Duniya, Wani marubuci dan kasar Sin Cixin Liu ne ya kirkireshi. Lakabin yana nufin mawuyacin hali - kusan ba a warware shi ba - a fannin injiniyoyin kewayawa. Kasance sabon tsarin edita a cikin ƙasar Asiya.

Wannan littafin yana dauke da labarin kirkirar kirkirar kimiyya, shine game da farkon alaƙar ɗan adam da wayewar duniya. Bugu da ƙari kuma, wannan ƙirƙirar wallafe-wallafen yana da hangen nesa gaba ɗaya saboda mayar da hankali kan rawar kimiyya a cikin al'umma. Marubucin ya gabatar a cikin shafukansa ingantaccen hangen nesa game da abubuwan da suka gabata da makomar kasar Sin game da tsarin siyasa na yanzu. Tasirinta ya kasance ta yadda yakamata a haɗa shi tsakanin mafi kyawun littattafan asiya.

Sobre el autor

Liú Cíxīn an haife shi a ranar 23 ga Yuni, 1963 a Yangquan, Shanxi, China. Tun yana karami aka tura shi ya zauna tare da kakarsa a Henan, wannan saboda danniyar da hukumomi suka yi a lokacin Juyin Juya Halin Al'adu. A cikin samartakarsa ya koma kasarsa don yin karatun aikin injiniya a jami'ar Arewacin China University of Water Conservancy and Electric Power. A can ya kammala karatunsa a 1988 kuma nan da nan ya bi wannan sana'ar a Masana'antar wutar ta Yangquan.

A farkon shekarun 1990s, gwamnatin kasar Sin tana daga cikin manyan abubuwan da ta sanya a gaba na sabunta kimiyya da kere-kere, saboda haka, akwai yanayi mai matukar kyau na ci gaban rubutun tatsuniyoyin kimiyya. A cikin wannan mahallin, Cixin Liu ta fara haɓaka labarunta tare da ingantacciyar zamantakewar jama'a da kuma bayyananniyar tasiri daga Leo Tolstoy., Ishaku Asimov da Arthur C. Clarke.

Gaskiya game da trilogy na jikin uku

Matsalar jiki uku ya sami marubucin kyautar Hugo 2015 don mafi kyawun labari. Wannan shi ne karo na farko da aka ba wannan lambar yabo ga littafin da asalin harshensa ba Ingilishi ba ne, wanda hakan ya kasance ci gaba. Bugu da ƙari, wannan littafin ya karɓi lambar yabo ta Galaxy Award (China) a cikin mafi kyawun littafin tatsuniyoyin kimiyya, lambar yabo ta Ignotus 2017 da kyautar Kurd Lasswitz ta 2017.

Fassararsa ta zama sananne cewa sanannun mutane kamar tsohon Shugaban Amurka Barack Obama sun zabe shi ne don karatun Kirsimeti na 2015. Hakanan, an zaɓi Mark Zuckerberg (jagora da haɗin gwiwa na Facebook) Matsalar jiki uku kamar littafin farko na littafinku club.

Adadin kashi daya na trilogy na Waƙwalwar abubuwan da suka gabata na Duniya Ya fara bayyana a mujallar Kagaggen Labari ta Duniya a cikin 2006. A shekara ta 2008 aka fitar da shi cikin sigar littafi, yana zama ɗayan shahararrun ayyukanda ke cikin China.. Rarraba shi a cikin Sifaniyanci ya fara ne a lokacin 2016 ta Ediciones B, an haɗa shi cikin tarin NOVA. A cikin 2018 an fitar da karbuwa ga babban allo.

Cikin Liu.

Cikin Liu.

Logyaddamarwa na jikin uku an kammala tare da Daji mai duhu (2008) y Karshen mutuwa (2010). Kafin ya sami shahara a duk duniya tare da wannan jerin, Liú Cíxīn ya samar da wasu abubuwan shakku da almara na kimiyya: Shekarun supernova (1999), Malamin karkara (2001) y Yanayin haske (2004). Matsayinsa na karshe shine Duniya mai yawo, kuma kwanan wata daga 2019.

Takaitawa na Matsalar jiki uku

Enigma na injiniyoyi masu juyawa

Abinda ake kira matsalar-jiki uku a fannin makanikai masu kewaya ba shi da wata mafita gabaɗayaAbin da ya fi haka, kusan kullun yana da rikici. A karkashin wannan jigo, Liu ya bayyana wata duniya - Trisolaris - a cikin kewayen wata babbar rana, Alpha Centauri. Canjin yanayi tsakanin taurari uku yana haifar da wannan duniyar wani mummunan yanayi da kuma abubuwan da ba za su iya hangowa ba wadanda suka lalata wayewar ta ba adadi.

Juyin juya hali, kisan kai, sabon farawa

Farkon Waƙwalwar abubuwan da suka gabata na Duniya ita ce tunatarwa wacce take sanya mai karatu a tsakiyar Juyin Juya Halin Al'adu na Kasar Sin, lokacin da wasu masu tsattsauran ra'ayi suka kashe malamin kimiyyar lissafi Ye Zhetai a gaban Ye Wenjie, 'yarsa ƙarama. Bayan ta tsallake tsayinin tarzomar, ta zama masaniyar taurari. Koyaya, jami'an leken asirin na gwamnatin sun nuna mata a matsayin "mace mai rikitarwa".

Costa Roja, shirin rarrabawa

Tare da barazanar lokacin kurkuku, an sanya Ye Wenjie zuwa Red Coast, wani shirin soja na musamman. Yanayin aiki ba shi da daɗi saboda rashin yarda da juna tsakaninta da shugabannin binciken. Koyaya, ana buƙatar matashin masanin taurari game da yanayin sararin samaniya da tsarin taurari mai nisa. An yi murabus, tana aiki tuƙuru, tana jiran zarafin rama mutuwar mahaifinta.

Wang Maio da Iyakokin Kimiyya

A yau, masanin kimiyyar nanomaterials Wang Maio ya kutsa kai - bisa roƙon 'yan sanda - cikin ƙungiyar da ake kira Frontiers of Science. Debateungiyar tattaunawa ce mai ban al'ajabi wacce ta ƙunshi manyan masana kimiyya da yawa daga ko'ina cikin duniya waɗanda suka mai da hankali kan ƙayyade hanyar magance matsalar gaɓoɓin uku. Zai yiwu, amsar ta sabawa iyakokin ilimin al'ada.

Jiki Uku

Bayanin farko daga ‘yan sanda ya nuna yiwuwar da ke nuna cewa Frontiers of Science na da nasaba da jerin sunayen wadanda ake zargi da kashe kan masana kimiyya a duniya. Daga baya, Tambayoyin Wang sun bayyana wani muhimmin abu: Jiki Uku, shirin fasaha na multiplayer VR wanda ke amfani da Frontiers of members memba. Wannan software tana kwaikwayon Duniya tare da canjin yanayi mai sauƙin fahimta.

A Jiki Uku tsawon yanayi (har ma da ranaku) ba shi da tabbas. Bambance-bambancen da ke cikin zafin jiki suna da tsauri saboda ɓacewar rana tsawon shekaru ko, akasin haka, sarki tauraruwa kamar ya kusanci duniya. A can, mutane za su iya rayuwa kawai ta hanyar kasancewa cikin wani irin yanayi na rashin ruwa a lokacin tsananin yanayi.

Sakamakon haka, hango hanyar rana babbar ma'ana ce wacce Wang ke lura da halarta, kamar sauran haruffa a cikin wasan, ba tare da nasarar aiwatar da dabarunsa ba cikin matsalar. Mawallafin aikin yayi amfani da yanayin don komawa zuwa manyan abubuwan tarihin kimiyya kuma yayi karin bayani game da ka'idoji don kokarin ganin ko maganganun da suka gabata zasu kasance masu amfani a cikin matsalar jikin uku.

Dawowar Ye Wenjie

Koyaya, kasancewa daga wasan yawan masu wasa da yawa, wannan yana da alamun sakamako kai tsaye akan ainihin mahalarta. Saboda haka, Wang ya fara neman amsoshi tsakanin masana kimiyya daban-daban, gami da tsohuwa Ye Wenjie. Suna bayyana masa hakan Uku Jiki a zahiri nau'ikan dandamali ne na sadarwar da baƙon wayewa ke amfani da shi, 'Yan Trisolarian.

Gano

Bayan haka, Wang ya kulla kawance da Shi Quang, wani dan sanda mai zagi (wanda ya cancanci rashin yarda da shi) kwata-kwata ba shi da sha'awar kimiyya don ci gaba da bincikensa. Sun gano cewa baki zasu zama ainihin dalilin kashe kan masana kimiyya a duk duniya, kamar yadda manufarta ita ce gurɓata tabbacin mutane ta hanyar kimiyya da kuma hana ɗan Adam duk wata damar ci gaba.

Wang ya kirkiro makaman nanotech da kwamandojin yaki suka girka (Shi Quang ne ya tattara shi) a kan iyakokin hanyoyin neman ilimin kimiyya. A wannan lokacin, ƙungiyoyi biyu a cikin rukuni sun bayyana: waɗancan magoya bayan mamayewar Trisolarian don haɓaka wayewar ɗan adam da ƙarfi, suna fuskantar waɗanda ke son halakar ɗan Adam gaba ɗaya.

An kuma bayyana cewa "kisan gillar" sun toshe sakonnin sirri na daya bangaren ga 'yan Trisolarian.. Wang ya sanar da Ye Wenjie duk wannan sabon bayanin, wanda ya tabbatar da tsoffin zato ba tare da yin mamaki ba. A wannan lokacin, ta gano wata sabuwar hanyar watsa igiyoyin rediyo a nesa mai nisa ta hanyar amfani da kaddarorin karyayyun hasken rana.

Gaskiyar gaskiyar

Ye Wenjie ya dogara da bincikensa na kwanan nan don aika saƙo zuwa hanyar Alpha Centauri. A cikin wannan sakon, ya nemi taimako don yantar da Duniya daga mulkin mallaka na kwaminisanci, rage talauci da kawo karshen yake-yake. Amma su ma shugabannin Trisolaris ba su yarda da tsarin dimokiradiyya ba. Saboda haka, sakon agaji ya zama cikakken uzuri don baratar da Trisolarianos “pro wargajewa”.

A ƙarshe, 'yan Trisolarian suna sanar da kowane ɗan adam wanzuwarsu da shirin mamayewa. Baƙi sun fito fili sun nuna raini ta kiran mutane "kwari." Gargadin baƙon ya jefa Wang cikin matsanancin damuwa, amma Shi Quang ya sake ba shi tabbaci ta hanyar faɗin cewa, ta hanyar da ta yi daidai da rayuwar kwari ta fuskar fasahar mutane, ɗan adam zai iya yin hakan.

Endingarshen tunani

Babin farko na Waƙwalwar abubuwan da suka gabata na Duniya ya rufe tare da Ye Wenjie yana tafiya shi kaɗai ta cikin kango na tsohuwar tashar Red Coast. A can, masanin tauraron dan Adam ya yi tunani a kan sakamakon ayyukanta kuma ya tuna abubuwan da suka gabata da baƙin ciki ya mamaye ta. Sannan, mai yiwuwa, ya ɗauki ransa.

Bayyana ta Cixin Liu.

Bayyana ta Cixin Liu.

Wannan aiki ne mai matukar nuna tunani wanda yake kiran mu zuwa ga tunani game da ainihin yadda muke a matsayin jinsinmu a cikin wannan sararin samaniyar.. Hakanan ya bar abubuwa da yawa da ba'a sani ba sama, gami da "Shin da gaske mun shirya don haduwa ta kusa?" Ko "Shin da gaske muna ci gaba ne?" Gaskiyar ita ce fiye da ɗaya za su yi shakka bayan karanta wannan littafin. Amsoshin zasu dogara ne akan kowane mai karatu, gaskiya tana gaban idanunmu.


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