Matar wayewar gari

Matar wayewar gari.

Matar wayewar gari.

Matar wayewar gari Piecean waƙar waƙoƙi ne daga Mutanen Espanya Alejandro Rodríguez Álvarez (mafi sananne a ƙarƙashin sunan mai suna Alejandro Casona). Labari ne game da mutumtacciyar mutuwa a cikin sifar mace kyakkyawa mai ban al'ajabi. Wanene ya shiga cikin kirjin iyali don canza rayuwar dukkan membobinta.

A gefe guda, wannan aikin misali ne na "wasan kwaikwayo kamar salon adabi". Koyaya, waɗanda suka yi rubutu don tebur dole ne suyi tunani game da wasan. Koyaya, banda bambancin hanyoyin sadarwa na fili, asali babu bambance-bambance da yawa. Koyaushe burin shine bayar da labarai da barin wani abu akan masu kallo (madadin masu karatu a cikin waɗannan lamuran).

Dramaturgy a matsayin salon adabi

Daga Girka ta da zuwa farkon ƙarni na XNUMX, gidan wasan kwaikwayon ba shi da gasa kamar yadda aka fi son nuna fasaha ta jama'a shiga wasu duniyoyi ta hanyar gama gari. Adabi kawai ake jin dadinsa. A gefe guda kuma, rawa da kiɗa - duk da cewa sune abubuwan da suka dace gama gari - neman farin ciki ta hanyar zagayawa ta wasu hanyoyin.

Shekaru 120 da suka gabata

Zuwan duniya na sinima a shekara ta 1895 ya kawo canji a cikin “babban rinjaye”. A cikin shekaru goma na biyu na karni na XNUMX, sinima ta zama "opium na talakawa" dangane da nishadantarwa. A hankali sannu a hankali aka mayar da ayyukan wasan kwaikwayon zuwa wuraren da aka rufe. Kodayake ga mamakin mutane da yawa, sun sami damar tsira a cikin karnin da ya gabata.

Hakanan, a cikin haruffa Amurkawa ta Sifen gidan wasan kwaikwayo bata rasa kuzarin sa ba a kowane lokaci. Marubutan wasan kwaikwayo sun ci gaba da girgiza masu sauraro tare da rubutun da ke yawo ba tare da iyakancewa ba daga mummunan abu zuwa mafi ƙarancin ilimin falsafa ko wanzuwar masana. A tsakanin wannan rukuni na ƙarshe ya bayyana Matar wayewar gariby Alejandro Casona.

Sobre el autor

Wannan Asturian da aka haifa a 1903 kuma yayi baftisma a matsayin Alejandro Rodríguez Álvarez, nasa ne na bikin ƙarni na 27. Movementungiyar marubuta ta Sipaniya, mawaƙa da marubuta waƙoƙi waɗanda suka mamaye fagen adabin Iberiya a kusan 1927. Manufarsa ita ce tabbatar da ɗayan alamun alamun zamanin Zinare da "uba" na culteranismo, Luis de Góngora da Argote.

Alejandro Rodríguez valvarez.Casona ya haɓaka yawancin aikinsa a Latin Amurka. Mai kare Jamhuriya, an tilasta shi tsallaka tekun Atlantika jim kaɗan kafin nasarar da sojojin da Francisco Franco ke jagoranta lokacin yakin basasa. Ya ratsa Colombia, Venezuela da Costa Rica kafin ya zauna na wani lokaci a Mexico. Koyaya, Buenos Aires shine garin da ya samar da mafi kyawun aikin sa.

Matar wayewar gari: wanda aka fi so

An fara shi a babban birnin Ajantina a 1944, marubucin wasan kwaikwayo bai taba ɓoye abin da ya zaɓa ba don wannan taken a cikin duk fasahar sa. Dangane da haka, yawancin masana ilimin jinsi suna ɗaukar sa a matsayin fitacciyar fasaha. Yankin yana da cikakkun siffofin gidan wasan kwaikwayo na gargajiya da na kwalliyar birni, masu matukar kyau a Latin Amurka yayin farkon rabin 1900s.

Bugu da ƙari, dukkanin labarin suna da ƙarfin zuciya da kayan yaji da abubuwa masu ban sha'awa (kusan). Kari akan haka, sirrin da madaidaicin kaso na melodrama da ban dariya suna wakiltar kamun zinariya. Kyakkyawan saiti wanda ke sanya masu sauraro rufe a kujerunsu, suna jiran gano gaskiyar.

Takaitawa game da The Lady of Dawn

Iyali mai aiki, da zarar farin ciki da annashuwa, gwargwadon shaidar halayenta. Amma mutuwar Angelica-babbar 'yar matan Uwa-ta kawo makoki na har abada. An hana murmushi duk da ƙoƙarin kowa don dawo da tsohuwar ƙarfin. In banda iyayen da ke makoki, wanda ke tsoron cewa "ci gaba" hanya ce ta mantuwa.

A zahiri, asiri yana ɓoye gaskiyar duka, wanda Martín ne kawai ya san shi, gwauruwa. Bayan haka, wani alhaji ya isa gidan yan uwa. Kasancewar ka ya zama sanadiyyar cire alkyabbar ciwo kuma sake ba da hanya zuwa kauna. Halin da yake rayuwa da nata abin birgewa mai ban mamaki, gano abubuwan duniya waɗanda ba ta san ta ba har zuwa lokacin.

Analysis of Matar wayewar gari

Marubucin ya yi amfani da kalmar aiki kai tsaye da kuma kankare, ta hanyar amfani da ƙananan kayan ado ta hanyar sigar barkwanci marasa raha don kiyaye ƙa'idodin tsarin labarin. Haɗe tare da sauƙin bayani mai sauƙi - ba abu mai sauƙi ba ne - ana amfani da wasan kwaikwayo na wannan dangin azaman cikakken "uzuri" don fahimtar rayuwa da mutuwa.

Daidaitawa

Mutuwa ba adadi ne na magana a ciki ba Matar wayewar gari, shine babban halin. Mace ce cike da nutsuwa na gaske, rashin sanin damuwarta ta hanyar yin aikinta sosai. Yaran yaran da suke buƙatar murmushi suna buɗe ƙofofin zukatansu.

Daga ƙarshe, mai girbi mai ban tsoro ya gano kanta a matsayin mabuɗin kowane abu da ya faru a duniya. Tana daga cikin cikakkiyar daidaito ga rayuwa, na biyun ya kasance a cikin wata mace mai ji. Mai kula da aiwatar da wannan aikin da aka sanya wa mutuwa, amma akasin haka.

Fadi kawai abinda ya zama dole

Gidan wasan kwaikwayo yana buƙatar maganganu da yawa don isar da motsin rai ga mai kallo. Idan ya zo ga wasan kwaikwayo waɗanda muhawararsu ta kan iyakokin wanzuwar samuwar rayuwa, marubutan suna fuskantar haɗarin kawo ƙarshen gundura ga masu sauraronsu da yawan shawarwari.

Tsarin aikin

Sauƙi mai sauƙi da aka gabatar don ɗaukar hoto Casona ya kammala shi a cikin libretto-tare da damar da ya riga ya ambata don yin rikitarwa wani abu mai mahimmanci- yana ba da damar labarin ya wuce ba tare da ruɓewa a cikin tsananinsa ba a kowane lokaci. Yana taimakawa sosai don kiyaye tsarin abubuwa huɗu wanda aka raba yanki zuwa sauƙi da ruwa.

Wakokin Aristotle sun shafi cikakke. Energyara kuzari ba tare da damuwa ba, kusan ba a fahimta. Har sai an kai ga ƙarshe tare da mahimmiyar catharsis. 'Yanci, gafara da fansa don haruffa. Amsoshi ga masu kallo.

Mutuwa da tsoro

Marubucin wasan kwaikwayo ya bayyana a fili daga aiki na biyu (ga wa) annan 'yan kallon da ba su iya gano shi a farkon ba) cewa rubutun nasa game da mutuwa ne. Amma akwai daidaitaccen ma'anar ƙaramar magana a bango: tsoro. Ba wai kawai don mutuwa ba, amma har ma don rayuwa.

In ji Alejandro Rodríguez Álvarez.

In ji Alejandro Rodríguez Álvarez.

Ba tare da fadawa cikin "zancen dabi'a" ba (wani bangare ne na gama gari a cikin wasan kwaikwayo na costumbrista) Casona ta yi kokarin nuna ikon nakasawar wannan abu. Mara amfani idan yazo da zama. Daidai da mutuwa. Ba shi yiwuwa ku kasance cikin kwanciyar hankali ba tare da shawo kan tsoronku ba; ba tare da la'akari da inda asalinsu yake ba.

Gidan wasan kwaikwayo na ra'ayin mazan jiya?

Alejandro Casona ya koma Spain a cikin 1960s. Dawowar da mulkin Franco yayi amfani dashi azaman alamar buɗewa. Wannan ya bashi damar nuna aikinsa "a gida". Ya girbe abubuwan da aka ƙi da waɗanda ba a so a daidai gwargwado. Dayawa sunyi da'awar kimarta. An sanya shi a saman ɗayan tsaransa: Federico Garcia Lorca, mafi mahimmanci na karni na ashirin na Mutanen Espanya masu wasan kwaikwayo.

Babu ƙaramin adadin masu sukar kuma jama'a da kanta sun kira shi mai ra'ayin mazan jiya. Ana iya samun wani ɓangare na rashin jin daɗin daidai a cikin matar wayewar gari. Kodayake mata sune suke rayarwa kuma sune tushen soyayya, suma suna da alhakin yawan wahala. Shin hanya guda daya tilo da mai zunubi yake da ita (marubucin bai taɓa amfani da wannan kalmar ba) shine mutuwa (kashe kansa)?


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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