Talakawa: Alasdair Grey

matalauta halittu

matalauta halittu

matalauta halittu — da aka sani a Turanci kamar Talakawa- labari ne na kimiyya, kasada, kuma labari mai ban dariya wanda Marigayi mawaki, mai zane, kuma marubuci Alasdair Gray ya rubuta. An fara buga aikin a cikin 1992 ta Bloomsbury Press. Da yawa daga baya, a cikin 2023, an fassara shi zuwa Mutanen Espanya bayan shaharar da ya samu godiya ga fim ɗin suna iri ɗaya.

Wannan take ta fitaccen Alasdair Gray tabbas an fi saninsa da fim ɗin da ya lashe kyautar wanda Yogos Lanthimos ya jagoranta, wanda Tony McNamara ya rubuta da ƴan wasan kwaikwayo kamar Emma Stone, Ramy Youssef, Willem Dafoe da Mark Ruffalo. Duk da haka, Littafin labari da fim ɗin suna ɗaukar hanyoyi na falsafa, siyasa da fasaha daban-daban.

Takaitawa game da Talakawa

Sake karatun mata na Frankenstein ko Prometheus na zamani

Babban shirin novel yana gabatar da labarin Bella Baxter ta fuskoki daban-daban, macen da shekaru ashirin da biyar na farkon rayuwarta aka koma inuwa. Wannan shubuha game da ainihin ta ya zama mai sarƙaƙiya bayan wani edita - wanda Alasdair Gray ya buga da kansa - ya gano tarihin marigayi mijin Bella, Archibald McCandless.

A cikin wadannan takardu, McCandless ya yi iƙirarin cewa matarsa ​​ta samo asali ne daga wani gwaji na tsohon mai ba shi shawara, Dokta Godwin Bysshe Baxter. An yi zaton Bella an samo shi a gefen gefen rigor mortis bayan kashe kansa. Tun da masanin kimiyyar bai so ya kwace mata hakkinta na mutuwa ba, sai ya dasa kwakwalwar tayin da take dauke da shi a cikinta ya wuce da ita a matsayin ‘yar yayarsa marayu.

Muhimmancin Scotland a cikin Talakawa

Alasdair Gray ya bayyana kansa a matsayin "mai kishin kasa na Scotland", kuma wannan ra'ayi ya mamaye dukkan ayyukansa na hoto da na adabi tun farkonsa. Talakawa Ba a keɓe ta daga wannan ƙaunar ƙasarta ta haihuwa ba, amma wannan saitin ya zama wani ɓangaren labari na littafin. Gray ya ɗauki Glasgow kuma ya sanya shi ƙarfin motsa wannan ƙarar, ba shi jagorancin jagoranci.

Wannan wani abu ne da aka lura a farkon aikin, tun da yake magana game da mutunta 'yancin Bella na kashe kansa, tun da ta farfado da ita na iya nufin cewa dole ne ta jure wa ba'a, mafaka ko kurkuku, tun a cikin birni "Kisan kai yana kama da juna. da hauka ko laifi." Duk da haka, McCandless ya kwatanta Bella a matsayin halittar wani mutum., yayin da ta yi nisa da tabbatar da cewa wadannan kalamai na mijinta magana ce mai ban tausayi.

Ci gaban tunanin yaro

Bayan tiyata da kuma "ƙarfafa" na baya ta Baxter, Bella ta fara haɓaka iyawarta cikin sauri. Wannan halin yana da alaƙa da sha'awarta game da duniyar da ke kewaye da ita., wanda ke fassara zuwa tawaye na asali wanda ya rabu da duk abubuwan da al'ummar Scotland na lokacin suka yi amfani da su wajen aiwatar da su.

A ka'ida, an shirya cewa masanin kimiyya zai sa Bella abokin tarayya na soyayya, amma, a cewar McCandless. Ta mallaki sha'awar jima'i mara kaushi da buqatar sanin duniya. wanda, a ƙarshe, ya kai ta cikin hannun wasu maza da mata, ciki har da Archibald da kansa da wani lauya mai suna Duncan Wedderburn, wanda matar ta yi magana da shi.

Al'amarin da ake zargin Wedderburn da hujjar Bella

Daga baya a cikin labarin, shi ne Duncan da kansa wanda ya "ɗaukar bene" kuma ya bayyana cewa ya tsere daga Scotland tare da Bella don yin soyayyar da ta fizge ba da daɗewa ba. Koyaya, bayan wannan muryar labarin Bella ta shiga kuma ta bayyana halin da take ciki. Ta ce ta gano talauci a Masar, ta yi aiki a gidan karuwai a Paris, sannan ta auri McCandless.

Wasikar Bella

A ƙarshen aikin, an gabatar da wata wasika da Bella Baxter ta rubuta a cikin 1914 a cikinta, marubucin ya bayyana cewa abubuwan da suka faru a cikin labarin mijinta da ya rasu karya ne, yana musun cewa an haife ta ne a karkashin tunanin Godwin. A cewarsa. Mace ce mai son gyarawa mai suna Victoria.

Bayan duk wannan neman gaskiya. kawai abin da za a iya tabbatarwa a ciki Talakawa shi ne cewa masu yin sa ba su da aminci, wanda ke ba mai karatu damar fassara abubuwan da suka faru bisa ga ka'idodinsa, fiye da abin da takardun "aka samo" ta Alasdair Gray.

6 bambanci tsakanin littafin da fim

  1. Aikin Alasdair Gray yana faruwa a Glasgow, Scotland, yayin da aka shirya fim ɗin Yogos Lanthimos a London;
  2. Grey ne ke da alhakin kwatanta duk littattafansa, kuma koyaushe yana ba su salon fasaha na zane-zane na baki da fari. A wannan bangaren, Fim ɗin yana da kyan gani na "belle époque". da abubuwa masu ban sha'awa waɗanda ke kaiwa HG Wells da Jules Verne;
  3. A cikin fim din, an kawar da duk wani bangare na siyasa da falsafa game da Scotland da dangantakar da wannan kasa ke da ita da Ingila da sauran kasashen duniya;
  4. Daidaitawa ya ɗauki matsayinsa na tsakiya labarin farko na Archibald McCandless da Duncan Wedderburn, ya bar tunanin Bella da kuma karyata rubutun da ta gabata;
  5. Jima'i, wanda a cikin littafin aka yi amfani da shi azaman hanyar ba da labari don nuna alamar farkawa ta Bella, ya fi bayyane da maimaitawa a cikin fim ɗin fasalin;
  6. Ƙarshen duk shawarwarin biyu keɓaɓɓu ne.

Sobre el autor

An haifi Alasdair Gray a ranar 28 ga Disamba, 1934, a Riddrie, Glasgow, Scotland. Ya yi karatu a makarantar fasaha ta Glasgow tsakanin 1952 zuwa 1957. A wannan lokacin ya fara aikinsa na marubuci. Bayan ya kammala digirinsa na fasaha Ya yi aiki a matsayin mai zanen hoto da mahaliccin rubutun radiyo da talabijin. A tsawon aikinsa na adabi ya buga labarai, kasidu, wakoki da fassarorinsa.

Haka nan, ya rubuta wasannin kwaikwayo inda ya hada abubuwa na hakika, rudu da almarar kimiyya. Ayyukansa a cikin matsakaici ya ba shi lambobin yabo kamar lambar yabo ta Guardian Fiction Award da Saltire Awards.. Duk da cewa ba a san shi sosai a sauran ƙasashen Turai ba, Grey ya kasance taska na ƙasa na Scotland, inda aka adana rubutunsa na asali, da kuma duk ayyukansa na fasaha.

Sauran littattafan Alasdair Gray

Novelas

  • Lanark (1981);
  • 1982, Janna (1984);
  • Faɗuwar Kelvin Walker (1985);
  • Wani abu Fata (1990);
  • McGrotty da Ludmilla (1990);
  • Mai Kirkirar Tarihi (1994);
  • Mavis Belfrage (1996);
  • Tsofaffi A Soyayya (2007).

Littattafan labari

  • Labarun da ba za a iya yiwuwa ba, gabaɗaya (1983);
  • Karanta Tatsuniyoyi (1985);
  • Tatsuniyoyi Goma Tsayi & Gaskiya (1993);
  • Ƙarshen Tambayoyin Mu: 13 Labarun Aure (2003).

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